Abstract

Buried channel waveguides in Nd:LuVO4 were fabricated by femtosecond laser writing with the double-line technique. The photoluminescence properties of the bulk materials were found to be well preserved within the waveguide core region. Continuous-wave laser oscillation at 1066.4 nm was observed from the waveguide under ~809 nm optical excitation, with the absorbed pump power at threshold and laser slope efficiency of 98 mW and 14%, respectively.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (10)

X. Yu, C. L. Li, G. C. Sun, B. Z. Li, X. Y. Chen, M. Zhao, J. B. Wang, X. H. Zhang, and G. Y. Jin, “Continuous-Wave Dual-Wavelength Operation of a Diode-End-Pumped Nd:LuVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 21(6), 1039–1041 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Liu, Y. L. Li, and H. L. Jiang, “Nd:LuVO4 as a true three-level laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 575–578 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Grivas, “Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, Part I: Fundamentals and fabrication techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 35(6), 159–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Dong, Y. Yao, F. Chen, and J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, “Channel waveguides preserving luminescence features in Nd3+:Y2O3 ceramics produced by ultrafast laser inscription,” Phys. Status Solidi 5, 184–186 (2011).

L. B. Fletcher, J. J. Witcher, N. Troy, S. T. Reis, R. K. Brow, and D. M. Krol, “Direct femtosecond laser waveguide writing inside zinc phosphate glass,” Opt. Express 19(9), 7929–7936 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tan, Y. Jia, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and D. Jaque, “Simultaneous dual-wavelength lasers at 1064 and 1342 nm in femtosecond-laser-written Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1607–1610 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, N. N. Dong, J. Yang, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and Q. M. Lu, “Channel waveguide lasers in Nd:GGG crystals fabricated by femtosecond laser inscription,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12503–12508 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rodenas and A. K. Kar, “High-contrast step-index waveguides in borate nonlinear laser crystals by 3D laser writing,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17820–17833 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. Lu, “70% slope efficiency from an ultrafast laser-written Nd:GdVO4 channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24994–24999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, A. Benayas, and D. Jaque, “Continuous wave laser generation at 1064 nm in femtosecond laser inscribed Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, and H. Misawa, “Three-dimensional microfabrication of materials by femtosecond lasers for photonics applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(5), 051101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

D. J. Little, M. Ams, P. Dekker, G. D. Marshall, J. M. Dawes, and M. J. Withford, “Femtosecond laser modification of fused silica: the effect of writing polarization on Si-O ring structure,” Opt. Express 16(24), 20029–20037 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Jia, X. L. Wang, K. M. Wang, and H. J. Zhang, “Characterization of optical waveguide in Nd:LuVO4 crystals by triple-energy oxygen ion implantation,” Physica B 403(4), 679–683 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Er:Yb-doped oxyfluoride silicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated using femtosecond laser inscription,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 131102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (4)

1998 (1)

D. Kip, “Photorefractive waveguides in oxide crystals: fabrication, properties, and applications,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 131–150 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(11), 5517–5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

Ams, M.

Benayas, A.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, A. Benayas, and D. Jaque, “Continuous wave laser generation at 1064 nm in femtosecond laser inscribed Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

Bookey, H. T.

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Er:Yb-doped oxyfluoride silicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated using femtosecond laser inscription,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 131102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brow, R. K.

Calmano, T.

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cantelar, E.

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cavalli, E.

Cerullo, G.

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Er:Yb-doped oxyfluoride silicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated using femtosecond laser inscription,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 131102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

N. Dong, Y. Yao, F. Chen, and J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, “Channel waveguides preserving luminescence features in Nd3+:Y2O3 ceramics produced by ultrafast laser inscription,” Phys. Status Solidi 5, 184–186 (2011).

C. Zhang, N. N. Dong, J. Yang, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and Q. M. Lu, “Channel waveguide lasers in Nd:GGG crystals fabricated by femtosecond laser inscription,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12503–12508 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, Y. Jia, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and D. Jaque, “Simultaneous dual-wavelength lasers at 1064 and 1342 nm in femtosecond-laser-written Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1607–1610 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, A. Benayas, and D. Jaque, “Continuous wave laser generation at 1064 nm in femtosecond laser inscribed Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. Lu, “70% slope efficiency from an ultrafast laser-written Nd:GdVO4 channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24994–24999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X. Y.

X. Yu, C. L. Li, G. C. Sun, B. Z. Li, X. Y. Chen, M. Zhao, J. B. Wang, X. H. Zhang, and G. Y. Jin, “Continuous-Wave Dual-Wavelength Operation of a Diode-End-Pumped Nd:LuVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 21(6), 1039–1041 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X. F.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chiodo, N.

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Er:Yb-doped oxyfluoride silicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated using femtosecond laser inscription,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 131102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chow, Y. T.

Czeranowsky, C.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode umped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840 mW output power at 456 nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).

Dawes, J. M.

Dekker, P.

DeShazer, L. G.

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(11), 5517–5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Dong, N.

N. Dong, Y. Yao, F. Chen, and J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, “Channel waveguides preserving luminescence features in Nd3+:Y2O3 ceramics produced by ultrafast laser inscription,” Phys. Status Solidi 5, 184–186 (2011).

Dong, N. N.

Doualan, J. L.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Fang, L.

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fletcher, L. B.

Fuerbach, A.

Grivas, C.

C. Grivas, “Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, Part I: Fundamentals and fabrication techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 35(6), 159–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gross, S.

Guandalini, A.

Hellmig, O.

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode umped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840 mW output power at 456 nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).

Hu, X.

Hu, X. B.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode umped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840 mW output power at 456 nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, K.

W. Watanabe, S. Sowa, and K. Itoh, “Waveguide writing in bulk PMMA by femtosecond laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 6108, 61080R, 61080R-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jacinto, C.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jaque, D.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, Y. Jia, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and D. Jaque, “Simultaneous dual-wavelength lasers at 1064 and 1342 nm in femtosecond-laser-written Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1607–1610 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, A. Benayas, and D. Jaque, “Continuous wave laser generation at 1064 nm in femtosecond laser inscribed Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. Lu, “70% slope efficiency from an ultrafast laser-written Nd:GdVO4 channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24994–24999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jaque, F.

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Er:Yb-doped oxyfluoride silicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated using femtosecond laser inscription,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 131102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jia, C. L.

C. L. Jia, X. L. Wang, K. M. Wang, and H. J. Zhang, “Characterization of optical waveguide in Nd:LuVO4 crystals by triple-energy oxygen ion implantation,” Physica B 403(4), 679–683 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Y.

Jiang, H. L.

B. Liu, Y. L. Li, and H. L. Jiang, “Nd:LuVO4 as a true three-level laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 575–578 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

Jiang, M. H.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G. Y.

X. Yu, C. L. Li, G. C. Sun, B. Z. Li, X. Y. Chen, M. Zhao, J. B. Wang, X. H. Zhang, and G. Y. Jin, “Continuous-Wave Dual-Wavelength Operation of a Diode-End-Pumped Nd:LuVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 21(6), 1039–1041 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Juodkazis, S.

S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, and H. Misawa, “Three-dimensional microfabrication of materials by femtosecond lasers for photonics applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(5), 051101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kar, A. K.

A. Rodenas and A. K. Kar, “High-contrast step-index waveguides in borate nonlinear laser crystals by 3D laser writing,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17820–17833 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. Lu, “70% slope efficiency from an ultrafast laser-written Nd:GdVO4 channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24994–24999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Er:Yb-doped oxyfluoride silicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated using femtosecond laser inscription,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 131102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kip, D.

D. Kip, “Photorefractive waveguides in oxide crystals: fabrication, properties, and applications,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 131–150 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kong, H. K.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krol, D. M.

Kuan, K.

Kutovoi, S.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode umped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840 mW output power at 456 nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).

Lamela, J.

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lancaster, D. G.

Li, B. Z.

X. Yu, C. L. Li, G. C. Sun, B. Z. Li, X. Y. Chen, M. Zhao, J. B. Wang, X. H. Zhang, and G. Y. Jin, “Continuous-Wave Dual-Wavelength Operation of a Diode-End-Pumped Nd:LuVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 21(6), 1039–1041 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. L.

X. Yu, C. L. Li, G. C. Sun, B. Z. Li, X. Y. Chen, M. Zhao, J. B. Wang, X. H. Zhang, and G. Y. Jin, “Continuous-Wave Dual-Wavelength Operation of a Diode-End-Pumped Nd:LuVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 21(6), 1039–1041 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. X.

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, S. L.

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. L.

B. Liu, Y. L. Li, and H. L. Jiang, “Nd:LuVO4 as a true three-level laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 575–578 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lifante, G.

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. T.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Little, D. J.

Liu, B.

B. Liu, Y. L. Li, and H. L. Jiang, “Nd:LuVO4 as a true three-level laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 575–578 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Liu, J. H.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lomheim, T. S.

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(11), 5517–5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Long, Y. B.

Lu, Q.

Lu, Q. M.

Marshall, G. D.

Maunier, C.

Meng, X.

Meyn, J.-P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, and H. Misawa, “Three-dimensional microfabrication of materials by femtosecond lasers for photonics applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(5), 051101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mizeikis, V.

S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, and H. Misawa, “Three-dimensional microfabrication of materials by femtosecond lasers for photonics applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(5), 051101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

Monro, T. M.

Ning, Z. Y.

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ogilvy, H.

Osellame, R.

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Er:Yb-doped oxyfluoride silicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated using femtosecond laser inscription,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 131102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V. G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Piper, J. A.

Psaila, N. D.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Er:Yb-doped oxyfluoride silicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated using femtosecond laser inscription,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 131102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rademaker, K.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reali, G.

Reid, D. T.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Reis, S. T.

Rodenas, A.

Ródenas, A.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Roso, L.

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, M.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode umped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840 mW output power at 456 nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).

Shao, Z.

Shao, Z. S.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shen, M. R.

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shen, S.

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Er:Yb-doped oxyfluoride silicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated using femtosecond laser inscription,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 131102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Siebenmorgen, J.

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Silva, W. F.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sowa, S.

W. Watanabe, S. Sowa, and K. Itoh, “Waveguide writing in bulk PMMA by femtosecond laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 6108, 61080R, 61080R-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

Sun, G. C.

X. Yu, C. L. Li, G. C. Sun, B. Z. Li, X. Y. Chen, M. Zhao, J. B. Wang, X. H. Zhang, and G. Y. Jin, “Continuous-Wave Dual-Wavelength Operation of a Diode-End-Pumped Nd:LuVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 21(6), 1039–1041 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tan, Y.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, Y. Jia, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and D. Jaque, “Simultaneous dual-wavelength lasers at 1064 and 1342 nm in femtosecond-laser-written Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(7), 1607–1610 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, A. Benayas, and D. Jaque, “Continuous wave laser generation at 1064 nm in femtosecond laser inscribed Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. Lu, “70% slope efficiency from an ultrafast laser-written Nd:GdVO4 channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24994–24999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, Q. W.

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thomsom, R. R.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, R. R.

Y. Tan, A. Rodenas, F. Chen, R. R. Thomson, A. K. Kar, D. Jaque, and Q. Lu, “70% slope efficiency from an ultrafast laser-written Nd:GdVO4 channel waveguide laser,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24994–24999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Er:Yb-doped oxyfluoride silicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated using femtosecond laser inscription,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 131102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Torchia, G. A.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, A. Benayas, and D. Jaque, “Continuous wave laser generation at 1064 nm in femtosecond laser inscribed Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Troy, N.

Tünnermann, A.

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vazquez de Aldana, J. R.

N. Dong, Y. Yao, F. Chen, and J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, “Channel waveguides preserving luminescence features in Nd3+:Y2O3 ceramics produced by ultrafast laser inscription,” Phys. Status Solidi 5, 184–186 (2011).

Vázquez de Aldana, J.

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

Wang, C.

Wang, J.

Wang, J. B.

X. Yu, C. L. Li, G. C. Sun, B. Z. Li, X. Y. Chen, M. Zhao, J. B. Wang, X. H. Zhang, and G. Y. Jin, “Continuous-Wave Dual-Wavelength Operation of a Diode-End-Pumped Nd:LuVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 21(6), 1039–1041 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K. M.

C. L. Jia, X. L. Wang, K. M. Wang, and H. J. Zhang, “Characterization of optical waveguide in Nd:LuVO4 crystals by triple-energy oxygen ion implantation,” Physica B 403(4), 679–683 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. L.

C. L. Jia, X. L. Wang, K. M. Wang, and H. J. Zhang, “Characterization of optical waveguide in Nd:LuVO4 crystals by triple-energy oxygen ion implantation,” Physica B 403(4), 679–683 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. Q.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. X.

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, W.

W. Watanabe, S. Sowa, and K. Itoh, “Waveguide writing in bulk PMMA by femtosecond laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 6108, 61080R, 61080R-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z. Y.

Witcher, J. J.

Withford, M.

Withford, M. J.

Xu, X. G.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

Yao, Y.

N. Dong, Y. Yao, F. Chen, and J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, “Channel waveguides preserving luminescence features in Nd3+:Y2O3 ceramics produced by ultrafast laser inscription,” Phys. Status Solidi 5, 184–186 (2011).

Yu, X.

X. Yu, C. L. Li, G. C. Sun, B. Z. Li, X. Y. Chen, M. Zhao, J. B. Wang, X. H. Zhang, and G. Y. Jin, “Continuous-Wave Dual-Wavelength Operation of a Diode-End-Pumped Nd:LuVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 21(6), 1039–1041 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yua, G. W.

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zavartsev, Y.

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode umped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840 mW output power at 456 nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).

Zhang, C.

Zhang, C. Y.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. J.

C. L. Jia, X. L. Wang, K. M. Wang, and H. J. Zhang, “Characterization of optical waveguide in Nd:LuVO4 crystals by triple-energy oxygen ion implantation,” Physica B 403(4), 679–683 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X. H.

X. Yu, C. L. Li, G. C. Sun, B. Z. Li, X. Y. Chen, M. Zhao, J. B. Wang, X. H. Zhang, and G. Y. Jin, “Continuous-Wave Dual-Wavelength Operation of a Diode-End-Pumped Nd:LuVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 21(6), 1039–1041 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. G.

Zhao, M.

X. Yu, C. L. Li, G. C. Sun, B. Z. Li, X. Y. Chen, M. Zhao, J. B. Wang, X. H. Zhang, and G. Y. Jin, “Continuous-Wave Dual-Wavelength Operation of a Diode-End-Pumped Nd:LuVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 21(6), 1039–1041 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S. R.

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

Appl. Phys. B (5)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic Characterization and Laser Performance of Diode-Laser-Pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Kip, “Photorefractive waveguides in oxide crystals: fabrication, properties, and applications,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 131–150 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, K. Petermann, G. Huber, K. Rademaker, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond laser written stress-induced Nd:Y3Al5O12 (Nd:YAG) channel waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 251–255 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, J. Siebenmorgen, O. Hellmig, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Nd:YAG waveguide laser with 1.3 W output power, fabricated by direct femtosecond laser writing,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 131–135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Ródenas, G. A. Torchia, G. Lifante, E. Cantelar, J. Lamela, F. Jaque, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Refractive index change mechanisms in femtosecond laser written ceramic Nd:YAG waveguides: micro-spectroscopy experiments and beam propagation calculations,” Appl. Phys. B 95(1), 85–96 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

G. A. Torchia, A. Rodenas, A. Benayas, E. Cantelar, L. Roso, and D. Jaque, “Highly efficient laser action in femtosecond-written Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet ceramic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(11), 111103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. D. Psaila, R. R. Thomson, H. T. Bookey, A. K. Kar, N. Chiodo, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, A. Jha, and S. Shen, “Er:Yb-doped oxyfluoride silicate glass waveguide amplifier fabricated using femtosecond laser inscription,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 131102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, F. Chen, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, A. Benayas, and D. Jaque, “Continuous wave laser generation at 1064 nm in femtosecond laser inscribed Nd:YVO4 channel waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(3), 031119 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

A. Benayas, W. F. Silva, A. Ródenas, C. Jacinto, J. Vázquez de Aldana, F. Chen, Y. Tan, R. R. Thomsom, N. D. Psaila, D. T. Reid, G. A. Torchia, A. K. Kar, and D. Jaque, “Ultrafast laser writing of optical waveguides in ceramic Yb:YAG: a study of thermal and non-thermal regimes,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 104(1), 301–309 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, and H. Misawa, “Three-dimensional microfabrication of materials by femtosecond lasers for photonics applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(5), 051101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

H. X. Li, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, G. W. Yua, X. X. Wang, L. Fang, M. R. Shen, Z. Y. Ning, Q. W. Tang, S. L. Li, X. L. Wang, and K. M. Wang, “Structural and optical properties of Nd:LuVO4 waveguides grown on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1-4), 269–273 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Laser Phys. (1)

X. Yu, C. L. Li, G. C. Sun, B. Z. Li, X. Y. Chen, M. Zhao, J. B. Wang, X. H. Zhang, and G. Y. Jin, “Continuous-Wave Dual-Wavelength Operation of a Diode-End-Pumped Nd:LuVO4 Laser,” Laser Phys. 21(6), 1039–1041 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Liu, Y. L. Li, and H. L. Jiang, “Nd:LuVO4 as a true three-level laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(8), 575–578 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Czeranowsky, M. Schmidt, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kutovoi, and Y. Zavartsev, “Continuous wave diode umped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840 mW output power at 456 nm,” Opt. Commun. 205, 361–365 (2002).

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. R. Zhao, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, H. K. Kong, X. F. Cheng, J. H. Liu, J. Li, Y. T. Lin, X. B. Hu, X. G. Xu, X. Q. Wang, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of the new laser crystal Nd:LuVO4,” Opt. Mater. 26(3), 319–325 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

N. Dong, Y. Yao, F. Chen, and J. R. Vazquez de Aldana, “Channel waveguides preserving luminescence features in Nd3+:Y2O3 ceramics produced by ultrafast laser inscription,” Phys. Status Solidi 5, 184–186 (2011).

Physica B (1)

C. L. Jia, X. L. Wang, K. M. Wang, and H. J. Zhang, “Characterization of optical waveguide in Nd:LuVO4 crystals by triple-energy oxygen ion implantation,” Physica B 403(4), 679–683 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

W. Watanabe, S. Sowa, and K. Itoh, “Waveguide writing in bulk PMMA by femtosecond laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 6108, 61080R, 61080R-6 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Grivas, “Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, Part I: Fundamentals and fabrication techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 35(6), 159–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Rsoft Design Group, Computer software BEAMPROP ( http://www.rsoftdesign.com ).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The experimental set-up for femtosecond laser writing experiments, and (b) the end-face microscope image of Nd:LuVO4 waveguide sample. The waveguide is located in the open dashed circular region.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Reconstructed 2D refractive index profile of the Nd:LuVO4 waveguide on the cross section, (b) measured near-field intensity of the light of TM00 mode, (c) calculated modal profile distribution of TM00 mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The room temperature µ-PL emission spectra correlated to Nd3+ ions at 4F3/24I9/2 transition of the Nd:LuVO4 crystal; the 2D mappings of the (b) spatial dependence of the emitted intensity, (c) FWHM and (d) energy shift of the corresponding emission line of Nd3+ around 880 nm obtained from the channel waveguide; the 1D distribution of the (c) emitted intensity, (f) FWHM and (g) energy shift of the 880-nm line from the waveguide (corresponding to the regions indicated by dashed lines in the 2D mappings of (b), (c) and (d), respectively).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The cw waveguide laser output power as a function of the absorbed pump power. (b) Laser emission spectrum of the output light at ~1066.4 nm. The inset shows the normalized spatial intensity distribution of the output laser mode

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