Abstract

We theoretically demonstrate a method for generating the broadband supercontinuum. It is found that a weak 400-nm few-cycle pulse can be used to replace the ultraviolet attosecond pulse for controlling the ionization dynamics of the electron wave packets when a long-wavelength driving pulse is adopted. By adding a 400-nm few-cycle laser pulse to a 2000-nm driving pulse at proper time, only a quantum path can be selected to effectively contribute to the harmonics, leading to the efficient generation of a broadband supercontinuum. Moreover, our scheme is stable against nearly all the small parameter shift of the driving pulse and the controlling pulse. The macroscopic investigation reveals that the macroscopic supercontinuum with the bandwidth of about 165eV can be obtained. Then isolated sub-110-as pulses can be directly generated. Moreover, the generated attosecond pulse has a divergence angle of about 0.1mrad in the far field, which indicates its beam quality is good. Besides, it is also found that a near-field spatial filter can be used to select the different quantum paths (short or long) in the far field.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Rundruist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft X-rays,” Science280, 1412–1415 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  4. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  12. P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Angular distributions of the high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond laser,” J. Phys. B29, 4771–4786 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Auguste, A. Zair, M. Weger, P. Salières, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spatial finger-print of quantum path interferences in high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express18, 2987–2994 (2010).
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  15. E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. Abel, D. Neumark, and S. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett.31, 975–977 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett.34, 2102–2104 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, F. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043413 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Du and B. Hu, “Propagation effects of isolated attosecond pulse generation with a multicycle chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A84, 023817 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse,” Phys. Rev. A81, 063813 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. Du, L. Luo, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation from pre-excited medium with a chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Opt. Express20, 9713–9725 (2012).
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  23. F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  25. P. Corkum, N. Burnett, and M. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett.19, 1870–1872 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  27. C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  28. C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. H. Du and B. Hu, “Broadband supercontinuum generation method combining mid-infrared chirped-pulse modulation and generalized polarization gating,” Opt. Express18, 25958–25966 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. K. Schafer, M. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 023003 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. K. Ishikawa, “Photoemission and ionization of He+ under simultaneous irradiation of fundamental laser and high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91, 043002 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. M. Gaarde, K. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A72, 013411 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. Bandrauk and N. Shon, “Attosecond control of ionization and high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A66, 031401(R) (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  34. P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  35. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. H. Bethe and E. Salpeter, Quantum mechanics of one and two electron atoms (Academic, New York, 1957).
  37. M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191 (1986).
  38. E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  39. A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  40. V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  41. C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  42. M. Gaarde, J. Tate, and K. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B41, 132001 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  43. H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. Khan, M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

H. Du and B. Hu, “Propagation effects of isolated attosecond pulse generation with a multicycle chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A84, 023817 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (8)

P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse,” Phys. Rev. A81, 063813 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Auguste, A. Zair, M. Weger, P. Salières, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spatial finger-print of quantum path interferences in high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express18, 2987–2994 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Du and B. Hu, “Broadband supercontinuum generation method combining mid-infrared chirped-pulse modulation and generalized polarization gating,” Opt. Express18, 25958–25966 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett.34, 2102–2104 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, F. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

M. Gaarde, J. Tate, and K. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. Khan, M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. Abel, D. Neumark, and S. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett.31, 975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

M. Gaarde, K. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Schafer, M. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

K. Ishikawa, “Photoemission and ionization of He+ under simultaneous irradiation of fundamental laser and high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91, 043002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

A. Bandrauk and N. Shon, “Attosecond control of ionization and high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A66, 031401(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Rundruist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft X-rays,” Science280, 1412–1415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Angular distributions of the high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond laser,” J. Phys. B29, 4771–4786 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of the high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74, 3376–3379 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Corkum, N. Burnett, and M. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett.19, 1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191 (1986).

Abel, M.

Agostini, P.

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ammosov, M.

M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191 (1986).

Aquila, A.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Attwood, D.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

Auge, F.

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auguste, T.

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

A. Rundruist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft X-rays,” Science280, 1412–1415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, P.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, Ph.

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A.

A. Bandrauk and N. Shon, “Attosecond control of ionization and high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A66, 031401(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R.

R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bethe, H.

H. Bethe and E. Salpeter, Quantum mechanics of one and two electron atoms (Academic, New York, 1957).

Biegert, J.

M. Gaarde, K. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Schafer, M. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Breger, P.

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruzzese, R.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Burnett, N.

Calegari, F.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Candel, S.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ceccherini, P.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. Khan, M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Rundruist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft X-rays,” Science280, 1412–1415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chini, M.

S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christov, I.

R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Corkum, N. Burnett, and M. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett.19, 1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef]

de Lisio, C.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Delone, N.

M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191 (1986).

Ditmire, T.

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Angular distributions of the high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond laser,” J. Phys. B29, 4771–4786 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Du, H.

H. Du, L. Luo, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation from pre-excited medium with a chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Opt. Express20, 9713–9725 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Du and B. Hu, “Propagation effects of isolated attosecond pulse generation with a multicycle chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A84, 023817 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse,” Phys. Rev. A81, 063813 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Du and B. Hu, “Broadband supercontinuum generation method combining mid-infrared chirped-pulse modulation and generalized polarization gating,” Opt. Express18, 25958–25966 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, C.

A. Rundruist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft X-rays,” Science280, 1412–1415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrari, F.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frassetto, F.

Gaarde, M.

M. Gaarde, J. Tate, and K. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaarde, K. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Schafer, M. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gagnon, J.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

Gilbertson, S.

S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. Khan, M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Green, H.

R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

Gullikson, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinrich, A.

M. Gaarde, K. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Schafer, M. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Herne, C.

A. Rundruist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft X-rays,” Science280, 1412–1415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holler, M.

Hong, W.

W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett.34, 2102–2104 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, F. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B.

H. Du, L. Luo, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation from pre-excited medium with a chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Opt. Express20, 9713–9725 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Du and B. Hu, “Propagation effects of isolated attosecond pulse generation with a multicycle chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A84, 023817 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse,” Phys. Rev. A81, 063813 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Du and B. Hu, “Broadband supercontinuum generation method combining mid-infrared chirped-pulse modulation and generalized polarization gating,” Opt. Express18, 25958–25966 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, K.

K. Ishikawa, “Photoemission and ionization of He+ under simultaneous irradiation of fundamental laser and high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91, 043002 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Corkum, N. Burnett, and M. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett.19, 1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacobsen, C.

R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

Jin, C.

C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H.

R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

A. Rundruist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft X-rays,” Science280, 1412–1415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Auguste, A. Zair, M. Weger, P. Salières, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spatial finger-print of quantum path interferences in high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express18, 2987–2994 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gaarde, K. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Schafer, M. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, S.

S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. Khan, M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krainov, V.

M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191 (1986).

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kulander, K.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Angular distributions of the high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond laser,” J. Phys. B29, 4771–4786 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of the high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74, 3376–3379 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lan, P.

P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, F. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le, A.-T.

C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Leone, S.

Lewenstein, M.

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Angular distributions of the high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond laser,” J. Phys. B29, 4771–4786 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of the high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74, 3376–3379 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, C.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. Khan, M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, F.

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, F. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, F. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett.34, 2102–2104 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, R.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
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C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011).
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R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

Lu, P.

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, F. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett.34, 2102–2104 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lucchini, M.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, L.

Mashiko, H.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. Khan, M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moon, E.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. Khan, M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mücke, O.

E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, H.

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M.

R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

A. Rundruist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft X-rays,” Science280, 1412–1415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nabekawa, Y.

E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nam, C.

V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Negro, M.

Neumark, D.

Nisoli, M.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Paul, A.

R. Bartels, A. Paul, H. Green, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, S. Backus, I. Christov, Y. Liu, D. Attwood, and C. Jacobsen, “Generation of spatially coherent light at extreme ultraviolet wavelengths,” Science297, 376–378 (2002).
[PubMed]

Paul, P.

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perry, M.

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Angular distributions of the high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond laser,” J. Phys. B29, 4771–4786 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

Poletto, L.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Priori, E.

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rundruist, A.

A. Rundruist, C. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “Phase-matched generation of coherent soft X-rays,” Science280, 1412–1415 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Salières, P.

F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Auguste, A. Zair, M. Weger, P. Salières, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spatial finger-print of quantum path interferences in high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Express18, 2987–2994 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Angular distributions of the high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond laser,” J. Phys. B29, 4771–4786 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Salières, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of the high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74, 3376–3379 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Salpeter, E.

H. Bethe and E. Salpeter, Quantum mechanics of one and two electron atoms (Academic, New York, 1957).

Sansone, G.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, K.

M. Gaarde, J. Tate, and K. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaarde, K. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Schafer, M. Gaarde, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Strong field quantum path control using attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92, 023003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schapper, F.

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shakya, M.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. Khan, M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shon, N.

A. Bandrauk and N. Shon, “Attosecond control of ionization and high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A66, 031401(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, X.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, E.

P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tate, J.

M. Gaarde, J. Tate, and K. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Toma, E.

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tosa, V.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velotta, R.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse,” Phys. Rev. A81, 063813 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Weger, M.

Wu, Y.

S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zair, A.

Zeng, Z.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, F. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett.34, 2102–2104 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, K.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 183901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. B (2)

P. Salières, T. Ditmire, M. Perry, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Angular distributions of the high-order harmonics generated by a femtosecond laser,” J. Phys. B29, 4771–4786 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaarde, J. Tate, and K. Schafer, “Macroscopic aspects of attosecond pulse generation,” J. Phys. B41, 132001 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (14)

P. Lan, P. Lu, Q. Li, F. Li, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects for quantum control of broadband isolated attosecond pulse generation with a two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Du and B. Hu, “Propagation effects of isolated attosecond pulse generation with a multicycle chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A84, 023817 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse,” Phys. Rev. A81, 063813 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaarde, K. Schafer, A. Heinrich, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Large enhancement of macroscopic yield in attosecond pulse train-assisted harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A72, 013411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Bandrauk and N. Shon, “Attosecond control of ionization and high-order harmonic generation in molecules,” Phys. Rev. A66, 031401(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
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Figures (15)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Electric field of the 2000-nm driving pulse, and (b) classical sketch of the electron dynamics in the driving pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Electric fields of the 2000-nm driving pulse (bold black curve) and the 400-nm few-cycle controlling pulse (thin red curve), and the evolution of the ionization probability (dashed blue curve) in the combined field.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Harmonic spectra generated in the combined field (solid red curve) and in the 2000-nm driving pulse alone (dotted black curve), and (b) time-frequency distribution in the combined field.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Harmonic spectra generated at the different intensities of the controlling pulse. Other parameters are the same as in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Harmonic spectra generated at the different durations of the controlling pulse. Other parameters are the same as in Fig. 2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Harmonic spectra generated at the different durations of the driving pulse. Other parameters are the same as in Fig. 2.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The harmonic spectrum after 3D propagation in the combined field.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The macroscopic harmonic spectra generated at the different time-delays between the 2000-nm and 400-nm fields.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Isolated attosecond pulses centered at different frequencies.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Spatiotemporal profiles of the attosecond pulses at the end of the medium generated by superposing the harmonics of (a) 160th–220th and (b) 280th–340th, respectively.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Spatial distribution of macroscopic HHG spectrum at the exit face.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

The far-field spatial profile and far-field spatiotemporal profile of isolated attosecond pulse generated by superposing the harmonics from 220 to 280.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

The far-field profile and far-field spatiotemporal profile of isolated attosecond pulse generated by superposing the harmonics from 220 to 280 using the near-field filter with a radius of 5μm.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Time-frequency distribution of on-axis harmonic spectra in the far field without (a) and with (b) the near-field filter.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

The far-field profiles of isolated attosecond pulses with the near-field filter at different radiuses. The solid glaucous curve is the far-field profile of isolated attosecond pulse without the near-field filter.

Equations (12)

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d n l = i t d t [ π ε + i ( t t ) / 2 ] 3 / 2 × d * [ p s t ( t , t ) A ( t ) ] d [ p s t ( t , t ) A ( t ) ] × exp [ i S s t ( t , t ) ] E ( t ) g ( t ) + c . c .
p s t ( t , t ) = 1 t t t t A ( t ) d t ,
S s t ( t , t ) = ( t t ) I p 1 2 p s t 2 ( t , t ) ( t t ) + 1 2 t t A 2 ( t ) d t ,
d ( p ) = i 2 7 / 2 π ( 2 I p ) 5 / 4 p ( p 2 + 2 I p ) 3 .
g ( t ) = exp [ t ω ( t ) d t ] ,
ω ( t ) = ω p | C n * | 2 ( 4 ω p ω t ) 2 n * 1 exp ( 4 ω p 3 ω t ) ,
ω p = I p h ¯ , ω t = e | E f ( t ) | 2 m e I p , n * = Z ( I p h I p ) 1 / 2 , | C n * | 2 = 2 2 n * n * Γ ( n * + 1 ) Γ ( n * ) ,
a q = | 1 T 0 T a ( t ) e i q ω t d t | 2 ,
2 E ( ρ , z , t ) 1 c 2 2 E ( ρ , z , t ) t 2 = ω p 2 ( ρ , z , t ) c 2 E ( ρ , z , t ) ,
2 E h ( ρ , z , t ) 1 c 2 2 E h ( ρ , z , t ) t 2 = ω p 2 ( ρ , z , t ) c 2 E h ( ρ , z , t ) + μ 0 2 P n l ( ρ , z , t ) t 2 .
E h f ( r f , z f , ω ) = i k 0 r 0 E h ( r f , z , ω ) z f z J 0 ( k r r f z f z ) exp [ i k ( r 2 + r f 2 ) 2 ( z f z ) ] r d r ,
E ( t ) = E 0 f 0 ( t ) cos ( ω 0 ) t + a E 0 f 1 ( t t delay ) cos [ ω 1 ( t t delay ) + ϕ ] .

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