Abstract

We experimentally investigate the noise properties of picosecond supercontinuum spectra generated at different power levels in uniform and tapered photonic crystal fibers. We show that the noise at the spectral edges of the generated supercontinuum is at a constant level independent on the pump power in both tapered and uniform fibers. At high input power the spectral bandwidth is limited by the infrared loss edge, this however has no effect on the noise properties.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Corrections

Uffe Møller, Simon T. Sørensen, Christian Jakobsen, Jeppe Johansen, Peter M. Moselund, Carsten L. Thomsen, and Ole Bang, "Power dependence of supercontinuum noise in uniform and tapered PCFs: erratum," Opt. Express 20, 23318-23319 (2012)
https://www.osapublishing.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-20-21-23318

References

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  1. J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3, 85–90 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Savage, “Supercontinuum sources,” Nat. Photonics 3, 114–115 (2009).
  3. W. Drexler, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47–74 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Wildanger, E. Rittweger, L. Kastrup, and S. W. Hell, “STED microscopy with a supercontinuum laser source,” Opt. Express 16, 9614–9621 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. R. Newbury and W. C. Swann, “Low-noise fiber-laser frequency combs (Invited),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1756–1770 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and B. J. Eggleton, “Harnessing and control of optical rogue waves in supercontinuum generation.” Opt. Express 16, 3644–3651 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Genty, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Modulation control and spectral shaping of optical fiber supercontinuum generation in the picosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. B 94, 187–194 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, “Active control of rogue waves for stimulated supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 18–21 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. K. Y. Cheung, C. Zhang, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Manipulating supercontinuum generation by minute continuous wave,” Opt. Lett. 36, 160–162 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Q. Li, F. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, A. Pak, T. Lau, and K. K. Tsia, “Investigating the influence of a weak continuous-wave-trigger on picosecond supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 19, 377–381 (2011).
  11. P. M. Moselund, M. H. Frosz, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, “Back-seeding of higher order gain processes in picosecond supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 16, 11954–11968 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. Falk, M. Frosz, and O. Bang, “Supercontinuum generation in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths tapered to normal dispersion at all wavelengths,” Opt. Express 13, 7535–7540 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. M. Moselund, “Long-pulse supercontinuum light sources,” PhD thesis (Technical University of Denmark, Denmark, 2009).
  14. A. Kudlinski, B. Barviau, A. Leray, C. Spriet, L. Héliot, and A. Mussot, “Control of pulse-to-pulse fluctuations in visible supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 18, 27445–27454 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Buccoliero, H. Steffensen, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and O. Bang, “Midinfrared optical rogue waves in soft glass photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 19, 17973–17978 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, “Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Hartung, A. M. Heidt, and H. Bartelt, “Design of all-normal dispersion microstructured optical fibers for pulse-preserving supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 19, 7742–7749 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. O. Vanvincq, B. Barviau, A. Mussot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, and A. Kudlinski, “Significant reduction of power fluctuations at the long-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum generated in solid-core photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 24352–24360 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Direct detection of optical rogue wave energy statistics in supercontinuum generation,” Electron. Lett. 45, 217–219 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450, 1054–1057 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and P. S. Russell, “Four-wave mixing instabilities in photonic-crystal and tapered fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 68, 046603 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1, 653–657 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. M. Stone and J. C. Knight, “Visibly ‘white’ light generation in uniform photonic crystal fiber using a microchip laser,” Opt. Express 16, 2670–2675 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. J. C. Travers, “Blue extension of optical fibre supercontinuum generation,” J. Opt. 12, 113001 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. Pricking and H. Giessen, “Tailoring the soliton and supercontinuum dynamics by engineering the profile of tapered fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 20151–20163 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. S. T. Sørensen, A. Judge, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, “Optimum fiber tapers for increasing the power in the blue edge of a supercontinuum-group-acceleration matching,” Opt. Lett. 36, 816–818 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, “Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28, 944–946 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

2010 (4)

2009 (3)

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Direct detection of optical rogue wave energy statistics in supercontinuum generation,” Electron. Lett. 45, 217–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3, 85–90 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Savage, “Supercontinuum sources,” Nat. Photonics 3, 114–115 (2009).

2008 (6)

2007 (3)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1, 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450, 1054–1057 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury and W. C. Swann, “Low-noise fiber-laser frequency combs (Invited),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1756–1770 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

W. Drexler, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47–74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, “Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, “Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28, 944–946 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and P. S. Russell, “Four-wave mixing instabilities in photonic-crystal and tapered fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 68, 046603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

Bartelt, H.

Barviau, B.

Beaud, P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Biancalana, F.

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and P. S. Russell, “Four-wave mixing instabilities in photonic-crystal and tapered fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 68, 046603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bolger, J.

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Direct detection of optical rogue wave energy statistics in supercontinuum generation,” Electron. Lett. 45, 217–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

Buccoliero, D.

Cheung, K. K. Y.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, “Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corwin, K. L.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, “Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, “Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28, 944–946 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dias, F.

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Direct detection of optical rogue wave energy statistics in supercontinuum generation,” Electron. Lett. 45, 217–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, “Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drexler, W.

W. Drexler, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47–74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dudley, J. M.

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Direct detection of optical rogue wave energy statistics in supercontinuum generation,” Electron. Lett. 45, 217–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3, 85–90 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and B. J. Eggleton, “Harnessing and control of optical rogue waves in supercontinuum generation.” Opt. Express 16, 3644–3651 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Modulation control and spectral shaping of optical fiber supercontinuum generation in the picosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. B 94, 187–194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, “Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Eggleton, B. J.

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Direct detection of optical rogue wave energy statistics in supercontinuum generation,” Electron. Lett. 45, 217–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and B. J. Eggleton, “Harnessing and control of optical rogue waves in supercontinuum generation.” Opt. Express 16, 3644–3651 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Modulation control and spectral shaping of optical fiber supercontinuum generation in the picosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. B 94, 187–194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Falk, P.

Frosz, M.

Frosz, M. H.

Genty, G.

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Direct detection of optical rogue wave energy statistics in supercontinuum generation,” Electron. Lett. 45, 217–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and B. J. Eggleton, “Harnessing and control of optical rogue waves in supercontinuum generation.” Opt. Express 16, 3644–3651 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Modulation control and spectral shaping of optical fiber supercontinuum generation in the picosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. B 94, 187–194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

Gorbach, A. V.

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1, 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hartung, A.

Heidt, A. M.

Héliot, L.

Hell, S. W.

Hodel, W.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, “Active control of rogue waves for stimulated supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 18–21 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450, 1054–1057 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Judge, A.

Kastrup, L.

Knight, J. C.

Koonath, P.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450, 1054–1057 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kudlinski, A.

Lafargue, C.

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Direct detection of optical rogue wave energy statistics in supercontinuum generation,” Electron. Lett. 45, 217–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lau, T.

Q. Li, F. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, A. Pak, T. Lau, and K. K. Tsia, “Investigating the influence of a weak continuous-wave-trigger on picosecond supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 19, 377–381 (2011).

Leray, A.

Li, F.

Q. Li, F. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, A. Pak, T. Lau, and K. K. Tsia, “Investigating the influence of a weak continuous-wave-trigger on picosecond supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 19, 377–381 (2011).

Li, Q.

Q. Li, F. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, A. Pak, T. Lau, and K. K. Tsia, “Investigating the influence of a weak continuous-wave-trigger on picosecond supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 19, 377–381 (2011).

Monro, T. M.

Moselund, P. M.

Mussot, A.

Newbury, N. R.

Pak, A.

Q. Li, F. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, A. Pak, T. Lau, and K. K. Tsia, “Investigating the influence of a weak continuous-wave-trigger on picosecond supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 19, 377–381 (2011).

Pricking, S.

Quiquempois, Y.

Rittweger, E.

Ropers, C.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, “Active control of rogue waves for stimulated supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 18–21 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450, 1054–1057 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. S.

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and P. S. Russell, “Four-wave mixing instabilities in photonic-crystal and tapered fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 68, 046603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Savage, N.

N. Savage, “Supercontinuum sources,” Nat. Photonics 3, 114–115 (2009).

Skryabin, D. V.

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1, 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and P. S. Russell, “Four-wave mixing instabilities in photonic-crystal and tapered fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 68, 046603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Solli, D. R.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, “Active control of rogue waves for stimulated supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 18–21 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450, 1054–1057 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sørensen, S. T.

Spriet, C.

Steffensen, H.

Stone, J. M.

Swann, W. C.

Taylor, J. R.

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3, 85–90 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, C. L.

Travers, J. C.

J. C. Travers, “Blue extension of optical fibre supercontinuum generation,” J. Opt. 12, 113001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsia, K. K.

Q. Li, F. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, A. Pak, T. Lau, and K. K. Tsia, “Investigating the influence of a weak continuous-wave-trigger on picosecond supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 19, 377–381 (2011).

K. K. Y. Cheung, C. Zhang, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Manipulating supercontinuum generation by minute continuous wave,” Opt. Lett. 36, 160–162 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanvincq, O.

Washburn, B. R.

Weber, H.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Weber, K.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, “Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wildanger, D.

Windeler, R. S.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, “Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. R. Newbury, B. R. Washburn, K. L. Corwin, and R. S. Windeler, “Noise amplification during supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 28, 944–946 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, K. K. Y.

K. K. Y. Cheung, C. Zhang, Y. Zhou, K. K. Y. Wong, and K. K. Tsia, “Manipulating supercontinuum generation by minute continuous wave,” Opt. Lett. 36, 160–162 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, F. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, A. Pak, T. Lau, and K. K. Tsia, “Investigating the influence of a weak continuous-wave-trigger on picosecond supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 19, 377–381 (2011).

Zhang, C.

Zhou, Y.

Zysset, B.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. Genty, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Modulation control and spectral shaping of optical fiber supercontinuum generation in the picosecond regime,” Appl. Phys. B 94, 187–194 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. J. Eggleton, “Direct detection of optical rogue wave energy statistics in supercontinuum generation,” Electron. Lett. 45, 217–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. Weber, “Ultrashort pulse propagation, pulse breakup, and fundamental soliton formation in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1938–1946 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

W. Drexler, “Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47–74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. (1)

J. C. Travers, “Blue extension of optical fibre supercontinuum generation,” J. Opt. 12, 113001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (3)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics 1, 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3, 85–90 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Savage, “Supercontinuum sources,” Nat. Photonics 3, 114–115 (2009).

Nature (1)

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, “Optical rogue waves,” Nature 450, 1054–1057 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (11)

Q. Li, F. Li, K. K. Y. Wong, A. Pak, T. Lau, and K. K. Tsia, “Investigating the influence of a weak continuous-wave-trigger on picosecond supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 19, 377–381 (2011).

J. M. Stone and J. C. Knight, “Visibly ‘white’ light generation in uniform photonic crystal fiber using a microchip laser,” Opt. Express 16, 2670–2675 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and B. J. Eggleton, “Harnessing and control of optical rogue waves in supercontinuum generation.” Opt. Express 16, 3644–3651 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Wildanger, E. Rittweger, L. Kastrup, and S. W. Hell, “STED microscopy with a supercontinuum laser source,” Opt. Express 16, 9614–9621 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Moselund, M. H. Frosz, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, “Back-seeding of higher order gain processes in picosecond supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 16, 11954–11968 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Pricking and H. Giessen, “Tailoring the soliton and supercontinuum dynamics by engineering the profile of tapered fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 20151–20163 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Vanvincq, B. Barviau, A. Mussot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, and A. Kudlinski, “Significant reduction of power fluctuations at the long-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum generated in solid-core photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 24352–24360 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kudlinski, B. Barviau, A. Leray, C. Spriet, L. Héliot, and A. Mussot, “Control of pulse-to-pulse fluctuations in visible supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 18, 27445–27454 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Hartung, A. M. Heidt, and H. Bartelt, “Design of all-normal dispersion microstructured optical fibers for pulse-preserving supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 19, 7742–7749 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Buccoliero, H. Steffensen, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and O. Bang, “Midinfrared optical rogue waves in soft glass photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 19, 17973–17978 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Falk, M. Frosz, and O. Bang, “Supercontinuum generation in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths tapered to normal dispersion at all wavelengths,” Opt. Express 13, 7535–7540 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and P. S. Russell, “Four-wave mixing instabilities in photonic-crystal and tapered fibers,” Phys. Rev. E 68, 046603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, “Fundamental noise limitations to supercontinuum generation in microstructure fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 113904 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, “Active control of rogue waves for stimulated supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 18–21 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. M. Moselund, “Long-pulse supercontinuum light sources,” PhD thesis (Technical University of Denmark, Denmark, 2009).

D. Derickson, ed., Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice Hall, 1998).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup, see detailed description in text. (b) Noise power as a function of electrical frequency for a typical SC (blue line, 6.4 W input power at 1200 nm) and laser at 1064 nm (red line), respectively, and the noise floor for the electrical spectrum analyzer (dashed line) and the photoreceiver (dotted line), respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spectra from a 10 m uniform PCF (black) and a 10 m PCF with a 4 m taper (red). Inset in (a): profile of the tapered fiber. (b) Calculated dispersion of the uniform fiber (black) and the taper waist (red). Inset in (b): microscope image of the fiber cross section.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RIN vs. input power and wavelength in (a) the uniform fiber and (b) the tapered fiber. The thick black line shows the spectral edges. The dots show the measurement points.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

RIN of the uniform (black squares) and the tapered fiber (red circles) (a) vs. wavelength at fixed input power of 0.55 W (open symbols) and 10 W (solid symbols) and (b) vs. input power at fixed wavelength of 550 nm (open symbols) and 1100 nm (solid symbols).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

RIN at the spectral (a) blue and (b) red edge of the uniform and tapered fiber, respectively, as a function of wavelength.

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