Abstract

A modified selective area growth (SAG) technique, in which the effective index of only the upper separate confinement heterostructure (SCH) layer are modulated to obtain different emission wavelengths, is reported for the fabrication of dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) multi-wavelength laser arrays (MWLAs). InP based 1.5 μm distributed feedback (DFB) laser arrays with 0.8 nm, 0.42 nm, and 0.19 nm channel separations are demonstrated, all showing highly uniform wavelength spacings. The standard deviation of the distribution of the wavelength residues with respect to the corresponding linear fitting values is 0.0672nm, which is a lot smaller than those of the MWLAs fabricated by other techniques including electron beam lithography. These results indicate that our SAG technique which needs only a simple procedure is promising for the fabrication of low cost DWDM MWLAs.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Hillmer and B. Klepser, “Low-Cost Edge-Emitting DFB Laser Arrays for DWDM Communication Systems Implemented by Bent and Tilted Waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(10), 1377–1383 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Zanola, M. J. Strain, G. Giuliani, and M. Sorel, “Post-Growth Fabrication of Multiple Wavelength DFB Laser Arrays With Precise Wavelength Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(12), 1063–1065 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zanola, M. J. Strain, G. Giuliani, and M. Sorel, “Post-Growth Fabrication of Multiple Wavelength DFB Laser Arrays With Precise Wavelength Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(12), 1063–1065 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

F. M. Lee, C. L. Tsai, C. W. Hu, F. Y. Cheng, M. C. Wu, and C. C. Lin, “High-Reliable and High-Speed 1.3 μm Complex-Coupled Distributed Feedback Buried-Heterostructure Laser Diodes With Fe-Doped InGaAsP/InP Hybrid Grating Layers Grown by MOCVD,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.55(2), 540–546 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. W. Park, C. K. Moon, J. C. Han, and J. I. Song, “1.55-μm DFB Lasers Utilizing an Automatically Buried Absorptive InAsP Layer Having a High Single-Mode Yield,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(6), 1426–1428 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Hillmer and B. Klepser, “Low-Cost Edge-Emitting DFB Laser Arrays for DWDM Communication Systems Implemented by Bent and Tilted Waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(10), 1377–1383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

T. Nakura and Y. Nakano, “LAPAREX-An automatic parameter extraction program for gain and index coupled distributed feedback semiconductor lasers, and its application to observation of changing coupling coefficient with current,” IEICE Trans. Electron.83(3), 488–495 (2000).

S. L. Lee, I. F. Jang, C. Y. Wang, C. T. Pien, and T. T. Shih, “Monolithically Integrated Multiwavelength Sampled Grating DBR Lasers for Dense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 197–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (5)

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Zimmermann, A. Ougazzaden, A. Gloukhian, E. V. K. Rao, D. Delprat, A. Ramdane, and A. Mircea, “Selective area MOVPE growth of InP, InGaAs and InGaAsP using TBAs and TBP at different growth conditions,” J. Cryst. Growth170(1-4), 645–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise Wavelength Control for DFB Laser Diodes by Novel Corrugation Delineation Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, N. Bouadma, S. Slempkes, A. Ougazzaden, and S. Hansmann, “Accurate Wavelength Spacing from Absorption-Coupled DFB Laser Arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(10), 1316–1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, “A16-Wavelength Gain-Coupled DFB Laser Array with Fine Tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 22–24 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Amersfoort, M. R.

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Andreadakis, N. C.

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bhat, R.

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bimberg, D.

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bouadma, N.

A. Talneau, N. Bouadma, S. Slempkes, A. Ougazzaden, and S. Hansmann, “Accurate Wavelength Spacing from Absorption-Coupled DFB Laser Arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(10), 1316–1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Burkhard, H.

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Caneau, C.

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, A.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, F. Y.

F. M. Lee, C. L. Tsai, C. W. Hu, F. Y. Cheng, M. C. Wu, and C. C. Lin, “High-Reliable and High-Speed 1.3 μm Complex-Coupled Distributed Feedback Buried-Heterostructure Laser Diodes With Fe-Doped InGaAsP/InP Hybrid Grating Layers Grown by MOCVD,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.55(2), 540–546 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chien, M.

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Corzine, S.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Curtis, L.

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dahlhof, K.

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Delprat, D.

G. Zimmermann, A. Ougazzaden, A. Gloukhian, E. V. K. Rao, D. Delprat, A. Ramdane, and A. Mircea, “Selective area MOVPE growth of InP, InGaAs and InGaAsP using TBAs and TBP at different growth conditions,” J. Cryst. Growth170(1-4), 645–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dentai, A.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dominic, V.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dragone, C.

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Evans, P.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Favire, F.

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Favire, F. J.

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, M.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fujisawa, T.

Gamelin, J.

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gamelin, J. K.

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gheorma, J.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Giuliani, G.

M. Zanola, M. J. Strain, G. Giuliani, and M. Sorel, “Post-Growth Fabrication of Multiple Wavelength DFB Laser Arrays With Precise Wavelength Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(12), 1063–1065 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gloukhian, A.

G. Zimmermann, A. Ougazzaden, A. Gloukhian, E. V. K. Rao, D. Delprat, A. Ramdane, and A. Mircea, “Selective area MOVPE growth of InP, InGaAs and InGaAsP using TBAs and TBP at different growth conditions,” J. Cryst. Growth170(1-4), 645–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gobel, R.

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Han, J. C.

S. W. Park, C. K. Moon, J. C. Han, and J. I. Song, “1.55-μm DFB Lasers Utilizing an Automatically Buried Absorptive InAsP Layer Having a High Single-Mode Yield,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(6), 1426–1428 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hansmann, S.

A. Talneau, N. Bouadma, S. Slempkes, A. Ougazzaden, and S. Hansmann, “Accurate Wavelength Spacing from Absorption-Coupled DFB Laser Arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(10), 1316–1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hillmer, H.

H. Hillmer and B. Klepser, “Low-Cost Edge-Emitting DFB Laser Arrays for DWDM Communication Systems Implemented by Bent and Tilted Waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(10), 1377–1383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hu, C. W.

F. M. Lee, C. L. Tsai, C. W. Hu, F. Y. Cheng, M. C. Wu, and C. C. Lin, “High-Reliable and High-Speed 1.3 μm Complex-Coupled Distributed Feedback Buried-Heterostructure Laser Diodes With Fe-Doped InGaAsP/InP Hybrid Grating Layers Grown by MOCVD,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.55(2), 540–546 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W.

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, “A16-Wavelength Gain-Coupled DFB Laser Array with Fine Tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 22–24 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hubner, B.

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, H.

Jang, I. F.

S. L. Lee, I. F. Jang, C. Y. Wang, C. T. Pien, and T. T. Shih, “Monolithically Integrated Multiwavelength Sampled Grating DBR Lasers for Dense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 197–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Joyner, C.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kanazawa, S.

Kano, F.

Kato, M.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kempf, B. E.

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kish, F.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Klepser, B.

H. Hillmer and B. Klepser, “Low-Cost Edge-Emitting DFB Laser Arrays for DWDM Communication Systems Implemented by Bent and Tilted Waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(10), 1377–1383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, W.

Koren, U.

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koza, M.

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Koza, M. A.

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krost, A.

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuphal, E.

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lambert, D.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, F. M.

F. M. Lee, C. L. Tsai, C. W. Hu, F. Y. Cheng, M. C. Wu, and C. C. Lin, “High-Reliable and High-Speed 1.3 μm Complex-Coupled Distributed Feedback Buried-Heterostructure Laser Diodes With Fe-Doped InGaAsP/InP Hybrid Grating Layers Grown by MOCVD,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.55(2), 540–546 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. L.

S. L. Lee, I. F. Jang, C. Y. Wang, C. T. Pien, and T. T. Shih, “Monolithically Integrated Multiwavelength Sampled Grating DBR Lasers for Dense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 197–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T. P.

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lepore, A.

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. P.

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, “A16-Wavelength Gain-Coupled DFB Laser Array with Fine Tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 22–24 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. C.

F. M. Lee, C. L. Tsai, C. W. Hu, F. Y. Cheng, M. C. Wu, and C. C. Lin, “High-Reliable and High-Speed 1.3 μm Complex-Coupled Distributed Feedback Buried-Heterostructure Laser Diodes With Fe-Doped InGaAsP/InP Hybrid Grating Layers Grown by MOCVD,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.55(2), 540–546 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, P. S. D.

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lyubomirsky, I.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mahoney, D. D.

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Makino, T.

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, “A16-Wavelength Gain-Coupled DFB Laser Array with Fine Tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 22–24 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miller, B. I.

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mircea, A.

G. Zimmermann, A. Ougazzaden, A. Gloukhian, E. V. K. Rao, D. Delprat, A. Ramdane, and A. Mircea, “Selective area MOVPE growth of InP, InGaAs and InGaAsP using TBAs and TBP at different growth conditions,” J. Cryst. Growth170(1-4), 645–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Missey, M.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moon, C. K.

S. W. Park, C. K. Moon, J. C. Han, and J. I. Song, “1.55-μm DFB Lasers Utilizing an Automatically Buried Absorptive InAsP Layer Having a High Single-Mode Yield,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(6), 1426–1428 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Muroya, Y.

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise Wavelength Control for DFB Laser Diodes by Novel Corrugation Delineation Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Murthy, S.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nagarajan, R.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, T.

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise Wavelength Control for DFB Laser Diodes by Novel Corrugation Delineation Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, Y.

T. Nakura and Y. Nakano, “LAPAREX-An automatic parameter extraction program for gain and index coupled distributed feedback semiconductor lasers, and its application to observation of changing coupling coefficient with current,” IEICE Trans. Electron.83(3), 488–495 (2000).

Nakura, T.

T. Nakura and Y. Nakano, “LAPAREX-An automatic parameter extraction program for gain and index coupled distributed feedback semiconductor lasers, and its application to observation of changing coupling coefficient with current,” IEICE Trans. Electron.83(3), 488–495 (2000).

Newkirk, M. A.

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, A.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ougazzaden, A.

G. Zimmermann, A. Ougazzaden, A. Gloukhian, E. V. K. Rao, D. Delprat, A. Ramdane, and A. Mircea, “Selective area MOVPE growth of InP, InGaAs and InGaAsP using TBAs and TBP at different growth conditions,” J. Cryst. Growth170(1-4), 645–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, N. Bouadma, S. Slempkes, A. Ougazzaden, and S. Hansmann, “Accurate Wavelength Spacing from Absorption-Coupled DFB Laser Arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(10), 1316–1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. W.

S. W. Park, C. K. Moon, J. C. Han, and J. I. Song, “1.55-μm DFB Lasers Utilizing an Automatically Buried Absorptive InAsP Layer Having a High Single-Mode Yield,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(6), 1426–1428 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pathak, B.

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pathak, B. N.

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pien, C. T.

S. L. Lee, I. F. Jang, C. Y. Wang, C. T. Pien, and T. T. Shih, “Monolithically Integrated Multiwavelength Sampled Grating DBR Lasers for Dense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 197–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pleumeekers, J.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rahjel, A. W.

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rahn, J.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rajhel, A.

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rajhel, A. W.

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ramdane, A.

G. Zimmermann, A. Ougazzaden, A. Gloukhian, E. V. K. Rao, D. Delprat, A. Ramdane, and A. Mircea, “Selective area MOVPE growth of InP, InGaAs and InGaAsP using TBAs and TBP at different growth conditions,” J. Cryst. Growth170(1-4), 645–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rao, E. V. K.

G. Zimmermann, A. Ougazzaden, A. Gloukhian, E. V. K. Rao, D. Delprat, A. Ramdane, and A. Mircea, “Selective area MOVPE growth of InP, InGaAs and InGaAsP using TBAs and TBP at different growth conditions,” J. Cryst. Growth170(1-4), 645–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Samra, P.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sarangan, A.

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, “A16-Wavelength Gain-Coupled DFB Laser Array with Fine Tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 22–24 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schatke, K.

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, R.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shih, T. T.

S. L. Lee, I. F. Jang, C. Y. Wang, C. T. Pien, and T. T. Shih, “Monolithically Integrated Multiwavelength Sampled Grating DBR Lasers for Dense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 197–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Slempkes, S.

A. Talneau, N. Bouadma, S. Slempkes, A. Ougazzaden, and S. Hansmann, “Accurate Wavelength Spacing from Absorption-Coupled DFB Laser Arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(10), 1316–1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Song, J. I.

S. W. Park, C. K. Moon, J. C. Han, and J. I. Song, “1.55-μm DFB Lasers Utilizing an Automatically Buried Absorptive InAsP Layer Having a High Single-Mode Yield,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(6), 1426–1428 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, M.

M. Zanola, M. J. Strain, G. Giuliani, and M. Sorel, “Post-Growth Fabrication of Multiple Wavelength DFB Laser Arrays With Precise Wavelength Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(12), 1063–1065 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Spannagel, A.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, J.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strain, M. J.

M. Zanola, M. J. Strain, G. Giuliani, and M. Sorel, “Post-Growth Fabrication of Multiple Wavelength DFB Laser Arrays With Precise Wavelength Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(12), 1063–1065 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Strzelecka, E.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Studenkov, P.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tadokoro, T.

Takahata, K.

Talneau, A.

A. Talneau, N. Bouadma, S. Slempkes, A. Ougazzaden, and S. Hansmann, “Accurate Wavelength Spacing from Absorption-Coupled DFB Laser Arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(10), 1316–1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tell, B.

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Torikai, T.

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise Wavelength Control for DFB Laser Diodes by Novel Corrugation Delineation Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C. L.

F. M. Lee, C. L. Tsai, C. W. Hu, F. Y. Cheng, M. C. Wu, and C. C. Lin, “High-Reliable and High-Speed 1.3 μm Complex-Coupled Distributed Feedback Buried-Heterostructure Laser Diodes With Fe-Doped InGaAsP/InP Hybrid Grating Layers Grown by MOCVD,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.55(2), 540–546 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. Y.

S. L. Lee, I. F. Jang, C. Y. Wang, C. T. Pien, and T. T. Shih, “Monolithically Integrated Multiwavelength Sampled Grating DBR Lasers for Dense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 197–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Welch, D.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. C.

F. M. Lee, C. L. Tsai, C. W. Hu, F. Y. Cheng, M. C. Wu, and C. C. Lin, “High-Reliable and High-Speed 1.3 μm Complex-Coupled Distributed Feedback Buried-Heterostructure Laser Diodes With Fe-Doped InGaAsP/InP Hybrid Grating Layers Grown by MOCVD,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.55(2), 540–546 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, H.

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise Wavelength Control for DFB Laser Diodes by Novel Corrugation Delineation Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Young, M. G.

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Young, W. C.

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zah, C.

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zah, C. E.

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zanola, M.

M. Zanola, M. J. Strain, G. Giuliani, and M. Sorel, “Post-Growth Fabrication of Multiple Wavelength DFB Laser Arrays With Precise Wavelength Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(12), 1063–1065 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ziari, M.

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, G.

G. Zimmermann, A. Ougazzaden, A. Gloukhian, E. V. K. Rao, D. Delprat, A. Ramdane, and A. Mircea, “Selective area MOVPE growth of InP, InGaAs and InGaAsP using TBAs and TBP at different growth conditions,” J. Cryst. Growth170(1-4), 645–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zirngibl, M.

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Hillmer and B. Klepser, “Low-Cost Edge-Emitting DFB Laser Arrays for DWDM Communication Systems Implemented by Bent and Tilted Waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(10), 1377–1383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. L. Lee, I. F. Jang, C. Y. Wang, C. T. Pien, and T. T. Shih, “Monolithically Integrated Multiwavelength Sampled Grating DBR Lasers for Dense WDM Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 197–206 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. N. Pathak, F. J. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, A. W. Rajhel, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, M. A. Koza, and J. Gamelin, “Multiwavelength DFB Laser Arrays with Integrated Combiner and Optical Amplifier for WDM Optical Networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 584–597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (8)

C. E. Zah, M. R. Amersfoort, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, A. Rajhel, N. C. Andreadakis, R. Bhat, C. Caneau, and M. A. Koza, “Wavelength accuracy and output power of multiwavelength DFB laser arrays with integrated star couplers and optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(7), 864–866 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Corzine, P. Evans, M. Fisher, J. Gheorma, M. Kato, V. Dominic, P. Samra, A. Nilsson, J. Rahn, I. Lyubomirsky, A. Dentai, P. Studenkov, M. Missey, D. Lambert, A. Spannagel, S. Murthy, E. Strzelecka, J. Pleumeekers, A. Chen, R. Schneider, R. Nagarajan, M. Ziari, J. Stewart, C. Joyner, F. Kish, and D. Welch, “Large-scale InP transmitter PICs for PM-DQPSK fiber transmission systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1015–1017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Li, T. Makino, A. Sarangan, and W. Huang, “A16-Wavelength Gain-Coupled DFB Laser Array with Fine Tunability,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 22–24 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Young, U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. A. Newkirk, M. Chien, M. Zirngibl, C. Dragone, B. Tell, H. M. Presby, and G. Raybon, “A 16 x 1 Wavelength Division Multiplexer with Integrated Distributed Bragg Reflector Lasers and Electroabsorption Modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(8), 908–910 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Zanola, M. J. Strain, G. Giuliani, and M. Sorel, “Post-Growth Fabrication of Multiple Wavelength DFB Laser Arrays With Precise Wavelength Spacing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(12), 1063–1065 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Talneau, N. Bouadma, S. Slempkes, A. Ougazzaden, and S. Hansmann, “Accurate Wavelength Spacing from Absorption-Coupled DFB Laser Arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(10), 1316–1318 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise Wavelength Control for DFB Laser Diodes by Novel Corrugation Delineation Method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Park, C. K. Moon, J. C. Han, and J. I. Song, “1.55-μm DFB Lasers Utilizing an Automatically Buried Absorptive InAsP Layer Having a High Single-Mode Yield,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(6), 1426–1428 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. (1)

F. M. Lee, C. L. Tsai, C. W. Hu, F. Y. Cheng, M. C. Wu, and C. C. Lin, “High-Reliable and High-Speed 1.3 μm Complex-Coupled Distributed Feedback Buried-Heterostructure Laser Diodes With Fe-Doped InGaAsP/InP Hybrid Grating Layers Grown by MOCVD,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev.55(2), 540–546 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

T. Nakura and Y. Nakano, “LAPAREX-An automatic parameter extraction program for gain and index coupled distributed feedback semiconductor lasers, and its application to observation of changing coupling coefficient with current,” IEICE Trans. Electron.83(3), 488–495 (2000).

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

G. Zimmermann, A. Ougazzaden, A. Gloukhian, E. V. K. Rao, D. Delprat, A. Ramdane, and A. Mircea, “Selective area MOVPE growth of InP, InGaAs and InGaAsP using TBAs and TBP at different growth conditions,” J. Cryst. Growth170(1-4), 645–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

T. P. Lee, C. E. Zah, R. Bhat, W. C. Young, B. Pathak, F. Favire, P. S. D. Lin, N. C. Andreadakis, C. Caneau, A. W. Rahjel, M. Koza, J. K. Gamelin, L. Curtis, D. D. Mahoney, and A. Lepore, “Multiwavelength DFB laser array transmitters for ONTC reconfigurable optical network testbed,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(6), 967–976 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Hansmann, K. Dahlhof, B. E. Kempf, R. Gobel, E. Kuphal, B. Hubner, H. Burkhard, A. Krost, K. Schatke, and D. Bimberg, “Properties of Loss-Coupled Distributed Feedback Laser Arrays for Wavelength Division Multiplexing Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1191–1197 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (2)

R. Tohmon, Y. Takahashi, and T. Kilcugawa, “Complex-coupled DFB lasers based on acurrent modulation concept”, in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials, (IEEE 1998), pp. 725–728.

M. Aoki, M. Suzuki, and Y. Okuno, “Multi-wavelength DFB laser arrays grown by in-plane thickness control epitaxy,” in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials, (IEEE 1995), pp. 53–56.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic structure of the laser material obtained by our modified SAG technique. (b) Schematic ridge waveguide structure of the fabricated lasers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured spectra of the 0.8 nm (a) and 0.42 (c) spacing laser arrays, measured laser wavelength (filled square) and wavelength residue (open square) with respect to linear fitting value of the 0.8 nm (b) and 0.42nm (d) spacing laser arrays. The solid line is the linear fitting of the wavelength. The ninth channel in Fig. c did not lase. The number beside each spectrum is the corresponding bias current (mA).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Histogram of wavelength residues with respect to linear fitting values of five fabricated laser arrays (three with around 0.8 nm and two with around 0.4nm spacings).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured spectra of the 0.19 nm spacing laser array, (b) measured laser wavelength (filled square) and wavelength residue (open square) with respect to linear fitting value for different channels. The solid line is the linear fitting of the wavelength. The ninth channel in Fig. a did not lase. The number beside each spectrum is the corresponding bias current (mA).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

L-I characteristics of the laser array with 0.42nm wavelength spacing.

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