Abstract

In this paper, we propose the use of multilevel modulation formats with differential detection to enable Next-Generation Time-Division Multiplexing Passive Optical Networks (TDM-PONs). Bidirectional transmission of 30 Gb/s Differential 8 Phase-Shift Keying (D8PSK), on the downstream, and 10 Gb/s On-Off Keying (OOK), on the upstream, over a TDM-PON has been demonstrated experimentally. Furthermore, some of the functionalities that can be implemented in Digital Signal Processing (DSP) in the receiver, namely wavelength misalignment compensation, IQ imbalance mitigation and data-aided multiple symbol phase estimation, are explored. Results indicate that DSP-based incoherent multilevel formats are an attractive option for providing the high bit rates required for future TDM-PONs.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. Analysys Mason, Fibre Capacity Limitations in Access Networks (OFCOM, 2010).
  2. F. Effenberger, “The XG-PON system: cost effective 10 Gb/s access,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(4), 403–409 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, L. T. Gomez, J. E. Johnson, A. M. Kanan, J. L. Lentz, and R. McDonough, “A 40Gb/s CWDM-TDM PON with a cyclic CWDM multiplexer/demultiplexer,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2009, paper 8.5.6.
  4. N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “Coherent 40Gb/s OFDMA-PON for long-reach (100+km) high-split ratio (>1:64) optical access/metro networks,” in Optical Fiber Conference (OFC) 2012, paper OW4B.8.
  5. D. Qian, S. Fan, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “64/32/16QAM-OFDM using direct-detection for 40G-OFDMA-PON downstream,” in Optical Fiber Conference (OFC) 2011, paper OMG4.
  6. X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and A. Leven, “Digital self-coherent detection,” Opt. Express16(2), 792–803 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Jensen, T. Tokle, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Transmission of multilevel 60 Gbit/s polarization multiplexed RZ-D8PSK using only 10 Gbit/s equipment,” in Optical Fiber Conference (OFC) 2007, paper OWM4.
  8. M. Seimetz, M. Noelle, and E. Patzak, “Optical systems with high-order DPSK and star QAM modulation based on interferometric direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(6), 1515–1530 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Ellermeyer, R. Schmid, A. Bielik, J. Rupeter, and M. M[UNKNOWN ENTITY &odie;]ller, “DA and AD converters in SiGe technology: Speed and resolution for ultra high data rate applications,” in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2010, paper Th.A.6.
  10. C. R. Doerr and L. Chen, “Monolithic PDM-DQPSK receiver in silicon,” in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2010, paper PDP3.6.
  11. X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. R. Doerr, I. Kang, D. Kilper, L. L. Buhl, and J. Centanni, “DSP-enabled compensation of demodulator phase error and sensitivity improvement in direct-detection 40-Gb/s DQPSK,” in 32nd European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) 2006, paper Th4.4.5.
  12. S. J. Savory, “Digital coherent optical receivers: Algorithms and subsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1164–1179 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Shi, B. Mukherjee, and S. S. Lee, “Energy-efficient PON with sleep-mode ONU: progress, challenges, and solutions,” IEEE Netw.26(2), 36–41 (2012).
  14. S. Zhang, P. Kam, C. Yu, and J. Chen, “Decision-aided carrier phase estimation for coherent optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(11), 1597–1607 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. I. Fatadin, S. J. Savory, and D. Ives, “Compensation of quadrature imbalance in an optical QPSK coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(20), 1733–1735 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Optical Internetworking Forum, “Implementation agreement for integrated dual polarization coherent intradyne receivers,” (2011) http://www.oiforum.com/public/documents/OIF_DPC_RX-01.1.pdf .
  17. X. Liu, “Generalized data-aided multi-symbol phase estimation for improving receiver sensitivity in direct-detection optical m-ary DPSK,” Opt. Express15(6), 2927–2939 (2007).
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2012 (1)

L. Shi, B. Mukherjee, and S. S. Lee, “Energy-efficient PON with sleep-mode ONU: progress, challenges, and solutions,” IEEE Netw.26(2), 36–41 (2012).

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

S. Zhang, P. Kam, C. Yu, and J. Chen, “Decision-aided carrier phase estimation for coherent optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(11), 1597–1607 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savory, “Digital coherent optical receivers: Algorithms and subsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1164–1179 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and A. Leven, “Digital self-coherent detection,” Opt. Express16(2), 792–803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Fatadin, S. J. Savory, and D. Ives, “Compensation of quadrature imbalance in an optical QPSK coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(20), 1733–1735 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chen, J.

Effenberger, F.

Fatadin, I.

I. Fatadin, S. J. Savory, and D. Ives, “Compensation of quadrature imbalance in an optical QPSK coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(20), 1733–1735 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ives, D.

I. Fatadin, S. J. Savory, and D. Ives, “Compensation of quadrature imbalance in an optical QPSK coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(20), 1733–1735 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kam, P.

Lee, S. S.

L. Shi, B. Mukherjee, and S. S. Lee, “Energy-efficient PON with sleep-mode ONU: progress, challenges, and solutions,” IEEE Netw.26(2), 36–41 (2012).

Leven, A.

Liu, X.

Mukherjee, B.

L. Shi, B. Mukherjee, and S. S. Lee, “Energy-efficient PON with sleep-mode ONU: progress, challenges, and solutions,” IEEE Netw.26(2), 36–41 (2012).

Noelle, M.

Patzak, E.

Savory, S. J.

S. J. Savory, “Digital coherent optical receivers: Algorithms and subsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1164–1179 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Fatadin, S. J. Savory, and D. Ives, “Compensation of quadrature imbalance in an optical QPSK coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(20), 1733–1735 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seimetz, M.

Shi, L.

L. Shi, B. Mukherjee, and S. S. Lee, “Energy-efficient PON with sleep-mode ONU: progress, challenges, and solutions,” IEEE Netw.26(2), 36–41 (2012).

Yu, C.

Zhang, S.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. J. Savory, “Digital coherent optical receivers: Algorithms and subsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1164–1179 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Netw. (1)

L. Shi, B. Mukherjee, and S. S. Lee, “Energy-efficient PON with sleep-mode ONU: progress, challenges, and solutions,” IEEE Netw.26(2), 36–41 (2012).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

I. Fatadin, S. J. Savory, and D. Ives, “Compensation of quadrature imbalance in an optical QPSK coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(20), 1733–1735 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (2)

Other (9)

Optical Internetworking Forum, “Implementation agreement for integrated dual polarization coherent intradyne receivers,” (2011) http://www.oiforum.com/public/documents/OIF_DPC_RX-01.1.pdf .

P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Y. Chen, L. T. Gomez, J. E. Johnson, A. M. Kanan, J. L. Lentz, and R. McDonough, “A 40Gb/s CWDM-TDM PON with a cyclic CWDM multiplexer/demultiplexer,” in 35th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2009, paper 8.5.6.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “Coherent 40Gb/s OFDMA-PON for long-reach (100+km) high-split ratio (>1:64) optical access/metro networks,” in Optical Fiber Conference (OFC) 2012, paper OW4B.8.

D. Qian, S. Fan, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “64/32/16QAM-OFDM using direct-detection for 40G-OFDMA-PON downstream,” in Optical Fiber Conference (OFC) 2011, paper OMG4.

Analysys Mason, Fibre Capacity Limitations in Access Networks (OFCOM, 2010).

J. Jensen, T. Tokle, C. Peucheret, and P. Jeppesen, “Transmission of multilevel 60 Gbit/s polarization multiplexed RZ-D8PSK using only 10 Gbit/s equipment,” in Optical Fiber Conference (OFC) 2007, paper OWM4.

T. Ellermeyer, R. Schmid, A. Bielik, J. Rupeter, and M. M[UNKNOWN ENTITY &odie;]ller, “DA and AD converters in SiGe technology: Speed and resolution for ultra high data rate applications,” in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2010, paper Th.A.6.

C. R. Doerr and L. Chen, “Monolithic PDM-DQPSK receiver in silicon,” in 36th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) 2010, paper PDP3.6.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. R. Doerr, I. Kang, D. Kilper, L. L. Buhl, and J. Centanni, “DSP-enabled compensation of demodulator phase error and sensitivity improvement in direct-detection 40-Gb/s DQPSK,” in 32nd European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) 2006, paper Th4.4.5.

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