Abstract

Results of a self-consistent ultrafast study of nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanowaveguides using heterodyne pump-probe technique are reported. The two-photon absorption coefficient and free-carrier absorption effective cross-section were determined to be 0.68cm/GW, and 1.9x10−17 cm2, respectively and the Kerr coefficient and free-carrier-induced refractive index change 0.32x10−13 cm2/W, and −5.5x10−21 cm3, respectively. The effects of the proton bombardment on the linear loss and the carrier lifetime of the devices were also studied. Carrier lifetime reduction from 330ps to 33ps with a linear loss of only 14.8dB/cm was achieved using a proton bombardment level of 1015/cm2.

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2011 (1)

2010 (14)

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. H. Pu, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28-Tb/s demultiplexing of an OTDM DPSK data signal using a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1762–1764 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Li, X. Z. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, P. Dong, D. Z. Feng, S. R. Liao, R. Shafiiha, M. Asghari, J. Yao, J. Shi, I. N. Shubin, D. Patil, F. Liu, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-power silicon photonic interconnect for high-performance computing systems,” Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX 7607, 760703 (2010).

B. Jalali, “Silicon photonics nonlinear optics in the mid-infrared,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 506–508 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Hochberg and T. Baehr-Jones, “Towards fabless silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 492–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Watts, W. A. Zortman, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, “Low-voltage, compact, depletion-mode, silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 159–164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, J. S. Levy, C. B. Poitras, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultrashort free-carrier lifetime in low-loss silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3582–3591 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Doerr, P. J. Winzer, Y.-K. Chen, S. Chandrasekhar, M. S. Rasras, L. Chen, T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, and G.-Q. Lo, “Monolithic polarization and phase diversity coherent receiver in silicon,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 520–525 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Lee, L. H. Yin, G. P. Agrawal, and P. M. Fauchet, “Ultrafast optical switching based on nonlinear polarization rotation in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11514–11523 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Khilo, M. A. Popović, M. Araghchini, and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient planar fiber-to-chip coupler based on two-stage adiabatic evolution,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15790–15806 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. B. Miller, “Optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Appl. Opt. 49(25), F59–F70 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Fujioka, T. Chu, and M. Ishizaka, “Compact and low power consumption hybrid integrated wavelength tunable laser module using silicon waveguide resonators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3115–3120 (2010).

2009 (2)

2008 (6)

A. R. Motamedi, J. J. Plant, J. P. Donnelly, P. W. Juodawlkis, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrafast nonlinearities and gain dynamics in high-power semiconductor amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(25), 251106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Preston, P. Dong, B. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “High-speed all-optical modulation using polycrystalline silicon microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(15), 151104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovi, F. Gan, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, E. P. Ippen, F. X. Kartner, and H. I. Smith, “Reconfigurable silicon photonic circuits for telecommunication applications,” Proc. SPIE 6872, 68720Z, 68720Z-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vučković, “Ultrafast photonic crystal lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(4), 264–274 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Tsang and Y. Liu, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(6), 064007 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

2006 (4)

B. Jalali and S. Fathpour, “Silicon photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4600–4615 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Foster, J. K. Doylend, P. Mascher, A. P. Knights, and P. G. Coleman, “Optical attenuation in defect-engineered silicon rib waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(7), 073101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Kuo, H. Rong, V. Sih, S. Xu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, “Demonstration of wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s data rate in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11721–11726 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

D. Dimitropoulos, S. Fathpour, and B. Jalali, “Limitations of active carrier removal in silicon Raman amplifiers and lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 261108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, M. Morse, A. Liu, D. Hodge, D. Rubin, U. Keil, and T. Franck, “High speed silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 13(8), 3129–3135 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. P. Knights and G. F. Hopper, “Effect of ion implantation induced defects on optical attenuation in silicon waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 39(23), 1648–1649 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

P. G. Coleman, C. P. Burrows, and A. P. Knights, “Simple expression for vacancy concentrations at half ion range following MeV ion implantation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 947–949 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O'Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, “Optically sampled analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49(10), 1840–1853 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1987 (1)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, “Electrooptical effects in silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(1), 123–129 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

Akiyama, S.

F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vučković, “Ultrafast photonic crystal lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(4), 264–274 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Amatya, R.

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ang, K.-W.

Apiratikul, P.

Araghchini, M.

A. Khilo, M. A. Popović, M. Araghchini, and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient planar fiber-to-chip coupler based on two-stage adiabatic evolution,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15790–15806 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

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Baehr-Jones, T.

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C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
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Foster, P. J.

P. J. Foster, J. K. Doylend, P. Mascher, A. P. Knights, and P. G. Coleman, “Optical attenuation in defect-engineered silicon rib waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(7), 073101 (2006).
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F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
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F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
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C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
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T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovi, F. Gan, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, E. P. Ippen, F. X. Kartner, and H. I. Smith, “Reconfigurable silicon photonic circuits for telecommunication applications,” Proc. SPIE 6872, 68720Z, 68720Z-12 (2008).
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Khilo, A.

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F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
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Lyszczarz, T. M.

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
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P. J. Foster, J. K. Doylend, P. Mascher, A. P. Knights, and P. G. Coleman, “Optical attenuation in defect-engineered silicon rib waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(7), 073101 (2006).
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F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
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Morse, M.

Motamedi, A.

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
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A. R. Motamedi, J. J. Plant, J. P. Donnelly, P. W. Juodawlkis, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrafast nonlinearities and gain dynamics in high-power semiconductor amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(25), 251106 (2008).
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Murphy, T. E.

O'Donnell, F. J.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O'Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, “Optically sampled analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49(10), 1840–1853 (2001).
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F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
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Orcutt, J. S.

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
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F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oxenlowe, L. K.

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. H. Pu, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28-Tb/s demultiplexing of an OTDM DPSK data signal using a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1762–1764 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O. J.

Paniccia, M.

Park, M.

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Patil, D.

G. L. Li, X. Z. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, P. Dong, D. Z. Feng, S. R. Liao, R. Shafiiha, M. Asghari, J. Yao, J. Shi, I. N. Shubin, D. Patil, F. Liu, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-power silicon photonic interconnect for high-performance computing systems,” Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX 7607, 760703 (2010).

Pavesi, L.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perrott, M.

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pinguet, T.

G. L. Li, X. Z. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, P. Dong, D. Z. Feng, S. R. Liao, R. Shafiiha, M. Asghari, J. Yao, J. Shi, I. N. Shubin, D. Patil, F. Liu, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-power silicon photonic interconnect for high-performance computing systems,” Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX 7607, 760703 (2010).

Plant, J. J.

A. R. Motamedi, J. J. Plant, J. P. Donnelly, P. W. Juodawlkis, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrafast nonlinearities and gain dynamics in high-power semiconductor amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(25), 251106 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Poitras, C. B.

Popovi, M. A.

T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovi, F. Gan, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, E. P. Ippen, F. X. Kartner, and H. I. Smith, “Reconfigurable silicon photonic circuits for telecommunication applications,” Proc. SPIE 6872, 68720Z, 68720Z-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Popovic, M. A.

A. Khilo, M. A. Popović, M. Araghchini, and F. X. Kärtner, “Efficient planar fiber-to-chip coupler based on two-stage adiabatic evolution,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15790–15806 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poulton, C.

Preston, K.

K. Preston, P. Dong, B. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “High-speed all-optical modulation using polycrystalline silicon microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(15), 151104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pu, M. H.

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. H. Pu, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28-Tb/s demultiplexing of an OTDM DPSK data signal using a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1762–1764 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rackich, P. T.

F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Raj, K.

G. L. Li, X. Z. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, P. Dong, D. Z. Feng, S. R. Liao, R. Shafiiha, M. Asghari, J. Yao, J. Shi, I. N. Shubin, D. Patil, F. Liu, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-power silicon photonic interconnect for high-performance computing systems,” Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX 7607, 760703 (2010).

Rakich, P. T.

T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovi, F. Gan, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, E. P. Ippen, F. X. Kartner, and H. I. Smith, “Reconfigurable silicon photonic circuits for telecommunication applications,” Proc. SPIE 6872, 68720Z, 68720Z-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ram, R. J.

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rasras, M. S.

Ray, K. G.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O'Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, “Optically sampled analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49(10), 1840–1853 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

Rong, H.

Rossi, A. M.

Rubin, D.

Saini, S. S.

Salem, R.

Samara-Rubio, D.

Sanchis, P.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, B.

K. Preston, P. Dong, B. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “High-speed all-optical modulation using polycrystalline silicon microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(15), 151104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schulein, R. T.

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shafiiha, R.

G. L. Li, X. Z. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, P. Dong, D. Z. Feng, S. R. Liao, R. Shafiiha, M. Asghari, J. Yao, J. Shi, I. N. Shubin, D. Patil, F. Liu, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-power silicon photonic interconnect for high-performance computing systems,” Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX 7607, 760703 (2010).

Shi, J.

G. L. Li, X. Z. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, P. Dong, D. Z. Feng, S. R. Liao, R. Shafiiha, M. Asghari, J. Yao, J. Shi, I. N. Shubin, D. Patil, F. Liu, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-power silicon photonic interconnect for high-performance computing systems,” Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX 7607, 760703 (2010).

Shubin, I. N.

G. L. Li, X. Z. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, P. Dong, D. Z. Feng, S. R. Liao, R. Shafiiha, M. Asghari, J. Yao, J. Shi, I. N. Shubin, D. Patil, F. Liu, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-power silicon photonic interconnect for high-performance computing systems,” Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX 7607, 760703 (2010).

Sih, V.

Smith, H. I.

C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovi, F. Gan, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, E. P. Ippen, F. X. Kartner, and H. I. Smith, “Reconfigurable silicon photonic circuits for telecommunication applications,” Proc. SPIE 6872, 68720Z, 68720Z-12 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R. A.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, “Electrooptical effects in silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(1), 123–129 (1987).
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Spano, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spector, S. J.

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
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Thacker, H.

G. L. Li, X. Z. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, P. Dong, D. Z. Feng, S. R. Liao, R. Shafiiha, M. Asghari, J. Yao, J. Shi, I. N. Shubin, D. Patil, F. Liu, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-power silicon photonic interconnect for high-performance computing systems,” Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX 7607, 760703 (2010).

Trotter, D. C.

M. R. Watts, W. A. Zortman, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, “Low-voltage, compact, depletion-mode, silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 159–164 (2010).
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Tsang, H. K.

H. K. Tsang and Y. Liu, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(6), 064007 (2008).
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Turner-Foster, A. C.

Twichell, J. C.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O'Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, “Optically sampled analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49(10), 1840–1853 (2001).
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Valley, G. C.

Vuckovic, J.

D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vučković, “Ultrafast photonic crystal lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(4), 264–274 (2008).
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Wasserman, J. L.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O'Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, “Optically sampled analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49(10), 1840–1853 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Watts, M. R.

M. R. Watts, W. A. Zortman, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, “Low-voltage, compact, depletion-mode, silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 159–164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
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Williamson, R. C.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O'Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, “Optically sampled analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49(10), 1840–1853 (2001).
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Winzer, P. J.

Xu, Q. F.

Xu, S.

Yao, J.

G. L. Li, X. Z. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, P. Dong, D. Z. Feng, S. R. Liao, R. Shafiiha, M. Asghari, J. Yao, J. Shi, I. N. Shubin, D. Patil, F. Liu, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-power silicon photonic interconnect for high-performance computing systems,” Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX 7607, 760703 (2010).

Yin, L.

Yin, L. H.

Yoon, J. U.

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Young, R. W.

M. R. Watts, W. A. Zortman, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, “Low-voltage, compact, depletion-mode, silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 159–164 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Younger, R. D.

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O'Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, “Optically sampled analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49(10), 1840–1853 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yvind, K.

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. H. Pu, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28-Tb/s demultiplexing of an OTDM DPSK data signal using a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1762–1764 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X. Z.

G. L. Li, X. Z. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, P. Dong, D. Z. Feng, S. R. Liao, R. Shafiiha, M. Asghari, J. Yao, J. Shi, I. N. Shubin, D. Patil, F. Liu, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-power silicon photonic interconnect for high-performance computing systems,” Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX 7607, 760703 (2010).

Zhou, G. R.

F. X. Kartner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovi, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806, 689806-15 (2008).
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M. R. Watts, W. A. Zortman, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, “Low-voltage, compact, depletion-mode, silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 159–164 (2010).
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K. Preston, P. Dong, B. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “High-speed all-optical modulation using polycrystalline silicon microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(15), 151104 (2008).
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P. G. Coleman, C. P. Burrows, and A. P. Knights, “Simple expression for vacancy concentrations at half ion range following MeV ion implantation of silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(6), 947–949 (2002).
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D. Dimitropoulos, S. Fathpour, and B. Jalali, “Limitations of active carrier removal in silicon Raman amplifiers and lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(26), 261108 (2005).
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A. R. Motamedi, J. J. Plant, J. P. Donnelly, P. W. Juodawlkis, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrafast nonlinearities and gain dynamics in high-power semiconductor amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(25), 251106 (2008).
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Electron. Lett. (1)

A. P. Knights and G. F. Hopper, “Effect of ion implantation induced defects on optical attenuation in silicon waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 39(23), 1648–1649 (2003).
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R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, “Electrooptical effects in silicon,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(1), 123–129 (1987).
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M. R. Watts, W. A. Zortman, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, “Low-voltage, compact, depletion-mode, silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 159–164 (2010).
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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. H. Pu, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, “1.28-Tb/s demultiplexing of an OTDM DPSK data signal using a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1762–1764 (2010).
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IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O'Donnell, K. G. Ray, and R. C. Williamson, “Optically sampled analog-to-digital converters,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49(10), 1840–1853 (2001).
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J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. J. Foster, J. K. Doylend, P. Mascher, A. P. Knights, and P. G. Coleman, “Optical attenuation in defect-engineered silicon rib waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(7), 073101 (2006).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

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C. W. Holzwarth, A. Khilo, M. Dahlem, M. A. Popovic, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Device architecture and precision nanofabrication of microring-resonator filter banks for integrated photonic systems,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 10(3), 2044–2052 (2010).
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D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vučković, “Ultrafast photonic crystal lasers,” Laser Photon. Rev. 2(4), 264–274 (2008).
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A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Spano, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, and J. Martí, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1506–1511 (2010).
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C. Koos, L. Jacome, C. Poulton, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon-on-insulator waveguides for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Express 15(10), 5976–5990 (2007).
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Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: modeling and applications,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16604–16644 (2007).
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P. Apiratikul, A. M. Rossi, and T. E. Murphy, “Nonlinearities in porous silicon optical waveguides at 1550 nm,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3396–3406 (2009).
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L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, M. Morse, A. Liu, D. Hodge, D. Rubin, U. Keil, and T. Franck, “High speed silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 13(8), 3129–3135 (2005).
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Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX (1)

G. L. Li, X. Z. Zheng, J. Lexau, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, T. Pinguet, P. Dong, D. Z. Feng, S. R. Liao, R. Shafiiha, M. Asghari, J. Yao, J. Shi, I. N. Shubin, D. Patil, F. Liu, K. Raj, R. Ho, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Ultralow-power silicon photonic interconnect for high-performance computing systems,” Optoelectronic Interconnects and Component Integration IX 7607, 760703 (2010).

Proc. SPIE (3)

F. X. Kärtner, S. Akiyama, G. Barbastathis, T. Barwicz, H. Byun, D. T. Danielson, F. Gan, F. Grawert, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, M. Kim, L. C. Kimerling, J. Liu, J. Michel, O. O. Olubuyide, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popovic, P. T. Rackich, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, and M. R. Watts, “Electronic photonic integrated circuits for high speed, high resolution, analog to digital conversion,” Proc. SPIE 6125, 612503, 612503-14 (2006).
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T. Barwicz, M. A. Popovi, F. Gan, M. S. Dahlem, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, E. P. Ippen, F. X. Kartner, and H. I. Smith, “Reconfigurable silicon photonic circuits for telecommunication applications,” Proc. SPIE 6872, 68720Z, 68720Z-12 (2008).
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H. K. Tsang and Y. Liu, “Nonlinear optical properties of silicon waveguides,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(6), 064007 (2008).
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A. Alduino, L. Liao, R. Jones, M. Morse, B. Kim, W.-Z. Lo, J. Basak, B. Koch, H.-F. Liu, H. Rong, M. Sysak, C. Krause, R. Saba, D. Lazar, L. Horwitz, R. Bar, S. Litski, A. Liu, K. Sullivan, O. Dosunmu, N. Na, T. Yin, F. Haubensack, I. W. Hsieh, J. Heck, R. Beatty, H. Park, J. Bovington, S. Lee, H. Nguyen, H. Au, K. Nguyen, P. Merani, M. Hakami, and M. Paniccia, “Demonstration of a high speed 4-channel integrated silicon photonics WDM link with hybrid silicon lasers,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nanophotonics, (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PDIWI5 (2010).

A. H. Nejadmalayeri, M. Grein, A. Khilo, J. P. Wang, M. Y. Sander, M. Peng, C. M. Sorace, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “A 16-fs aperture-jitter photonic ADC: 7.0 ENOB at 40 GHz,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), CHTI6 (2011).

M. E. Grein, S. J. Spector, A. Khilo, A. H. Najadmalayeri, M. Y. Sander, M. Peng, J. Wang, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. M. Willis, D. M. Lennon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Demonstration of a 10 GHz CMOS-compatible integrated photonic analog-to-digital converter,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), CHTI1 (2011).

M. A. Popovic, T. Barwicz, M. S. Dahlem, F. W. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, P. T. Rakich, M. R. Watts, H. I. Smith, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, “Hitless-reconfigurable and bandwidth-scalable silicon photonic circuits for telecom and interconnect applications,” in 2008 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2296–2298 (2008).

J. S. Orcutt, A. Khilo, M. A. Popovic, C. W. Holzwarth, H. Li, J. Sun, B. Moss, M. S. Dahlem, E. P. Ippen, J. L. Hoyt, V. Stojanovic, F. X. Kärtner, H. I. Smith, and R. J. Ram, “Photonic integration in a commercial scaled bulk-CMOS process,” in International Conference on Photonics in Switching 2009, 170–171 (2009).

M. Popovic, “Complex-frequency leaky mode computations using PML boundary layers for dielectric resonant structures,” in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2003), ITuD4 (2003).

S. M. Sze and K. K. Ng, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 3rd ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2007).

N. M. Wright, D. J. Thomson, K. L. Litvinenko, W. R. Headley, A. J. Smith, A. P. Knights, F. Y. Gardes, G. Z. Mashanovich, R. Gwilliam, and G. T. Reed, “Free carrier lifetime modification for silicon waveguide based devices,” in Group IV Photonics, 2008 5th IEEE International Conference on, 122–124 (2008).

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