Abstract

Optical properties of InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well (MQW) structures with a nanolayer of Ag/SiO2 nanoparticle (NP) on top were studied. Modeling and optical absorption (OA) measurements prove that the NPs form localized surface plasmons (LSP) structure with a broad OA band peaked near 440−460 nm and the fringe electric field extending down to about 10 nm into the GaN layer. The presence of this NP LSP electrical field increases the photoluminescence (PL) intensity of the MQW structure by about 70% and markedly decreases the time-resolved PL (TRPL) relaxation time due to the strong coupling of MQW emission to the LSP mode.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical contrast of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagating, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon-polariton length scale: a route to sub-wavelength optics,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S87–S93 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. I. Stockman, “Nanoplasmonics: the physics behind the applications,” Phys. Today 2011 64(2), 39 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  28. D. M. Graham, P. Dawson, G. R. Chabrol, N. P. Hylton, D. Zhu, M. J. Kappers, C. McAleese, and C. J. Humphreys, “High photoluminescence quantum efficiency InGaN multiple quantum well structures emitting at 380nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033516 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  29. A. H. Chin, T. S. Ahn, H. Li, S. Vaddiraju, C. J. Bardeen, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Sunkara, “Photoluminescence of GaN nanowires of different crystallographic orientations,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 626–631 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. J. V. Foreman, J. Li, H. Peng, S. J. Choi, H. O. Everitt, and J. Liu, “Time-resolved investigation of bright visible wavelength luminescence from sulfur-doped ZnO nanowires and micropowders,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1126–1130 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface Plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

Y. Zhang, A. Barhoumi, J. B. Lassiter, and N. J. Halas, “Orientation-preserving transfer and directional light scattering from individual light-bending nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1838–1844 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Stockman, “Nanoplasmonics: the physics behind the applications,” Phys. Today 2011 64(2), 39 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface Plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Sigle, J. Nelayah, C. T. Koch, and P. A. van Aken, “Electron energy losses in Ag nanoholes--from localized surface plasmon resonances to rings of fire,” Opt. Lett. 34(14), 2150–2152 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Wang, Z. Li, B. Gu, Z. Zhang, and H. Xu, “Ag-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles for probing spatial distribution of electromagnetic field enhancement via surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” ACS Nano 3(11), 3493–3496 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Xu, J. X. Wang, X. L. Kang, and J. F. Chen, “Fabrication of antibacterial monodispersed Ag-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles with high concentration,” Mater. Lett. 63(1), 31–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zoric, “Localized surface plasmon resonances in aluminum nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 8(5), 1461–1471 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bardhan, N. K. Grady, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoscale control of near-infrared fluorescence enhancement using Au nanoshells,” Small 4(10), 1716–1722 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Yang, I. K. Hwang, M. K. Seo, S. H. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, “Plasmon-suppressed vertically-standing nanometal structures,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1951–1957 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (7)

D. M. Graham, P. Dawson, G. R. Chabrol, N. P. Hylton, D. Zhu, M. J. Kappers, C. McAleese, and C. J. Humphreys, “High photoluminescence quantum efficiency InGaN multiple quantum well structures emitting at 380nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Chin, T. S. Ahn, H. Li, S. Vaddiraju, C. J. Bardeen, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Sunkara, “Photoluminescence of GaN nanowires of different crystallographic orientations,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 626–631 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Yeh, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, C. F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18(26), 265402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Willets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett. 7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Foreman, J. Li, H. Peng, S. J. Choi, H. O. Everitt, and J. Liu, “Time-resolved investigation of bright visible wavelength luminescence from sulfur-doped ZnO nanowires and micropowders,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1126–1130 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon-polariton length scale: a route to sub-wavelength optics,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S87–S93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagating, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Dulkeith, T. Niedereichholz, T. Klar, J. Feldmann, G. von Plessen, D. Gittins, K. Mayya, and F. Caruso, “Plasmon emission in photoexcited gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Andrew and W. L. Barnes, “Energy transfer across a metal film mediated by surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 306(5698), 1002–1005 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Gao, Q. Lu, and D. Zhao, “Controllable assembly of ordered semiconductor Ag2S nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 3(1), 85–88 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

P. Mulvaney, “Surface plasmon spectroscopy of nanosized metal particles,” Langmuir 12(3), 788–800 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. C. Greenham, X. Peng, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Charge separation and transport in conjugated-polymer/semiconductor-nanocrystal composites studied by photoluminescence quenching and photoconductivity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 54(24), 17628–17637 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical contrast of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, T. S.

A. H. Chin, T. S. Ahn, H. Li, S. Vaddiraju, C. J. Bardeen, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Sunkara, “Photoluminescence of GaN nanowires of different crystallographic orientations,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 626–631 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akasaki, I.

S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akimov, A. V.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alivisatos, A. P.

N. C. Greenham, X. Peng, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Charge separation and transport in conjugated-polymer/semiconductor-nanocrystal composites studied by photoluminescence quenching and photoconductivity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 54(24), 17628–17637 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amano, H.

S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andrew, P.

P. Andrew and W. L. Barnes, “Energy transfer across a metal film mediated by surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 306(5698), 1002–1005 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagating, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bardeen, C. J.

A. H. Chin, T. S. Ahn, H. Li, S. Vaddiraju, C. J. Bardeen, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Sunkara, “Photoluminescence of GaN nanowires of different crystallographic orientations,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 626–631 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bardhan, R.

R. Bardhan, N. K. Grady, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoscale control of near-infrared fluorescence enhancement using Au nanoshells,” Small 4(10), 1716–1722 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett. 7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barhoumi, A.

Y. Zhang, A. Barhoumi, J. B. Lassiter, and N. J. Halas, “Orientation-preserving transfer and directional light scattering from individual light-bending nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1838–1844 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon-polariton length scale: a route to sub-wavelength optics,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S87–S93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Andrew and W. L. Barnes, “Energy transfer across a metal film mediated by surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 306(5698), 1002–1005 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Byeon, C. C.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Caruso, F.

E. Dulkeith, T. Niedereichholz, T. Klar, J. Feldmann, G. von Plessen, D. Gittins, K. Mayya, and F. Caruso, “Plasmon emission in photoexcited gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chabrol, G. R.

D. M. Graham, P. Dawson, G. R. Chabrol, N. P. Hylton, D. Zhu, M. J. Kappers, C. McAleese, and C. J. Humphreys, “High photoluminescence quantum efficiency InGaN multiple quantum well structures emitting at 380nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chakraborty, A.

S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, D. E.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, C. Y.

D. M. Yeh, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, C. F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18(26), 265402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J. F.

K. Xu, J. X. Wang, X. L. Kang, and J. F. Chen, “Fabrication of antibacterial monodispersed Ag-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles with high concentration,” Mater. Lett. 63(1), 31–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chichibu, S. F.

S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin, A. H.

A. H. Chin, T. S. Ahn, H. Li, S. Vaddiraju, C. J. Bardeen, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Sunkara, “Photoluminescence of GaN nanowires of different crystallographic orientations,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 626–631 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, C. Y.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface Plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. J.

J. V. Foreman, J. Li, H. Peng, S. J. Choi, H. O. Everitt, and J. Liu, “Time-resolved investigation of bright visible wavelength luminescence from sulfur-doped ZnO nanowires and micropowders,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1126–1130 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical contrast of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, P.

D. M. Graham, P. Dawson, G. R. Chabrol, N. P. Hylton, D. Zhu, M. J. Kappers, C. McAleese, and C. J. Humphreys, “High photoluminescence quantum efficiency InGaN multiple quantum well structures emitting at 380nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Leon Snapp, N.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Denbaars, S. P.

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Kim, S. T.

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M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett. 7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
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M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
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C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zoric, “Localized surface plasmon resonances in aluminum nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 8(5), 1461–1471 (2008).
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Y. Zhang, A. Barhoumi, J. B. Lassiter, and N. J. Halas, “Orientation-preserving transfer and directional light scattering from individual light-bending nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1838–1844 (2011).
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C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface Plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
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Li, H.

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W. Wang, Z. Li, B. Gu, Z. Zhang, and H. Xu, “Ag-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles for probing spatial distribution of electromagnetic field enhancement via surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” ACS Nano 3(11), 3493–3496 (2009).
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P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
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J. V. Foreman, J. Li, H. Peng, S. J. Choi, H. O. Everitt, and J. Liu, “Time-resolved investigation of bright visible wavelength luminescence from sulfur-doped ZnO nanowires and micropowders,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1126–1130 (2006).
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F. Gao, Q. Lu, and D. Zhao, “Controllable assembly of ordered semiconductor Ag2S nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 3(1), 85–88 (2003).
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D. M. Yeh, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, C. F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18(26), 265402 (2007).
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A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
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A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
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E. Dulkeith, T. Niedereichholz, T. Klar, J. Feldmann, G. von Plessen, D. Gittins, K. Mayya, and F. Caruso, “Plasmon emission in photoexcited gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205424 (2004).
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D. M. Graham, P. Dawson, G. R. Chabrol, N. P. Hylton, D. Zhu, M. J. Kappers, C. McAleese, and C. J. Humphreys, “High photoluminescence quantum efficiency InGaN multiple quantum well structures emitting at 380nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033516 (2007).
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S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
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S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
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K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
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Niedereichholz, T.

E. Dulkeith, T. Niedereichholz, T. Klar, J. Feldmann, G. von Plessen, D. Gittins, K. Mayya, and F. Caruso, “Plasmon emission in photoexcited gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205424 (2004).
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K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
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A. H. Chin, T. S. Ahn, H. Li, S. Vaddiraju, C. J. Bardeen, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Sunkara, “Photoluminescence of GaN nanowires of different crystallographic orientations,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 626–631 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett. 7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
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P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
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A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
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A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, I. K.

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. J.

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface Plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peng, H.

J. V. Foreman, J. Li, H. Peng, S. J. Choi, H. O. Everitt, and J. Liu, “Time-resolved investigation of bright visible wavelength luminescence from sulfur-doped ZnO nanowires and micropowders,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1126–1130 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, X.

N. C. Greenham, X. Peng, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Charge separation and transport in conjugated-polymer/semiconductor-nanocrystal composites studied by photoluminescence quenching and photoconductivity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 54(24), 17628–17637 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polman, A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagating, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwind, M.

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zoric, “Localized surface plasmon resonances in aluminum nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 8(5), 1461–1471 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seo, M. K.

Shvartser, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sigle, W.

Sota, T.

S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Speck, J. S.

S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, “Nanoplasmonics: the physics behind the applications,” Phys. Today 2011 64(2), 39 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sunkara, M. K.

A. H. Chin, T. S. Ahn, H. Li, S. Vaddiraju, C. J. Bardeen, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Sunkara, “Photoluminescence of GaN nanowires of different crystallographic orientations,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 626–631 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweatlock, L. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagating, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tam, F.

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uedono, A.

S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaddiraju, S.

A. H. Chin, T. S. Ahn, H. Li, S. Vaddiraju, C. J. Bardeen, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Sunkara, “Photoluminescence of GaN nanowires of different crystallographic orientations,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 626–631 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Aken, P. A.

Van Duyne, R. P.

K. A. Willets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

von Plessen, G.

E. Dulkeith, T. Niedereichholz, T. Klar, J. Feldmann, G. von Plessen, D. Gittins, K. Mayya, and F. Caruso, “Plasmon emission in photoexcited gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. X.

K. Xu, J. X. Wang, X. L. Kang, and J. F. Chen, “Fabrication of antibacterial monodispersed Ag-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles with high concentration,” Mater. Lett. 63(1), 31–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, Z. Li, B. Gu, Z. Zhang, and H. Xu, “Ag-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles for probing spatial distribution of electromagnetic field enhancement via surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” ACS Nano 3(11), 3493–3496 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Willets, K. A.

K. A. Willets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

W. Wang, Z. Li, B. Gu, Z. Zhang, and H. Xu, “Ag-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles for probing spatial distribution of electromagnetic field enhancement via surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” ACS Nano 3(11), 3493–3496 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, K.

K. Xu, J. X. Wang, X. L. Kang, and J. F. Chen, “Fabrication of antibacterial monodispersed Ag-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles with high concentration,” Mater. Lett. 63(1), 31–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, S.

S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, C. C.

D. M. Yeh, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, C. F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18(26), 265402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, J. K.

Yeh, D. M.

D. M. Yeh, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, C. F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18(26), 265402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, C. L.

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, A. Barhoumi, J. B. Lassiter, and N. J. Halas, “Orientation-preserving transfer and directional light scattering from individual light-bending nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1838–1844 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.

W. Wang, Z. Li, B. Gu, Z. Zhang, and H. Xu, “Ag-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles for probing spatial distribution of electromagnetic field enhancement via surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” ACS Nano 3(11), 3493–3496 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, D.

F. Gao, Q. Lu, and D. Zhao, “Controllable assembly of ordered semiconductor Ag2S nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 3(1), 85–88 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, D.

D. M. Graham, P. Dawson, G. R. Chabrol, N. P. Hylton, D. Zhu, M. J. Kappers, C. McAleese, and C. J. Humphreys, “High photoluminescence quantum efficiency InGaN multiple quantum well structures emitting at 380nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zibrov, A. S.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoric, I.

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zoric, “Localized surface plasmon resonances in aluminum nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 8(5), 1461–1471 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

W. Wang, Z. Li, B. Gu, Z. Zhang, and H. Xu, “Ag-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles for probing spatial distribution of electromagnetic field enhancement via surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” ACS Nano 3(11), 3493–3496 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

M. K. Kwon, J. Y. Kim, B. H. Kim, I. K. Park, C. Y. Cho, C. C. Byeon, and S. J. Park, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1253–1257 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

K. A. Willets and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy and sensing,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 58(1), 267–297 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Y. Cho, K. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, M. K. Kwon, H. D. Ko, S. T. Kim, G. Y. Jung, and S. J. Park, “Surface Plasmon-enhanced light-emitting diodes with silver nanoparticles and SiO2 nano-disks embedded in p-GaN,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 041107 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. M. Graham, P. Dawson, G. R. Chabrol, N. P. Hylton, D. Zhu, M. J. Kappers, C. McAleese, and C. J. Humphreys, “High photoluminescence quantum efficiency InGaN multiple quantum well structures emitting at 380nm,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(3), 033516 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon-polariton length scale: a route to sub-wavelength optics,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S87–S93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

P. Mulvaney, “Surface plasmon spectroscopy of nanosized metal particles,” Langmuir 12(3), 788–800 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

K. Xu, J. X. Wang, X. L. Kang, and J. F. Chen, “Fabrication of antibacterial monodispersed Ag-SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles with high concentration,” Mater. Lett. 63(1), 31–33 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (7)

F. Gao, Q. Lu, and D. Zhao, “Controllable assembly of ordered semiconductor Ag2S nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 3(1), 85–88 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, A. Barhoumi, J. B. Lassiter, and N. J. Halas, “Orientation-preserving transfer and directional light scattering from individual light-bending nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1838–1844 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett. 7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tam, G. P. Goodrich, B. R. Johnson, and N. J. Halas, “Plasmonic enhancement of molecular fluorescence,” Nano Lett. 7(2), 496–501 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. Chin, T. S. Ahn, H. Li, S. Vaddiraju, C. J. Bardeen, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Sunkara, “Photoluminescence of GaN nanowires of different crystallographic orientations,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 626–631 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Foreman, J. Li, H. Peng, S. J. Choi, H. O. Everitt, and J. Liu, “Time-resolved investigation of bright visible wavelength luminescence from sulfur-doped ZnO nanowires and micropowders,” Nano Lett. 6(6), 1126–1130 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zoric, “Localized surface plasmon resonances in aluminum nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 8(5), 1461–1471 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

D. M. Yeh, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Lu, C. F. Huang, and C. C. Yang, “Formation of various metal nanostructures with thermal annealing to control the effective coupling energy between a surface plasmon and an InGaN/GaN quantum well,” Nanotechnology 18(26), 265402 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (2)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. F. Chichibu, A. Uedono, T. Onuma, B. A. Haskell, A. Chakraborty, T. Koyama, P. T. Fini, S. Keller, S. P. Denbaars, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, S. Nakamura, S. Yamaguchi, S. Kamiyama, H. Amano, I. Akasaki, J. Han, and T. Sota, “Origin of defect-insensitive emission probability in In-containing (Al,In,Ga)N alloy semiconductors,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 810–816 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

A. L. Falk, F. H. L. Koppens, C. L. Yu, K. Kang, N. de Leon Snapp, A. V. Akimov, M. H. Jo, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Near-field electrical detection of optical plasmons and single-plasmon sources,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 475–479 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical contrast of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Planar metal plasmon waveguides: frequency-dependent dispersion, propagating, localization, and loss beyond the free electron model,” Phys. Rev. B 72(7), 075405 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Dulkeith, T. Niedereichholz, T. Klar, J. Feldmann, G. von Plessen, D. Gittins, K. Mayya, and F. Caruso, “Plasmon emission in photoexcited gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(20), 205424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

N. C. Greenham, X. Peng, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Charge separation and transport in conjugated-polymer/semiconductor-nanocrystal composites studied by photoluminescence quenching and photoconductivity,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 54(24), 17628–17637 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Today 2011 (1)

M. I. Stockman, “Nanoplasmonics: the physics behind the applications,” Phys. Today 2011 64(2), 39 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

P. Andrew and W. L. Barnes, “Energy transfer across a metal film mediated by surface plasmon polaritons,” Science 306(5698), 1002–1005 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Small (1)

R. Bardhan, N. K. Grady, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoscale control of near-infrared fluorescence enhancement using Au nanoshells,” Small 4(10), 1716–1722 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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