Abstract

Broadband and anisotropic light emission from rare-earth doped tellurite thin films is demonstrated using Er3+-TeO2 photonic crystals (PhCs). By adjusting the PhC parameters, photoluminescent light can be efficiently coupled into vertical surface emission or lateral waveguide propagation modes. Because of the flexibility of light projection direction, Er3+-TeO2 is a potential broadband light source for integration with three-dimensional photonic circuits and on-chip biochemical sensors.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

M. T. Carlson, A. Khan, and H. H. Richardson, “Local temperature determination of optically excited nanoparticles and nanodots,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1061–1069 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Jlassi, H. Elhouichet, and M. Ferid, “Thermal and optical properties of tellurite glasses doped erbium,” J. Mater. Sci. 46(3), 806–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Vu and S. J. Madden, “Reactive ion etching of tellurite and chalcogenide waveguides using hydrogen, methane, and argon,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 29(1), 011023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

2007 (7)

T. Liu and R. Panepucci, “Confined waveguide modes in slot photonic crystal slab,” Opt. Express 15(7), 4304–4309 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, “Structural effect of a two-dimensional SiO2 photonic crystal layer on extraction efficiency in sputter-deposited Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sakida, T. Nanba, and Y. Miura, “Optical properties of Er3+-doped tungsten tellurite glass waveguides by Ag+–Na+ ion-exchange,” Opt. Mater. 30(4), 586–593 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, M. Zelsmann, C. Schuster, M. Fink, F. Reuther, G. Gruetzner, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, “photoluminescence enhancement in nanoimprinted photonic crystals and coupled surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7190–7195 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Miritello, R. Lo Savio, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, A. Irrera, A. M. Piro, C. Bongiorno, and F. Priolo, “Efficient luminescence and energy transfer in erbium silicate thin films,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(12), 1582–1588 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhao, S.-J. Seo, and B.-S. Bae, “Full-color mesophase silicate thin film phosphors incorporated with rare earth ions and photosensitizers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(21), 3473–3479 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Dewan, V. Gupta, K. Sreenivas, and R. S. Katiyar, “Growth of amorphous TeOx (2 ≤ x ≤ 3) thin film by radio frequency sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

B. Cluzel, N. Pauc, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Nanobox array for silicon-on-insulator luminescence enhancement at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 133120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Cluzel, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, E. Picard, P. Noé, and E. Hadji, “Single-mode room-temperature emission with a silicon rod lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Shen, B. Richards, and A. Jha, “Enhancement in pump inversion efficiency at 980 nm in Er3+, Er3+/Eu3++ and Er3+/Ce3+ doped tellurite glass fibers,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5050–5054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Nandi, G. Jose, C. Jayakrishnan, S. Debbarma, K. Chalapathi, K. Alti, A. K. Dharmadhikari, J. A. Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, “Femtosecond laser written channel waveguides in tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12145–12150 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sakida, T. Nanba, and Y. Miura, “Refractive-index profiles and propagation losses of Er3+-doped tungsten tellurite glass waveguide by Ag+–Na+ Ion-exchange,” Mater. Lett. 60(28), 3413–3415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. H. Kim and P. H. Holloway, “Near-infrared-electroluminescent light-emitting planar optical sources based on gallium nitride doped with rare earths,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 17(1), 91–96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

G. S. Murugan and Y. Ohishi, “TeO2–BaO–SrO–Nb2O5 glasses: a new glass system for waveguide devices applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 341(1-3), 86–92 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Conti, S. Berneschi, M. Bettinelli, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, and G. C. Righini, “Rare-earth doped tungsten tellurite glasses and waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 343–348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (6)

S. K. Sundaram, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Microexplosions in tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 379–384 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tokuda, M. Saito, M. Takahashi, K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and T. Yoko, “Waveguide formation in niobium tellurite glases by pico- and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 472–475 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. D’Amore, M. Di Giulio, S. M. Pietralunga, A. Zappettini, L. Nasi, V. Rigato, and M. Martinelli, “Sputtered stoichiometric teo2 glass films: dispersion of linear and nonlinear optical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, “Mid-infrared fiber lasers solid-state mid-infrared laser sources,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 219–253 (2003).

2002 (1)

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. E. Chryssou, “WDM systems in the C-band using Er3+-doped tellurite optical waveguide amplifiers,” Fiber Int. Opt. 20(6), 581–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, “Er3+-doped channel optical waveguide amplifiers for WDM systems: a comparison of tellurite, alumina and Al/P silicate materials,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(1), 114–121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(8), 1036 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Alti, K.

Arsenault, A. C.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bae, B.-S.

D. Zhao, S.-J. Seo, and B.-S. Bae, “Full-color mesophase silicate thin film phosphors incorporated with rare earth ions and photosensitizers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(21), 3473–3479 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Berneschi, S.

G. N. Conti, S. Berneschi, M. Bettinelli, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, and G. C. Righini, “Rare-earth doped tungsten tellurite glasses and waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 343–348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bertolotti, J.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

G. N. Conti, S. Berneschi, M. Bettinelli, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, and G. C. Righini, “Rare-earth doped tungsten tellurite glasses and waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 343–348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bhat, R.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(8), 1036 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bindra, K.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bongiorno, C.

M. Miritello, R. Lo Savio, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, A. Irrera, A. M. Piro, C. Bongiorno, and F. Priolo, “Efficient luminescence and energy transfer in erbium silicate thin films,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(12), 1582–1588 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bookey, H. J.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boroditsky, M.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(8), 1036 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brenci, M.

G. N. Conti, S. Berneschi, M. Bettinelli, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, and G. C. Righini, “Rare-earth doped tungsten tellurite glasses and waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 343–348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cademartiri, L.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Calvo, V.

B. Cluzel, N. Pauc, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Nanobox array for silicon-on-insulator luminescence enhancement at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 133120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Cluzel, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, E. Picard, P. Noé, and E. Hadji, “Single-mode room-temperature emission with a silicon rod lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, M. T.

M. T. Carlson, A. Khan, and H. H. Richardson, “Local temperature determination of optically excited nanoparticles and nanodots,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1061–1069 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chalapathi, K.

Chang, J. S.

Charvolin, T.

B. Cluzel, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, E. Picard, P. Noé, and E. Hadji, “Single-mode room-temperature emission with a silicon rod lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Cluzel, N. Pauc, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Nanobox array for silicon-on-insulator luminescence enhancement at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 133120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

G. N. Conti, S. Berneschi, M. Bettinelli, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, and G. C. Righini, “Rare-earth doped tungsten tellurite glasses and waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 343–348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chryssou, C. E.

C. E. Chryssou, “WDM systems in the C-band using Er3+-doped tellurite optical waveguide amplifiers,” Fiber Int. Opt. 20(6), 581–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, “Er3+-doped channel optical waveguide amplifiers for WDM systems: a comparison of tellurite, alumina and Al/P silicate materials,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(1), 114–121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clark, T. J.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cluzel, B.

B. Cluzel, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, E. Picard, P. Noé, and E. Hadji, “Single-mode room-temperature emission with a silicon rod lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Cluzel, N. Pauc, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Nanobox array for silicon-on-insulator luminescence enhancement at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 133120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coccioli, R.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(8), 1036 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Conti, G. N.

G. N. Conti, S. Berneschi, M. Bettinelli, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, and G. C. Righini, “Rare-earth doped tungsten tellurite glasses and waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 343–348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cusmai, G.

D’Amore, F.

F. D’Amore, M. Di Giulio, S. M. Pietralunga, A. Zappettini, L. Nasi, V. Rigato, and M. Martinelli, “Sputtered stoichiometric teo2 glass films: dispersion of linear and nonlinear optical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dal’zotto, B.

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Debbarma, S.

Dewan, N.

N. Dewan, V. Gupta, K. Sreenivas, and R. S. Katiyar, “Growth of amorphous TeOx (2 ≤ x ≤ 3) thin film by radio frequency sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dharmadhikari, A. K.

Dharmadhikari, J. A.

Di Giulio, M.

F. D’Amore, M. Di Giulio, S. M. Pietralunga, A. Zappettini, L. Nasi, V. Rigato, and M. Martinelli, “Sputtered stoichiometric teo2 glass films: dispersion of linear and nonlinear optical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Di Pasquale, F.

C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, “Er3+-doped channel optical waveguide amplifiers for WDM systems: a comparison of tellurite, alumina and Al/P silicate materials,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(1), 114–121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Do, Y. R.

K.-Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, H. K. Park, Y.-C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, “The variation of the enhanced photoluminescence efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ films with the thickness to the photonic crystal layer,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5689–5696 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, “Structural effect of a two-dimensional SiO2 photonic crystal layer on extraction efficiency in sputter-deposited Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Elhouichet, H.

I. Jlassi, H. Elhouichet, and M. Ferid, “Thermal and optical properties of tellurite glasses doped erbium,” J. Mater. Sci. 46(3), 806–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ferè, M.

Ferid, M.

I. Jlassi, H. Elhouichet, and M. Ferid, “Thermal and optical properties of tellurite glasses doped erbium,” J. Mater. Sci. 46(3), 806–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fink, M.

Foo, T.-C.

Franzò, G.

M. Miritello, R. Lo Savio, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, A. Irrera, A. M. Piro, C. Bongiorno, and F. Priolo, “Efficient luminescence and energy transfer in erbium silicate thin films,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(12), 1582–1588 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gruetzner, G.

Gupta, V.

N. Dewan, V. Gupta, K. Sreenivas, and R. S. Katiyar, “Growth of amorphous TeOx (2 ≤ x ≤ 3) thin film by radio frequency sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hadji, E.

B. Cluzel, N. Pauc, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Nanobox array for silicon-on-insulator luminescence enhancement at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 133120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Cluzel, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, E. Picard, P. Noé, and E. Hadji, “Single-mode room-temperature emission with a silicon rod lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heitzmann, M.

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Holloway, P. H.

J. H. Kim and P. H. Holloway, “Near-infrared-electroluminescent light-emitting planar optical sources based on gallium nitride doped with rare earths,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 17(1), 91–96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huh, Y. D.

K.-Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, “Structural effect of a two-dimensional SiO2 photonic crystal layer on extraction efficiency in sputter-deposited Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Iacona, F.

M. Miritello, R. Lo Savio, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, A. Irrera, A. M. Piro, C. Bongiorno, and F. Priolo, “Efficient luminescence and energy transfer in erbium silicate thin films,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(12), 1582–1588 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Irrera, A.

M. Miritello, R. Lo Savio, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, A. Irrera, A. M. Piro, C. Bongiorno, and F. Priolo, “Efficient luminescence and energy transfer in erbium silicate thin films,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(12), 1582–1588 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Isshiki, H.

X. J. Wang, G. Yuan, H. Isshiki, T. Kimura, and Z. J. Zhou, “Photoluminescence enhancement and high gain amplification of ErxY2−xSiO5 waveguide,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108, 013506 (2010).

Itoh, K.

Y. Tokuda, M. Saito, M. Takahashi, K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and T. Yoko, “Waveguide formation in niobium tellurite glases by pico- and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 472–475 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, “Mid-infrared fiber lasers solid-state mid-infrared laser sources,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 219–253 (2003).

Jayakrishnan, C.

Jha, A.

S. Shen, B. Richards, and A. Jha, “Enhancement in pump inversion efficiency at 980 nm in Er3+, Er3+/Eu3++ and Er3+/Ce3+ doped tellurite glass fibers,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5050–5054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jlassi, I.

I. Jlassi, H. Elhouichet, and M. Ferid, “Thermal and optical properties of tellurite glasses doped erbium,” J. Mater. Sci. 46(3), 806–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

John, S.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jose, G.

Kar, A. K.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Katiyar, R. S.

N. Dewan, V. Gupta, K. Sreenivas, and R. S. Katiyar, “Growth of amorphous TeOx (2 ≤ x ≤ 3) thin film by radio frequency sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kehagias, N.

Khan, A.

M. T. Carlson, A. Khan, and H. H. Richardson, “Local temperature determination of optically excited nanoparticles and nanodots,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1061–1069 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. H.

J. H. Kim and P. H. Holloway, “Near-infrared-electroluminescent light-emitting planar optical sources based on gallium nitride doped with rare earths,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 17(1), 91–96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.-C.

Kimura, T.

X. J. Wang, G. Yuan, H. Isshiki, T. Kimura, and Z. J. Zhou, “Photoluminescence enhancement and high gain amplification of ErxY2−xSiO5 waveguide,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108, 013506 (2010).

Kitaev, V.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ko, K.-Y.

K.-Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, H. K. Park, Y.-C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, “The variation of the enhanced photoluminescence efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ films with the thickness to the photonic crystal layer,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5689–5696 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, “Structural effect of a two-dimensional SiO2 photonic crystal layer on extraction efficiency in sputter-deposited Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(8), 1036 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lanata, M.

Lee, H.

Lee, M.

Lee, Y. K.

K.-Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, H. K. Park, Y.-C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, “The variation of the enhanced photoluminescence efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ films with the thickness to the photonic crystal layer,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5689–5696 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, “Structural effect of a two-dimensional SiO2 photonic crystal layer on extraction efficiency in sputter-deposited Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Liu, T.

Liu, X.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lo Savio, R.

M. Miritello, R. Lo Savio, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, A. Irrera, A. M. Piro, C. Bongiorno, and F. Priolo, “Efficient luminescence and energy transfer in erbium silicate thin films,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(12), 1582–1588 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Madden, S.

Madden, S. J.

K. T. Vu and S. J. Madden, “Reactive ion etching of tellurite and chalcogenide waveguides using hydrogen, methane, and argon,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 29(1), 011023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Manners, I.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

S. M. Pietralunga, M. Lanata, M. Ferè, D. Piccinin, G. Cusmai, M. Torregiani, and M. Martinelli, “High-contrast waveguides in sputtered pure TeO2 glass thin films,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21662–21670 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. D’Amore, M. Di Giulio, S. M. Pietralunga, A. Zappettini, L. Nasi, V. Rigato, and M. Martinelli, “Sputtered stoichiometric teo2 glass films: dispersion of linear and nonlinear optical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mathur, D.

Mazur, E.

S. K. Sundaram, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Microexplosions in tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 379–384 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miritello, M.

M. Miritello, R. Lo Savio, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, A. Irrera, A. M. Piro, C. Bongiorno, and F. Priolo, “Efficient luminescence and energy transfer in erbium silicate thin films,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(12), 1582–1588 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miura, Y.

S. Sakida, T. Nanba, and Y. Miura, “Optical properties of Er3+-doped tungsten tellurite glass waveguides by Ag+–Na+ ion-exchange,” Opt. Mater. 30(4), 586–593 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sakida, T. Nanba, and Y. Miura, “Refractive-index profiles and propagation losses of Er3+-doped tungsten tellurite glass waveguide by Ag+–Na+ Ion-exchange,” Mater. Lett. 60(28), 3413–3415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

Mori, A.

A. Mori, “Tellurite-based fibers and their applications to optical communication networks,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116(1358), 1040–1051 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Murugan, G. S.

G. S. Murugan and Y. Ohishi, “TeO2–BaO–SrO–Nb2O5 glasses: a new glass system for waveguide devices applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 341(1-3), 86–92 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Naftaly, M.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nanba, T.

S. Sakida, T. Nanba, and Y. Miura, “Optical properties of Er3+-doped tungsten tellurite glass waveguides by Ag+–Na+ ion-exchange,” Opt. Mater. 30(4), 586–593 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sakida, T. Nanba, and Y. Miura, “Refractive-index profiles and propagation losses of Er3+-doped tungsten tellurite glass waveguide by Ag+–Na+ Ion-exchange,” Mater. Lett. 60(28), 3413–3415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nandi, P.

Nasi, L.

F. D’Amore, M. Di Giulio, S. M. Pietralunga, A. Zappettini, L. Nasi, V. Rigato, and M. Martinelli, “Sputtered stoichiometric teo2 glass films: dispersion of linear and nonlinear optical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nier, M. E.

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Noé, P.

B. Cluzel, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, E. Picard, P. Noé, and E. Hadji, “Single-mode room-temperature emission with a silicon rod lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oermann, M. R.

Ohishi, Y.

G. S. Murugan and Y. Ohishi, “TeO2–BaO–SrO–Nb2O5 glasses: a new glass system for waveguide devices applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 341(1-3), 86–92 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ozin, G. A.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Panepucci, R.

Park, H. K.

Park, N.

Pauc, N.

B. Cluzel, N. Pauc, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Nanobox array for silicon-on-insulator luminescence enhancement at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 133120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pelli, S.

G. N. Conti, S. Berneschi, M. Bettinelli, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, and G. C. Righini, “Rare-earth doped tungsten tellurite glasses and waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 343–348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Picard, E.

B. Cluzel, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, E. Picard, P. Noé, and E. Hadji, “Single-mode room-temperature emission with a silicon rod lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Piccinin, D.

Pietralunga, S. M.

S. M. Pietralunga, M. Lanata, M. Ferè, D. Piccinin, G. Cusmai, M. Torregiani, and M. Martinelli, “High-contrast waveguides in sputtered pure TeO2 glass thin films,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21662–21670 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. D’Amore, M. Di Giulio, S. M. Pietralunga, A. Zappettini, L. Nasi, V. Rigato, and M. Martinelli, “Sputtered stoichiometric teo2 glass films: dispersion of linear and nonlinear optical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Piro, A. M.

M. Miritello, R. Lo Savio, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, A. Irrera, A. M. Piro, C. Bongiorno, and F. Priolo, “Efficient luminescence and energy transfer in erbium silicate thin films,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(12), 1582–1588 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pitt, C. W.

C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, “Er3+-doped channel optical waveguide amplifiers for WDM systems: a comparison of tellurite, alumina and Al/P silicate materials,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(1), 114–121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pollnau, M.

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, “Mid-infrared fiber lasers solid-state mid-infrared laser sources,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 219–253 (2003).

Priolo, F.

M. Miritello, R. Lo Savio, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, A. Irrera, A. M. Piro, C. Bongiorno, and F. Priolo, “Efficient luminescence and energy transfer in erbium silicate thin films,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(12), 1582–1588 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reboud, V.

Reuther, F.

Richards, B.

Richardson, H. H.

M. T. Carlson, A. Khan, and H. H. Richardson, “Local temperature determination of optically excited nanoparticles and nanodots,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1061–1069 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rigato, V.

F. D’Amore, M. Di Giulio, S. M. Pietralunga, A. Zappettini, L. Nasi, V. Rigato, and M. Martinelli, “Sputtered stoichiometric teo2 glass films: dispersion of linear and nonlinear optical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Righini, G. C.

G. N. Conti, S. Berneschi, M. Bettinelli, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, and G. C. Righini, “Rare-earth doped tungsten tellurite glasses and waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 343–348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saito, M.

Y. Tokuda, M. Saito, M. Takahashi, K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and T. Yoko, “Waveguide formation in niobium tellurite glases by pico- and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 472–475 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sakida, S.

S. Sakida, T. Nanba, and Y. Miura, “Optical properties of Er3+-doped tungsten tellurite glass waveguides by Ag+–Na+ ion-exchange,” Opt. Mater. 30(4), 586–593 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sakida, T. Nanba, and Y. Miura, “Refractive-index profiles and propagation losses of Er3+-doped tungsten tellurite glass waveguide by Ag+–Na+ Ion-exchange,” Mater. Lett. 60(28), 3413–3415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sapienza, R.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C. B.

S. K. Sundaram, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Microexplosions in tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 379–384 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schuster, C.

Seassal, C.

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seddon, A. B.

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seo, S.-J.

D. Zhao, S.-J. Seo, and B.-S. Bae, “Full-color mesophase silicate thin film phosphors incorporated with rare earth ions and photosensitizers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(21), 3473–3479 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, S.

S. Shen, B. Richards, and A. Jha, “Enhancement in pump inversion efficiency at 980 nm in Er3+, Er3+/Eu3++ and Er3+/Ce3+ doped tellurite glass fibers,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5050–5054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J. H.

Snitzer, E.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sotomayor Torres, C. M.

Speghini, A.

G. N. Conti, S. Berneschi, M. Bettinelli, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, and G. C. Righini, “Rare-earth doped tungsten tellurite glasses and waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 343–348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sreenivas, K.

N. Dewan, V. Gupta, K. Sreenivas, and R. S. Katiyar, “Growth of amorphous TeOx (2 ≤ x ≤ 3) thin film by radio frequency sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Suh, K.

Sundaram, S. K.

S. K. Sundaram, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Microexplosions in tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 379–384 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sung, G. Y.

Takahashi, M.

Y. Tokuda, M. Saito, M. Takahashi, K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and T. Yoko, “Waveguide formation in niobium tellurite glases by pico- and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 472–475 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tikhomirov, V. K.

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tokuda, Y.

Y. Tokuda, M. Saito, M. Takahashi, K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and T. Yoko, “Waveguide formation in niobium tellurite glases by pico- and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 472–475 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Torregiani, M.

Vekris, E.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, E. M.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

von Freymann, G.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vrijen, R.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(8), 1036 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vu, K.

Vu, K. T.

K. T. Vu and S. J. Madden, “Reactive ion etching of tellurite and chalcogenide waveguides using hydrogen, methane, and argon,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 29(1), 011023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. S.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, R. Z.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. J.

X. J. Wang, G. Yuan, H. Isshiki, T. Kimura, and Z. J. Zhou, “Photoluminescence enhancement and high gain amplification of ErxY2−xSiO5 waveguide,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108, 013506 (2010).

Watanabe, W.

Y. Tokuda, M. Saito, M. Takahashi, K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and T. Yoko, “Waveguide formation in niobium tellurite glases by pico- and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 472–475 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wong, S.

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(8), 1036 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

Y. Tokuda, M. Saito, M. Takahashi, K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and T. Yoko, “Waveguide formation in niobium tellurite glases by pico- and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 472–475 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoko, T.

Y. Tokuda, M. Saito, M. Takahashi, K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and T. Yoko, “Waveguide formation in niobium tellurite glases by pico- and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 472–475 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, G.

X. J. Wang, G. Yuan, H. Isshiki, T. Kimura, and Z. J. Zhou, “Photoluminescence enhancement and high gain amplification of ErxY2−xSiO5 waveguide,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108, 013506 (2010).

Zappettini, A.

F. D’Amore, M. Di Giulio, S. M. Pietralunga, A. Zappettini, L. Nasi, V. Rigato, and M. Martinelli, “Sputtered stoichiometric teo2 glass films: dispersion of linear and nonlinear optical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zelsmann, M.

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, M. Zelsmann, C. Schuster, M. Fink, F. Reuther, G. Gruetzner, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, “photoluminescence enhancement in nanoimprinted photonic crystals and coupled surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7190–7195 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, D.

D. Zhao, S.-J. Seo, and B.-S. Bae, “Full-color mesophase silicate thin film phosphors incorporated with rare earth ions and photosensitizers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(21), 3473–3479 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z. J.

X. J. Wang, G. Yuan, H. Isshiki, T. Kimura, and Z. J. Zhou, “Photoluminescence enhancement and high gain amplification of ErxY2−xSiO5 waveguide,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108, 013506 (2010).

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (3)

M. Miritello, R. Lo Savio, F. Iacona, G. Franzò, A. Irrera, A. M. Piro, C. Bongiorno, and F. Priolo, “Efficient luminescence and energy transfer in erbium silicate thin films,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(12), 1582–1588 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim and P. H. Holloway, “Near-infrared-electroluminescent light-emitting planar optical sources based on gallium nitride doped with rare earths,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 17(1), 91–96 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhao, S.-J. Seo, and B.-S. Bae, “Full-color mesophase silicate thin film phosphors incorporated with rare earth ions and photosensitizers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 19(21), 3473–3479 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. (Berl.) (1)

X. J. Wang, G. Yuan, H. Isshiki, T. Kimura, and Z. J. Zhou, “Photoluminescence enhancement and high gain amplification of ErxY2−xSiO5 waveguide,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108, 013506 (2010).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Boroditsky, T. F. Krauss, R. Coccioli, R. Vrijen, R. Bhat, and E. Yablonovitch, “Light extraction from optically pumped light-emitting diode by thin-slab photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(8), 1036 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Cluzel, N. Pauc, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, and E. Hadji, “Nanobox array for silicon-on-insulator luminescence enhancement at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(13), 133120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Cluzel, V. Calvo, T. Charvolin, E. Picard, P. Noé, and E. Hadji, “Single-mode room-temperature emission with a silicon rod lattice,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(20), 201111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Zelsmann, E. Picard, T. Charvolin, E. Hadji, M. Heitzmann, B. Dal’zotto, M. E. Nier, C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, and X. Letartre, “Seventy-fold enhancement of light extraction from a defectless photonic crystal made on silicon-on-insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(13), 2542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

S. K. Sundaram, C. B. Schaffer, and E. Mazur, “Microexplosions in tellurite glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 76(3), 379–384 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Int. Opt. (1)

C. E. Chryssou, “WDM systems in the C-band using Er3+-doped tellurite optical waveguide amplifiers,” Fiber Int. Opt. 20(6), 581–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. E. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. W. Pitt, “Er3+-doped channel optical waveguide amplifiers for WDM systems: a comparison of tellurite, alumina and Al/P silicate materials,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(1), 114–121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

K.-Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, Y. R. Do, and Y. D. Huh, “Structural effect of a two-dimensional SiO2 photonic crystal layer on extraction efficiency in sputter-deposited Y2O3:Eu3+ thin-film phosphors,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(1), 013509 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. D’Amore, M. Di Giulio, S. M. Pietralunga, A. Zappettini, L. Nasi, V. Rigato, and M. Martinelli, “Sputtered stoichiometric teo2 glass films: dispersion of linear and nonlinear optical properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Dewan, V. Gupta, K. Sreenivas, and R. S. Katiyar, “Growth of amorphous TeOx (2 ≤ x ≤ 3) thin film by radio frequency sputtering,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(8), 084910 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. (1)

A. Mori, “Tellurite-based fibers and their applications to optical communication networks,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116(1358), 1040–1051 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

I. Jlassi, H. Elhouichet, and M. Ferid, “Thermal and optical properties of tellurite glasses doped erbium,” J. Mater. Sci. 46(3), 806–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

G. S. Murugan and Y. Ohishi, “TeO2–BaO–SrO–Nb2O5 glasses: a new glass system for waveguide devices applications,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 341(1-3), 86–92 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. N. Conti, S. Berneschi, M. Bettinelli, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, and G. C. Righini, “Rare-earth doped tungsten tellurite glasses and waveguides: fabrication and characterization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345, 343–348 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tokuda, M. Saito, M. Takahashi, K. Yamada, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and T. Yoko, “Waveguide formation in niobium tellurite glases by pico- and femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326–327, 472–475 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (1)

K. T. Vu and S. J. Madden, “Reactive ion etching of tellurite and chalcogenide waveguides using hydrogen, methane, and argon,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 29(1), 011023 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

S. Sakida, T. Nanba, and Y. Miura, “Refractive-index profiles and propagation losses of Er3+-doped tungsten tellurite glass waveguide by Ag+–Na+ Ion-exchange,” Mater. Lett. 60(28), 3413–3415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

M. T. Carlson, A. Khan, and H. H. Richardson, “Local temperature determination of optically excited nanoparticles and nanodots,” Nano Lett. 11(3), 1061–1069 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

A. C. Arsenault, T. J. Clark, G. von Freymann, L. Cademartiri, R. Sapienza, J. Bertolotti, E. Vekris, S. Wong, V. Kitaev, I. Manners, R. Z. Wang, S. John, D. Wiersma, and G. A. Ozin, “From colour fingerprinting to the control of photoluminescence in elastic photonic crystals,” Nat. Mater. 5(3), 179–184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

G. N. Conti, V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Bettinelli, S. Berneschi, M. Brenci, B. Chen, S. Pelli, A. Speghini, A. B. Seddon, and G. C. Righini, “Characterization of ion-exchanged waveguides in tungsten tellurite and zinc tellurite Er3+-doped glasses,” Opt. Eng. 42(10), 2805 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (9)

V. Reboud, N. Kehagias, M. Zelsmann, C. Schuster, M. Fink, F. Reuther, G. Gruetzner, and C. M. Sotomayor Torres, “photoluminescence enhancement in nanoimprinted photonic crystals and coupled surface plasmons,” Opt. Express 15(12), 7190–7195 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Nandi, G. Jose, C. Jayakrishnan, S. Debbarma, K. Chalapathi, K. Alti, A. K. Dharmadhikari, J. A. Dharmadhikari, and D. Mathur, “Femtosecond laser written channel waveguides in tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12145–12150 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Vu and S. Madden, “Tellurium dioxide erbium doped planar rib waveguide amplifiers with net gain and 2.8 dB/cm internal gain,” Opt. Express 18(18), 19192–19200 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Pietralunga, M. Lanata, M. Ferè, D. Piccinin, G. Cusmai, M. Torregiani, and M. Martinelli, “High-contrast waveguides in sputtered pure TeO2 glass thin films,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21662–21670 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shen, B. Richards, and A. Jha, “Enhancement in pump inversion efficiency at 980 nm in Er3+, Er3+/Eu3++ and Er3+/Ce3+ doped tellurite glass fibers,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5050–5054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Y. Li, T.-C. Foo, and T. M. Monro, “Index matching between passive and active tellurite glasses for use in microstructured fiber lasers: erbium doped lanthanum-tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 17(18), 15578–15584 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Suh, M. Lee, J. S. Chang, H. Lee, N. Park, G. Y. Sung, and J. H. Shin, “Cooperative upconversion and optical gain in ion-beam sputter-deposited ErxY2-xSiO5,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7724–7731 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-Y. Ko, Y. K. Lee, H. K. Park, Y.-C. Kim, and Y. R. Do, “The variation of the enhanced photoluminescence efficiency of Y2O3:Eu3+ films with the thickness to the photonic crystal layer,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5689–5696 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Liu and R. Panepucci, “Confined waveguide modes in slot photonic crystal slab,” Opt. Express 15(7), 4304–4309 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. (2)

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Sakida, T. Nanba, and Y. Miura, “Optical properties of Er3+-doped tungsten tellurite glass waveguides by Ag+–Na+ ion-exchange,” Opt. Mater. 30(4), 586–593 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Top. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Pollnau and S. D. Jackson, “Mid-infrared fiber lasers solid-state mid-infrared laser sources,” Top. Appl. Phys. 89, 219–253 (2003).

Other (1)

R. D. Lide, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 88th ed. (CRC, 2007).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM surface image of the patterned Er3+-TeO2 thin film PhCs. The insert (upper right) is a cross sectional image captured at a tilt angle of 36°. Photonic lattice constant a = 700 nm is labeled by the red bar.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) PL spectrum obtained when the Er3+-TeO2 thin film is excited by a 532 nm laser. (b) PL mapping at λ = 1500 nm, 1530 nm and 1560 nm. The periodicities of the 2 x 5 PhC array starting from the top right going counterclockwise are 360 nm, 490 nm, 630 nm, 800 nm and 950 nm, 1050 nm, 1180 nm, 1330 nm, 1430 nm, 1670 nm, respectively. Below the PL mapping is the scale bar at different λ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

PL surface enhancement factor FS measured at different PhC periodicities a and PL wavelengths λ.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The simulated patterns of PL emission at λ = 1530 nm (a) without PhC structure, (b) with a = 800 nm PhC array, and (c) with a = 300 nm PhC array. The film thickness is 1 um (From y = 0 to y = 1). The green arrows and the blue arrows indicate the surface emission and the waveguide propagation, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Enhancement factors FS and FW simulated at different PhC periodicities a.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated photonic band diagram of Er3+-TeO2 PhCs. The yellow and red bars indicate the 1st and the 2nd photonic band gaps, respectively. kx is the wavevector in the Γ-X direction.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Anisotropic emission enhancement factors FS and FW from λ = 1.50 µm to λ = 1.56 µm for PhCs with (a) a = 800 nm and (b) a = 300 nm.

Equations (3)

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F s = I s I sb I sb
F s = I s I sb I sb
F w = I w I wb I wb

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