Abstract

A new diagnostic approach for assessing the in-depth laser induced modifications upon ultraviolet polymer irradiation is presented. The methodology relies on the observation of morphological alterations in the bulk material (Paraloid B72) by using third harmonic generation. This non destructive methodology allows the detailed and accurate imaging of the structurally laser modified zone extent in the vicinity of the irradiated area. Additionally, for the first time, the visualization and quantitative determination of the contour of the laser-induced swelling/bulk material interface is reported. The observed polymer surface swelling following single-pulse KrF laser irradiation at sub-ablation fluences is interpreted in the context of a model for laser-induced bubble formation due to droplet explosion mechanism.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (4)

N. Hutchings, T. L. Simpson, C. Hyun, A. A. Moayed, S. Hariri, L. Sorbara, and K. Bizheva, “Swelling of the human cornea revealed by high-speed, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 51(9), 4579–4584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tserevelakis, G. Filippidis, A. J. Krmpot, M. Vlachos, C. Fotakis, and N. Tavernarakis, “Imaging Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis by third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Micron 41(5), 444–447 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lazare, I. Elaboudi, M. Castillejo, and A. Sionkowska, “Model properties relevant to laser ablation of moderately absorbing polymers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 215–224 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Olivier, F. Aptel, K. Plamann, M. C. Schanne-Klein, and E. Beaurepaire, “Harmonic microscopy of isotropic and anisotropic microstructure of the human cornea,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5028–5040 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

P. Pouli, A. Nevin, A. Andreotti, P. Colombini, S. Georgiou, and C. Fotakis, “Laser assisted removal of synthetic conservation materials from paintings using UV radiation of ns and fs pulse duration: morphological studies on model samples,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(9), 4955–4960 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Bityurin, “Model for laser swelling of a polymer film,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(24), 9851–9855 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

D. Débarre and E. Beaurepaire, “Quantitative characterization of biological liquids for third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Biophys. J. 92(2), 603–612 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

G. Bounos, A. Selimis, S. Georgiou, E. Rebollar, M. Castillejo, and N. Bityurin, “Dependence of ultraviolet nanosecond laser polymer ablation on polymer molecular weight: Poly(methyl methacrylate) at 248 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(11), 114323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

I. Avramov, “Viscosity in disordered media,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(40-42), 3163–3173 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Georgiou, “Laser cleaning methodologies of polymer substrates,” Adv. Polym. Sci. 168, 1–49 (2004).

2003 (3)

T. Lippert and J. T. Dickinson, “Chemical and spectroscopic aspects of polymer ablation: special features and novel directions,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 453–486 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vogel and V. Venugopalan, “Mechanisms of pulsed laser ablation of biological tissues,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 577–644 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Paltauf and P. E. Dyer, “Photomechanical processes and effects in ablation,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 487–518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Strauss, Y. Kaufman, M. Sapir, P. A. Amendt, R. A. London, and M. E. Glinsky, “Self-consistent coupling of cavitation bubbles in aqueous systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(7), 4720–4725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, “Nonlinear scanning laser microscopy by third harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 922–924 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

G. W. White, “Improving the accuracy of vertical measurements under the microscope,” Microscope 18, 51–59 (1970).

1942 (1)

Ya. B. Zeldovich, “Theory of new phase formation. Cavitation,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 12, 525–538 (1942).

Amendt, P. A.

M. Strauss, Y. Kaufman, M. Sapir, P. A. Amendt, R. A. London, and M. E. Glinsky, “Self-consistent coupling of cavitation bubbles in aqueous systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(7), 4720–4725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Andreotti, A.

P. Pouli, A. Nevin, A. Andreotti, P. Colombini, S. Georgiou, and C. Fotakis, “Laser assisted removal of synthetic conservation materials from paintings using UV radiation of ns and fs pulse duration: morphological studies on model samples,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(9), 4955–4960 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aptel, F.

Avramov, I.

I. Avramov, “Viscosity in disordered media,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(40-42), 3163–3173 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barad, Y.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, “Nonlinear scanning laser microscopy by third harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 922–924 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beaurepaire, E.

N. Olivier, F. Aptel, K. Plamann, M. C. Schanne-Klein, and E. Beaurepaire, “Harmonic microscopy of isotropic and anisotropic microstructure of the human cornea,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5028–5040 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Débarre and E. Beaurepaire, “Quantitative characterization of biological liquids for third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Biophys. J. 92(2), 603–612 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bityurin, N.

N. Bityurin, “Model for laser swelling of a polymer film,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(24), 9851–9855 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Bounos, A. Selimis, S. Georgiou, E. Rebollar, M. Castillejo, and N. Bityurin, “Dependence of ultraviolet nanosecond laser polymer ablation on polymer molecular weight: Poly(methyl methacrylate) at 248 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(11), 114323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bizheva, K.

N. Hutchings, T. L. Simpson, C. Hyun, A. A. Moayed, S. Hariri, L. Sorbara, and K. Bizheva, “Swelling of the human cornea revealed by high-speed, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 51(9), 4579–4584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bounos, G.

G. Bounos, A. Selimis, S. Georgiou, E. Rebollar, M. Castillejo, and N. Bityurin, “Dependence of ultraviolet nanosecond laser polymer ablation on polymer molecular weight: Poly(methyl methacrylate) at 248 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(11), 114323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brakenhoff, G. J.

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castillejo, M.

S. Lazare, I. Elaboudi, M. Castillejo, and A. Sionkowska, “Model properties relevant to laser ablation of moderately absorbing polymers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 215–224 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Bounos, A. Selimis, S. Georgiou, E. Rebollar, M. Castillejo, and N. Bityurin, “Dependence of ultraviolet nanosecond laser polymer ablation on polymer molecular weight: Poly(methyl methacrylate) at 248 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(11), 114323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Colombini, P.

P. Pouli, A. Nevin, A. Andreotti, P. Colombini, S. Georgiou, and C. Fotakis, “Laser assisted removal of synthetic conservation materials from paintings using UV radiation of ns and fs pulse duration: morphological studies on model samples,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(9), 4955–4960 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Débarre, D.

D. Débarre and E. Beaurepaire, “Quantitative characterization of biological liquids for third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Biophys. J. 92(2), 603–612 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dickinson, J. T.

T. Lippert and J. T. Dickinson, “Chemical and spectroscopic aspects of polymer ablation: special features and novel directions,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 453–486 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dyer, P. E.

G. Paltauf and P. E. Dyer, “Photomechanical processes and effects in ablation,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 487–518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eisenberg, H.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, “Nonlinear scanning laser microscopy by third harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 922–924 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Elaboudi, I.

S. Lazare, I. Elaboudi, M. Castillejo, and A. Sionkowska, “Model properties relevant to laser ablation of moderately absorbing polymers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 215–224 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Filippidis, G.

G. J. Tserevelakis, G. Filippidis, A. J. Krmpot, M. Vlachos, C. Fotakis, and N. Tavernarakis, “Imaging Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis by third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Micron 41(5), 444–447 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fotakis, C.

G. J. Tserevelakis, G. Filippidis, A. J. Krmpot, M. Vlachos, C. Fotakis, and N. Tavernarakis, “Imaging Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis by third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Micron 41(5), 444–447 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Pouli, A. Nevin, A. Andreotti, P. Colombini, S. Georgiou, and C. Fotakis, “Laser assisted removal of synthetic conservation materials from paintings using UV radiation of ns and fs pulse duration: morphological studies on model samples,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(9), 4955–4960 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Georgiou, S.

P. Pouli, A. Nevin, A. Andreotti, P. Colombini, S. Georgiou, and C. Fotakis, “Laser assisted removal of synthetic conservation materials from paintings using UV radiation of ns and fs pulse duration: morphological studies on model samples,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(9), 4955–4960 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Bounos, A. Selimis, S. Georgiou, E. Rebollar, M. Castillejo, and N. Bityurin, “Dependence of ultraviolet nanosecond laser polymer ablation on polymer molecular weight: Poly(methyl methacrylate) at 248 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(11), 114323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Georgiou, “Laser cleaning methodologies of polymer substrates,” Adv. Polym. Sci. 168, 1–49 (2004).

Glinsky, M. E.

M. Strauss, Y. Kaufman, M. Sapir, P. A. Amendt, R. A. London, and M. E. Glinsky, “Self-consistent coupling of cavitation bubbles in aqueous systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(7), 4720–4725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hariri, S.

N. Hutchings, T. L. Simpson, C. Hyun, A. A. Moayed, S. Hariri, L. Sorbara, and K. Bizheva, “Swelling of the human cornea revealed by high-speed, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 51(9), 4579–4584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horowitz, M.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, “Nonlinear scanning laser microscopy by third harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 922–924 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hutchings, N.

N. Hutchings, T. L. Simpson, C. Hyun, A. A. Moayed, S. Hariri, L. Sorbara, and K. Bizheva, “Swelling of the human cornea revealed by high-speed, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 51(9), 4579–4584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hyun, C.

N. Hutchings, T. L. Simpson, C. Hyun, A. A. Moayed, S. Hariri, L. Sorbara, and K. Bizheva, “Swelling of the human cornea revealed by high-speed, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 51(9), 4579–4584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaufman, Y.

M. Strauss, Y. Kaufman, M. Sapir, P. A. Amendt, R. A. London, and M. E. Glinsky, “Self-consistent coupling of cavitation bubbles in aqueous systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(7), 4720–4725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Krmpot, A. J.

G. J. Tserevelakis, G. Filippidis, A. J. Krmpot, M. Vlachos, C. Fotakis, and N. Tavernarakis, “Imaging Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis by third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Micron 41(5), 444–447 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lazare, S.

S. Lazare, I. Elaboudi, M. Castillejo, and A. Sionkowska, “Model properties relevant to laser ablation of moderately absorbing polymers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 215–224 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lippert, T.

T. Lippert and J. T. Dickinson, “Chemical and spectroscopic aspects of polymer ablation: special features and novel directions,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 453–486 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

London, R. A.

M. Strauss, Y. Kaufman, M. Sapir, P. A. Amendt, R. A. London, and M. E. Glinsky, “Self-consistent coupling of cavitation bubbles in aqueous systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(7), 4720–4725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moayed, A. A.

N. Hutchings, T. L. Simpson, C. Hyun, A. A. Moayed, S. Hariri, L. Sorbara, and K. Bizheva, “Swelling of the human cornea revealed by high-speed, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 51(9), 4579–4584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müller, M.

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nevin, A.

P. Pouli, A. Nevin, A. Andreotti, P. Colombini, S. Georgiou, and C. Fotakis, “Laser assisted removal of synthetic conservation materials from paintings using UV radiation of ns and fs pulse duration: morphological studies on model samples,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(9), 4955–4960 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, N.

Paltauf, G.

G. Paltauf and P. E. Dyer, “Photomechanical processes and effects in ablation,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 487–518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plamann, K.

Pouli, P.

P. Pouli, A. Nevin, A. Andreotti, P. Colombini, S. Georgiou, and C. Fotakis, “Laser assisted removal of synthetic conservation materials from paintings using UV radiation of ns and fs pulse duration: morphological studies on model samples,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(9), 4955–4960 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rebollar, E.

G. Bounos, A. Selimis, S. Georgiou, E. Rebollar, M. Castillejo, and N. Bityurin, “Dependence of ultraviolet nanosecond laser polymer ablation on polymer molecular weight: Poly(methyl methacrylate) at 248 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(11), 114323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sapir, M.

M. Strauss, Y. Kaufman, M. Sapir, P. A. Amendt, R. A. London, and M. E. Glinsky, “Self-consistent coupling of cavitation bubbles in aqueous systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(7), 4720–4725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schanne-Klein, M. C.

Selimis, A.

G. Bounos, A. Selimis, S. Georgiou, E. Rebollar, M. Castillejo, and N. Bityurin, “Dependence of ultraviolet nanosecond laser polymer ablation on polymer molecular weight: Poly(methyl methacrylate) at 248 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(11), 114323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, “Nonlinear scanning laser microscopy by third harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 922–924 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, T. L.

N. Hutchings, T. L. Simpson, C. Hyun, A. A. Moayed, S. Hariri, L. Sorbara, and K. Bizheva, “Swelling of the human cornea revealed by high-speed, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 51(9), 4579–4584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sionkowska, A.

S. Lazare, I. Elaboudi, M. Castillejo, and A. Sionkowska, “Model properties relevant to laser ablation of moderately absorbing polymers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 215–224 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sorbara, L.

N. Hutchings, T. L. Simpson, C. Hyun, A. A. Moayed, S. Hariri, L. Sorbara, and K. Bizheva, “Swelling of the human cornea revealed by high-speed, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 51(9), 4579–4584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Squier, J.

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strauss, M.

M. Strauss, Y. Kaufman, M. Sapir, P. A. Amendt, R. A. London, and M. E. Glinsky, “Self-consistent coupling of cavitation bubbles in aqueous systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(7), 4720–4725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tavernarakis, N.

G. J. Tserevelakis, G. Filippidis, A. J. Krmpot, M. Vlachos, C. Fotakis, and N. Tavernarakis, “Imaging Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis by third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Micron 41(5), 444–447 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tserevelakis, G. J.

G. J. Tserevelakis, G. Filippidis, A. J. Krmpot, M. Vlachos, C. Fotakis, and N. Tavernarakis, “Imaging Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis by third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Micron 41(5), 444–447 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venugopalan, V.

A. Vogel and V. Venugopalan, “Mechanisms of pulsed laser ablation of biological tissues,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 577–644 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vlachos, M.

G. J. Tserevelakis, G. Filippidis, A. J. Krmpot, M. Vlachos, C. Fotakis, and N. Tavernarakis, “Imaging Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis by third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Micron 41(5), 444–447 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vogel, A.

A. Vogel and V. Venugopalan, “Mechanisms of pulsed laser ablation of biological tissues,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 577–644 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, G. W.

G. W. White, “Improving the accuracy of vertical measurements under the microscope,” Microscope 18, 51–59 (1970).

Wilson, K. R.

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeldovich, Ya. B.

Ya. B. Zeldovich, “Theory of new phase formation. Cavitation,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 12, 525–538 (1942).

Adv. Polym. Sci. (1)

S. Georgiou, “Laser cleaning methodologies of polymer substrates,” Adv. Polym. Sci. 168, 1–49 (2004).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Barad, H. Eisenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, “Nonlinear scanning laser microscopy by third harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(8), 922–924 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

S. Lazare, I. Elaboudi, M. Castillejo, and A. Sionkowska, “Model properties relevant to laser ablation of moderately absorbing polymers,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 215–224 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (2)

P. Pouli, A. Nevin, A. Andreotti, P. Colombini, S. Georgiou, and C. Fotakis, “Laser assisted removal of synthetic conservation materials from paintings using UV radiation of ns and fs pulse duration: morphological studies on model samples,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(9), 4955–4960 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Bityurin, “Model for laser swelling of a polymer film,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(24), 9851–9855 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biophys. J. (1)

D. Débarre and E. Beaurepaire, “Quantitative characterization of biological liquids for third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Biophys. J. 92(2), 603–612 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chem. Rev. (3)

G. Paltauf and P. E. Dyer, “Photomechanical processes and effects in ablation,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 487–518 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vogel and V. Venugopalan, “Mechanisms of pulsed laser ablation of biological tissues,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 577–644 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Lippert and J. T. Dickinson, “Chemical and spectroscopic aspects of polymer ablation: special features and novel directions,” Chem. Rev. 103(2), 453–486 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1)

N. Hutchings, T. L. Simpson, C. Hyun, A. A. Moayed, S. Hariri, L. Sorbara, and K. Bizheva, “Swelling of the human cornea revealed by high-speed, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 51(9), 4579–4584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

G. Bounos, A. Selimis, S. Georgiou, E. Rebollar, M. Castillejo, and N. Bityurin, “Dependence of ultraviolet nanosecond laser polymer ablation on polymer molecular weight: Poly(methyl methacrylate) at 248 nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(11), 114323 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Strauss, Y. Kaufman, M. Sapir, P. A. Amendt, R. A. London, and M. E. Glinsky, “Self-consistent coupling of cavitation bubbles in aqueous systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(7), 4720–4725 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Exp. Theor. Phys. (1)

Ya. B. Zeldovich, “Theory of new phase formation. Cavitation,” J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 12, 525–538 (1942).

J. Microsc. (1)

M. Müller, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, and G. J. Brakenhoff, “3D microscopy of transparent objects using third-harmonic generation,” J. Microsc. 191(3), 266–274 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

I. Avramov, “Viscosity in disordered media,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(40-42), 3163–3173 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Micron (1)

G. J. Tserevelakis, G. Filippidis, A. J. Krmpot, M. Vlachos, C. Fotakis, and N. Tavernarakis, “Imaging Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis by third-harmonic generation microscopy,” Micron 41(5), 444–447 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Microscope (1)

G. W. White, “Improving the accuracy of vertical measurements under the microscope,” Microscope 18, 51–59 (1970).

Opt. Express (1)

Other (2)

J. P. Frank and J.-M. Mishel, Fundamentals of Cavitation (Kluwer Ac. Publ., 2004).

D. Bäuerle, Laser Processing and Chemistry (Springer-Verlag, 2000).

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