Aspheric surfaces are often measured using interferometers with null correctors, either refractive or diffractive. The use of null correctors allows high accuracy in the measurement, but also introduces imaging aberrations, such as mapping distortion and field curvature. These imaging aberrations couple with diffraction effects and limit the accuracy of the measurements, causing high frequency features in the surface under test to be filtered out and creating artifacts near boundaries, especially at edges. We provide a concise methodology for analyzing these effects using the astigmatic field curves to define the aberration, and showing how this couples with diffraction as represented by the Talbot effect and Fresnel edge diffraction. The resulting relationships are validated with both computer simulations and direct measurements from an interferometer with CGH null corrector.
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