Abstract

We report on migrating multiple-lane link into an L-band VCSEL-based WDM system. Experimental validation achieves successful transmission over 10 km of SMF at 4x14Gbps. Inter-channel crosstalk penalty is observed to be less than 0.5 dB and a transmission penalty around 1 dB. The power budget margin ranges within 6 dB and 7 dB.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. H. Liu, C. F. Lam, and C. Johnson, “Scaling optical interconnects in datacenter networks opportunities and challenges for WDM,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 2010, 113 – 116.
  2. A. Vahdat, H. Liu, X. Zhao, and C. Johnson, “The emerging optical data center” in Proceedings of OFC/NOEFC ’11, Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OTuH2.
  3. C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “Power consumption evaluation of hybrid WDM PON networks for data centers,” in Proceedings of the 16th European Conference on Networks and Optical Communication (NOC), 2011, 118 – 121.
  4. DatacenterDynamics (DCD) white paper, “The 2011 census,” (DCD Industry CENSUS, 2011).
  5. InfiniBand Trade Association, 2012. http://www.infinibandta.org/index.php .
  6. Fiber Channel Industry Association, 2012. http://www.fibrechannel.org/roadmaps .
  7. H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, “WDM optical interconnects: a balanced design approach,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.15(6), 1565–1578 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Cheng, “Topics in VCSEL-based high-speed WDM optical interconnects,” in IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conference, 2008, 65–66.
  9. M. Haurylau, G. Chen, H. Chen, J. Zhang, N. A. Nelson, D. H. Albonesi, E. G. Friedman, and P. M. Fauchet, “On-chip optical interconnect roadmap: challenges and critical directions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1699–1705 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Rodes, J. Estaran, B. Li, M. Mueller, J. B. Jensen, T. Gründl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. J. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Tafur Monroy, “100 Gb/s single VCSEL data transmission link,” in OFC/NOEFC’12, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5D.10.
  11. L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, R. Stone, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Demonstration of long-wavelength directly modulated VCSEL transmission using SOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(9), 1369–1371 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. FP7 European project GigaWam, “Next-generation WDM-PON enabling gigabit per-user data bandwidth”. http://www.gigawam.org/ .
  14. J. C. Charlier and S. Krüger, “Long-wavelength VCSELs ready to benefit 40/100-GbE modules,” Lightwave®, 2012. http://www.lightwaveonline.com/articles/print/volume-28/issue-6/technology/long-wavelength-vcsel-technology-improves.html .
  15. A. Ran, IEEE P802.3bj 100 Gb/s Backplane and Copper Cable TaskForce 14 January 2012.
  16. F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, “WDM optical interconnects: a balanced design approach,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.15(6), 1565–1578 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

M. Haurylau, G. Chen, H. Chen, J. Zhang, N. A. Nelson, D. H. Albonesi, E. G. Friedman, and P. M. Fauchet, “On-chip optical interconnect roadmap: challenges and critical directions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1699–1705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2002

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, R. Stone, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Demonstration of long-wavelength directly modulated VCSEL transmission using SOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(9), 1369–1371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Albonesi, D. H.

M. Haurylau, G. Chen, H. Chen, J. Zhang, N. A. Nelson, D. H. Albonesi, E. G. Friedman, and P. M. Fauchet, “On-chip optical interconnect roadmap: challenges and critical directions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1699–1705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boucart, J.

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Carico, R.

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.-H.

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, R. Stone, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Demonstration of long-wavelength directly modulated VCSEL transmission using SOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(9), 1369–1371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang, F.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, R. Stone, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Demonstration of long-wavelength directly modulated VCSEL transmission using SOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(9), 1369–1371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G.

M. Haurylau, G. Chen, H. Chen, J. Zhang, N. A. Nelson, D. H. Albonesi, E. G. Friedman, and P. M. Fauchet, “On-chip optical interconnect roadmap: challenges and critical directions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1699–1705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

M. Haurylau, G. Chen, H. Chen, J. Zhang, N. A. Nelson, D. H. Albonesi, E. G. Friedman, and P. M. Fauchet, “On-chip optical interconnect roadmap: challenges and critical directions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1699–1705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chrostowski, L.

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, R. Stone, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Demonstration of long-wavelength directly modulated VCSEL transmission using SOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(9), 1369–1371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Deogun, J. S.

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, “WDM optical interconnects: a balanced design approach,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.15(6), 1565–1578 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fauchet, P. M.

M. Haurylau, G. Chen, H. Chen, J. Zhang, N. A. Nelson, D. H. Albonesi, E. G. Friedman, and P. M. Fauchet, “On-chip optical interconnect roadmap: challenges and critical directions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1699–1705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Friedman, E. G.

M. Haurylau, G. Chen, H. Chen, J. Zhang, N. A. Nelson, D. H. Albonesi, E. G. Friedman, and P. M. Fauchet, “On-chip optical interconnect roadmap: challenges and critical directions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1699–1705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hamza, H. S.

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, “WDM optical interconnects: a balanced design approach,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.15(6), 1565–1578 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Haurylau, M.

M. Haurylau, G. Chen, H. Chen, J. Zhang, N. A. Nelson, D. H. Albonesi, E. G. Friedman, and P. M. Fauchet, “On-chip optical interconnect roadmap: challenges and critical directions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1699–1705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, M.

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kner, P.

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. S.

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mizuochi, T.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nabiev, R. F.

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, N. A.

M. Haurylau, G. Chen, H. Chen, J. Zhang, N. A. Nelson, D. H. Albonesi, E. G. Friedman, and P. M. Fauchet, “On-chip optical interconnect roadmap: challenges and critical directions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1699–1705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Onohara, K.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Scheffel, L.

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stone, R.

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, R. Stone, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Demonstration of long-wavelength directly modulated VCSEL transmission using SOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(9), 1369–1371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stone, R. J.

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Worland, D. P.

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yuen, W.

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

M. Haurylau, G. Chen, H. Chen, J. Zhang, N. A. Nelson, D. H. Albonesi, E. G. Friedman, and P. M. Fauchet, “On-chip optical interconnect roadmap: challenges and critical directions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1699–1705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

R. J. Stone, R. F. Nabiev, J. Boucart, W. Yuen, P. Kner, G. S. Li, R. Carico, L. Scheffel, M. Jansen, D. P. Worland, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “50 km error-free 10 Gbit/s WDM transmission using directly modulated long-wavelength VCSELs,” Electron. Lett.36(21), 1793–1794 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. Haurylau, G. Chen, H. Chen, J. Zhang, N. A. Nelson, D. H. Albonesi, E. G. Friedman, and P. M. Fauchet, “On-chip optical interconnect roadmap: challenges and critical directions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(6), 1699–1705 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

L. Chrostowski, C.-H. Chang, R. Stone, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Demonstration of long-wavelength directly modulated VCSEL transmission using SOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(9), 1369–1371 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.

H. S. Hamza and J. S. Deogun, “WDM optical interconnects: a balanced design approach,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.15(6), 1565–1578 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. Cheng, “Topics in VCSEL-based high-speed WDM optical interconnects,” in IEEE Avionics, Fiber-Optics and Photonics Technology Conference, 2008, 65–66.

R. Rodes, J. Estaran, B. Li, M. Mueller, J. B. Jensen, T. Gründl, M. Ortsiefer, C. Neumeyr, J. Rosskopf, K. J. Larsen, M. Amann, and I. Tafur Monroy, “100 Gb/s single VCSEL data transmission link,” in OFC/NOEFC’12, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5D.10.

H. Liu, C. F. Lam, and C. Johnson, “Scaling optical interconnects in datacenter networks opportunities and challenges for WDM,” in Proceedings of the 18th Annual Symposium on High Performance Interconnects, 2010, 113 – 116.

A. Vahdat, H. Liu, X. Zhao, and C. Johnson, “The emerging optical data center” in Proceedings of OFC/NOEFC ’11, Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA, 2011, OTuH2.

C. Kachris and I. Tomkos, “Power consumption evaluation of hybrid WDM PON networks for data centers,” in Proceedings of the 16th European Conference on Networks and Optical Communication (NOC), 2011, 118 – 121.

DatacenterDynamics (DCD) white paper, “The 2011 census,” (DCD Industry CENSUS, 2011).

InfiniBand Trade Association, 2012. http://www.infinibandta.org/index.php .

Fiber Channel Industry Association, 2012. http://www.fibrechannel.org/roadmaps .

FP7 European project GigaWam, “Next-generation WDM-PON enabling gigabit per-user data bandwidth”. http://www.gigawam.org/ .

J. C. Charlier and S. Krüger, “Long-wavelength VCSELs ready to benefit 40/100-GbE modules,” Lightwave®, 2012. http://www.lightwaveonline.com/articles/print/volume-28/issue-6/technology/long-wavelength-vcsel-technology-improves.html .

A. Ran, IEEE P802.3bj 100 Gb/s Backplane and Copper Cable TaskForce 14 January 2012.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Datacenter & Storage network topology migration. Multilane/multilink physical point-to-point (P2P) connections (top). L-band VCSEL-based WDM system (bottom).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

L-I-V curve of VCSEL#3 and monitor diode (MD) current.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tuning characteristics with respect to bias current and temperature of VCSEL#2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Illustration of a normalized digital eye diagram before bias current correction (a) and after bias current correction (b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup. Pulse pattern generator (PPG), array waveguide grating (AWG), single mode fiber (SMF), digital storage oscilloscope (DSO), digital signal processing (DSP).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Electrical 4-PAM signal (a). Optical 4-PAM signal after the VCSEL (b). Electrical 4-PAM after the photodiode (c).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Averaged BER versus received optical power.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Histogram of four-channel transmission frame (32767 bits) at −15dBm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Bias current and their corresponding wavelength interval delimiters for each VCSEL.

Metrics