Abstract

A novel technique for pump noise effect mitigation in parametric wavelength converters is introduced. The method relies on digital signal processing and effectively takes advantage of the correlation property between the pump and idler, imposed by the parametric interaction. A 4 dB improvement in receiver performance is demonstrated experimentally for the conventional 10 Gbps OOK signal converted over 20 nm.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. S. Radic, “Parametric signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(2), 670–680 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, Jie Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-Infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Kylemark, P. Hedekvist, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Noise characteristics of fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(2), 409–416 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Yaman, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “Pump-noise transfer in dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers: walk-off effects,” Opt. Lett.30(9), 1048–1050 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Durecu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber-optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. Wong, and L. Kazovsky, “Pump-to-signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(3), 1049–1055 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, A. O. J. Wiberg, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Pump-noise transfer mitigation in parametric sampling gates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1469–1471 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

S. Radic, “Parametric signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(2), 670–680 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, A. O. J. Wiberg, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Pump-noise transfer mitigation in parametric sampling gates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1469–1471 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-Infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, Jie Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

Alic, N.

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, A. O. J. Wiberg, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Pump-noise transfer mitigation in parametric sampling gates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1469–1471 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-Infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P.

Andrekson, P. A.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, Jie Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ataie, V.

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, A. O. J. Wiberg, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Pump-noise transfer mitigation in parametric sampling gates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1469–1471 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bayart, D.

A. Durecu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber-optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Durecu-Legrand, A.

A. Durecu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber-optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fainman, Y.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-Infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ford, J.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-Infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, Jie Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hedekvist, P.

Hedekvist, P.-O.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, Jie Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, R.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-Infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jie Li,

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, Jie Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kalogerakis, G.

Karlsson, M.

Kazovsky, L.

Kylemark, P.

Lantz, E.

A. Durecu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber-optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

Maillotte, H.

A. Durecu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber-optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M.

McKinstrie, C.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-Infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mussot, A.

A. Durecu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber-optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, E.

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, A. O. J. Wiberg, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Pump-noise transfer mitigation in parametric sampling gates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1469–1471 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nezhad, M.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-Infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, A. O. J. Wiberg, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Pump-noise transfer mitigation in parametric sampling gates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1469–1471 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, “Parametric signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(2), 670–680 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-Infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “Pump-noise transfer in dual-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers: walk-off effects,” Opt. Lett.30(9), 1048–1050 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saperstein, R.

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-Infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Simonneau, C.

A. Durecu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber-optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sunnerud, H.

Sylvestre, T.

A. Durecu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber-optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Westlund, M.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, Jie Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wiberg, A. O. J.

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, A. O. J. Wiberg, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Pump-noise transfer mitigation in parametric sampling gates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1469–1471 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K.

Yaman, F.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Radic, “Parametric signal processing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(2), 670–680 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, Jie Li, and P.-O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.8(3), 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

R. Jiang, R. Saperstein, N. Alic, M. Nezhad, C. McKinstrie, J. Ford, Y. Fainman, and S. Radic, “Parametric wavelength conversion from conventional near-Infrared to visible band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(23), 2445–2447 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Durecu-Legrand, C. Simonneau, D. Bayart, A. Mussot, T. Sylvestre, E. Lantz, and H. Maillotte, “Impact of pump OSNR on noise figure for fiber-optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(6), 1178–1180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, A. O. J. Wiberg, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Pump-noise transfer mitigation in parametric sampling gates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(17), 1469–1471 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Single pump parametric wavelength conversion.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pump noise cancellation architecture.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pump/Idler intensity scatterplot (a) before equalization and (b) after the equalization. (Any tilt in the noise cloud represents a correlation between the pump and idler.)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulation results. (a) Idler BER for 10 Gbps OOK signaling as a function of signal OSNR and different pump OSNR. (The equalization scheme gains 5 dB in required pump OSNR.) (b) Pump OSNR improvement using the equalization algorithm as a function of signal OSNR.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Correlation measurement and mitigation topology: LD: Laser Diode, MZM: Mach-Zehnder Modulator, A: Amplifier, N: ASE noise source, PC: Polarization Controller, PPG: Programmable Pattern Generator, WDM: Wavelength Division Multiplex filters, VOA: Variable Optical Attenuator, HNLF: Highly Nonlinear Fiber, OLPF: Optical Filter, τ1,2: optical delay lines, ELPF: Electrical Filter, PD: receiver, ADC: Analog to Digital Converter. DSP: Digital Signal Processor.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental results. (a) Measured BER of 10 Gbps OOK signaling converted over 20nm by a single pump parametric mixer. The red dashed line represents the detected idler BER as a function of pump OSNR. The blue solid line is the equalized idler BER using the noise correlation between the pump and idler. (The signal OSNR was fixed at 25 dB). (b) Measured idler Q2 factor at 10 GHz noise bandwidth before (dashed) and after (solid) equalization using the pump and idler correlation property.

Equations (4)

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I(t) S ¯ (t) ( P ¯ (t) + n p (t) ) 4 S ¯ (t) P ¯ (t) 2 +K S ¯ (t) n p (t)+,
I eq (t)=I(t)ε(t) | t=nT ,
ε(t)=αI(t)( P(t) P ¯ (t) ) | t=nT .
Q= I ¯ 1 I ¯ 0 σ I 1 + σ I 0

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