Abstract

We report on the spatially resolved full amplitude and phase characterization of mid-infrared high intensity laser pulses generated in a three stage OPA. We use a spatially-encoded arrangement (SEA-)SPIDER with spectral filters for ancilla generation for spatially resolved characterization. Using five interchangeable filter sets we are able to characterize pulses from 1 to 2 μm with one single device with minimal adjustments.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 034686 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.10, 35–48 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Shiner, B. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, P. Corkum, J. Kieffer, F. Lgar, and D. Villeneuve, “Observation of cooper minimum in krypton using high harmonic spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.45, 074010 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.74, 1–18 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Cerullo, a. Baltuka, O. Mcke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Laser Photon. Rev.5, 323–351 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O. Chalus, P. K. Bates, M. Smolarski, and J. Biegert, “Mid-IR short-pulse OPCPA with micro-joule energy at 100kHz,” Opt. Express17, 3587–3594 (2009).
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  12. C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Joffre, “Generation and complete characterization of intense mid-infrared ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.23, 332–340 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. M. Kosik, A. S. Radunsky, I. A. Walmsley, and C. Dorrer, “Interferometric technique for measuring broadband ultrashort pulsesat the sampling limit,” Opt. Lett.30, 326–328 (2005).
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  14. T. Witting, F. Frank, C. A. Arrell, W. A. Okell, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Characterization of high-intensity sub-4-fs laser pulses using spatially encoded spectral shearing interferometry,” Opt. Lett.36, 1680–1682 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. R. Austin, T. Witting, and I. A. Walmsley, “Broadband astigmatism-free czerny-turner imaging spectrometer using spherical mirrors,” Appl. Opt.48, 3846–3853 (2009).
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  16. T. Witting, D. R. Austin, and I. A. Walmsley, “Improved ancilla preparation in spectral shearing interferometry for accurate ultrafast pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett.34, 881–883 (2009).
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  17. C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, “Direct space time-characterization of the electric fields of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett.27, 548–550 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. Dorrer, E. Kosik, and I. Walmsley, “Spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B74, s209–s217 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Wyatt, A. Grn, P. Bates, O. Chalus, J. Biegert, and I. Walmsley, “Accuracy measurements and improvement for complete characterization of optical pulses from nonlinear processes via multiple spectral-shearing interferometry,” Opt. Express19, 25355–25366 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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2012 (1)

A. Shiner, B. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, P. Corkum, J. Kieffer, F. Lgar, and D. Villeneuve, “Observation of cooper minimum in krypton using high harmonic spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.45, 074010 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, and J. Biegert, “Ultrashort pulse characterization in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Lett.35, 1377–1379 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

2007 (1)

J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.10, 35–48 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Joffre, “Generation and complete characterization of intense mid-infrared ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.23, 332–340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.74, 1–18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

C. Dorrer, E. M. Kosik, and I. A. Walmsley, “Direct space time-characterization of the electric fields of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett.27, 548–550 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Dorrer, E. Kosik, and I. Walmsley, “Spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B74, s209–s217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

Arrell, C. A.

Austin, D. R.

Baker, S.

J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.10, 35–48 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuka, a.

G. Cerullo, a. Baltuka, O. Mcke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Laser Photon. Rev.5, 323–351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bates, P.

Bates, P. K.

Beddard, T.

Biegert, J.

Bisson, R.

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bjot, P.

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. T. A.

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo, a. Baltuka, O. Mcke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Laser Photon. Rev.5, 323–351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.74, 1–18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chalus, O.

Corkum, P.

A. Shiner, B. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, P. Corkum, J. Kieffer, F. Lgar, and D. Villeneuve, “Observation of cooper minimum in krypton using high harmonic spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.45, 074010 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Joffre, “Generation and complete characterization of intense mid-infrared ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.23, 332–340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.74, 1–18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

Frank, F.

Fraser, J. M.

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Joffre, “Generation and complete characterization of intense mid-infrared ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.23, 332–340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gigure, M.

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grn, A.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 034686 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Joffre, M.

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Joffre, “Generation and complete characterization of intense mid-infrared ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.23, 332–340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kajumba, N.

J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.10, 35–48 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasparian, J.

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J.

A. Shiner, B. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, P. Corkum, J. Kieffer, F. Lgar, and D. Villeneuve, “Observation of cooper minimum in krypton using high harmonic spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.45, 074010 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J.-C.

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kosik, E.

C. Dorrer, E. Kosik, and I. Walmsley, “Spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B74, s209–s217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kosik, E. M.

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 034686 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krumbuegel, M. A.

Lgar, F.

A. Shiner, B. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, P. Corkum, J. Kieffer, F. Lgar, and D. Villeneuve, “Observation of cooper minimum in krypton using high harmonic spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.45, 074010 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Likforman, J.-P.

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Joffre, “Generation and complete characterization of intense mid-infrared ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.23, 332–340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loza-Alvarez, P.

Marangos, J. P.

T. Witting, F. Frank, C. A. Arrell, W. A. Okell, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Characterization of high-intensity sub-4-fs laser pulses using spatially encoded spectral shearing interferometry,” Opt. Lett.36, 1680–1682 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.10, 35–48 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mcke, O.

G. Cerullo, a. Baltuka, O. Mcke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Laser Photon. Rev.5, 323–351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Okell, W. A.

Radunsky, A. S.

Reid, D. T.

Richman, B. A.

Robinson, J. S.

J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.10, 35–48 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, B.

A. Shiner, B. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, P. Corkum, J. Kieffer, F. Lgar, and D. Villeneuve, “Observation of cooper minimum in krypton using high harmonic spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.45, 074010 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. E.

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shiner, A.

A. Shiner, B. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, P. Corkum, J. Kieffer, F. Lgar, and D. Villeneuve, “Observation of cooper minimum in krypton using high harmonic spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.45, 074010 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shiner, A. D.

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Smolarski, M.

Tisch, J. W. G.

T. Witting, F. Frank, C. A. Arrell, W. A. Okell, J. P. Marangos, and J. W. G. Tisch, “Characterization of high-intensity sub-4-fs laser pulses using spatially encoded spectral shearing interferometry,” Opt. Lett.36, 1680–1682 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.10, 35–48 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torres, R.

J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.10, 35–48 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trallero-Herrero, C.

A. Shiner, B. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, P. Corkum, J. Kieffer, F. Lgar, and D. Villeneuve, “Observation of cooper minimum in krypton using high harmonic spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.45, 074010 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Ventalon, C.

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Joffre, “Generation and complete characterization of intense mid-infrared ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.23, 332–340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D.

A. Shiner, B. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, P. Corkum, J. Kieffer, F. Lgar, and D. Villeneuve, “Observation of cooper minimum in krypton using high harmonic spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.45, 074010 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D. M.

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Joffre, “Generation and complete characterization of intense mid-infrared ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.23, 332–340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

G. Cerullo, a. Baltuka, O. Mcke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Laser Photon. Rev.5, 323–351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I.

A. Wyatt, A. Grn, P. Bates, O. Chalus, J. Biegert, and I. Walmsley, “Accuracy measurements and improvement for complete characterization of optical pulses from nonlinear processes via multiple spectral-shearing interferometry,” Opt. Express19, 25355–25366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Dorrer, E. Kosik, and I. Walmsley, “Spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B74, s209–s217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Witting, T.

Wolf, J.-P.

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, A.

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Dorrer, E. Kosik, and I. Walmsley, “Spatio-temporal characterization of the electric field of ultrashort optical pulses using two-dimensional shearing interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B74, s209–s217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. E. Schmidt, P. Bjot, M. Gigure, A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, R. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D. M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and F. Lgar, “Compression of 1.8m laser pulses to sub two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, J.-P. Likforman, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and M. Joffre, “Generation and complete characterization of intense mid-infrared ultrashort pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.23, 332–340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

A. Shiner, B. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, P. Corkum, J. Kieffer, F. Lgar, and D. Villeneuve, “Observation of cooper minimum in krypton using high harmonic spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.45, 074010 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

G. Cerullo, a. Baltuka, O. Mcke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Laser Photon. Rev.5, 323–351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. P. Marangos, S. Baker, N. Kajumba, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, and R. Torres, “Dynamic imaging of molecules using high order harmonic generation,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.10, 35–48 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 034686 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.74, 1–18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Concept of the mid-IR SEA-F-SPIDER apparatus. Please refer to the text for a detailed explanation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ancilla filters tuning range: (a) transmitted beam center wavelength as function of filter angle, (b) Transmission spectra for normal incidence. (c) SPIDER signal wavelength (range indicated by blue lines); phasematching efficiency (50 μm BBO red solid line, 100 μm BBO red dashed line). Details in text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spatio-temporal reconstruction with SEA-SPIDER. (a) simulated spatio-temporal intensity |E(y, t)|2, (b) SEA-F-SPIDER reconstruction, (c) 1D marginals. For details please refer to the text.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SEA-F-SPIDER data trace for a 1450 nm test-pulse. 40 dB colour scale. 40 laser shots integration time

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spatially resolved pulse reconstruction for a 1.4 μm pulse. (a) to (e) spectral domain, (f) to (h) temporal domain. (a) Mean of 25 spectra |E(y, ω)|2 (40 dB colour scale). (b) Relative standard deviation of |E(y, ω)|2 in percent. (c) Mean of spectral phase 〈φ(y, ω)〉. (d) Standard deviation of phase σ[φ(y, ω)]. (e) Lineouts of the spectral intensity and phase at the yi positions indicated in (a) and (c) by the black dashed lines. The shaded area represents the ±1σ interval. (f) Fourier-limited temporal intensity |E(y, t)|2 (lin. colour scale). (g) Temporal intensity |E(y, t)|2 (lin. colour scale, same y-axis as (a) to (d)). (h) |E(yi, t)|2 for the spatial positions yi indicated by the dashed black horizontal lines in (a), (c), and (f)/(g). Black is the Fourier-limited pulse. The red curve is the actual pulse.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spatially resolved pulse reconstruction for a 1.9 μm pulse. For a description of the subplots see the caption of Fig. 5.

Equations (1)

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S ( y , ω ) = | E ( y , ω ) | 2 + | E ( y , ω Ω ) | 2 + 2 | E ( y , ω ) | | E ( y , ω Ω ) | × cos [ ϕ ( y , ω ) ϕ ( y , ω Ω ) + Δ k y ] ,

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