Abstract

A novel solid-state dye laser with degradation recovery was proposed and demonstrated. Polydimethylsiloxane was used as a nanoporous solid matrix to enable the internal circulation of dye molecules in the solid state. An internal circulation model for the dye molecules was also proposed and verified numerically by assuming molecular mobility and using a proposed diffusion equation. The durability of the laser was increased 20.5-fold compared with that of a conventional polymethylmethacrylate laser. This novel laser solves the low-durability problem of dye-doped polymer lasers.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, “Stimulated emission in a periodic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 152–154 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Sriram, H. E. Jackson, and J. T. Boyd, “Distributed-feedback dye laser integrated with a channel waveguide formed on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36(9), 721 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Kuwata-gonokamia, K. Ema, and K. Takeda, “Lasing and intermode correlation of whispering gallery mode in dye-doped polystyrene microsphere,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 216(1), 21–25 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, R. R. B. Correia, J. F. Martins-Filho, and C. B. de Araujo, “Measurement of optical gain at 670 nm in an oxazine-doped polyimide planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(24), 3653 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. L. Zhu, S. K. Lam, and D. Lo, “Distributed-feedback dye-doped solgel silica lasers,” Appl. Opt. 39(18), 3104–3107 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8A), L799–L801 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 11A), 6370–6374 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, “Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation form distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 277–283 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Nakamichi, Y. Yang, S. Omi, H. Yoshioka, H. Watanabe, M. Yahiro, M. Era, and Y. Oki, “Monochromatic organic photodiodes made by stackable ink-jet fabrication for integrated laser chips,” in CLEO:2011- Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CWF6.
  11. Z. Li and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic Distributed Feedback Dye Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 185–193 (2006).
  12. M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 143501 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Yoshioka, R. Goto, S. Omi, Y. Yang, and Y. Oki, “Solid-state polymer waveguide DFB laser with self dye-circulatory function,” in CLEO:2011- Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper JTuI78.
  14. H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151123 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161110 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic Distributed Feedback Dye Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 185–193 (2006).

2005 (1)

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 11A), 6370–6374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, “Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation form distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 277–283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8A), L799–L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, R. R. B. Correia, J. F. Martins-Filho, and C. B. de Araujo, “Measurement of optical gain at 670 nm in an oxazine-doped polyimide planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(24), 3653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. Kuwata-gonokamia, K. Ema, and K. Takeda, “Lasing and intermode correlation of whispering gallery mode in dye-doped polystyrene microsphere,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 216(1), 21–25 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

S. Sriram, H. E. Jackson, and J. T. Boyd, “Distributed-feedback dye laser integrated with a channel waveguide formed on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36(9), 721 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, “Stimulated emission in a periodic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 152–154 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Aso, K.

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 11A), 6370–6374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Balslev, S.

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, J. T.

S. Sriram, H. E. Jackson, and J. T. Boyd, “Distributed-feedback dye laser integrated with a channel waveguide formed on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36(9), 721 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Chiara, J. L.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Correia, R. R. B.

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, R. R. B. Correia, J. F. Martins-Filho, and C. B. de Araujo, “Measurement of optical gain at 670 nm in an oxazine-doped polyimide planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(24), 3653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Costela, A.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

de Araujo, C. B.

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, R. R. B. Correia, J. F. Martins-Filho, and C. B. de Araujo, “Measurement of optical gain at 670 nm in an oxazine-doped polyimide planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(24), 3653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ema, K.

M. Kuwata-gonokamia, K. Ema, and K. Takeda, “Lasing and intermode correlation of whispering gallery mode in dye-doped polystyrene microsphere,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 216(1), 21–25 (1992).
[CrossRef]

García, O.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

García-Moreno, I.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garrido, L.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gersborg-Hansen, M.

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ichikawa, M.

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8A), L799–L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, H. E.

S. Sriram, H. E. Jackson, and J. T. Boyd, “Distributed-feedback dye laser integrated with a channel waveguide formed on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36(9), 721 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, “Stimulated emission in a periodic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 152–154 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, T.

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8A), L799–L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, A.

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuwata-gonokamia, M.

M. Kuwata-gonokamia, K. Ema, and K. Takeda, “Lasing and intermode correlation of whispering gallery mode in dye-doped polystyrene microsphere,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 216(1), 21–25 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lam, S. K.

Li, Z.

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic Distributed Feedback Dye Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 185–193 (2006).

Lo, D.

Maeda, M.

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 11A), 6370–6374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, “Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation form distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 277–283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martín, V.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martins-Filho, J. F.

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, R. R. B. Correia, J. F. Martins-Filho, and C. B. de Araujo, “Measurement of optical gain at 670 nm in an oxazine-doped polyimide planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(24), 3653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, S.

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, “Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation form distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 277–283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, N. A.

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oki, Y.

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 11A), 6370–6374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, “Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation form distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 277–283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Omatsu, T.

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic Distributed Feedback Dye Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 185–193 (2006).

Sastre, R.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, “Stimulated emission in a periodic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 152–154 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Song, W.

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sriram, S.

S. Sriram, H. E. Jackson, and J. T. Boyd, “Distributed-feedback dye laser integrated with a channel waveguide formed on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36(9), 721 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, R.

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, R. R. B. Correia, J. F. Martins-Filho, and C. B. de Araujo, “Measurement of optical gain at 670 nm in an oxazine-doped polyimide planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(24), 3653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Suganuma, N.

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8A), L799–L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, K.

M. Kuwata-gonokamia, K. Ema, and K. Takeda, “Lasing and intermode correlation of whispering gallery mode in dye-doped polystyrene microsphere,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 216(1), 21–25 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, M.

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, “Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation form distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 277–283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8A), L799–L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, Y.

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8A), L799–L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Trastoy, B.

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vasa, N. J.

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 11A), 6370–6374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vasdekis, A. E.

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, H.

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, M. N.

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, R. R. B. Correia, J. F. Martins-Filho, and C. B. de Araujo, “Measurement of optical gain at 670 nm in an oxazine-doped polyimide planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(24), 3653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X. L.

Zuo, D.

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, “Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation form distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 277–283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 11A), 6370–6374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

R. Sastre, V. Martín, L. Garrido, J. L. Chiara, B. Trastoy, O. García, A. Costela, and I. García-Moreno, “Dye-doped polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)-modified polymeric matrices for highly efficient and photostable solid-state lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(20), 3307–3316 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, R. R. B. Correia, J. F. Martins-Filho, and C. B. de Araujo, “Measurement of optical gain at 670 nm in an oxazine-doped polyimide planar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(24), 3653 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Watanabe, Y. Oki, M. Maeda, and T. Omatsu, “Waveguide dye laser including a SiO2 nanoparticle-dispersed random scattering active layer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(15), 151123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic evanescent dye laser based on a distributed feedback circular grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(16), 161110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kogelnik and C. V. Shank, “Stimulated emission in a periodic structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18(4), 152–154 (1971).
[CrossRef]

S. Sriram, H. E. Jackson, and J. T. Boyd, “Distributed-feedback dye laser integrated with a channel waveguide formed on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 36(9), 721 (1980).
[CrossRef]

M. Gersborg-Hansen, S. Balslev, N. A. Mortensen, and A. Kristensen, “Bleaching and diffusion dynamics in optofluidic dye lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(14), 143501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic Distributed Feedback Dye Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 185–193 (2006).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, “Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8A), L799–L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oki, K. Aso, D. Zuo, N. J. Vasa, and M. Maeda, “Wide-wavelength-range operation of a distributed-feedback dye laser with a plastic waveguide,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(Part 1, No. 11A), 6370–6374 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) (1)

M. Kuwata-gonokamia, K. Ema, and K. Takeda, “Lasing and intermode correlation of whispering gallery mode in dye-doped polystyrene microsphere,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 216(1), 21–25 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Oki, S. Miyamoto, M. Tanaka, D. Zuo, and M. Maeda, “Long lifetime and high repetition rate operation form distributed feedback plastic waveguided dye lasers,” Opt. Commun. 214(1-6), 277–283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

T. Nakamichi, Y. Yang, S. Omi, H. Yoshioka, H. Watanabe, M. Yahiro, M. Era, and Y. Oki, “Monochromatic organic photodiodes made by stackable ink-jet fabrication for integrated laser chips,” in CLEO:2011- Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CWF6.

H. Yoshioka, R. Goto, S. Omi, Y. Yang, and Y. Oki, “Solid-state polymer waveguide DFB laser with self dye-circulatory function,” in CLEO:2011- Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper JTuI78.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Characteristics of typical solid-state polymer laser media, PDMS-based laser media, and liquid-state laser media.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Structure of PDMS DFB laser with mobile dye molecules.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized density distributions of active P597 dye molecules under (a) fixed-molecule and (b) PDMS-state conditions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Schematic diagram of experimental setup, and (b) input-output characteristics and (c) spectrum of a PDMS DFB laser with mobile dye molecules.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Recovery of degradation and (b) measured recovery characteristic of PDMS DFB laser with mobile dye molecules.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Increased durability of PDMS DFB laser resulting from dye diffusion.

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