Abstract

We present a thulium-doped fiber laser mode-locked by a carboxymetylcellulose high-optical quality film with dispersed single-walled carbon nanotubes. Laser system based on the nonlinear amplifying loop mirror generates the shortest pulses earlier obtained in SWCNT mode-locked thulium-doped fiber lasers with a duration of 450 fs and 18 mW maximum average power at 1870 nm.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. P. Kadwani, R. A. Sims, M. Baudelet, L. Shah, and M. C. Richardson, “Atmospheric propagation testing using broadband thulium fiber systems,” in Proc. OSA/FILAS, FWB3, (2011).
  2. G. Hüttmann, C. Yao, and E. Endl, “New concepts in laser medicine: towards a laser surgery with cellular precision,” Med. Laser Appl.20(2), 135–139 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 microm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett.33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, “Soliton thulium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(3), 128–130 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, A. Kaskela, B. Aitchison, D. P. Brown, A. G. Nasibulin, E. I. Kauppinen, A. Härkönen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Carbon nanotube films for ultrafast broadband technology,” Opt. Express17(4), 2358–2363 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. Hofer, and H. Hochreiter, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Lett.15(13), 752–754 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. S. Wong, S. Namiki, M. Margalit, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Self-switching of optical pulses in dispersion-imbalanced nonlinear loop mirrors,” Opt. Lett.22(15), 1150–1152 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Smith, N. J. Doran, and P. G. J. Wigley, “Pulse shaping, compression, and pedestal suppression employing a nonlinear-optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett.15(22), 1294–1296 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. M. Dianov and V. M. Mashinsky, “Germania-Based Core Optical Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(11), 3500–3508 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped ébre lasers with saturable polymer élm absorbers containing single-wall carbon nanotubes synthesised by the arc discharge method,” Quantum Electron.37(3), 205–208 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. I. Chernov, E. D. Obraztsova, and A. S. Lobach, “Optical properties of polymer films with embedded single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res.244(11), 4231–4235 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. M. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett.28(8), 806–807 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. P. Agraval, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press San Diego, 2001).
  15. J.-C. M. Diels, J. J. Fontaine, I. C. McMichael, and F. Simoni, “Control and measurement of ultrashort pulse shapes (in amplitude and phase) with femtosecond accuracy,” Appl. Opt.24(9), 1270–1285 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. I. N. Duling, C.-J. Chen, P. K. A. Wai, and C. R. Menyuk, “Operation of a nonlinear loop mirror in a laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(1), 194–199 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror based mode-locked thulium doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(14), 1254–1256 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror based mode-locked thulium doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(14), 1254–1256 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped ébre lasers with saturable polymer élm absorbers containing single-wall carbon nanotubes synthesised by the arc discharge method,” Quantum Electron.37(3), 205–208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Chernov, E. D. Obraztsova, and A. S. Lobach, “Optical properties of polymer films with embedded single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res.244(11), 4231–4235 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

G. Hüttmann, C. Yao, and E. Endl, “New concepts in laser medicine: towards a laser surgery with cellular precision,” Med. Laser Appl.20(2), 135–139 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov and V. M. Mashinsky, “Germania-Based Core Optical Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(11), 3500–3508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

I. N. Duling, C.-J. Chen, P. K. A. Wai, and C. R. Menyuk, “Operation of a nonlinear loop mirror in a laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(1), 194–199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. M. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett.28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

1985 (1)

Aitchison, B.

Bonard, J.-M.

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D. P.

Chen, C.-J.

I. N. Duling, C.-J. Chen, P. K. A. Wai, and C. R. Menyuk, “Operation of a nonlinear loop mirror in a laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(1), 194–199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, A. I.

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 microm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett.33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped ébre lasers with saturable polymer élm absorbers containing single-wall carbon nanotubes synthesised by the arc discharge method,” Quantum Electron.37(3), 205–208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Chernov, E. D. Obraztsova, and A. S. Lobach, “Optical properties of polymer films with embedded single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res.244(11), 4231–4235 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chernysheva, M. A.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror based mode-locked thulium doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(14), 1254–1256 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror based mode-locked thulium doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(14), 1254–1256 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 microm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett.33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped ébre lasers with saturable polymer élm absorbers containing single-wall carbon nanotubes synthesised by the arc discharge method,” Quantum Electron.37(3), 205–208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov and V. M. Mashinsky, “Germania-Based Core Optical Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(11), 3500–3508 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J.-C. M.

Doran, N. J.

Duling, I. N.

I. N. Duling, C.-J. Chen, P. K. A. Wai, and C. R. Menyuk, “Operation of a nonlinear loop mirror in a laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(1), 194–199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Endl, E.

G. Hüttmann, C. Yao, and E. Endl, “New concepts in laser medicine: towards a laser surgery with cellular precision,” Med. Laser Appl.20(2), 135–139 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Fontaine, J. J.

Haberl, F.

Hakulinen, T.

Härkönen, A.

Haus, H. A.

Hochreiter, H.

Hofer, M.

Hüttmann, G.

G. Hüttmann, C. Yao, and E. Endl, “New concepts in laser medicine: towards a laser surgery with cellular precision,” Med. Laser Appl.20(2), 135–139 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Kaskela, A.

Kauppinen, E. I.

Kelly, S. M.

S. M. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett.28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, “Soliton thulium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kivistö, S.

Konov, V. I.

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 microm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett.33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped ébre lasers with saturable polymer élm absorbers containing single-wall carbon nanotubes synthesised by the arc discharge method,” Quantum Electron.37(3), 205–208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Konyashchenko, A. V.

V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped ébre lasers with saturable polymer élm absorbers containing single-wall carbon nanotubes synthesised by the arc discharge method,” Quantum Electron.37(3), 205–208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krylov, A. A.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror based mode-locked thulium doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(14), 1254–1256 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kryukov, P. G.

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror based mode-locked thulium doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(14), 1254–1256 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped ébre lasers with saturable polymer élm absorbers containing single-wall carbon nanotubes synthesised by the arc discharge method,” Quantum Electron.37(3), 205–208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, V. L.

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lobach, A. S.

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 microm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett.33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Chernov, E. D. Obraztsova, and A. S. Lobach, “Optical properties of polymer films with embedded single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res.244(11), 4231–4235 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped ébre lasers with saturable polymer élm absorbers containing single-wall carbon nanotubes synthesised by the arc discharge method,” Quantum Electron.37(3), 205–208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Margalit, M.

Mashinsky, V. M.

McMichael, I. C.

Menyuk, C. R.

I. N. Duling, C.-J. Chen, P. K. A. Wai, and C. R. Menyuk, “Operation of a nonlinear loop mirror in a laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(1), 194–199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

Nasibulin, A. G.

Obraztsov, A. N.

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Obraztsova, E. D.

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 microm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett.33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped ébre lasers with saturable polymer élm absorbers containing single-wall carbon nanotubes synthesised by the arc discharge method,” Quantum Electron.37(3), 205–208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Chernov, E. D. Obraztsova, and A. S. Lobach, “Optical properties of polymer films with embedded single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res.244(11), 4231–4235 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Pimenov, S. M.

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pozharov, A. S.

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Simoni, F.

Smith, K.

Solodyankin, M. A.

Tausenev, A. V.

Tausenev, V.

V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped ébre lasers with saturable polymer élm absorbers containing single-wall carbon nanotubes synthesised by the arc discharge method,” Quantum Electron.37(3), 205–208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Terekhov, S. V.

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, A. P.

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

I. N. Duling, C.-J. Chen, P. K. A. Wai, and C. R. Menyuk, “Operation of a nonlinear loop mirror in a laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(1), 194–199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wigley, P. G. J.

Wise, F. W.

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, “Soliton thulium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, W. S.

Yao, C.

G. Hüttmann, C. Yao, and E. Endl, “New concepts in laser medicine: towards a laser surgery with cellular precision,” Med. Laser Appl.20(2), 135–139 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zaikovskii, V. I.

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. M. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett.28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. N. Duling, C.-J. Chen, P. K. A. Wai, and C. R. Menyuk, “Operation of a nonlinear loop mirror in a laser cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(1), 194–199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. A. Chernysheva, A. A. Krylov, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonlinear amplifying loop mirror based mode-locked thulium doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(14), 1254–1256 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, “Soliton thulium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Med. Laser Appl. (1)

G. Hüttmann, C. Yao, and E. Endl, “New concepts in laser medicine: towards a laser surgery with cellular precision,” Med. Laser Appl.20(2), 135–139 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nanostruct. Mater. (1)

E. D. Obraztsova, J.-M. Bonard, V. L. Kuznetsov, V. I. Zaikovskii, S. M. Pimenov, A. S. Pozharov, S. V. Terekhov, V. I. Konov, A. N. Obraztsov, and A. P. Volkov, “Structural measurements for single-wall carbon nanotubes by Raman scattering technique,” Nanostruct. Mater.12(1-4), 567–572 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. (1)

A. I. Chernov, E. D. Obraztsova, and A. S. Lobach, “Optical properties of polymer films with embedded single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res.244(11), 4231–4235 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Tausenev, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, V. I. Konov, A. V. Konyashchenko, P. G. Kryukov, and E. M. Dianov, “Self-mode-locking in erbium-doped ébre lasers with saturable polymer élm absorbers containing single-wall carbon nanotubes synthesised by the arc discharge method,” Quantum Electron.37(3), 205–208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. Kadwani, R. A. Sims, M. Baudelet, L. Shah, and M. C. Richardson, “Atmospheric propagation testing using broadband thulium fiber systems,” in Proc. OSA/FILAS, FWB3, (2011).

G. P. Agraval, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press San Diego, 2001).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a) Schematic sketch of the Tm-doped ML fiber laser. Insert: pulse train; b) transmission spectra of the CMC films

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolution of laser pulse characteristics by varying the intracavity dispersion

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output pulse characteristics: a) autocorrelation traces; b) spectra

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Autocorrelation trace approximation in the case of net cavity dispersion D2 = −0.093 ps2

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output pulse characteristics: a) autocorrelation trace; b) spectrum at high average power

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

NALM transmission dependence on a) pulse peak power; b) GVD inside the loop

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

| D 2 |=πn τ p 2 ( ln( 1+ 2 ) ) 2 1 1+ ( 2πc τ p Δλ λ c 2 ) 2
T(t)=12ρ(1ρ) { 1+cos [ ( 1ρGρ )γP(t) L NALM ] }
(G1)γ P peak L NALM =2kπ

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