Abstract

In this paper, we proposed and demonstrated a new correlation imaging mechanism based on the periodic diffraction effect. In this effect, a periodic intensity pattern is generated at the output surface of a periodic point source array. This novel correlation imaging mechanism can realize super-resolution imaging, Nth-order ghost imaging without a beam-splitter and correlation microscopy.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ghost interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon coincidence imaging with a classical source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. H. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Shen, Y. F. Liu, H. L. Liu, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, “Lensless Fourier-transform ghost imaging with classical incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 021803(R) (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, “Two-photon interference with true thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, K. H. Luo, and L. A. Wu, “Lensless ghost imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 34, 695–697 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. F. Bai and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging with thermal light by third-order correlation,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043828 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. B. Liu and Y. H. Shih, “Nth-order coherence of thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023819 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Q. Liu, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, W. Wu, and L. A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053844 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043831 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. W. C. Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-color ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033808 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Karmakar and Y. H. Shih, “Two-color ghost imaging with enhanced angular resolving power,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033845 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. S. Bisht, E. K. Sharma, and H. C. Kandpal, “Experimental observation of lensless ghost imaging by measuring reflected photons,” Opt. Lasers Engineer. 48, 671–675 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “Diffuse-reflection ghost imaging from a double-strip illuminated by pseudo-thermal light,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2657–2661 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. W. L. Gong, P. L. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Ghost pinhole imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Cheng, “Ghost imaging through turbulent,” Opt. Express 17, 7916–7921 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. X. B. Song, J. Xiong, X. D. Zhang, and K. G. Wang, “Second-order Talbot self-imaging with pseudothermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033823 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. H. Luo, X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, and L. A. Wu, “Nonlocal Talbot self-imaging with incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033803 (2010)
    [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 061802(R) (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. S. B. He, X. Shen, H. Wang, W. L. Gong, and S. S. Han, “Ghost diffraction without a beamsplitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181108 (2010).
  26. H. F. Talbot, Fhilos. Mag. 9, 401–407 (1836).
  27. M. V. Berry and S. Klein, “Integer, fractional and fractal Talbot effects,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 2139–2164 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. V. Berry and E. Bodenschatz, “Caustics, multiply reconstructed by Talbot interference,” J. Mod. Opt. 46, 349–365 (1999).

2010 (5)

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Karmakar and Y. H. Shih, “Two-color ghost imaging with enhanced angular resolving power,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033845 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Bisht, E. K. Sharma, and H. C. Kandpal, “Experimental observation of lensless ghost imaging by measuring reflected photons,” Opt. Lasers Engineer. 48, 671–675 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “Diffuse-reflection ghost imaging from a double-strip illuminated by pseudo-thermal light,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2657–2661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. B. Song, J. Xiong, X. D. Zhang, and K. G. Wang, “Second-order Talbot self-imaging with pseudothermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (7)

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, K. H. Luo, and L. A. Wu, “Lensless ghost imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 34, 695–697 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Cheng, “Ghost imaging through turbulent,” Opt. Express 17, 7916–7921 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Gong, P. L. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Ghost pinhole imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. W. C. Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-color ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033808 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Liu and Y. H. Shih, “Nth-order coherence of thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, W. Wu, and L. A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 061802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Y. F. Bai and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging with thermal light by third-order correlation,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043828 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Shen, Y. F. Liu, H. L. Liu, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, “Lensless Fourier-transform ghost imaging with classical incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 021803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, “Two-photon interference with true thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon coincidence imaging with a classical source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

M. V. Berry and E. Bodenschatz, “Caustics, multiply reconstructed by Talbot interference,” J. Mod. Opt. 46, 349–365 (1999).

1996 (1)

M. V. Berry and S. Klein, “Integer, fractional and fractal Talbot effects,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 2139–2164 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ghost interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1836 (1)

H. F. Talbot, Fhilos. Mag. 9, 401–407 (1836).

Bache, M.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bai, Y. F.

Y. F. Bai and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging with thermal light by third-order correlation,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043828 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Basano, L.

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “Diffuse-reflection ghost imaging from a double-strip illuminated by pseudo-thermal light,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2657–2661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bennink, R. S.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon coincidence imaging with a classical source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bentley, S. J.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon coincidence imaging with a classical source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berry, M. V.

M. V. Berry and E. Bodenschatz, “Caustics, multiply reconstructed by Talbot interference,” J. Mod. Opt. 46, 349–365 (1999).

M. V. Berry and S. Klein, “Integer, fractional and fractal Talbot effects,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 2139–2164 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bisht, N. S.

N. S. Bisht, E. K. Sharma, and H. C. Kandpal, “Experimental observation of lensless ghost imaging by measuring reflected photons,” Opt. Lasers Engineer. 48, 671–675 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bodenschatz, E.

M. V. Berry and E. Bodenschatz, “Caustics, multiply reconstructed by Talbot interference,” J. Mod. Opt. 46, 349–365 (1999).

Boyd, R. W.

K. W. C. Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-color ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033808 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon coincidence imaging with a classical source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brambilla, E.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bromberg, Y.

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chan, K. W. C.

K. W. C. Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-color ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033808 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. H.

K. H. Luo, X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, and L. A. Wu, “Nonlocal Talbot self-imaging with incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033803 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, W. Wu, and L. A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, K. H. Luo, and L. A. Wu, “Lensless ghost imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 34, 695–697 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, “Two-photon interference with true thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, J.

J. Cheng, “Ghost imaging through turbulent,” Opt. Express 17, 7916–7921 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Shen, Y. F. Liu, H. L. Liu, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, “Lensless Fourier-transform ghost imaging with classical incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 021803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

DAngelo, M.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deacon, K. S.

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferri, F.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gatti, A.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, W. L.

W. L. Gong, P. L. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Ghost pinhole imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. B. He, X. Shen, H. Wang, W. L. Gong, and S. S. Han, “Ghost diffraction without a beamsplitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181108 (2010).

Han, S. S.

W. L. Gong, P. L. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Ghost pinhole imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Bai and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging with thermal light by third-order correlation,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043828 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Shen, Y. F. Liu, H. L. Liu, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, “Lensless Fourier-transform ghost imaging with classical incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 021803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. B. He, X. Shen, H. Wang, W. L. Gong, and S. S. Han, “Ghost diffraction without a beamsplitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181108 (2010).

He, S. B.

S. B. He, X. Shen, H. Wang, W. L. Gong, and S. S. Han, “Ghost diffraction without a beamsplitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181108 (2010).

Kandpal, H. C.

N. S. Bisht, E. K. Sharma, and H. C. Kandpal, “Experimental observation of lensless ghost imaging by measuring reflected photons,” Opt. Lasers Engineer. 48, 671–675 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Karmakar, S.

S. Karmakar and Y. H. Shih, “Two-color ghost imaging with enhanced angular resolving power,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033845 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Katz, O.

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Klein, S.

M. V. Berry and S. Klein, “Integer, fractional and fractal Talbot effects,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 2139–2164 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Klyshko, D. N.

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ghost interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H. L.

M. H. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Shen, Y. F. Liu, H. L. Liu, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, “Lensless Fourier-transform ghost imaging with classical incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 021803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. B.

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Liu and Y. H. Shih, “Nth-order coherence of thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

K. H. Luo, X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, and L. A. Wu, “Nonlocal Talbot self-imaging with incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033803 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, W. Wu, and L. A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, K. H. Luo, and L. A. Wu, “Lensless ghost imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 34, 695–697 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y. F.

M. H. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Shen, Y. F. Liu, H. L. Liu, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, “Lensless Fourier-transform ghost imaging with classical incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 021803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lugiato, L. A.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, K. H.

K. H. Luo, X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, and L. A. Wu, “Nonlocal Talbot self-imaging with incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033803 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, W. Wu, and L. A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, K. H. Luo, and L. A. Wu, “Lensless ghost imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 34, 695–697 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Magatti, D.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyers, R.

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

O’Sullivan, M. N.

K. W. C. Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-color ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033808 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ottonello, P.

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “Diffuse-reflection ghost imaging from a double-strip illuminated by pseudo-thermal light,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2657–2661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scarcelli, G.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sergienko, A. V.

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ghost interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shapiro, J. H.

J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 061802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, E. K.

N. S. Bisht, E. K. Sharma, and H. C. Kandpal, “Experimental observation of lensless ghost imaging by measuring reflected photons,” Opt. Lasers Engineer. 48, 671–675 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shen, X.

W. L. Gong, P. L. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Ghost pinhole imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Shen, Y. F. Liu, H. L. Liu, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, “Lensless Fourier-transform ghost imaging with classical incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 021803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. B. He, X. Shen, H. Wang, W. L. Gong, and S. S. Han, “Ghost diffraction without a beamsplitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181108 (2010).

Shih, Y. H.

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Karmakar and Y. H. Shih, “Two-color ghost imaging with enhanced angular resolving power,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033845 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Liu and Y. H. Shih, “Nth-order coherence of thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ghost interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simon, J.

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Song, X. B.

X. B. Song, J. Xiong, X. D. Zhang, and K. G. Wang, “Second-order Talbot self-imaging with pseudothermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, D. V.

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ghost interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Talbot, H. F.

H. F. Talbot, Fhilos. Mag. 9, 401–407 (1836).

Valencia, A.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

S. B. He, X. Shen, H. Wang, W. L. Gong, and S. S. Han, “Ghost diffraction without a beamsplitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181108 (2010).

Wang, K. G.

X. B. Song, J. Xiong, X. D. Zhang, and K. G. Wang, “Second-order Talbot self-imaging with pseudothermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Q.

M. H. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Shen, Y. F. Liu, H. L. Liu, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, “Lensless Fourier-transform ghost imaging with classical incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 021803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L. A.

K. H. Luo, X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, and L. A. Wu, “Nonlocal Talbot self-imaging with incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033803 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, W. Wu, and L. A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, K. H. Luo, and L. A. Wu, “Lensless ghost imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 34, 695–697 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, “Two-photon interference with true thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, W.

Q. Liu, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, W. Wu, and L. A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, J.

X. B. Song, J. Xiong, X. D. Zhang, and K. G. Wang, “Second-order Talbot self-imaging with pseudothermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhai, Y. H.

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, “Two-photon interference with true thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, “Two-photon interference with true thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M. H.

M. H. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Shen, Y. F. Liu, H. L. Liu, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, “Lensless Fourier-transform ghost imaging with classical incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 021803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P. L.

W. L. Gong, P. L. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Ghost pinhole imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. D.

X. B. Song, J. Xiong, X. D. Zhang, and K. G. Wang, “Second-order Talbot self-imaging with pseudothermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. L. Gong, P. L. Zhang, X. Shen, and S. S. Han, “Ghost pinhole imaging in Fraunhofer region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 071110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. B. He, X. Shen, H. Wang, W. L. Gong, and S. S. Han, “Ghost diffraction without a beamsplitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 181108 (2010).

Fhilos. Mag. (1)

H. F. Talbot, Fhilos. Mag. 9, 401–407 (1836).

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

M. V. Berry and S. Klein, “Integer, fractional and fractal Talbot effects,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 2139–2164 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Berry and E. Bodenschatz, “Caustics, multiply reconstructed by Talbot interference,” J. Mod. Opt. 46, 349–365 (1999).

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “Diffuse-reflection ghost imaging from a double-strip illuminated by pseudo-thermal light,” Opt. Commun. 283, 2657–2661 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lasers Engineer. (1)

N. S. Bisht, E. K. Sharma, and H. C. Kandpal, “Experimental observation of lensless ghost imaging by measuring reflected photons,” Opt. Lasers Engineer. 48, 671–675 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (14)

Y. F. Bai and S. S. Han, “Ghost imaging with thermal light by third-order correlation,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043828 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Liu and Y. H. Shih, “Nth-order coherence of thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 023819 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X. H. Chen, K. H. Luo, W. Wu, and L. A. Wu, “Role of multiphoton bunching in high-order ghost imaging with thermal light sources,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053844 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhou, J. Simon, J. B. Liu, and Y. H. Shih, “Third-order correlation function and ghost imaging of chaotic thermal light in the photon counting regime,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 043831 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. W. C. Chan, M. N. O’Sullivan, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-color ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 033808 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Karmakar and Y. H. Shih, “Two-color ghost imaging with enhanced angular resolving power,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033845 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Shen, Y. F. Liu, H. L. Liu, J. Cheng, and S. S. Han, “Lensless Fourier-transform ghost imaging with classical incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 021803(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Zhai, X. H. Chen, D. Zhang, and L. A. Wu, “Two-photon interference with true thermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 043805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429–R3432 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. B. Song, J. Xiong, X. D. Zhang, and K. G. Wang, “Second-order Talbot self-imaging with pseudothermal light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033823 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Luo, X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, and L. A. Wu, “Nonlocal Talbot self-imaging with incoherent light,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 033803 (2010)
[CrossRef]

Y. Bromberg, O. Katz, and Y. Silberberg, “Ghost imaging with a single detector,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Shapiro, “Computational ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 061802(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ghost interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, “Two-photon coincidence imaging with a classical source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Ghost imaging with thermal light comparing entanglement and classical correlation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 093602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, A. Gatti, M. Bache, E. Brambilla, and L. A. Lugiato, “High-resolution ghost image and ghost diffraction experiments with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183602 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. DAngelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Simulated periodic intensity patterns with coherent field and incoherent field, respectively. The black lines in the intensity patterns with incoherent light are additionally drawn for making the periodicity more distinguishable.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The intensity patterns observed at a distance z=75mm away from the source array of an aperiodic structure and of a periodic structure, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a)The experiment scheme of PDCI. (b)The schematic diagram of CCDs’ position in PDCI. Note that the dotted line squares with shadow in Fig. 3(b) mark the possible positions for the reference CCD.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The retrieved image of a point with a 10×10 point source array. (b) The retrieved image of a point with a 20 × 20 point source array.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The mask and its images retrieved by PDCI with 2000 records at distance z=75mm and 150mm, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

First row: the images of the mask retrieved by calculating G(N), where the order N=2,3 and 4 respectively. Second row: the images of the mask retrieved by calculating ΔG(N), where N=2,3 and 4 respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The mask and its image retrieved by the PDCI.

Equations (20)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

U ( z ) = n = e i ω t + i k r n r n ,
I ( z ) = | n = cos ( 2 π r n λ ) r n | 2 + | n = i sin ( 2 π r n λ ) r n | 2 .
2 π λ z 2 + ( n a ) 2 2 π z λ [ 1 + 1 2 ( n a z ) 2 ] .
z = n 2 p a 2 λ ,
2 π λ z 2 + ( n a x ) 2 2 π z λ [ 1 + 1 2 ( n a x z ) 2 ] .
2 π nax λ z = 2 p π ,
T = λ z a .
U ( x , y ) = m { N } n { N } A ( m , n ) e i ϕ ( m , n ) exp [ i ω t + i 2 π λ r ] r ,
W k ( ρ m 1 , n 1 , ρ m 2 , n 2 ) = A ( m 1 , n 1 ) e i ϕ ( m 1 , n 1 ) [ A ( m 2 , n 2 ) e i ϕ ( m 2 , n 2 ) ] * ,
W c ( ρ m 1 , n 1 , ρ m 2 , n 2 ) = I 0 ,
W i ( ρ m 1 , n 1 , ρ m 2 , n 2 ) = I 0 δ ( ρ m 1 , n 1 ρ m 2 , n 2 ) ,
U 0 * ( ρ 1 ) U 0 ( ρ 2 ) = I 0 δ ( ρ 1 ρ 2 ) ,
U 1 ( ρ 1 ) = U 0 ( ρ 0 ) e ikz 1 i λ z 1 exp [ i k ρ 0 | ρ 0 ρ 1 | z 1 ] d ρ 0 ,
U 2 = U 0 ( ρ 0 ) e i k z 2 i λ z 2 exp [ i k ρ 0 | ρ 0 ρ 2 | z 2 ] t ( ρ 2 ) d ρ 2 d ρ 0 ,
G ( 2 ) ( ρ 1 , ρ 2 ) = U 1 * ( ρ 1 ) U 2 * ( ρ 2 ) U 2 ( ρ 2 ) U 1 ( ρ 1 ) .
Δ G ( 2 ) ( ρ ) | t ( ρ ) somb ( 2 π R λ z ρ ) | 2 ,
Δ G ( 2 ) ( x ) | t ( x ) sinc ( 2 π R λ z x ) | 2 .
Res = T N = λ z a N ,
G ( 3 ) = t ( ρ ) I 1 ( ρ ) d ρ I 2 I 3 ,
Δ G ( N ) = Δ t ( ρ ) I 1 ( ρ ) d ρ Δ I 2 Δ I N .

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