Abstract

We propose a cyclic NxN AWG router that can multi/demultiplex upstream and downstream signals with different channel spacings in different wavelength regions. We fabricated a 4x4 AWG router for our novel λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using silica-based PLC technology and showed that it can cyclically multi/demultiplex both 20 nm-spaced and 200 GHz-spaced signals at 1.3 and 1.5 μm, respectively.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. J. Kani, “Enabling technologies for future scalable and flexible WDM-PON and WDM/TDM-PON systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1290–1297 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Hara, H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, M. Yoshino, S. Nishihara, S. Tamaki, J. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Flexible load balancing technique using dynamic wavelength bandwidth allocation (DWBA) toward 100Gbit/s-class-WDM/TDM-PON,” in Proc. ECOC 2010, Tu.3.B.2 (2010).
  3. H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Itoh, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using tunable B-Tx and cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” in Proc. ECOC2012, Tu.4.B.3 (2012).
  4. K. Okamoto and A. Sugita, “Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns,” Electron. Lett.32(18), 1661–1662 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, S. Tamaki, H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, M. Itoh, and H. Takahashi, “Integrated 1.3/1.5 μm cyclic AWG Router for λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON,” in Proc. ECOC2012, We.2.B.1 (2012).
  6. M. Yanagisawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, T. Oguchi, Y. Hida, H. Izumita, N. Araki, and T. Sugie, “Low-loss and compact TFF-embedded silica-waveguide WDM filter for video distribution services in FTTH systems,” in Proc. OFC2004, TuI4 (2004).
  7. B. S. Rho and J. W. Lim, “WDM-PON module using a planar lightwave circuit with a coated WDM filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(17), 1867–1869 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J.-M. Lee, S. Park, J. T. Ahn, and Y.-S. Baek, “PLC platform for bidirectional transceiver with wide multimode output waveguide to receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1459–1461 (2005).
  9. K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, and Y. Yamada, “Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC,” Electron. Lett.32(9), 847–848 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Kamei, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, and A. Kaneko, “Low-loss and compact silica-based athermal arrayed waveguide grating using resin-filled groove,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(17), 3790–3799 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. O. Ishida and H. Takahashi, “Loss-imbalance equalization in arrayed-waveguide-grating (AWG) multiplexer cascades,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(6), 1155–1163 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Kamei, T. Kitoh, T. Goh, A. Mori, and H. Takahashi, “Low-loss, wide and low-ripple passband arrayed-waveguide grating with tandem MZI-synchronized configuration,” in Proc. ECOC2012, PD1.6 (2009).
  14. T. Mizuno, T. Kitoh, M. Itoh, T. Saida, T. Shibata, and Y. Hibino, “Optical spotsize converter using narrow laterally tapered waveguide for planar lightwave circuits,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(3), 833–839 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

J. Kani, “Enabling technologies for future scalable and flexible WDM-PON and WDM/TDM-PON systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1290–1297 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2006 (1)

B. S. Rho and J. W. Lim, “WDM-PON module using a planar lightwave circuit with a coated WDM filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(17), 1867–1869 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

J.-M. Lee, S. Park, J. T. Ahn, and Y.-S. Baek, “PLC platform for bidirectional transceiver with wide multimode output waveguide to receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1459–1461 (2005).

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

1996 (2)

K. Okamoto and A. Sugita, “Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns,” Electron. Lett.32(18), 1661–1662 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, and Y. Yamada, “Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC,” Electron. Lett.32(9), 847–848 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

O. Ishida and H. Takahashi, “Loss-imbalance equalization in arrayed-waveguide-grating (AWG) multiplexer cascades,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(6), 1155–1163 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J. T.

J.-M. Lee, S. Park, J. T. Ahn, and Y.-S. Baek, “PLC platform for bidirectional transceiver with wide multimode output waveguide to receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1459–1461 (2005).

Baek, Y.-S.

J.-M. Lee, S. Park, J. T. Ahn, and Y.-S. Baek, “PLC platform for bidirectional transceiver with wide multimode output waveguide to receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1459–1461 (2005).

Cho, J.

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Han, D.

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hibino, Y.

T. Mizuno, T. Kitoh, M. Itoh, T. Saida, T. Shibata, and Y. Hibino, “Optical spotsize converter using narrow laterally tapered waveguide for planar lightwave circuits,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(3), 833–839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, and Y. Yamada, “Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC,” Electron. Lett.32(9), 847–848 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

S. Kamei, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, and A. Kaneko, “Low-loss and compact silica-based athermal arrayed waveguide grating using resin-filled groove,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(17), 3790–3799 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, and Y. Yamada, “Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC,” Electron. Lett.32(9), 847–848 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, O.

O. Ishida and H. Takahashi, “Loss-imbalance equalization in arrayed-waveguide-grating (AWG) multiplexer cascades,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(6), 1155–1163 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, M.

Jung, S.

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kamei, S.

Kaneko, A.

Kani, J.

J. Kani, “Enabling technologies for future scalable and flexible WDM-PON and WDM/TDM-PON systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1290–1297 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.-Y.

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. Y.

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kitoh, T.

Lee, J.

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-M.

J.-M. Lee, S. Park, J. T. Ahn, and Y.-S. Baek, “PLC platform for bidirectional transceiver with wide multimode output waveguide to receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1459–1461 (2005).

Lee, Y. S.

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J. W.

B. S. Rho and J. W. Lim, “WDM-PON module using a planar lightwave circuit with a coated WDM filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(17), 1867–1869 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, T.

Moriwaki, K.

Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, and Y. Yamada, “Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC,” Electron. Lett.32(9), 847–848 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oguchi, T.

Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, and Y. Yamada, “Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC,” Electron. Lett.32(9), 847–848 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y.

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto and A. Sugita, “Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns,” Electron. Lett.32(18), 1661–1662 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

J.-M. Lee, S. Park, J. T. Ahn, and Y.-S. Baek, “PLC platform for bidirectional transceiver with wide multimode output waveguide to receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1459–1461 (2005).

Rho, B. S.

B. S. Rho and J. W. Lim, “WDM-PON module using a planar lightwave circuit with a coated WDM filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(17), 1867–1869 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saida, T.

Shibata, T.

Song, J. H.

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sugita, A.

K. Okamoto and A. Sugita, “Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns,” Electron. Lett.32(18), 1661–1662 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, and Y. Yamada, “Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC,” Electron. Lett.32(9), 847–848 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

O. Ishida and H. Takahashi, “Loss-imbalance equalization in arrayed-waveguide-grating (AWG) multiplexer cascades,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(6), 1155–1163 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, Y.

Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, and Y. Yamada, “Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC,” Electron. Lett.32(9), 847–848 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yanagisawa, M.

Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, and Y. Yamada, “Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC,” Electron. Lett.32(9), 847–848 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Okamoto and A. Sugita, “Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns,” Electron. Lett.32(18), 1661–1662 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, and Y. Yamada, “Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC,” Electron. Lett.32(9), 847–848 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Kani, “Enabling technologies for future scalable and flexible WDM-PON and WDM/TDM-PON systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1290–1297 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

B. S. Rho and J. W. Lim, “WDM-PON module using a planar lightwave circuit with a coated WDM filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(17), 1867–1869 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Lee, S. Park, J. T. Ahn, and Y.-S. Baek, “PLC platform for bidirectional transceiver with wide multimode output waveguide to receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1459–1461 (2005).

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Song, J. Lee, S. Y. Kim, J. Cho, Y. S. Lee, D. Han, S. Jung, and Y. Oh, “Reduction of insertion loss of thin film filters embedded in PLC platforms,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1459–1461 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Other (5)

S. Kamei, T. Kitoh, T. Goh, A. Mori, and H. Takahashi, “Low-loss, wide and low-ripple passband arrayed-waveguide grating with tandem MZI-synchronized configuration,” in Proc. ECOC2012, PD1.6 (2009).

K. Hara, H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, M. Yoshino, S. Nishihara, S. Tamaki, J. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, and H. Hadama, “Flexible load balancing technique using dynamic wavelength bandwidth allocation (DWBA) toward 100Gbit/s-class-WDM/TDM-PON,” in Proc. ECOC 2010, Tu.3.B.2 (2010).

H. Nakamura, K. Taguchi, S. Tamaki, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Itoh, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40Gbit/s-class-λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using tunable B-Tx and cyclic AWG router for flexible photonic aggregation networks,” in Proc. ECOC2012, Tu.4.B.3 (2012).

T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, S. Tamaki, H. Nakamura, S. Kimura, M. Itoh, and H. Takahashi, “Integrated 1.3/1.5 μm cyclic AWG Router for λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON,” in Proc. ECOC2012, We.2.B.1 (2012).

M. Yanagisawa, Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, T. Oguchi, Y. Hida, H. Izumita, N. Araki, and T. Sugie, “Low-loss and compact TFF-embedded silica-waveguide WDM filter for video distribution services in FTTH systems,” in Proc. OFC2004, TuI4 (2004).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Wavelength allocation of novel λ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Configuration of proposed NxN AWG router.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Configuration of proposed TFF-embedded multichannel waveguide crossing.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fabricated 4x4 AWG router.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Measured relative transmittance of the light transmitted through a TFF in the test circuit. (b) Measured relative transmittance of the light reflected from a TFF in the test circuit.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Measured loss of the light transmitted through a TFF in the test circuit. (b) Measured loss of the light reflected from a TFF in the test circuit.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured upstream transmission spectra of the AWG router at 1.3 μm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured downstream transmission spectra of the AWG router at 1.5 μm.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Upstream wavelengths.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Downstream wavelengths.

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