Abstract

This paper presents a wide angle holographic display system with extended viewing angle in both horizontal and vertical directions. The display is constructed from six spatial light modulators (SLM) arranged on a circle and an additional SLM used for spatiotemporal multiplexing and a viewing angle extension in two perpendicular directions. The additional SLM, that is synchronized with the SLMs on the circle is placed in the image space. This method increases effective space bandwidth product of display system data from 12.4 to 50 megapixels. The software solution based on three Nvidia graphic cards is developed and implemented in order to achieve fast and synchronized displaying. The experiments presented for both synthetic and real 3D data prove the possibility to view binocularly having good quality images reconstructed in full FoV of the display.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. F. Yaraş, H. Kang, and L. Onural, “State of the art in holographic displays: A survey,” J. Disp. Technol.6(10), 443–454 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T.-Ch. Poon Ed, Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display (Springer, Berlin, 2006).
  3. H.-E. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K.-M. Jeong, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional binocular holographic display using liquid crystal shutter,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor.15(4), 345–351 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Yaraş, H. Kang, and L. Onural, “Real-time phase-only color holographic video display system using LED illumination,” Appl. Opt.48(34), H48–H53 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. P. Kelly, D. S. Monaghan, N. Pandey, T. Kozacki, A. Michałkiewicz, G. Finke, B. M. Hennelly, and M. Kujawinska, “Digital holographic capture and optoelectronic reconstruction for 3-D displays,” Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast.2010, 759329 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Choi, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Synthetic phase holograms for auto-stereoscopic image displays using a modified IFTA,” Opt. Express12(11), 2454–2462 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Finke, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawiska, “Wide viewing angle holographic display with multi spatial light modulator array,” Proc. SPIE7723, 77230A, 77230A-8 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Choi, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Full-color autostereoscopic 3D display system using color-dispersion-compensated synthetic phase holograms,” Opt. Express12(21), 5229–5236 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Michałkiewicz, M. Kujawińska, T. Kozacki, X. Wang, and P. J. Bos, “Holographic three-dimensional displays with liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5531, 85–94 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Kozacki, “On resolution and viewing of holographic image generated by 3D holographic display,” Opt. Express18(26), 27118–27129 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Hahn, H. Kim, Y. Lim, G. Park, and B. Lee, “Wide viewing angle dynamic holographic stereogram with a curved array of spatial light modulators,” Opt. Express16(16), 12372–12386 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Yaras, H. Kang, and L. Onural, “Multi-SLM holographic display system with planar configuration,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on (IEEE 2010), 1–4.
  13. F. Yaraş, H. Kang, and L. Onural, “Circular holographic video display system,” Opt. Express19(10), 9147–9156 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, W. Zaperty, and B. Hennelly, “Holographic capture and display systems in circular configurations,” J. Disp. Technol.8(4), 225–232 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, B. Hennelly, and N. Pandey, “Extended viewing angle holographic display system with tilted SLMs in a circular configuration,” Appl. Opt.51(11), 1771–1780 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Stanley, M. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, “3D electronic holography system using a 100mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5249, 297–308 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Haussler, A. Schwerdtner, and N. Leister, “Large holographic display as an alternative to stereoscopic displays,” Proc. SPIE6803, 68030M, 68030M-9 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. Kozacki, “Holographic display with tilted spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt.50(20), 3579–3588 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. X. Wang, D. Wilson, R. Muller, P. Maker, and D. Psaltis, “Liquid-crystal blazed-grating beam deflector,” Appl. Opt.39(35), 6545–6555 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, W. Zaperty, and B. Hennelly, “Holographic capture and display systems in circular configurations,” J. Disp. Technol.8(4), 225–232 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, B. Hennelly, and N. Pandey, “Extended viewing angle holographic display system with tilted SLMs in a circular configuration,” Appl. Opt.51(11), 1771–1780 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

2010 (4)

T. Kozacki, “On resolution and viewing of holographic image generated by 3D holographic display,” Opt. Express18(26), 27118–27129 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Yaraş, H. Kang, and L. Onural, “State of the art in holographic displays: A survey,” J. Disp. Technol.6(10), 443–454 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Kelly, D. S. Monaghan, N. Pandey, T. Kozacki, A. Michałkiewicz, G. Finke, B. M. Hennelly, and M. Kujawinska, “Digital holographic capture and optoelectronic reconstruction for 3-D displays,” Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast.2010, 759329 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Finke, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawiska, “Wide viewing angle holographic display with multi spatial light modulator array,” Proc. SPIE7723, 77230A, 77230A-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

J. Hahn, H. Kim, Y. Lim, G. Park, and B. Lee, “Wide viewing angle dynamic holographic stereogram with a curved array of spatial light modulators,” Opt. Express16(16), 12372–12386 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Haussler, A. Schwerdtner, and N. Leister, “Large holographic display as an alternative to stereoscopic displays,” Proc. SPIE6803, 68030M, 68030M-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

M. Stanley, M. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, “3D electronic holography system using a 100mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5249, 297–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Michałkiewicz, M. Kujawińska, T. Kozacki, X. Wang, and P. J. Bos, “Holographic three-dimensional displays with liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5531, 85–94 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Choi, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Synthetic phase holograms for auto-stereoscopic image displays using a modified IFTA,” Opt. Express12(11), 2454–2462 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Choi, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Full-color autostereoscopic 3D display system using color-dispersion-compensated synthetic phase holograms,” Opt. Express12(21), 5229–5236 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

Bos, P. J.

A. Michałkiewicz, M. Kujawińska, T. Kozacki, X. Wang, and P. J. Bos, “Holographic three-dimensional displays with liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5531, 85–94 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cameron, C. D.

M. Stanley, M. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, “3D electronic holography system using a 100mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5249, 297–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K.

Coomber, S. D.

M. Stanley, M. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, “3D electronic holography system using a 100mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5249, 297–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Finke, G.

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, B. Hennelly, and N. Pandey, “Extended viewing angle holographic display system with tilted SLMs in a circular configuration,” Appl. Opt.51(11), 1771–1780 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, W. Zaperty, and B. Hennelly, “Holographic capture and display systems in circular configurations,” J. Disp. Technol.8(4), 225–232 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Finke, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawiska, “Wide viewing angle holographic display with multi spatial light modulator array,” Proc. SPIE7723, 77230A, 77230A-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Kelly, D. S. Monaghan, N. Pandey, T. Kozacki, A. Michałkiewicz, G. Finke, B. M. Hennelly, and M. Kujawinska, “Digital holographic capture and optoelectronic reconstruction for 3-D displays,” Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast.2010, 759329 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, J.

Haussler, R.

R. Haussler, A. Schwerdtner, and N. Leister, “Large holographic display as an alternative to stereoscopic displays,” Proc. SPIE6803, 68030M, 68030M-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hennelly, B.

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, W. Zaperty, and B. Hennelly, “Holographic capture and display systems in circular configurations,” J. Disp. Technol.8(4), 225–232 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, B. Hennelly, and N. Pandey, “Extended viewing angle holographic display system with tilted SLMs in a circular configuration,” Appl. Opt.51(11), 1771–1780 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hennelly, B. M.

D. P. Kelly, D. S. Monaghan, N. Pandey, T. Kozacki, A. Michałkiewicz, G. Finke, B. M. Hennelly, and M. Kujawinska, “Digital holographic capture and optoelectronic reconstruction for 3-D displays,” Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast.2010, 759329 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, K.-M.

H.-E. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K.-M. Jeong, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional binocular holographic display using liquid crystal shutter,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor.15(4), 345–351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kang, H.

Kelly, D. P.

D. P. Kelly, D. S. Monaghan, N. Pandey, T. Kozacki, A. Michałkiewicz, G. Finke, B. M. Hennelly, and M. Kujawinska, “Digital holographic capture and optoelectronic reconstruction for 3-D displays,” Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast.2010, 759329 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kim, H.-E.

H.-E. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K.-M. Jeong, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional binocular holographic display using liquid crystal shutter,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor.15(4), 345–351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.-S.

H.-E. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K.-M. Jeong, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional binocular holographic display using liquid crystal shutter,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor.15(4), 345–351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kozacki, T.

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, W. Zaperty, and B. Hennelly, “Holographic capture and display systems in circular configurations,” J. Disp. Technol.8(4), 225–232 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, B. Hennelly, and N. Pandey, “Extended viewing angle holographic display system with tilted SLMs in a circular configuration,” Appl. Opt.51(11), 1771–1780 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kozacki, “Holographic display with tilted spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt.50(20), 3579–3588 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kozacki, “On resolution and viewing of holographic image generated by 3D holographic display,” Opt. Express18(26), 27118–27129 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Finke, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawiska, “Wide viewing angle holographic display with multi spatial light modulator array,” Proc. SPIE7723, 77230A, 77230A-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Kelly, D. S. Monaghan, N. Pandey, T. Kozacki, A. Michałkiewicz, G. Finke, B. M. Hennelly, and M. Kujawinska, “Digital holographic capture and optoelectronic reconstruction for 3-D displays,” Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast.2010, 759329 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Michałkiewicz, M. Kujawińska, T. Kozacki, X. Wang, and P. J. Bos, “Holographic three-dimensional displays with liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5531, 85–94 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kujawinska, M.

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, B. Hennelly, and N. Pandey, “Extended viewing angle holographic display system with tilted SLMs in a circular configuration,” Appl. Opt.51(11), 1771–1780 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, W. Zaperty, and B. Hennelly, “Holographic capture and display systems in circular configurations,” J. Disp. Technol.8(4), 225–232 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Kelly, D. S. Monaghan, N. Pandey, T. Kozacki, A. Michałkiewicz, G. Finke, B. M. Hennelly, and M. Kujawinska, “Digital holographic capture and optoelectronic reconstruction for 3-D displays,” Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast.2010, 759329 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Michałkiewicz, M. Kujawińska, T. Kozacki, X. Wang, and P. J. Bos, “Holographic three-dimensional displays with liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5531, 85–94 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kujawiska, M.

G. Finke, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawiska, “Wide viewing angle holographic display with multi spatial light modulator array,” Proc. SPIE7723, 77230A, 77230A-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Leister, N.

R. Haussler, A. Schwerdtner, and N. Leister, “Large holographic display as an alternative to stereoscopic displays,” Proc. SPIE6803, 68030M, 68030M-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lim, Y.

Maker, P.

Michalkiewicz, A.

D. P. Kelly, D. S. Monaghan, N. Pandey, T. Kozacki, A. Michałkiewicz, G. Finke, B. M. Hennelly, and M. Kujawinska, “Digital holographic capture and optoelectronic reconstruction for 3-D displays,” Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast.2010, 759329 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Michałkiewicz, M. Kujawińska, T. Kozacki, X. Wang, and P. J. Bos, “Holographic three-dimensional displays with liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5531, 85–94 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Monaghan, D. S.

D. P. Kelly, D. S. Monaghan, N. Pandey, T. Kozacki, A. Michałkiewicz, G. Finke, B. M. Hennelly, and M. Kujawinska, “Digital holographic capture and optoelectronic reconstruction for 3-D displays,” Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast.2010, 759329 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Muller, R.

Onural, L.

Pandey, N.

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, B. Hennelly, and N. Pandey, “Extended viewing angle holographic display system with tilted SLMs in a circular configuration,” Appl. Opt.51(11), 1771–1780 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Kelly, D. S. Monaghan, N. Pandey, T. Kozacki, A. Michałkiewicz, G. Finke, B. M. Hennelly, and M. Kujawinska, “Digital holographic capture and optoelectronic reconstruction for 3-D displays,” Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast.2010, 759329 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, G.

Park, J.-H.

H.-E. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K.-M. Jeong, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional binocular holographic display using liquid crystal shutter,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor.15(4), 345–351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Schwerdtner, A.

R. Haussler, A. Schwerdtner, and N. Leister, “Large holographic display as an alternative to stereoscopic displays,” Proc. SPIE6803, 68030M, 68030M-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Slinger, C. W.

M. Stanley, M. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, “3D electronic holography system using a 100mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5249, 297–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. P.

M. Stanley, M. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, “3D electronic holography system using a 100mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5249, 297–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, M.

M. Stanley, M. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, “3D electronic holography system using a 100mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5249, 297–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stanley, M.

M. Stanley, M. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, “3D electronic holography system using a 100mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5249, 297–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

A. Michałkiewicz, M. Kujawińska, T. Kozacki, X. Wang, and P. J. Bos, “Holographic three-dimensional displays with liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5531, 85–94 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, D. Wilson, R. Muller, P. Maker, and D. Psaltis, “Liquid-crystal blazed-grating beam deflector,” Appl. Opt.39(35), 6545–6555 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watson, P. J.

M. Stanley, M. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, “3D electronic holography system using a 100mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5249, 297–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, D.

Wood, A.

M. Stanley, M. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, “3D electronic holography system using a 100mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5249, 297–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yaras, F.

Zaperty, W.

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, W. Zaperty, and B. Hennelly, “Holographic capture and display systems in circular configurations,” J. Disp. Technol.8(4), 225–232 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast. (1)

D. P. Kelly, D. S. Monaghan, N. Pandey, T. Kozacki, A. Michałkiewicz, G. Finke, B. M. Hennelly, and M. Kujawinska, “Digital holographic capture and optoelectronic reconstruction for 3-D displays,” Int. J. Digit. Multimed. Broadcast.2010, 759329 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol. (2)

F. Yaraş, H. Kang, and L. Onural, “State of the art in holographic displays: A survey,” J. Disp. Technol.6(10), 443–454 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Kozacki, M. Kujawińska, G. Finke, W. Zaperty, and B. Hennelly, “Holographic capture and display systems in circular configurations,” J. Disp. Technol.8(4), 225–232 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Kor. (1)

H.-E. Kim, H.-S. Kim, K.-M. Jeong, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional binocular holographic display using liquid crystal shutter,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor.15(4), 345–351 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Proc. SPIE (4)

M. Stanley, M. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, “3D electronic holography system using a 100mega-pixel spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5249, 297–308 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Haussler, A. Schwerdtner, and N. Leister, “Large holographic display as an alternative to stereoscopic displays,” Proc. SPIE6803, 68030M, 68030M-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Finke, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawiska, “Wide viewing angle holographic display with multi spatial light modulator array,” Proc. SPIE7723, 77230A, 77230A-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Michałkiewicz, M. Kujawińska, T. Kozacki, X. Wang, and P. J. Bos, “Holographic three-dimensional displays with liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulator,” Proc. SPIE5531, 85–94 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

F. Yaras, H. Kang, and L. Onural, “Multi-SLM holographic display system with planar configuration,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on (IEEE 2010), 1–4.

T.-Ch. Poon Ed, Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display (Springer, Berlin, 2006).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Alignment of SLMs in the circular holographic display system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Concept of spatiotemporal multiplexing method: a) display system with two reflective SLMs and b) spatial (shift in space) and temporal (shift in time) separation of field generated by virtual SLMs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

WDF representation of the signal produced by holographic display system based on the spatiotemporal multiplexing at (a) display plane and (b) image plane, Bx and Bf are size and bandwidth of SLM active area, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Holographic display system with spatiotemporal multiplexing method with six SLMs in circular arrangement: a) the scheme and b) the arrangement of four virtual SLMs (front view) created by inclined wedges with fm = [ ± 48 mm−1, ± 27 mm−1].

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Data flow and synchronization of display software for implementation of spatiotemporal multiplexing method.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Reconstruction seen from a single SLM with diaphragm size ϕ = 5 mm, without spatiotemporal multiplexing technique captured with digital camera for different angular orientation a) 0°, b) 1° and c) 2°.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The model of the synthetic object and views of reconstructions captured with angular step of 6° (camera diaphragm 5 mm), with spatiotemporal multiplexing technique having four temporal subframes.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Reconstructions of the real object with spatiotemporal multiplexing technique having two temporal subframes: the photo of the model of ethanol molecule and sequential views of the object captured with angular step of 6°.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

u 1 M(A) ( x 2 )= u 1 ( x 2 )exp{i2π f M x 2 },
u 1 M(A) ( x 1 )= u 1 M(A) ( x 2 )exp {i k 2z ( x 1 x 2 ) 2 }d x 2 .
u 1 M(A) ( x 1 )= u 1 ( x 1 λz f M )exp{i2π x 1 f M }exp{ikz f M f M /2}
sin a n M(A,B) =sin α n ±λ f M ,
MFoV= N y Δ z o ( z o + z r ) 1 .

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