Abstract

We report on the first fabrication of a glass fiber based laser-induced crystalline waveguide. The glass and crystal are based on the stoichiometric composition of (La,Yb)BGeO5. A laser induced waveguide has been fabricated on the surface of a ribbon glass fiber using milliwatt-level continuous wave UV laser radiation at a fast scanning speed. Evidence of crystallinity in the created structure was observed using micro-Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Preliminary investigations on the waveguiding behavior and the nonlinear performance in the crystalline waveguide are reported.

© 2012 OSA

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2009 (2)

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Canagasabey, C. Corbari, A. V. Gladyshev, F. Liegeois, S. Guillemet, Y. Hernandez, M. V. Yashkov, A. Kosolapov, E. M. Dianov, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “High-average-power second-harmonic generation from periodically poled silica fibers,” Opt. Lett.34(16), 2483–2485 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

P. Gupta, H. Jain, D. B. Williams, T. Honma, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Creation of ferroelectric, single-crystal architecture in Sm0.5La0.5BGeO5 Glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.91(1), 110–114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

C. Coussa, C. Martinet, B. Champagnon, L. Grosvalet, D. Vouagner, and V. Sigaev, “In situ Raman spectroscopy of pressure-induced changes in LaBGeO(5) glass: hysteresis and plastic deformation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter19(26), 266220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

H. Jain, “Transparent ferroelectric glass-ceramics,” Ferroelectrics306(1), 111–127 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Smirnov, A. V. Menschikova, I. Kratochvilova-Hruba, and Z. Zikmund, “Lattice dynamics and phase transition in LaBGeO5,” Phys. Status Solidi241(5), 1017–1025 (2004) (b).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Second harmonic generation in transparent surface crystallized glasses with stillwellite-type LaBGeO5,” J. Appl. Phys.89(10), 5282 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Sato, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “YAG laser-induced crystalline dot patterning in samarium tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids289(1-3), 228–232 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

I. Hrubá, S. Kamba, J. Petzelt, I. Gregora, Z. Zikmund, D. Ivannikov, G. Komandin, A. Volkov, and B. Strukov, “Optical phonons and ferroelectric phase transition in the LaBGeO5 crystal,” Phys. Status Solidi214, 423–439 (1999) (b).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

J. Capmany and J. García Solé, “Second harmonic generation in LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(19), 2517–2519 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Todorovic and Lj. Radonjic, “Lithium-niobate ferroelectric material obtained by glass crystallization,” Ceram. Int.23(1), 55–60 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Y. Kao, Y. Hua, H. Zheng, J. D. Mackenzie, K. Perry, G. Bourhill, and J. W. Perry, “Second harmonic generation in transparent barium borate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids167(3), 247–254 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

B. M. Foley, P. Melman, and K. T. Vo, “Novel loss measurement technique for optical waveguides by imaging of scattered light,” Electron. Lett.28(6), 584–585 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Large second-order nonlinearity in poled fused silica,” Opt. Lett.16(22), 1732–1734 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, I. A. Maslyanizin, B. V. Mill, V. S. Mironov, S. P. Rozov, S. E. Sarkisov, and V. D. Shigorin, “Pure and Nd3+-, Pr3+-ion doped trigonal acentric LaBGeO5 single crystals nonlinear optical properties, Raman scattering, spectroscopy, crystal-field analysis, and simulated emission of their activators,” Phys. Status Solidi125(2), 671–696 (1991) (a).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter39(5), 3337–3350 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

1980 (1)

T. Furukawa and W. B. White, “Raman spectroscopic investigation of the structure and crystallization of binary alkali germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.15(7), 1648–1662 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

N. L. Boling, A. J. Glass, and A. Owyoung, “Empirical relationships for predicting non-linear refractive-index changes in optical solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.14(8), 601–608 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Adair, R.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter39(5), 3337–3350 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amezcua-Correa, A.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badding, J. V.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ballato, J.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Baril, N. F.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benino, Y.

P. Gupta, H. Jain, D. B. Williams, T. Honma, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Creation of ferroelectric, single-crystal architecture in Sm0.5La0.5BGeO5 Glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.91(1), 110–114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Second harmonic generation in transparent surface crystallized glasses with stillwellite-type LaBGeO5,” J. Appl. Phys.89(10), 5282 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Sato, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “YAG laser-induced crystalline dot patterning in samarium tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids289(1-3), 228–232 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Boling, N. L.

N. L. Boling, A. J. Glass, and A. Owyoung, “Empirical relationships for predicting non-linear refractive-index changes in optical solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.14(8), 601–608 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bourhill, G.

Y. Kao, Y. Hua, H. Zheng, J. D. Mackenzie, K. Perry, G. Bourhill, and J. W. Perry, “Second harmonic generation in transparent barium borate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids167(3), 247–254 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brueck, S. R. J.

Butashin, A. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, I. A. Maslyanizin, B. V. Mill, V. S. Mironov, S. P. Rozov, S. E. Sarkisov, and V. D. Shigorin, “Pure and Nd3+-, Pr3+-ion doped trigonal acentric LaBGeO5 single crystals nonlinear optical properties, Raman scattering, spectroscopy, crystal-field analysis, and simulated emission of their activators,” Phys. Status Solidi125(2), 671–696 (1991) (a).
[CrossRef]

Canagasabey, A.

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany and J. García Solé, “Second harmonic generation in LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(19), 2517–2519 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Champagnon, B.

C. Coussa, C. Martinet, B. Champagnon, L. Grosvalet, D. Vouagner, and V. Sigaev, “In situ Raman spectroscopy of pressure-induced changes in LaBGeO(5) glass: hysteresis and plastic deformation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter19(26), 266220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chase, L. L.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter39(5), 3337–3350 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corbari, C.

Coussa, C.

C. Coussa, C. Martinet, B. Champagnon, L. Grosvalet, D. Vouagner, and V. Sigaev, “In situ Raman spectroscopy of pressure-induced changes in LaBGeO(5) glass: hysteresis and plastic deformation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter19(26), 266220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crespi, V. H.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daw, M.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Dubinskii, M.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Finlayson, C. E.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foley, B. M.

B. M. Foley, P. Melman, and K. T. Vo, “Novel loss measurement technique for optical waveguides by imaging of scattered light,” Electron. Lett.28(6), 584–585 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Foy, P.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, T.

Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Second harmonic generation in transparent surface crystallized glasses with stillwellite-type LaBGeO5,” J. Appl. Phys.89(10), 5282 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Sato, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “YAG laser-induced crystalline dot patterning in samarium tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids289(1-3), 228–232 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, T.

T. Furukawa and W. B. White, “Raman spectroscopic investigation of the structure and crystallization of binary alkali germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.15(7), 1648–1662 (1980).
[CrossRef]

García Solé, J.

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany and J. García Solé, “Second harmonic generation in LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(19), 2517–2519 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gladyshev, A. V.

Glass, A. J.

N. L. Boling, A. J. Glass, and A. Owyoung, “Empirical relationships for predicting non-linear refractive-index changes in optical solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.14(8), 601–608 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Gopalan, V.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gregora, I.

I. Hrubá, S. Kamba, J. Petzelt, I. Gregora, Z. Zikmund, D. Ivannikov, G. Komandin, A. Volkov, and B. Strukov, “Optical phonons and ferroelectric phase transition in the LaBGeO5 crystal,” Phys. Status Solidi214, 423–439 (1999) (b).
[CrossRef]

Grosvalet, L.

C. Coussa, C. Martinet, B. Champagnon, L. Grosvalet, D. Vouagner, and V. Sigaev, “In situ Raman spectroscopy of pressure-induced changes in LaBGeO(5) glass: hysteresis and plastic deformation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter19(26), 266220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guillemet, S.

Gupta, P.

P. Gupta, H. Jain, D. B. Williams, T. Honma, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Creation of ferroelectric, single-crystal architecture in Sm0.5La0.5BGeO5 Glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.91(1), 110–114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hawkins, T.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hayes, J. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernandez, Y.

Hirao, K.

Honma, T.

P. Gupta, H. Jain, D. B. Williams, T. Honma, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Creation of ferroelectric, single-crystal architecture in Sm0.5La0.5BGeO5 Glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.91(1), 110–114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hrubá, I.

I. Hrubá, S. Kamba, J. Petzelt, I. Gregora, Z. Zikmund, D. Ivannikov, G. Komandin, A. Volkov, and B. Strukov, “Optical phonons and ferroelectric phase transition in the LaBGeO5 crystal,” Phys. Status Solidi214, 423–439 (1999) (b).
[CrossRef]

Hua, Y.

Y. Kao, Y. Hua, H. Zheng, J. D. Mackenzie, K. Perry, G. Bourhill, and J. W. Perry, “Second harmonic generation in transparent barium borate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids167(3), 247–254 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

Ivannikov, D.

I. Hrubá, S. Kamba, J. Petzelt, I. Gregora, Z. Zikmund, D. Ivannikov, G. Komandin, A. Volkov, and B. Strukov, “Optical phonons and ferroelectric phase transition in the LaBGeO5 crystal,” Phys. Status Solidi214, 423–439 (1999) (b).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, B. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jain, H.

P. Gupta, H. Jain, D. B. Williams, T. Honma, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Creation of ferroelectric, single-crystal architecture in Sm0.5La0.5BGeO5 Glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.91(1), 110–114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Jain, “Transparent ferroelectric glass-ceramics,” Ferroelectrics306(1), 111–127 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jaque, D.

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kamba, S.

I. Hrubá, S. Kamba, J. Petzelt, I. Gregora, Z. Zikmund, D. Ivannikov, G. Komandin, A. Volkov, and B. Strukov, “Optical phonons and ferroelectric phase transition in the LaBGeO5 crystal,” Phys. Status Solidi214, 423–439 (1999) (b).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, I. A. Maslyanizin, B. V. Mill, V. S. Mironov, S. P. Rozov, S. E. Sarkisov, and V. D. Shigorin, “Pure and Nd3+-, Pr3+-ion doped trigonal acentric LaBGeO5 single crystals nonlinear optical properties, Raman scattering, spectroscopy, crystal-field analysis, and simulated emission of their activators,” Phys. Status Solidi125(2), 671–696 (1991) (a).
[CrossRef]

Kao, Y.

Y. Kao, Y. Hua, H. Zheng, J. D. Mackenzie, K. Perry, G. Bourhill, and J. W. Perry, “Second harmonic generation in transparent barium borate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids167(3), 247–254 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Kokuoz, B.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Komandin, G.

I. Hrubá, S. Kamba, J. Petzelt, I. Gregora, Z. Zikmund, D. Ivannikov, G. Komandin, A. Volkov, and B. Strukov, “Optical phonons and ferroelectric phase transition in the LaBGeO5 crystal,” Phys. Status Solidi214, 423–439 (1999) (b).
[CrossRef]

Komatsu, T.

P. Gupta, H. Jain, D. B. Williams, T. Honma, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Creation of ferroelectric, single-crystal architecture in Sm0.5La0.5BGeO5 Glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.91(1), 110–114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Second harmonic generation in transparent surface crystallized glasses with stillwellite-type LaBGeO5,” J. Appl. Phys.89(10), 5282 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Sato, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “YAG laser-induced crystalline dot patterning in samarium tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids289(1-3), 228–232 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kosolapov, A.

Kratochvilova-Hruba, I.

M. B. Smirnov, A. V. Menschikova, I. Kratochvilova-Hruba, and Z. Zikmund, “Lattice dynamics and phase transition in LaBGeO5,” Phys. Status Solidi241(5), 1017–1025 (2004) (b).
[CrossRef]

Liegeois, F.

Mackenzie, J. D.

Y. Kao, Y. Hua, H. Zheng, J. D. Mackenzie, K. Perry, G. Bourhill, and J. W. Perry, “Second harmonic generation in transparent barium borate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids167(3), 247–254 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Margine, E. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Margulis, W.

Martinet, C.

C. Coussa, C. Martinet, B. Champagnon, L. Grosvalet, D. Vouagner, and V. Sigaev, “In situ Raman spectroscopy of pressure-induced changes in LaBGeO(5) glass: hysteresis and plastic deformation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter19(26), 266220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maslyanizin, I. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, I. A. Maslyanizin, B. V. Mill, V. S. Mironov, S. P. Rozov, S. E. Sarkisov, and V. D. Shigorin, “Pure and Nd3+-, Pr3+-ion doped trigonal acentric LaBGeO5 single crystals nonlinear optical properties, Raman scattering, spectroscopy, crystal-field analysis, and simulated emission of their activators,” Phys. Status Solidi125(2), 671–696 (1991) (a).
[CrossRef]

Matthewson, M. J.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McMillen, C.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Melman, P.

B. M. Foley, P. Melman, and K. T. Vo, “Novel loss measurement technique for optical waveguides by imaging of scattered light,” Electron. Lett.28(6), 584–585 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Menschikova, A. V.

M. B. Smirnov, A. V. Menschikova, I. Kratochvilova-Hruba, and Z. Zikmund, “Lattice dynamics and phase transition in LaBGeO5,” Phys. Status Solidi241(5), 1017–1025 (2004) (b).
[CrossRef]

Mill, B. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, I. A. Maslyanizin, B. V. Mill, V. S. Mironov, S. P. Rozov, S. E. Sarkisov, and V. D. Shigorin, “Pure and Nd3+-, Pr3+-ion doped trigonal acentric LaBGeO5 single crystals nonlinear optical properties, Raman scattering, spectroscopy, crystal-field analysis, and simulated emission of their activators,” Phys. Status Solidi125(2), 671–696 (1991) (a).
[CrossRef]

Mironov, V. S.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, I. A. Maslyanizin, B. V. Mill, V. S. Mironov, S. P. Rozov, S. E. Sarkisov, and V. D. Shigorin, “Pure and Nd3+-, Pr3+-ion doped trigonal acentric LaBGeO5 single crystals nonlinear optical properties, Raman scattering, spectroscopy, crystal-field analysis, and simulated emission of their activators,” Phys. Status Solidi125(2), 671–696 (1991) (a).
[CrossRef]

Mitsuyu, T.

Miura, K.

Mukherjee, N.

Myers, R. A.

Österberg, U.

Owyoung, A.

N. L. Boling, A. J. Glass, and A. Owyoung, “Empirical relationships for predicting non-linear refractive-index changes in optical solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.14(8), 601–608 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter39(5), 3337–3350 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perry, J. W.

Y. Kao, Y. Hua, H. Zheng, J. D. Mackenzie, K. Perry, G. Bourhill, and J. W. Perry, “Second harmonic generation in transparent barium borate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids167(3), 247–254 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Perry, K.

Y. Kao, Y. Hua, H. Zheng, J. D. Mackenzie, K. Perry, G. Bourhill, and J. W. Perry, “Second harmonic generation in transparent barium borate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids167(3), 247–254 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Petzelt, J.

I. Hrubá, S. Kamba, J. Petzelt, I. Gregora, Z. Zikmund, D. Ivannikov, G. Komandin, A. Volkov, and B. Strukov, “Optical phonons and ferroelectric phase transition in the LaBGeO5 crystal,” Phys. Status Solidi214, 423–439 (1999) (b).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Radonjic, Lj.

M. Todorovic and Lj. Radonjic, “Lithium-niobate ferroelectric material obtained by glass crystallization,” Ceram. Int.23(1), 55–60 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rozov, S. P.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, I. A. Maslyanizin, B. V. Mill, V. S. Mironov, S. P. Rozov, S. E. Sarkisov, and V. D. Shigorin, “Pure and Nd3+-, Pr3+-ion doped trigonal acentric LaBGeO5 single crystals nonlinear optical properties, Raman scattering, spectroscopy, crystal-field analysis, and simulated emission of their activators,” Phys. Status Solidi125(2), 671–696 (1991) (a).
[CrossRef]

Sanamyan, T.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sarkisov, S. E.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, I. A. Maslyanizin, B. V. Mill, V. S. Mironov, S. P. Rozov, S. E. Sarkisov, and V. D. Shigorin, “Pure and Nd3+-, Pr3+-ion doped trigonal acentric LaBGeO5 single crystals nonlinear optical properties, Raman scattering, spectroscopy, crystal-field analysis, and simulated emission of their activators,” Phys. Status Solidi125(2), 671–696 (1991) (a).
[CrossRef]

Sato, R.

R. Sato, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “YAG laser-induced crystalline dot patterning in samarium tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids289(1-3), 228–232 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sazio, P. J. A.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheidemantel, T. J.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shigorin, V. D.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, I. A. Maslyanizin, B. V. Mill, V. S. Mironov, S. P. Rozov, S. E. Sarkisov, and V. D. Shigorin, “Pure and Nd3+-, Pr3+-ion doped trigonal acentric LaBGeO5 single crystals nonlinear optical properties, Raman scattering, spectroscopy, crystal-field analysis, and simulated emission of their activators,” Phys. Status Solidi125(2), 671–696 (1991) (a).
[CrossRef]

Sigaev, V.

C. Coussa, C. Martinet, B. Champagnon, L. Grosvalet, D. Vouagner, and V. Sigaev, “In situ Raman spectroscopy of pressure-induced changes in LaBGeO(5) glass: hysteresis and plastic deformation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter19(26), 266220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smirnov, M. B.

M. B. Smirnov, A. V. Menschikova, I. Kratochvilova-Hruba, and Z. Zikmund, “Lattice dynamics and phase transition in LaBGeO5,” Phys. Status Solidi241(5), 1017–1025 (2004) (b).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Strukov, B.

I. Hrubá, S. Kamba, J. Petzelt, I. Gregora, Z. Zikmund, D. Ivannikov, G. Komandin, A. Volkov, and B. Strukov, “Optical phonons and ferroelectric phase transition in the LaBGeO5 crystal,” Phys. Status Solidi214, 423–439 (1999) (b).
[CrossRef]

Su, Z.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, Y.

Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Second harmonic generation in transparent surface crystallized glasses with stillwellite-type LaBGeO5,” J. Appl. Phys.89(10), 5282 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Todorovic, M.

M. Todorovic and Lj. Radonjic, “Lithium-niobate ferroelectric material obtained by glass crystallization,” Ceram. Int.23(1), 55–60 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tritt, T. M.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vo, K. T.

B. M. Foley, P. Melman, and K. T. Vo, “Novel loss measurement technique for optical waveguides by imaging of scattered light,” Electron. Lett.28(6), 584–585 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, A.

I. Hrubá, S. Kamba, J. Petzelt, I. Gregora, Z. Zikmund, D. Ivannikov, G. Komandin, A. Volkov, and B. Strukov, “Optical phonons and ferroelectric phase transition in the LaBGeO5 crystal,” Phys. Status Solidi214, 423–439 (1999) (b).
[CrossRef]

Vouagner, D.

C. Coussa, C. Martinet, B. Champagnon, L. Grosvalet, D. Vouagner, and V. Sigaev, “In situ Raman spectroscopy of pressure-induced changes in LaBGeO(5) glass: hysteresis and plastic deformation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter19(26), 266220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, W. B.

T. Furukawa and W. B. White, “Raman spectroscopic investigation of the structure and crystallization of binary alkali germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.15(7), 1648–1662 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. B.

P. Gupta, H. Jain, D. B. Williams, T. Honma, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Creation of ferroelectric, single-crystal architecture in Sm0.5La0.5BGeO5 Glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.91(1), 110–114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Won, D.-J.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yashkov, M. V.

Zhang, F.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, H.

Y. Kao, Y. Hua, H. Zheng, J. D. Mackenzie, K. Perry, G. Bourhill, and J. W. Perry, “Second harmonic generation in transparent barium borate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids167(3), 247–254 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zikmund, Z.

M. B. Smirnov, A. V. Menschikova, I. Kratochvilova-Hruba, and Z. Zikmund, “Lattice dynamics and phase transition in LaBGeO5,” Phys. Status Solidi241(5), 1017–1025 (2004) (b).
[CrossRef]

I. Hrubá, S. Kamba, J. Petzelt, I. Gregora, Z. Zikmund, D. Ivannikov, G. Komandin, A. Volkov, and B. Strukov, “Optical phonons and ferroelectric phase transition in the LaBGeO5 crystal,” Phys. Status Solidi214, 423–439 (1999) (b).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. García Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany and J. García Solé, “Second harmonic generation in LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.70(19), 2517–2519 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ceram. Int. (1)

M. Todorovic and Lj. Radonjic, “Lithium-niobate ferroelectric material obtained by glass crystallization,” Ceram. Int.23(1), 55–60 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. M. Foley, P. Melman, and K. T. Vo, “Novel loss measurement technique for optical waveguides by imaging of scattered light,” Electron. Lett.28(6), 584–585 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (1)

H. Jain, “Transparent ferroelectric glass-ceramics,” Ferroelectrics306(1), 111–127 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. L. Boling, A. J. Glass, and A. Owyoung, “Empirical relationships for predicting non-linear refractive-index changes in optical solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.14(8), 601–608 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

P. Gupta, H. Jain, D. B. Williams, T. Honma, Y. Benino, and T. Komatsu, “Creation of ferroelectric, single-crystal architecture in Sm0.5La0.5BGeO5 Glass,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.91(1), 110–114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Takahashi, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “Second harmonic generation in transparent surface crystallized glasses with stillwellite-type LaBGeO5,” J. Appl. Phys.89(10), 5282 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, “On the fabrication of all-glass optical fibers from crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.105(5), 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

T. Furukawa and W. B. White, “Raman spectroscopic investigation of the structure and crystallization of binary alkali germanate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.15(7), 1648–1662 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

Y. Kao, Y. Hua, H. Zheng, J. D. Mackenzie, K. Perry, G. Bourhill, and J. W. Perry, “Second harmonic generation in transparent barium borate glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids167(3), 247–254 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Sato, Y. Benino, T. Fujiwara, and T. Komatsu, “YAG laser-induced crystalline dot patterning in samarium tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids289(1-3), 228–232 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

C. Coussa, C. Martinet, B. Champagnon, L. Grosvalet, D. Vouagner, and V. Sigaev, “In situ Raman spectroscopy of pressure-induced changes in LaBGeO(5) glass: hysteresis and plastic deformation,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter19(26), 266220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear refractive index of optical crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter39(5), 3337–3350 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi (3)

I. Hrubá, S. Kamba, J. Petzelt, I. Gregora, Z. Zikmund, D. Ivannikov, G. Komandin, A. Volkov, and B. Strukov, “Optical phonons and ferroelectric phase transition in the LaBGeO5 crystal,” Phys. Status Solidi214, 423–439 (1999) (b).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Smirnov, A. V. Menschikova, I. Kratochvilova-Hruba, and Z. Zikmund, “Lattice dynamics and phase transition in LaBGeO5,” Phys. Status Solidi241(5), 1017–1025 (2004) (b).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. V. Butashin, I. A. Maslyanizin, B. V. Mill, V. S. Mironov, S. P. Rozov, S. E. Sarkisov, and V. D. Shigorin, “Pure and Nd3+-, Pr3+-ion doped trigonal acentric LaBGeO5 single crystals nonlinear optical properties, Raman scattering, spectroscopy, crystal-field analysis, and simulated emission of their activators,” Phys. Status Solidi125(2), 671–696 (1991) (a).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D.-J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

K. C. Kao and G. A. Hockham, “Dielectric-fibre surface waveguides for optical frequencies,” Proc. IEE 113 (7), 1151–1158 (1966).

D. N. Nikogosyan, Nonlinear Optical Crystals: A Complete Survey (Springer, 2005).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Absorption spectrum of LBGO glass doped with 7.5mol.% of Yb2O3. (b) Schematic of fabricating laser induced crystalline waveguide on glass ribbon fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) SEM photograph of cross-sectional view of laser irradiated channel on Yb:LBGO ribbon fiber with laser power of 38mW and scanning speed of 60mm/min. (b) Zoom-in view of rectangular area in (a).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of micro-Raman spectra of (a) Yb:LBGO glass ribbon before UV laser irradiation, (b) laser induced channel on the ribbon fiber, and (c) glass ribbon through heating treatment at 838°C for 5hours. (d) Raman spectrum of undoped LBGO crystal [18].

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SEM photographs of channel waveguides under different laser irradiation conditions. In (a), (b) and (c), the laser power was 53, 38, and 20 mW, and the scanning speed is 20, 60, and 60 mm/min, respectively. Each SEM picture on the right side is zoom-in view of the left one.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SEM photographs of (a) cross sectional view and (b) top surface view of ribbon fiber after laser irradiation (Conditions: 20mW and 60mm/min). (c) Optical photograph of top view of the channel waveguides on ribbon fiber. (d) Near field image of guidance at 1060nm after 4.7cm long crystalline channel 1

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Bulk Yb:LBGO absorption spectrum and spectral trace (with 1nm resolution) of four wave mixing observed after 4.7cm long crystalline channel 1 using the 1060nm pulsed laser source; (b) Calculated dispersion curves of TE-TM polarizations of LBGO crystal/glass waveguide (Inset: mode fields of fundamental TE/TM modes.)

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