Abstract

We newly developed a 3 × 3 integrated optical packet and circuit switch-node. Optical buffers and burst-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifiers with the gain flatness are installed in the 3 × 3 switch-node. The optical buffer can prevent packet collisions and decrease packet loss. We constructed a multi-ring optical packet and circuit integrated network testbed connecting two single-ring networks and a client network by the 3 × 3 switch-node. For the first time, we demonstrated 244 km fiber transmission and 5-node hopping of multiplexed 14-wavelength 10 Gbps optical paths and 100 Gbps optical packets encapsulating 10 Gigabit Ethernet frames on the testbed. Error-free (frame error rate < 1 × 10−4) operation was achieved with optical packets of various packet lengths. In addition, successful avoidance of packet collisions by optical buffers was confirmed.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. “AKARI architecture conceptual design ver1.0 (2007),” http://akari-project.nict.go.jp/eng/index2.htm .
  2. H. Harai, “Optical packet & circuit integrated network for future networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E95-B(3), 714–722 (2012).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, “Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.24(4), 118–127 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Tanemura, I. M. Soganci, T. Oyama, T. Ohyama, S. Mino, K. A. Williams, N. Calabretta, H. J. S. Dorren, and Y. Nakano, “Large-capacity compact optical buffer based on InP integrated phased-array switch and coiled fiber delay lines,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(4), 396–402 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, P. Chan, and R. Man, “Mitigation of transient response of Erbium-doped fiber amplifier for traffic of high speed optical packets,” in Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2007), no. JTuA133.
  14. K. Sone, S. Yoshida, Y. Kai, G. Nakagawa, G. Ishikawa, and S. Kinoshita, “High-speed 4×4 SOA switch subsystem for DWDM systems,” in Proc. 16th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2011), no.8A2_2.
  15. G. Nakagawa, Y. Kai, K. Sone, S. Yoshida, S. Tanaka, K. Morito, and S. Kinoshita, “Ultra-high extinction ratio and low cross talk characteristics of 4-array integrated SOA module with compact-packaging technologies,” in Proc. 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2011), no. Mo.2.LeSaleve.4.
  16. H. Harai and N. Wada, “More than 10 Gbps photonic packet-switched networks using WDM-based packet compression,” in Proc. 8th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference pp. 703–704 (2003)
  17. H. Furukawa, H. Harai, M. Ohta, and N. Wada, “Implementation of high-speed buffer management for asynchronous variable-length optical packet switch,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (2010), no. OWM4.
  18. ITU-T Recommendation Y.1541.
  19. D. Wischik and N. McKeown, “Part I: Buffer sizes for core routers,” ACM SIGCOMM Comp. Comm. Rev.35(3), 75–78 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Furukawa, H. Harai, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, N. Takezawa, and K. Nashimoto, “A 31-FDL buffer based on trees of 1×8 PLZT optical switches, ” in Proc. 32nd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2006), no. Tu4.6.5.

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

2006 (1)

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, “Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.24(4), 118–127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Calabretta, N.

Dorren, H. J. S.

Fujikawa, K.

Furukawa, H.

Harai, H.

Jue, J. P.

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, “Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.24(4), 118–127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, W.

Lu, K.

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, “Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.24(4), 118–127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McKeown, N.

D. Wischik and N. McKeown, “Part I: Buffer sizes for core routers,” ACM SIGCOMM Comp. Comm. Rev.35(3), 75–78 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mino, S.

Miyazawa, T.

Nakano, Y.

Ohyama, T.

Oyama, T.

Shinada, S.

Soganci, I. M.

Tanemura, T.

Wada, N.

Williams, K. A.

Wischik, D.

D. Wischik and N. McKeown, “Part I: Buffer sizes for core routers,” ACM SIGCOMM Comp. Comm. Rev.35(3), 75–78 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

Yoo, S. J. B.

Zhang, T.

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, “Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.24(4), 118–127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

ACM SIGCOMM Comp. Comm. Rev. (1)

D. Wischik and N. McKeown, “Part I: Buffer sizes for core routers,” ACM SIGCOMM Comp. Comm. Rev.35(3), 75–78 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (1)

T. Zhang, K. Lu, and J. P. Jue, “Shared fiber delay line buffers in asynchronous optical packet switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.24(4), 118–127 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

H. Harai, “Optical packet & circuit integrated network for future networks,” IEICE Trans. Commun.E95-B(3), 714–722 (2012).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Other (12)

“AKARI architecture conceptual design ver1.0 (2007),” http://akari-project.nict.go.jp/eng/index2.htm .

S. Das, G. Parulkar, N. McKeown, P. Singh, D. Getachew, and L. Ong, “Packet and circuit network convergence with OpenFlow,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (2010), no. OTuG1.

H. Wang, A. S. Garg, K. Bergman, and M. Glick, “Design and demonstration of an all-optical hybrid packet and circuit switched network platform for next generation data centers,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (2010), no. OTuP3.

D. Chiaroni, “Optical packet add/drop multiplexers for packet ring networks,” in Proc. 34th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2008), no. Th.2.E.1.

H. Furukawa, S. Shinada, T. Miyazawa, H. Harai, W. Kawasaki, T. Saito, K. Matsunaga, T. Toyozumi, and N. Wada, “A multi-ring optical packet and circuit integrated network with optical buffering,” in Proc. 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012), no. We.2.D.2.

Y. Awaji, H. Furukawa, N. Wada, P. Chan, and R. Man, “Mitigation of transient response of Erbium-doped fiber amplifier for traffic of high speed optical packets,” in Proc. Conf. on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2007), no. JTuA133.

K. Sone, S. Yoshida, Y. Kai, G. Nakagawa, G. Ishikawa, and S. Kinoshita, “High-speed 4×4 SOA switch subsystem for DWDM systems,” in Proc. 16th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (2011), no.8A2_2.

G. Nakagawa, Y. Kai, K. Sone, S. Yoshida, S. Tanaka, K. Morito, and S. Kinoshita, “Ultra-high extinction ratio and low cross talk characteristics of 4-array integrated SOA module with compact-packaging technologies,” in Proc. 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2011), no. Mo.2.LeSaleve.4.

H. Harai and N. Wada, “More than 10 Gbps photonic packet-switched networks using WDM-based packet compression,” in Proc. 8th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference pp. 703–704 (2003)

H. Furukawa, H. Harai, M. Ohta, and N. Wada, “Implementation of high-speed buffer management for asynchronous variable-length optical packet switch,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conference (2010), no. OWM4.

ITU-T Recommendation Y.1541.

H. Furukawa, H. Harai, N. Wada, T. Miyazaki, N. Takezawa, and K. Nashimoto, “A 31-FDL buffer based on trees of 1×8 PLZT optical switches, ” in Proc. 32nd European Conf. and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2006), no. Tu4.6.5.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Development roadmap of optical packet and circuit integrated networks.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Photograph and (b) configuration diagram of central 3 × 3 OPCI node with optical buffers.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Multi-ring optical packet and circuit integrated network testbed and transmission routes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a)–(d) Eye diagrams and Q-factors of one optical payload of 100 Gbps optical packets in 5-node hopping route from Node 2, measured at points (a)–(d) shown in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Spectrum waveform of multiplexed optical packets and optical paths measured at output of Node 2. (b) Temporal waveform of extracted 100 Gbps optical packets.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Error rates of 10GbE frames with various frame lengths transmitted by OPS and OCS links in 2, 3, 4, or 5 node hopping routes.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Optical packet sequences at input ports 1, 2, 3 and output port 1 of OPS system in buffering operation.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Packet count of switched optical packets to each delay line and discarded one by each input port in Case 1. (b) Average throughput at each input port, the total of the average throughput at three input ports and the packet loss rates in Case 1 and Case 2.

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