Abstract

We report the realization of a solar-pumped fiber laser (SPFL) using a double-clad (a center core/ an inner clad working also as optical waveguide/ an outer clad) Nd-doped fluoride optical fiber as a laser medium. With a compact off-axis parabolic mirror of 5 cm in aperture diameter, the natural sunlight is concentrated by a factor 104, and introduced partly into the core of the fiber and partly into the inner clad in which the light is guided in some distance and transferred to the core after all. We have obtained clear laser spectrum characteristics with approximately 0.01 nm full-width-half-maximum of the laser line at the peak wavelength of 1053.7 nm, a low-lasing threshold of 49.1 mW, a slope efficiency of 6.6%, and a total efficiency of 1.76%. Further optimization of the medium properties, optical cavity, and concentration technique will yield higher efficiency and lower threshold.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. C. G. Young, “A sun-pumped cw one-watt laser,” Appl. Opt.5(6), 993–997 (1966).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. J. De Young, “Beam profile measurement of a solar-pumped iodine laser,” Appl. Opt.25(21), 3850–3854 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. J. Kiss, H. R. Lewis, and R. C. Duncan, “Sun pumped continuous optical maser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.2(5), 93–94 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. R. Simpson, “Continuous sun-pumped room temperature glass laser operation,” Appl. Opt.3(6), 783 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Arashi and Y. Kaneda, “Solar-pumped laser and its second harmonic generation,” Sol. Energy50(5), 447–451 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. M. J. Benmair, J. Kagan, Y. Kalisky, Y. Noter, M. Oron, Y. Shimony, and A. Yogev, “Solar-pumped Er,Tm,Ho:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett.15(1), 36–38 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Ueda, A. Liu, K. Kametani, and M. Kamamura, “Possibility of solar-pumped fiber lasers,” IEEJOQD-97–19, 13 (1997).
  11. T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, S. Mizuno, H. Ito, K. Hasegawa, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped ZBLAN glass for solar-pumped lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, 2001–2006 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, “Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75981L, 75981L-8 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Hanada, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. E. Bird and C. Riordan, “Simple solar spectral model for direct and diffuse irradiance on horizontal and tilted planes at the Earth's surface for cloudless atmospheres,” J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol.25(1), 87–97 (1986).
    [CrossRef]

2011

2010

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, “Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75981L, 75981L-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997

K. Ueda, A. Liu, K. Kametani, and M. Kamamura, “Possibility of solar-pumped fiber lasers,” IEEJOQD-97–19, 13 (1997).

1993

H. Arashi and Y. Kaneda, “Solar-pumped laser and its second harmonic generation,” Sol. Energy50(5), 447–451 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

1986

R. J. De Young, “Beam profile measurement of a solar-pumped iodine laser,” Appl. Opt.25(21), 3850–3854 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Hanada, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Bird and C. Riordan, “Simple solar spectral model for direct and diffuse irradiance on horizontal and tilted planes at the Earth's surface for cloudless atmospheres,” J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol.25(1), 87–97 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1966

1964

1963

Z. J. Kiss, H. R. Lewis, and R. C. Duncan, “Sun pumped continuous optical maser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.2(5), 93–94 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Arai, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Hanada, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Arashi, H.

H. Arashi and Y. Kaneda, “Solar-pumped laser and its second harmonic generation,” Sol. Energy50(5), 447–451 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Baasandash, C.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bagheri, B.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Benmair, R. M. J.

Bird, R. E.

R. E. Bird and C. Riordan, “Simple solar spectral model for direct and diffuse irradiance on horizontal and tilted planes at the Earth's surface for cloudless atmospheres,” J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol.25(1), 87–97 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Daito, K.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

De Young, R. J.

Duncan, R. C.

Z. J. Kiss, H. R. Lewis, and R. C. Duncan, “Sun pumped continuous optical maser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.2(5), 93–94 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, H.

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Funatsu, T.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hanada, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Hanada, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, K.

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, S. Mizuno, H. Ito, K. Hasegawa, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped ZBLAN glass for solar-pumped lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, 2001–2006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, “Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75981L, 75981L-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Honda, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Hanada, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, M.

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, “Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75981L, 75981L-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Imasaki, K.

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ishigame, M.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, Y.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Hanada, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ishioka, M.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, S. Mizuno, H. Ito, K. Hasegawa, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped ZBLAN glass for solar-pumped lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, 2001–2006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, “Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75981L, 75981L-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Izawa, Y.

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kagan, J.

Kaimai, A.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kalisky, Y.

Kamamura, M.

K. Ueda, A. Liu, K. Kametani, and M. Kamamura, “Possibility of solar-pumped fiber lasers,” IEEJOQD-97–19, 13 (1997).

Kametani, K.

K. Ueda, A. Liu, K. Kametani, and M. Kamamura, “Possibility of solar-pumped fiber lasers,” IEEJOQD-97–19, 13 (1997).

Kaneda, Y.

H. Arashi and Y. Kaneda, “Solar-pumped laser and its second harmonic generation,” Sol. Energy50(5), 447–451 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kato, K.

Kawai, H.

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, S. Mizuno, H. Ito, K. Hasegawa, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped ZBLAN glass for solar-pumped lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, 2001–2006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, “Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75981L, 75981L-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kido, K.

Kiss, Z. J.

Z. J. Kiss, H. R. Lewis, and R. C. Duncan, “Sun pumped continuous optical maser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.2(5), 93–94 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Kumata, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Hanada, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, H. R.

Z. J. Kiss, H. R. Lewis, and R. C. Duncan, “Sun pumped continuous optical maser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.2(5), 93–94 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.

K. Ueda, A. Liu, K. Kametani, and M. Kamamura, “Possibility of solar-pumped fiber lasers,” IEEJOQD-97–19, 13 (1997).

Mizuno, S.

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, S. Mizuno, H. Ito, K. Hasegawa, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped ZBLAN glass for solar-pumped lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, 2001–2006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, “Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75981L, 75981L-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Motokoshi, S.

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, Y.

Namikawa, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Hanada, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys.59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nasu, H.

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, S. Mizuno, H. Ito, K. Hasegawa, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped ZBLAN glass for solar-pumped lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, 2001–2006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, “Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75981L, 75981L-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Noter, Y.

Ohishi, Y.

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, S. Mizuno, H. Ito, K. Hasegawa, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped ZBLAN glass for solar-pumped lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, 2001–2006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, “Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75981L, 75981L-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ohkubo, T.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oishi, T.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oka, Y.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, Y.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oron, M.

Riordan, C.

R. E. Bird and C. Riordan, “Simple solar spectral model for direct and diffuse irradiance on horizontal and tilted planes at the Earth's surface for cloudless atmospheres,” J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol.25(1), 87–97 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Saiki, T.

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sasahara, N.

H. Arashi, Y. Oka, N. Sasahara, A. Kaimai, and M. Ishigame, “A solar-pumped cw 18 W Nd:YAG laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.23(Part 1, No. 8), 1051–1053 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, S. Mizuno, H. Ito, K. Hasegawa, and Y. Ohishi, “Spectroscopic investigation of Nd3+-doped ZBLAN glass for solar-pumped lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28, 2001–2006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, “Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75981L, 75981L-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamanaka, C.

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, K.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

Yasunaga, N.

T. Ohkubo, T. Yabe, K. Yoshida, S. Uchida, T. Funatsu, B. Bagheri, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, Y. Nakayama, N. Yasunaga, K. Kido, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, K. Kato, T. Yanagitani, and Y. Okamoto, “Solar-pumped 80 W laser irradiated by a Fresnel lens,” Opt. Lett.34(2), 175–177 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yogev, A.

Yoshida, K.

Yoshida, M.

T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
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T. Yabe, B. Bagheri, T. Ohkubo, S. Uchida, M. Yoshida, T. Funatsu, T. Oishi, K. Daito, M. Ishioka, N. Yasunaga, Y. Sato, C. Baasandash, Y. Okamoto, and K. Yanagitani, “100 W-class solar pumped laser for sustainable magnesium-hydrogen energy cycle,” J. Appl. Phys.104(8), 083104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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T. Suzuki, H. Kawai, H. Nasu, M. Hughes, S. Mizuno, K. Hasegawa, H. Ito, and Y. Ohishi, “Excitation wavelength dependence of quantum efficiencies of Nd-doped glasses for solar pumped fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75981L, 75981L-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Laser Eng.

T. Saiki, K. Imasaki, S. Motokoshi, S. Uchida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, Y. Izawa, M. Yoshida, H. Ito, and C. Yamanaka, “Solar-pumped Nd dope multimode-fiber laser with a D-shaped large clad under quasi-solar-pumping,” Rev. Laser Eng.32(1), 48–53 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic set-up of the solar-pumped fiber laser experiment. L, lens; LPF, long-pass filter; MMF, multi-mode fiber; OAPM, off-axis parabolic mirror; PM, power meter; SA, spectrum analyzer; ZBLAN-DCF, ZBLAN double-clad fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Solar-pumped fiber laser spectra (a) the spectra of sunlight before and after passing through the Nd-doped ZBLAN fiber (b) the lasing spectra obtained at different times

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Solar-pumped fiber laser output power as a function of the input solar power.

Equations (3)

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C= ( RorT×sin θ f sin θ sun ) 2
η= λ s λ L λ i λ L I( λ i )d λ i λ s λ e I( λ i )d λ i
E= 350 λ L aI( λ ) dλ 350 4000 I( λ )dλ

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