Abstract

We present a microstructured fiber whose 9 µm diameter core consists in three concentric rings made of three active glasses having different rare earth oxide dopants, Yb3+/Er3+, Yb3+/Tm3+ and Yb3+/Pr3+, respectively. Morphological and optical characterization of the optical fiber are presented. The photoluminescence spectrum is investigated for different pumping conditions using a commercial 980 nm laser diode. Tuning of the RGB (or white light) emission is demonstrated not only by adjusting the pump power but also by using an optical iris as spatial filter which, thanks to the microstructured core, also acts as a spectral filter.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. C. B. Jaffe, S. M. Jaffe, and A. R. Conner, “New lighting for the design of high quality biomedical devices,” Proc. SPIE 7170, 71700M, 71700M-9 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. H. Cho, Y. G. Choi, and K. H. Kim, “Improvement of 4I11/2 -> 4I13/2 transition rate and thermal stabilities in Er3+-doped TeO2-B2O3(GeO2)-ZnO-K2O glasses,” ETRI J. 23(4), 151–157 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible up-conversion in Pr3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 304–307 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Yang, W. Zhang, S. Guo, and Z. Yang, “Compositional dependence of up-conversion emission and optical transition in Yb3+-Ho3+ codoped tellurite-phosphate glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7749, 77490T (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Zhang, S. Dai, G. Wang, L. Zhang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, “Investigation on upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses and fibers,” Phys. Lett. A 345(4-6), 409–414 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Q. Xu, H. P. Ma, D. W. Fang, Z. X. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanism in Yb3+- sensitized Tm3+- doped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(2), 135–140 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. T. Bookey, J. Lousteau, A. Jha, N. Gayraud, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, H. Li, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, and A. K. Kar, “Multiple rare earth emissions in a multicore tellurite fiber with a single pump wavelength,” Opt. Express 15(26), 17554–17561 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. 104(1), 139–174 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. C. Wright, “Up-conversion and excited state energy transfer in rare-earth doped materials,” Top. Appl. Phys. 15, 239–295 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Scheps, “Upconversion laser processes,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 271–358 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Dwivedi, A. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Intense white upconversion emission in Pr/Er/Yb codoped tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043509 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, S. Q. Xu, N. L. Dai, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Multi-rare-earth ions codoped tellurite glasses for potential dual wavelength fibre-optic amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(1), 130–132 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3+ Ho3+ Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113107 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. L. Yang, H. Gong, E. Y. B. Pun, X. Zhao, and H. Lin, “Rare-earth ions doped heavy metal germanium tellurite glasses for fiber lighting in minimally invasive surgery,” Opt. Express 18(18), 18997–19008 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Z. Yang and Z. Jiang, “Frequency upconversion emissions in layered lead–germanate–tellurite glasses for three-color display,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(30-32), 2576–2580 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, D. Negro, E. Mura, G. Scarpignato, M. Raimondo, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Rare-earth doped tellurite glass optical fiber for visible light sources,” Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011 13th International Conference 1–4, 26–30 June (2011).
  19. X. Feng, F. Poletti, A. Camerlingo, F. Parmigiani, P. Horak, P. Petropoulos, W. H. Loh, and D. J. Richardson, “Dispersion-shifted all-solid high index-contrast microstructured optical fiber for nonlinear applications at 1.55 microm,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20249–20255 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. H. R. Müller, J. Kirchhof, V. Reichel, and S. Unger, “Fibers for high-power lasers and amplifiers,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 154–162 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, S. Abrate, G. Scarciglia, A. Venturello, and D. Milanese, “Er3+ and Ce3+ co-doped tellurite optical fiber for lasers and amplifiers in the near infrared wavelength region: fabrication, optical characterization and prospects,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(1), 194–204 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. Da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Red, green, and blue upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized praseodymium-doped lead-cadmium-germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. 26, 271–274 (2004).
  23. C. B. de Araújo, L. S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, A. S. L. Gomes, Y. Messaddeq, A. Florez, and M. A. Aegerter, “Infrared?to?visible CW frequency upconversion in Er3+?doped fluoroindate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(5), 602 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  24. D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).
  25. N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, E. Mura, G. C. Scarpignato, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices,” J. Lumin. 132(5), 1265–1269 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  26. D. Manzani, Y. Ledemi, I. Skripachev, Y. Messaddeq, S. J. L. Ribeiro, R. E. P. de Oliveira, and C. J. S. de Matos, “Yb3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+ triply-doped tellurite core-cladding optical fiber for white light generation,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1515–1526 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2012

J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, S. Abrate, G. Scarciglia, A. Venturello, and D. Milanese, “Er3+ and Ce3+ co-doped tellurite optical fiber for lasers and amplifiers in the near infrared wavelength region: fabrication, optical characterization and prospects,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(1), 194–204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, E. Mura, G. C. Scarpignato, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices,” J. Lumin. 132(5), 1265–1269 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, W. Zhang, S. Guo, and Z. Yang, “Compositional dependence of up-conversion emission and optical transition in Yb3+-Ho3+ codoped tellurite-phosphate glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7749, 77490T (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Yang, H. Gong, E. Y. B. Pun, X. Zhao, and H. Lin, “Rare-earth ions doped heavy metal germanium tellurite glasses for fiber lighting in minimally invasive surgery,” Opt. Express 18(18), 18997–19008 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2008

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3+ Ho3+ Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dwivedi, A. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Intense white upconversion emission in Pr/Er/Yb codoped tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

S. Q. Xu, H. P. Ma, D. W. Fang, Z. X. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanism in Yb3+- sensitized Tm3+- doped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(2), 135–140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Müller, J. Kirchhof, V. Reichel, and S. Unger, “Fibers for high-power lasers and amplifiers,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 154–162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. Zhang, S. Dai, G. Wang, L. Zhang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, “Investigation on upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses and fibers,” Phys. Lett. A 345(4-6), 409–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yang and Z. Jiang, “Frequency upconversion emissions in layered lead–germanate–tellurite glasses for three-color display,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(30-32), 2576–2580 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. 104(1), 139–174 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. Da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Red, green, and blue upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized praseodymium-doped lead-cadmium-germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. 26, 271–274 (2004).

2003

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, S. Q. Xu, N. L. Dai, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Multi-rare-earth ions codoped tellurite glasses for potential dual wavelength fibre-optic amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(1), 130–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible up-conversion in Pr3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 304–307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

D. H. Cho, Y. G. Choi, and K. H. Kim, “Improvement of 4I11/2 -> 4I13/2 transition rate and thermal stabilities in Er3+-doped TeO2-B2O3(GeO2)-ZnO-K2O glasses,” ETRI J. 23(4), 151–157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996

R. Scheps, “Upconversion laser processes,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 271–358 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. B. de Araújo, L. S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, A. S. L. Gomes, Y. Messaddeq, A. Florez, and M. A. Aegerter, “Infrared?to?visible CW frequency upconversion in Er3+?doped fluoroindate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(5), 602 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1976

J. C. Wright, “Up-conversion and excited state energy transfer in rare-earth doped materials,” Top. Appl. Phys. 15, 239–295 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Abrate, S.

J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, S. Abrate, G. Scarciglia, A. Venturello, and D. Milanese, “Er3+ and Ce3+ co-doped tellurite optical fiber for lasers and amplifiers in the near infrared wavelength region: fabrication, optical characterization and prospects,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(1), 194–204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, E. Mura, G. C. Scarpignato, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices,” J. Lumin. 132(5), 1265–1269 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Acioli, L. H.

C. B. de Araújo, L. S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, A. S. L. Gomes, Y. Messaddeq, A. Florez, and M. A. Aegerter, “Infrared?to?visible CW frequency upconversion in Er3+?doped fluoroindate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(5), 602 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aegerter, M. A.

C. B. de Araújo, L. S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, A. S. L. Gomes, Y. Messaddeq, A. Florez, and M. A. Aegerter, “Infrared?to?visible CW frequency upconversion in Er3+?doped fluoroindate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(5), 602 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).

F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. 104(1), 139–174 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barton, J. S.

Boetti, N. G.

J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, S. Abrate, G. Scarciglia, A. Venturello, and D. Milanese, “Er3+ and Ce3+ co-doped tellurite optical fiber for lasers and amplifiers in the near infrared wavelength region: fabrication, optical characterization and prospects,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(1), 194–204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, E. Mura, G. C. Scarpignato, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices,” J. Lumin. 132(5), 1265–1269 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bookey, H. T.

Bueno, L. A.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. Da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Red, green, and blue upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized praseodymium-doped lead-cadmium-germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. 26, 271–274 (2004).

Camerlingo, A.

Cassanjes, F. C.

P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible up-conversion in Pr3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 304–307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chiasera, A.

N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, E. Mura, G. C. Scarpignato, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices,” J. Lumin. 132(5), 1265–1269 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, S. Abrate, G. Scarciglia, A. Venturello, and D. Milanese, “Er3+ and Ce3+ co-doped tellurite optical fiber for lasers and amplifiers in the near infrared wavelength region: fabrication, optical characterization and prospects,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(1), 194–204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cho, D. H.

D. H. Cho, Y. G. Choi, and K. H. Kim, “Improvement of 4I11/2 -> 4I13/2 transition rate and thermal stabilities in Er3+-doped TeO2-B2O3(GeO2)-ZnO-K2O glasses,” ETRI J. 23(4), 151–157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y. G.

D. H. Cho, Y. G. Choi, and K. H. Kim, “Improvement of 4I11/2 -> 4I13/2 transition rate and thermal stabilities in Er3+-doped TeO2-B2O3(GeO2)-ZnO-K2O glasses,” ETRI J. 23(4), 151–157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Conner, A. R.

M. C. B. Jaffe, S. M. Jaffe, and A. R. Conner, “New lighting for the design of high quality biomedical devices,” Proc. SPIE 7170, 71700M, 71700M-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Da Costa, E. B.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. Da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Red, green, and blue upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized praseodymium-doped lead-cadmium-germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. 26, 271–274 (2004).

Dai, N. L.

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, S. Q. Xu, N. L. Dai, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Multi-rare-earth ions codoped tellurite glasses for potential dual wavelength fibre-optic amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(1), 130–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S.

J. Zhang, S. Dai, G. Wang, L. Zhang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, “Investigation on upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses and fibers,” Phys. Lett. A 345(4-6), 409–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S. X.

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, S. Q. Xu, N. L. Dai, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Multi-rare-earth ions codoped tellurite glasses for potential dual wavelength fibre-optic amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(1), 130–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Araujo, M. T.

P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible up-conversion in Pr3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 304–307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

de Araújo, C. B.

C. B. de Araújo, L. S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, A. S. L. Gomes, Y. Messaddeq, A. Florez, and M. A. Aegerter, “Infrared?to?visible CW frequency upconversion in Er3+?doped fluoroindate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(5), 602 (1996).
[CrossRef]

de Matos, C. J. S.

de Oliveira, R. E. P.

dos Santos, P. V.

P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible up-conversion in Pr3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 304–307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dwivedi, Y.

Y. Dwivedi, A. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Intense white upconversion emission in Pr/Er/Yb codoped tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fang, D. W.

S. Q. Xu, H. P. Ma, D. W. Fang, Z. X. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanism in Yb3+- sensitized Tm3+- doped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(2), 135–140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

Ferrari, M.

N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, E. Mura, G. C. Scarpignato, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices,” J. Lumin. 132(5), 1265–1269 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, S. Abrate, G. Scarciglia, A. Venturello, and D. Milanese, “Er3+ and Ce3+ co-doped tellurite optical fiber for lasers and amplifiers in the near infrared wavelength region: fabrication, optical characterization and prospects,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(1), 194–204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ferraris, M.

D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).

Florez, A.

C. B. de Araújo, L. S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, A. S. L. Gomes, Y. Messaddeq, A. Florez, and M. A. Aegerter, “Infrared?to?visible CW frequency upconversion in Er3+?doped fluoroindate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(5), 602 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gayraud, N.

Gebavi, H.

D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).

Giri, N. K.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3+ Ho3+ Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

C. B. de Araújo, L. S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, A. S. L. Gomes, Y. Messaddeq, A. Florez, and M. A. Aegerter, “Infrared?to?visible CW frequency upconversion in Er3+?doped fluoroindate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(5), 602 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gong, H.

Gouveia, E. A.

P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible up-conversion in Pr3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 304–307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. Da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Red, green, and blue upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized praseodymium-doped lead-cadmium-germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. 26, 271–274 (2004).

P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible up-conversion in Pr3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 304–307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guo, S.

Y. Yang, W. Zhang, S. Guo, and Z. Yang, “Compositional dependence of up-conversion emission and optical transition in Yb3+-Ho3+ codoped tellurite-phosphate glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7749, 77490T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Horak, P.

Hu, L.

J. Zhang, S. Dai, G. Wang, L. Zhang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, “Investigation on upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses and fibers,” Phys. Lett. A 345(4-6), 409–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L. L.

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, S. Q. Xu, N. L. Dai, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Multi-rare-earth ions codoped tellurite glasses for potential dual wavelength fibre-optic amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(1), 130–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jaffe, M. C. B.

M. C. B. Jaffe, S. M. Jaffe, and A. R. Conner, “New lighting for the design of high quality biomedical devices,” Proc. SPIE 7170, 71700M, 71700M-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jaffe, S. M.

M. C. B. Jaffe, S. M. Jaffe, and A. R. Conner, “New lighting for the design of high quality biomedical devices,” Proc. SPIE 7170, 71700M, 71700M-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

Jiang, Z.

Z. Yang and Z. Jiang, “Frequency upconversion emissions in layered lead–germanate–tellurite glasses for three-color display,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(30-32), 2576–2580 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z. H.

S. Q. Xu, H. P. Ma, D. W. Fang, Z. X. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanism in Yb3+- sensitized Tm3+- doped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(2), 135–140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, S. Q. Xu, N. L. Dai, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Multi-rare-earth ions codoped tellurite glasses for potential dual wavelength fibre-optic amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(1), 130–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kar, A. K.

Kim, K. H.

D. H. Cho, Y. G. Choi, and K. H. Kim, “Improvement of 4I11/2 -> 4I13/2 transition rate and thermal stabilities in Er3+-doped TeO2-B2O3(GeO2)-ZnO-K2O glasses,” ETRI J. 23(4), 151–157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kirchhof, J.

H. R. Müller, J. Kirchhof, V. Reichel, and S. Unger, “Fibers for high-power lasers and amplifiers,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 154–162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ledemi, Y.

Li, H.

Li, L.

D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).

Lin, H.

Loh, W. H.

Lousteau, J.

N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, E. Mura, G. C. Scarpignato, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices,” J. Lumin. 132(5), 1265–1269 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, S. Abrate, G. Scarciglia, A. Venturello, and D. Milanese, “Er3+ and Ce3+ co-doped tellurite optical fiber for lasers and amplifiers in the near infrared wavelength region: fabrication, optical characterization and prospects,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(1), 194–204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).

H. T. Bookey, J. Lousteau, A. Jha, N. Gayraud, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, H. Li, W. N. MacPherson, J. S. Barton, and A. K. Kar, “Multiple rare earth emissions in a multicore tellurite fiber with a single pump wavelength,” Opt. Express 15(26), 17554–17561 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, H. P.

S. Q. Xu, H. P. Ma, D. W. Fang, Z. X. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanism in Yb3+- sensitized Tm3+- doped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(2), 135–140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maciel, G. S.

C. B. de Araújo, L. S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, A. S. L. Gomes, Y. Messaddeq, A. Florez, and M. A. Aegerter, “Infrared?to?visible CW frequency upconversion in Er3+?doped fluoroindate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(5), 602 (1996).
[CrossRef]

MacPherson, W. N.

Manzani, D.

Menezes, L. S.

C. B. de Araújo, L. S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, A. S. L. Gomes, Y. Messaddeq, A. Florez, and M. A. Aegerter, “Infrared?to?visible CW frequency upconversion in Er3+?doped fluoroindate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(5), 602 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Messaddeq, Y.

D. Manzani, Y. Ledemi, I. Skripachev, Y. Messaddeq, S. J. L. Ribeiro, R. E. P. de Oliveira, and C. J. S. de Matos, “Yb3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+ triply-doped tellurite core-cladding optical fiber for white light generation,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1515–1526 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible up-conversion in Pr3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 304–307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. B. de Araújo, L. S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, A. S. L. Gomes, Y. Messaddeq, A. Florez, and M. A. Aegerter, “Infrared?to?visible CW frequency upconversion in Er3+?doped fluoroindate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(5), 602 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Milanese, D.

N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, E. Mura, G. C. Scarpignato, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices,” J. Lumin. 132(5), 1265–1269 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, S. Abrate, G. Scarciglia, A. Venturello, and D. Milanese, “Er3+ and Ce3+ co-doped tellurite optical fiber for lasers and amplifiers in the near infrared wavelength region: fabrication, optical characterization and prospects,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(1), 194–204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).

Müller, H. R.

H. R. Müller, J. Kirchhof, V. Reichel, and S. Unger, “Fibers for high-power lasers and amplifiers,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 154–162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mura, E.

N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, E. Mura, G. C. Scarpignato, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices,” J. Lumin. 132(5), 1265–1269 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Parmigiani, F.

Petropoulos, P.

Peyghambarian, N.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).

Poletti, F.

Psaila, N. D.

Pun, E. Y. B.

Rai, A.

Y. Dwivedi, A. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Intense white upconversion emission in Pr/Er/Yb codoped tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rai, D. K.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3+ Ho3+ Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rai, S. B.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3+ Ho3+ Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dwivedi, A. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Intense white upconversion emission in Pr/Er/Yb codoped tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reichel, V.

H. R. Müller, J. Kirchhof, V. Reichel, and S. Unger, “Fibers for high-power lasers and amplifiers,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 154–162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ribeiro, S. J. L.

D. Manzani, Y. Ledemi, I. Skripachev, Y. Messaddeq, S. J. L. Ribeiro, R. E. P. de Oliveira, and C. J. S. de Matos, “Yb3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+ triply-doped tellurite core-cladding optical fiber for white light generation,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(8), 1515–1526 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. Da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Red, green, and blue upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized praseodymium-doped lead-cadmium-germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. 26, 271–274 (2004).

P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible up-conversion in Pr3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 304–307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Scarciglia, G.

J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, S. Abrate, G. Scarciglia, A. Venturello, and D. Milanese, “Er3+ and Ce3+ co-doped tellurite optical fiber for lasers and amplifiers in the near infrared wavelength region: fabrication, optical characterization and prospects,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(1), 194–204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Scarpignato, G. C.

N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, E. Mura, G. C. Scarpignato, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices,” J. Lumin. 132(5), 1265–1269 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Scheps, R.

R. Scheps, “Upconversion laser processes,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 271–358 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schülzgen, A.

D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).

Skripachev, I.

Snitzer, E.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

J. Zhang, S. Dai, G. Wang, L. Zhang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, “Investigation on upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses and fibers,” Phys. Lett. A 345(4-6), 409–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).

Thomson, R. R.

Unger, S.

H. R. Müller, J. Kirchhof, V. Reichel, and S. Unger, “Fibers for high-power lasers and amplifiers,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 154–162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Venturello, A.

J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, S. Abrate, G. Scarciglia, A. Venturello, and D. Milanese, “Er3+ and Ce3+ co-doped tellurite optical fiber for lasers and amplifiers in the near infrared wavelength region: fabrication, optical characterization and prospects,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(1), 194–204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vermelho, M. V. D.

P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible up-conversion in Pr3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 304–307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, E. M.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

J. Zhang, S. Dai, G. Wang, L. Zhang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, “Investigation on upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses and fibers,” Phys. Lett. A 345(4-6), 409–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. S.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wen, L.

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, S. Q. Xu, N. L. Dai, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Multi-rare-earth ions codoped tellurite glasses for potential dual wavelength fibre-optic amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(1), 130–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wright, J. C.

J. C. Wright, “Up-conversion and excited state energy transfer in rare-earth doped materials,” Top. Appl. Phys. 15, 239–295 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S. Q.

S. Q. Xu, H. P. Ma, D. W. Fang, Z. X. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanism in Yb3+- sensitized Tm3+- doped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(2), 135–140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, S. Q. Xu, N. L. Dai, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Multi-rare-earth ions codoped tellurite glasses for potential dual wavelength fibre-optic amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(1), 130–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D. L.

Yang, J. H.

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, S. Q. Xu, N. L. Dai, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Multi-rare-earth ions codoped tellurite glasses for potential dual wavelength fibre-optic amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(1), 130–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, W. Zhang, S. Guo, and Z. Yang, “Compositional dependence of up-conversion emission and optical transition in Yb3+-Ho3+ codoped tellurite-phosphate glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7749, 77490T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Z.

Y. Yang, W. Zhang, S. Guo, and Z. Yang, “Compositional dependence of up-conversion emission and optical transition in Yb3+-Ho3+ codoped tellurite-phosphate glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7749, 77490T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yang and Z. Jiang, “Frequency upconversion emissions in layered lead–germanate–tellurite glasses for three-color display,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(30-32), 2576–2580 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, S. Dai, G. Wang, L. Zhang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, “Investigation on upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses and fibers,” Phys. Lett. A 345(4-6), 409–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

J. Zhang, S. Dai, G. Wang, L. Zhang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, “Investigation on upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses and fibers,” Phys. Lett. A 345(4-6), 409–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Y. Yang, W. Zhang, S. Guo, and Z. Yang, “Compositional dependence of up-conversion emission and optical transition in Yb3+-Ho3+ codoped tellurite-phosphate glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7749, 77490T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. X.

S. Q. Xu, H. P. Ma, D. W. Fang, Z. X. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanism in Yb3+- sensitized Tm3+- doped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(2), 135–140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Optoelectron.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, “High-power ZBLAN glass fiber lasers: review and prospect,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. B. de Araújo, L. S. Menezes, G. S. Maciel, L. H. Acioli, A. S. L. Gomes, Y. Messaddeq, A. Florez, and M. A. Aegerter, “Infrared?to?visible CW frequency upconversion in Er3+?doped fluoroindate glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(5), 602 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Phys.

H. R. Müller, J. Kirchhof, V. Reichel, and S. Unger, “Fibers for high-power lasers and amplifiers,” C. R. Phys. 7(2), 154–162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev.

F. Auzel, “Upconversion and anti-Stokes processes with f and d ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. 104(1), 139–174 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin. Phys. Lett.

S. X. Dai, J. H. Yang, S. Q. Xu, N. L. Dai, L. Wen, L. L. Hu, and Z. H. Jiang, “Multi-rare-earth ions codoped tellurite glasses for potential dual wavelength fibre-optic amplifiers,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(1), 130–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

ETRI J.

D. H. Cho, Y. G. Choi, and K. H. Kim, “Improvement of 4I11/2 -> 4I13/2 transition rate and thermal stabilities in Er3+-doped TeO2-B2O3(GeO2)-ZnO-K2O glasses,” ETRI J. 23(4), 151–157 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, S. Abrate, G. Scarciglia, A. Venturello, and D. Milanese, “Er3+ and Ce3+ co-doped tellurite optical fiber for lasers and amplifiers in the near infrared wavelength region: fabrication, optical characterization and prospects,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(1), 194–204 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp.

P. V. dos Santos, M. V. D. Vermelho, E. A. Gouveia, M. T. de Araujo, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Infrared-to-visible up-conversion in Pr3+/Yb3+ and Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 304–307 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

N. K. Giri, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “White light upconversion emissions from Tm3+ Ho3+ Yb3+ codoped tellurite and germanate glasses on excitation with 798 nm radiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 113107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dwivedi, A. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Intense white upconversion emission in Pr/Er/Yb codoped tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(4), 043509 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

S. Q. Xu, H. P. Ma, D. W. Fang, Z. X. Zhang, and Z. H. Jiang, “Upconversion luminescence and mechanism in Yb3+- sensitized Tm3+- doped oxyhalide tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(2), 135–140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. G. Boetti, J. Lousteau, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, E. Mura, G. C. Scarpignato, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices,” J. Lumin. 132(5), 1265–1269 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, J. Lousteau, M. Ferraris, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, S. Taccheo, and F. Auzel, “Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses for short cavity optical fiber lasers: fabrication and optical characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 2378–2383 (2010).

Z. Yang and Z. Jiang, “Frequency upconversion emissions in layered lead–germanate–tellurite glasses for three-color display,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(30-32), 2576–2580 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Mater.

A. S. Gouveia-Neto, E. B. Da Costa, L. A. Bueno, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Red, green, and blue upconversion luminescence in ytterbium-sensitized praseodymium-doped lead-cadmium-germanate glass,” Opt. Mater. 26, 271–274 (2004).

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. Express

Phys. Lett. A

J. Zhang, S. Dai, G. Wang, L. Zhang, H. Sun, and L. Hu, “Investigation on upconversion luminescence in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped tellurite glasses and fibers,” Phys. Lett. A 345(4-6), 409–414 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

M. C. B. Jaffe, S. M. Jaffe, and A. R. Conner, “New lighting for the design of high quality biomedical devices,” Proc. SPIE 7170, 71700M, 71700M-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, W. Zhang, S. Guo, and Z. Yang, “Compositional dependence of up-conversion emission and optical transition in Yb3+-Ho3+ codoped tellurite-phosphate glasses,” Proc. SPIE 7749, 77490T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron.

R. Scheps, “Upconversion laser processes,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 271–358 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Top. Appl. Phys.

J. C. Wright, “Up-conversion and excited state energy transfer in rare-earth doped materials,” Top. Appl. Phys. 15, 239–295 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. Lousteau, N. G. Boetti, D. Negro, E. Mura, G. Scarpignato, M. Raimondo, S. Abrate, and D. Milanese, “Rare-earth doped tellurite glass optical fiber for visible light sources,” Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2011 13th International Conference 1–4, 26–30 June (2011).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simplified schematic diagram of fiber cross section

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical setup used to tune the RGB emission by spatial filtering. The colored beam illustrates the multi-wavelength emission arising from the core structured in concentric layers

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical microscope image of the tellurite glass fiber cross-section (a) and scanning electron micrograph image taken in back-scattering mode (b)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fiber photoluminescence upon 978 nm excitation

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fibre photoluminescence for different input pump power

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic energy-level diagram for the Yb3+/Tm3+, Yb3+/Pr3+ and Yb3+/Er3+ doped tellurite glasses

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Near field images of the microstructured fiber upon 978 nm excitation, without filtering (a) and with a subtractive dichroic cyan filter (b)

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Effect of spatial filtering on fibre photoluminescence upon 978 nm excitation

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Composition and refractive index of the tellurite glasses used to manufacture the optical fiber presented in this paper.

Metrics