Abstract

Single quantum dot laser has earned extensive interest due to its peculiar properties, however, most of works are focused on the resonant case. In this paper, the lasing oscillation based on off-resonant quantum dot (QD)-cavity system is investigated detailedly through two-electrons QD model. By gradually increasing the pump rate, the typical lasing signatures are shown with and without detuning, include the spectral transition from multiple peaks to single peak, and antibunching to Poissonian distribution. It is also demonstrated how detuning factor strongly influence photon statistics and emission properties, specially, the side peak of spectra induced by the exchange energy (named “sub-peak”) will go across the main peak from left to right when the detuning is gradually increased, and, furthermore, we find the “sub-peak cross of spectra” will facilitate the lasing oscillation because of the existence of exchange energy.

© 2012 OSA

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. M. Lorke, J. Seebeck, T. R. Nielsen, P. Gartner, and F. Jahnke, “Excitation dependence of the homogeneous linewidths in quantum dots,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (c) 3, 2393–2396 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  24. T. Tawara, I. Suemune, and H. Kumano, “Strong coupling of CdS quantum dots to confined photonic modes in ZnSe-based microcavities,” Physica E 13, 403–407 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  25. G. Björk, A. Karlsson, and Y. Yamamoto, “Definition of a laser threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 1675–1680 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. G. Björk, A. Karlsson, and Y. Yamamoto, “Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2386–2396 (1991).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (4)

A. Auffèves, D. Gerace, J. M. Gérard, M. F. Santos, L. C. Andreani, and J.-P. Poizat, “Controlling the dynamics of a coupled atom-cavity system by pure dephasing,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 245419 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Laser oscillation in a strongly coupled single-quantum-dot–nanocavity system,” Nat. Phys. 6, 279–283 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Ritter, P. Gartner, C. Gies, and F. Jahnke, “Emission properties and photon statistics of a single quantum dot laser,” Opt. Express 18, 9909–9921 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Photonic crystal nanocavity laser with a single quantum dot gain,” Opt. Express 17, 15975–15982 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Yao, P. Pathak, V. Rao, and S. Hughes, “Theory and design of chip-based quantum light sources using planar photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7211, 72110B (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Laucht, N. Hauke, J. M. Villas-Bôas, F. Hofbauer, G. Böhm, M. Kaniber, and J. J. Finley, “Dephasing of exciton polaritons in photoexcited InGaAs quantum dots in GaAs nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 087405 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

S. Reitzenstein, T. Heindel, C. Kistner, A. Rahimi-Iman, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Low threshold electrically pumped quantum dot-micropillar lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061104 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. P. Laussy, E. del Valle, and C. Tejedor, “Strong coupling of quantum dots in microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 083601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, “Influence of a single quantum dot state on the characteristics of a microdisk laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

S. Noda, “Seeking the Ultimate Nanolaser,” Science 314, 260–261 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lorke, J. Seebeck, T. R. Nielsen, P. Gartner, and F. Jahnke, “Excitation dependence of the homogeneous linewidths in quantum dots,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (c) 3, 2393–2396 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaître, J. Hours, J. M. Gérard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. Shchekin, and D. Deppe, “Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. JP Reithmaier, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. Keldysh, V. Kulakovskii, and A. TL Reinecke, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot–semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Baer, P. Gartner, and F. Jahnke, “Coulomb effects in semiconductor quantum dots,” Eur. Phys. J. B 42, 231–237 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Peter, J. Hours, P. Senellart, A. Vasanelli, A. Cavanna, J. Bloch, and J. M. Gérard, “Phonon sidebands in exciton and biexciton emission from single GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 041307 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

T. Tawara, I. Suemune, and H. Kumano, “Strong coupling of CdS quantum dots to confined photonic modes in ZnSe-based microcavities,” Physica E 13, 403–407 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Mabuchi and A. Doherty, “Cavity quantum electrodynamics: Coherence in context,” Science 298, 1372–1377 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

E. Moreau, I. Robert, J. Gérard, I. Abram, L. Manin, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Single-mode solid-state single photon source based on isolated quantum dots in pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2865–2867 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. Rontani, F. Rossi, F. Manghi, and E. Molinari, “Coulomb correlation effects in semiconductor quantum dots: The role of dimensionality,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 10165–10175 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

G. Björk, A. Karlsson, and Y. Yamamoto, “Definition of a laser threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 1675–1680 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

Y. Mu and C. M. Savage, “One-atom lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 5944–5954 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

G. Björk, A. Karlsson, and Y. Yamamoto, “Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2386–2396 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Bigot, M. T. Portella, R. W. Schoenlein, J. E. Cunningham, and C. V. Shank, “Two-dimensional carrier-carrier screening in a quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 636–639 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abram, I.

E. Moreau, I. Robert, J. Gérard, I. Abram, L. Manin, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Single-mode solid-state single photon source based on isolated quantum dots in pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2865–2867 (2001).
[Crossref]

Andreani, L. C.

A. Auffèves, D. Gerace, J. M. Gérard, M. F. Santos, L. C. Andreani, and J.-P. Poizat, “Controlling the dynamics of a coupled atom-cavity system by pure dephasing,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 245419 (2010).
[Crossref]

Arakawa, Y.

M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Laser oscillation in a strongly coupled single-quantum-dot–nanocavity system,” Nat. Phys. 6, 279–283 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Photonic crystal nanocavity laser with a single quantum dot gain,” Opt. Express 17, 15975–15982 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atature, M.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Auffèves, A.

A. Auffèves, D. Gerace, J. M. Gérard, M. F. Santos, L. C. Andreani, and J.-P. Poizat, “Controlling the dynamics of a coupled atom-cavity system by pure dephasing,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 245419 (2010).
[Crossref]

Badolato, A.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baer, N.

N. Baer, P. Gartner, and F. Jahnke, “Coulomb effects in semiconductor quantum dots,” Eur. Phys. J. B 42, 231–237 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bigot, J. Y.

J. Y. Bigot, M. T. Portella, R. W. Schoenlein, J. E. Cunningham, and C. V. Shank, “Two-dimensional carrier-carrier screening in a quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 636–639 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Björk, G.

G. Björk, A. Karlsson, and Y. Yamamoto, “Definition of a laser threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 1675–1680 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Björk, A. Karlsson, and Y. Yamamoto, “Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2386–2396 (1991).
[Crossref]

Bloch, J.

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaître, J. Hours, J. M. Gérard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Peter, J. Hours, P. Senellart, A. Vasanelli, A. Cavanna, J. Bloch, and J. M. Gérard, “Phonon sidebands in exciton and biexciton emission from single GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 041307 (2004).
[Crossref]

Böhm, G.

A. Laucht, N. Hauke, J. M. Villas-Bôas, F. Hofbauer, G. Böhm, M. Kaniber, and J. J. Finley, “Dephasing of exciton polaritons in photoexcited InGaAs quantum dots in GaAs nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 087405 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, H.

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, “Influence of a single quantum dot state on the characteristics of a microdisk laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cavanna, A.

E. Peter, J. Hours, P. Senellart, A. Vasanelli, A. Cavanna, J. Bloch, and J. M. Gérard, “Phonon sidebands in exciton and biexciton emission from single GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 041307 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cunningham, J. E.

J. Y. Bigot, M. T. Portella, R. W. Schoenlein, J. E. Cunningham, and C. V. Shank, “Two-dimensional carrier-carrier screening in a quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 636–639 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

del Valle, E.

F. P. Laussy, E. del Valle, and C. Tejedor, “Strong coupling of quantum dots in microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 083601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deppe, D.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. Shchekin, and D. Deppe, “Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doherty, A.

H. Mabuchi and A. Doherty, “Cavity quantum electrodynamics: Coherence in context,” Science 298, 1372–1377 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. Shchekin, and D. Deppe, “Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Falt, S.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, W.

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, “Influence of a single quantum dot state on the characteristics of a microdisk laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fattal, D.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Finley, J. J.

A. Laucht, N. Hauke, J. M. Villas-Bôas, F. Hofbauer, G. Böhm, M. Kaniber, and J. J. Finley, “Dephasing of exciton polaritons in photoexcited InGaAs quantum dots in GaAs nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 087405 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Florian, M.

Forchel, A.

P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Reitzenstein, T. Heindel, C. Kistner, A. Rahimi-Iman, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Low threshold electrically pumped quantum dot-micropillar lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Franeck, P.

P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gartner, P.

C. Gies, M. Florian, P. Gartner, and F. Jahnke, “The single quantum dot-laser: lasing and strong coupling in the high-excitation regime,” Opt. Express 19, 14370–14388 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ritter, P. Gartner, C. Gies, and F. Jahnke, “Emission properties and photon statistics of a single quantum dot laser,” Opt. Express 18, 9909–9921 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lorke, J. Seebeck, T. R. Nielsen, P. Gartner, and F. Jahnke, “Excitation dependence of the homogeneous linewidths in quantum dots,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (c) 3, 2393–2396 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. Baer, P. Gartner, and F. Jahnke, “Coulomb effects in semiconductor quantum dots,” Eur. Phys. J. B 42, 231–237 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gerace, D.

A. Auffèves, D. Gerace, J. M. Gérard, M. F. Santos, L. C. Andreani, and J.-P. Poizat, “Controlling the dynamics of a coupled atom-cavity system by pure dephasing,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 245419 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gérard, J.

E. Moreau, I. Robert, J. Gérard, I. Abram, L. Manin, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Single-mode solid-state single photon source based on isolated quantum dots in pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2865–2867 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gérard, J. M.

A. Auffèves, D. Gerace, J. M. Gérard, M. F. Santos, L. C. Andreani, and J.-P. Poizat, “Controlling the dynamics of a coupled atom-cavity system by pure dephasing,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 245419 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaître, J. Hours, J. M. Gérard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Peter, J. Hours, P. Senellart, A. Vasanelli, A. Cavanna, J. Bloch, and J. M. Gérard, “Phonon sidebands in exciton and biexciton emission from single GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 041307 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gibbs, H.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. Shchekin, and D. Deppe, “Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gies, C.

Götzinger, S.

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, “Influence of a single quantum dot state on the characteristics of a microdisk laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gulde, S.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hauke, N.

A. Laucht, N. Hauke, J. M. Villas-Bôas, F. Hofbauer, G. Böhm, M. Kaniber, and J. J. Finley, “Dephasing of exciton polaritons in photoexcited InGaAs quantum dots in GaAs nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 087405 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
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S. Reitzenstein, T. Heindel, C. Kistner, A. Rahimi-Iman, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Low threshold electrically pumped quantum dot-micropillar lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061104 (2008).
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T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. Shchekin, and D. Deppe, “Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
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A. Laucht, N. Hauke, J. M. Villas-Bôas, F. Hofbauer, G. Böhm, M. Kaniber, and J. J. Finley, “Dephasing of exciton polaritons in photoexcited InGaAs quantum dots in GaAs nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 087405 (2009).
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P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
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S. Reitzenstein, T. Heindel, C. Kistner, A. Rahimi-Iman, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Low threshold electrically pumped quantum dot-micropillar lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061104 (2008).
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G. JP Reithmaier, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. Keldysh, V. Kulakovskii, and A. TL Reinecke, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot–semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
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E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaître, J. Hours, J. M. Gérard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
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E. Peter, J. Hours, P. Senellart, A. Vasanelli, A. Cavanna, J. Bloch, and J. M. Gérard, “Phonon sidebands in exciton and biexciton emission from single GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 041307 (2004).
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K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
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P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
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P. Yao, P. Pathak, V. Rao, and S. Hughes, “Theory and design of chip-based quantum light sources using planar photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7211, 72110B (2009).
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P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
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K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
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M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Laser oscillation in a strongly coupled single-quantum-dot–nanocavity system,” Nat. Phys. 6, 279–283 (2010).
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M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Photonic crystal nanocavity laser with a single quantum dot gain,” Opt. Express 17, 15975–15982 (2009).
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G. JP Reithmaier, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. Keldysh, V. Kulakovskii, and A. TL Reinecke, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot–semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
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T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. Shchekin, and D. Deppe, “Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
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S. Reitzenstein, T. Heindel, C. Kistner, A. Rahimi-Iman, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Low threshold electrically pumped quantum dot-micropillar lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061104 (2008).
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G. JP Reithmaier, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. Keldysh, V. Kulakovskii, and A. TL Reinecke, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot–semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
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G. JP Reithmaier, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. Keldysh, V. Kulakovskii, and A. TL Reinecke, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot–semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
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M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Laser oscillation in a strongly coupled single-quantum-dot–nanocavity system,” Nat. Phys. 6, 279–283 (2010).
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M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Photonic crystal nanocavity laser with a single quantum dot gain,” Opt. Express 17, 15975–15982 (2009).
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T. Tawara, I. Suemune, and H. Kumano, “Strong coupling of CdS quantum dots to confined photonic modes in ZnSe-based microcavities,” Physica E 13, 403–407 (2002).
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A. Laucht, N. Hauke, J. M. Villas-Bôas, F. Hofbauer, G. Böhm, M. Kaniber, and J. J. Finley, “Dephasing of exciton polaritons in photoexcited InGaAs quantum dots in GaAs nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 087405 (2009).
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F. P. Laussy, E. del Valle, and C. Tejedor, “Strong coupling of quantum dots in microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 083601 (2008).
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P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
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G. JP Reithmaier, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. Keldysh, V. Kulakovskii, and A. TL Reinecke, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot–semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
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M. Lorke, J. Seebeck, T. R. Nielsen, P. Gartner, and F. Jahnke, “Excitation dependence of the homogeneous linewidths in quantum dots,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (c) 3, 2393–2396 (2006).
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E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaître, J. Hours, J. M. Gérard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
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E. Moreau, I. Robert, J. Gérard, I. Abram, L. Manin, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Single-mode solid-state single photon source based on isolated quantum dots in pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2865–2867 (2001).
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Y. Mu and C. M. Savage, “One-atom lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 5944–5954 (1992).
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P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
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M. Lorke, J. Seebeck, T. R. Nielsen, P. Gartner, and F. Jahnke, “Excitation dependence of the homogeneous linewidths in quantum dots,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (c) 3, 2393–2396 (2006).
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M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Laser oscillation in a strongly coupled single-quantum-dot–nanocavity system,” Nat. Phys. 6, 279–283 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Photonic crystal nanocavity laser with a single quantum dot gain,” Opt. Express 17, 15975–15982 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ota, Y.

M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Laser oscillation in a strongly coupled single-quantum-dot–nanocavity system,” Nat. Phys. 6, 279–283 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Iwamoto, Y. Ota, and Y. Arakawa, “Photonic crystal nanocavity laser with a single quantum dot gain,” Opt. Express 17, 15975–15982 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pathak, P.

P. Yao, P. Pathak, V. Rao, and S. Hughes, “Theory and design of chip-based quantum light sources using planar photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7211, 72110B (2009).
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Pathak, P. K.

P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
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E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaître, J. Hours, J. M. Gérard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Peter, J. Hours, P. Senellart, A. Vasanelli, A. Cavanna, J. Bloch, and J. M. Gérard, “Phonon sidebands in exciton and biexciton emission from single GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 041307 (2004).
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A. Auffèves, D. Gerace, J. M. Gérard, M. F. Santos, L. C. Andreani, and J.-P. Poizat, “Controlling the dynamics of a coupled atom-cavity system by pure dephasing,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 245419 (2010).
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J. Y. Bigot, M. T. Portella, R. W. Schoenlein, J. E. Cunningham, and C. V. Shank, “Two-dimensional carrier-carrier screening in a quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 636–639 (1991).
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S. Reitzenstein, T. Heindel, C. Kistner, A. Rahimi-Iman, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Low threshold electrically pumped quantum dot-micropillar lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061104 (2008).
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P. Yao, P. Pathak, V. Rao, and S. Hughes, “Theory and design of chip-based quantum light sources using planar photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7211, 72110B (2009).
[Crossref]

Reinecke, A. TL

G. JP Reithmaier, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. Keldysh, V. Kulakovskii, and A. TL Reinecke, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot–semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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G. JP Reithmaier, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. Keldysh, V. Kulakovskii, and A. TL Reinecke, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot–semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reitzenstein, S.

P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Reitzenstein, T. Heindel, C. Kistner, A. Rahimi-Iman, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Low threshold electrically pumped quantum dot-micropillar lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061104 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. JP Reithmaier, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. Keldysh, V. Kulakovskii, and A. TL Reinecke, “Strong coupling in a single quantum dot–semiconductor microcavity system,” Nature 432, 197–200 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ritter, S.

Robert, I.

E. Moreau, I. Robert, J. Gérard, I. Abram, L. Manin, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Single-mode solid-state single photon source based on isolated quantum dots in pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2865–2867 (2001).
[Crossref]

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M. Rontani, F. Rossi, F. Manghi, and E. Molinari, “Coulomb correlation effects in semiconductor quantum dots: The role of dimensionality,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 10165–10175 (1999).
[Crossref]

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M. Rontani, F. Rossi, F. Manghi, and E. Molinari, “Coulomb correlation effects in semiconductor quantum dots: The role of dimensionality,” Phys. Rev. B 59, 10165–10175 (1999).
[Crossref]

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T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. Shchekin, and D. Deppe, “Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
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C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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A. Auffèves, D. Gerace, J. M. Gérard, M. F. Santos, L. C. Andreani, and J.-P. Poizat, “Controlling the dynamics of a coupled atom-cavity system by pure dephasing,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 245419 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Y. Mu and C. M. Savage, “One-atom lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 5944–5954 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. Shchekin, and D. Deppe, “Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schneider, C.

S. Reitzenstein, T. Heindel, C. Kistner, A. Rahimi-Iman, C. Schneider, S. Höfling, and A. Forchel, “Low threshold electrically pumped quantum dot-micropillar lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 061104 (2008).
[Crossref]

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J. Y. Bigot, M. T. Portella, R. W. Schoenlein, J. E. Cunningham, and C. V. Shank, “Two-dimensional carrier-carrier screening in a quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 636–639 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seebeck, J.

M. Lorke, J. Seebeck, T. R. Nielsen, P. Gartner, and F. Jahnke, “Excitation dependence of the homogeneous linewidths in quantum dots,” Phys. Stat. Sol. (c) 3, 2393–2396 (2006).
[Crossref]

Senellart, P.

E. Peter, P. Senellart, D. Martrou, A. Lemaître, J. Hours, J. M. Gérard, and J. Bloch, “Exciton-photon strong-coupling regime for a single quantum dot embedded in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 067401 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Peter, J. Hours, P. Senellart, A. Vasanelli, A. Cavanna, J. Bloch, and J. M. Gérard, “Phonon sidebands in exciton and biexciton emission from single GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 041307 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shank, C. V.

J. Y. Bigot, M. T. Portella, R. W. Schoenlein, J. E. Cunningham, and C. V. Shank, “Two-dimensional carrier-carrier screening in a quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 636–639 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shchekin, O.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. Shchekin, and D. Deppe, “Vacuum rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity,” Nature 432, 200–203 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solomon, G. S.

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, “Influence of a single quantum dot state on the characteristics of a microdisk laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suemune, I.

T. Tawara, I. Suemune, and H. Kumano, “Strong coupling of CdS quantum dots to confined photonic modes in ZnSe-based microcavities,” Physica E 13, 403–407 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tawara, T.

T. Tawara, I. Suemune, and H. Kumano, “Strong coupling of CdS quantum dots to confined photonic modes in ZnSe-based microcavities,” Physica E 13, 403–407 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tejedor, C.

F. P. Laussy, E. del Valle, and C. Tejedor, “Strong coupling of quantum dots in microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 083601 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thierry-Mieg, V.

E. Moreau, I. Robert, J. Gérard, I. Abram, L. Manin, and V. Thierry-Mieg, “Single-mode solid-state single photon source based on isolated quantum dots in pillar microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2865–2867 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vasanelli, A.

E. Peter, J. Hours, P. Senellart, A. Vasanelli, A. Cavanna, J. Bloch, and J. M. Gérard, “Phonon sidebands in exciton and biexciton emission from single GaAs quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 041307 (2004).
[Crossref]

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A. Laucht, N. Hauke, J. M. Villas-Bôas, F. Hofbauer, G. Böhm, M. Kaniber, and J. J. Finley, “Dephasing of exciton polaritons in photoexcited InGaAs quantum dots in GaAs nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 087405 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vuckovic, J.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, “Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device,” Nature 419, 594–597 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Winger, M.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atature, S. Gulde, S. Falt, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamoglu, “Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system,” Nature 445, 896–899 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Worschech, L.

P. Yao, P. K. Pathak, E. Illes, S. Hughes, S. Münch, S. Reitzenstein, P. Franeck, A. Löffler, T. Heindel, S. Höfling, L. Worschech, and A. Forchel, “Nonlinear photoluminescence spectra from a quantum-dot cavity system: Interplay of pump-induced stimulated emission and anharmonic cavity QED,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 033309 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xie, Z. G.

Z. G. Xie, S. Götzinger, W. Fang, H. Cao, and G. S. Solomon, “Influence of a single quantum dot state on the characteristics of a microdisk laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 117401 (2007).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of semiconductor QD-microcavity system with QD’s energy levels.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photon emission spectra at selected pump rates. (a) P = 0.1, 0.15, 0.3, 1/ps from bottom to up for resonant case and (b–d) for non-resonant case at Δ = 2, 4, 6meV. For all curves, the decay rates of cavity is κ = 0.1/ps, the light-matter coupling constant g = 0.9/ps, the spontaneous emission rates γ23 = γ14 = 0.01/ps, and the pure dephasing rate is Γpd = 0.035 meV. And Δω = ωωc in all the plots.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Steady-state mean photon number 〈n〉 vs. pump rate P. (b) Second-order photon correlation function g(2)(0) versus pump rate P. (c) Normalized second-order correlation function g(2)(τ) versus the delay time τ at P = 1000/ps. The inset is for Esp = 3.3 meV, γ12 = γ34 = 0.05 meV in our model without considering the pure dephasing processes. (d) The laser threshold versus detuning between QD and cavity, the inset is the enlarged plot of the laser threshold where the red rectangle dot indicates the optimum value of laser threshold. For Fig. 3(a–c): the black lines correspond to resonant case; for the green lines, Δ = 2meV; in comparison, Δ = 1meV (Δ = −1meV) is used for the solid (dashed) purple lines and Δ = 5meV for the blue lines. Other parameters are the same as Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photon emission spectrum for selected pump rates. (a) P = 0.1/ps (semi-logarithmic plot). (b) P = 500/ps (linear plot). From bottom-to-top s-exciton-cavity detuning is chosen as Δ = (−5, −2, −1, 0, 1, 2, 5)meV in both subfigure. Lines are vertically displaced. The inset in (a) is the simulation results of Fig. 3(b) in [7] when Δλ = −0.03nm, the same parameters as the experiment are used in our model except the coupling constant g = 0.3meV. For all curves, the other parameters are the same as Fig. 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Steady-state mean photon number 〈n〉 vs. pump rate P. (b) Second-order photon correlation function g(2)(0) versus pump rate P. The black solid lines correspond to Esp = 0meV. For the red dashed lines Esp = 2.5 meV. In comparison, Esp = 5 meV is used for the blue dash-dotted lines. For all curves, the other parameters are set as Fig. 2 except Δ = 0.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Steady-state mean photon number 〈n〉 vs. pump rate P. The inset is the mean photon number at steady value versus detuning, and the red rectangle dot indicates the maximum value at Δ = 4meV. (b) Second-order photon correlation function g(2)(0) versus pump rate P. The black lines correspond to resonant case; the solid/dashed purple lines is for Δ = 1meV/ − 1meV, the green lines Δ = 2meV, the red lines Δ = 4meV and the blue lines Δ = 5meV. Other parameters are the same as Fig. 2 except that γ12 = γ34 = 1 meV, Esp = 2 meV.

Equations (3)

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d ρ d t = i h ¯ [ H s , ρ ] + ( ρ ) ,
H s = h ¯ g [ b a 2 a 3 exp ( i Δ t ) + b a 3 a 2 exp ( i Δ t ) ] E s p [ n 3 n 4 + ( 1 n 1 ) ( 1 n 2 ) ] ,
( ρ ) = ( i , j ) γ i j 2 ( 2 a i a j ρ a j a i a j a i a i a j ρ ρ a j a i a i a j ) + κ 2 ( 2 b ρ b b b ρ ρ b b ) + Γ p d 2 ( 2 a 3 a 3 ρ a 3 a 3 a 3 a 3 a 3 a 3 ρ ρ a 3 a 3 a 3 a 3 ) + Γ p d 2 ( 2 a 2 a 2 ρ a 2 a 2 a 2 a 2 a 2 a 2 ρ ρ a 2 a 2 a 2 a 2 ) ,

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