Abstract

A functional demonstration of bit-interleaving TDM downstream protocol for passive optical networks (Bi-PON) is reported. The proposed protocol presents a significant reduction in dynamic power consumption in the customer premise equipment over the conventional TDM protocol. It allows to select the relevant bits of all aggregated incoming data immediately after clock and data recovery (CDR) and, hence, allows subsequent hardware to run at much lower user rate. Comparison of experimental results of FPGA-based implementations of Bi-PON and XG-PON shows that more than 30x energy-savings in protocol processing is achievable.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. G. Yeap, Practical Low Power Digital VLSI Design (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998).
  2. D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 275–284 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.
  4. Telecommunication standardization sector of International telecommunication union (ITU-T), GPON Standards G.984 series.
  5. Telecommunication standardization sector of International telecommunication union (ITU-T), 10-Gigabit-capable passive optical network (XG-PON) systems: Definitions, abbreviations, and acronyms G.987.
  6. D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, D. Van Veen, J. Galaro, B. Farah, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, P. Vetter, A. Dupas, and R. Boislaigue, “Low energy bit-interleaving downstream protocol for passive optical networks, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012), pp. 104–109.
  7. H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).
  8. C. Van Praet, G. Torfs, Z. Li, X. Yin, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, X.-Z. Qiu, and P. Vetter, “A 10 Gb/s bit interleaving CDR for low-power PON,” Electron. Lett.48(21), 1361–1363 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Gallo and G. Assanto, “All-optical diode based on second-harmonic generation in an asymmetric waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16, 267–269 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

C. Van Praet, G. Torfs, Z. Li, X. Yin, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, X.-Z. Qiu, and P. Vetter, “A 10 Gb/s bit interleaving CDR for low-power PON,” Electron. Lett.48(21), 1361–1363 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 275–284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Anthapadmanabhan, N. P.

D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, D. Van Veen, J. Galaro, B. Farah, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, P. Vetter, A. Dupas, and R. Boislaigue, “Low energy bit-interleaving downstream protocol for passive optical networks, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012), pp. 104–109.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

Assanto, G.

Atkinson, G.

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 275–284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Blume, O.

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 275–284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boislaigue, R.

D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, D. Van Veen, J. Galaro, B. Farah, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, P. Vetter, A. Dupas, and R. Boislaigue, “Low energy bit-interleaving downstream protocol for passive optical networks, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012), pp. 104–109.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

Chow, H.

C. Van Praet, G. Torfs, Z. Li, X. Yin, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, X.-Z. Qiu, and P. Vetter, “A 10 Gb/s bit interleaving CDR for low-power PON,” Electron. Lett.48(21), 1361–1363 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, D. Van Veen, J. Galaro, B. Farah, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, P. Vetter, A. Dupas, and R. Boislaigue, “Low energy bit-interleaving downstream protocol for passive optical networks, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012), pp. 104–109.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

Dupas, A.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, D. Van Veen, J. Galaro, B. Farah, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, P. Vetter, A. Dupas, and R. Boislaigue, “Low energy bit-interleaving downstream protocol for passive optical networks, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012), pp. 104–109.

Farah, B.

D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, D. Van Veen, J. Galaro, B. Farah, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, P. Vetter, A. Dupas, and R. Boislaigue, “Low energy bit-interleaving downstream protocol for passive optical networks, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012), pp. 104–109.

Farah, R.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

Fujimoto, Y.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Galaro, J.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, D. Van Veen, J. Galaro, B. Farah, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, P. Vetter, A. Dupas, and R. Boislaigue, “Low energy bit-interleaving downstream protocol for passive optical networks, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012), pp. 104–109.

Gallo, K.

Gasca, L.

P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.

Goyal, S.

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 275–284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hadama, H.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kani, J.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kanonakis, K.

P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.

Kazovsky, L.

P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.

Kilper, D. C.

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 275–284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Korotky, S. K.

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 275–284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kubo, R.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lau, M. F.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

Lee, A.

P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.

Lefevre, L.

P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.

Li, Z.

C. Van Praet, G. Torfs, Z. Li, X. Yin, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, X.-Z. Qiu, and P. Vetter, “A 10 Gb/s bit interleaving CDR for low-power PON,” Electron. Lett.48(21), 1361–1363 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Monney, C.

P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.

Qiu, X.

P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.

Qiu, X.-Z.

C. Van Praet, G. Torfs, Z. Li, X. Yin, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, X.-Z. Qiu, and P. Vetter, “A 10 Gb/s bit interleaving CDR for low-power PON,” Electron. Lett.48(21), 1361–1363 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qua, G.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

Sakamoto, T.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Saliou, F.

P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.

Suvakovic, D.

C. Van Praet, G. Torfs, Z. Li, X. Yin, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, X.-Z. Qiu, and P. Vetter, “A 10 Gb/s bit interleaving CDR for low-power PON,” Electron. Lett.48(21), 1361–1363 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 275–284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, D. Van Veen, J. Galaro, B. Farah, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, P. Vetter, A. Dupas, and R. Boislaigue, “Low energy bit-interleaving downstream protocol for passive optical networks, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012), pp. 104–109.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

Torfs, G.

C. Van Praet, G. Torfs, Z. Li, X. Yin, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, X.-Z. Qiu, and P. Vetter, “A 10 Gb/s bit interleaving CDR for low-power PON,” Electron. Lett.48(21), 1361–1363 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

Ujikawa, H.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Van Praet, C.

C. Van Praet, G. Torfs, Z. Li, X. Yin, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, X.-Z. Qiu, and P. Vetter, “A 10 Gb/s bit interleaving CDR for low-power PON,” Electron. Lett.48(21), 1361–1363 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

Van Veen, D.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, D. Van Veen, J. Galaro, B. Farah, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, P. Vetter, A. Dupas, and R. Boislaigue, “Low energy bit-interleaving downstream protocol for passive optical networks, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012), pp. 104–109.

Vetter, P.

C. Van Praet, G. Torfs, Z. Li, X. Yin, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, X.-Z. Qiu, and P. Vetter, “A 10 Gb/s bit interleaving CDR for low-power PON,” Electron. Lett.48(21), 1361–1363 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 275–284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, D. Van Veen, J. Galaro, B. Farah, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, P. Vetter, A. Dupas, and R. Boislaigue, “Low energy bit-interleaving downstream protocol for passive optical networks, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012), pp. 104–109.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.

Wonfor, A.

P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.

Yeap, G.

G. Yeap, Practical Low Power Digital VLSI Design (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998).

Yin, X.

C. Van Praet, G. Torfs, Z. Li, X. Yin, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, X.-Z. Qiu, and P. Vetter, “A 10 Gb/s bit interleaving CDR for low-power PON,” Electron. Lett.48(21), 1361–1363 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

Yoshimoto, N.

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. Van Praet, G. Torfs, Z. Li, X. Yin, D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, X.-Z. Qiu, and P. Vetter, “A 10 Gb/s bit interleaving CDR for low-power PON,” Electron. Lett.48(21), 1361–1363 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

R. Kubo, J. Kani, H. Ujikawa, T. Sakamoto, Y. Fujimoto, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Study and demonstration of sleep and adaptive link rate control mechanisms for energy efficient 10G-EPON,” IEEE J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(9), 716–729 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. C. Kilper, G. Atkinson, S. K. Korotky, S. Goyal, P. Vetter, D. Suvakovic, and O. Blume, “Power trends in communication networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 275–284 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Other (6)

G. Yeap, Practical Low Power Digital VLSI Design (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998).

P. Vetter, L. Lefevre, L. Gasca, K. Kanonakis, L. Kazovsky, A. Lee, C. Monney, X. Qiu, F. Saliou, and A. Wonfor, “Research roadmap for green wireline access,” Workshop on Green Communications and Networking during IEEE ICC’12, Ottawa, Canada, Jun. 2012.

Telecommunication standardization sector of International telecommunication union (ITU-T), GPON Standards G.984 series.

Telecommunication standardization sector of International telecommunication union (ITU-T), 10-Gigabit-capable passive optical network (XG-PON) systems: Definitions, abbreviations, and acronyms G.987.

D. Suvakovic, H. Chow, D. Van Veen, J. Galaro, B. Farah, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, P. Vetter, A. Dupas, and R. Boislaigue, “Low energy bit-interleaving downstream protocol for passive optical networks, ” in Proceedings of IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2012), pp. 104–109.

H. Chow, D. Suvakovic, D. Van Veen, A. Dupas, R. Boislaigue, R. Farah, M. F. Lau, J. Galaro, G. Qua, N. P. Anthapadmanabhan, G. Torfs, C. Van Praet, X. Yin, and P. Vetter, “Demonstration of low-Power bit-Interleaving TDM PON,” 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, Mo.2.B.1 (2012).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Downstream architecture of XG-PON ONT

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Bi-PON transmission frame structure

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Downstream architecture of Bi-PON ONT

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Flow-chart of Bi-PON frame processing

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental prototypes

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Strong relationship between dissipation and data rate for Bi-PON

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Estimated dynamic power consumption [W]

Metrics