Abstract

We present the results of theoretical and experimental characterization of a designed and manufactured dual-mode highly birefringent microstructured fiber. We also demonstrate the measured values of polarimetric temperature and strain sensitivity of both the fundamental and second order modes. As the mode field of the second order mode has a strong interaction with the fiber air holes, we observed a significant (over two orders of magnitude) increase in the polarimetric strain sensitivity of this mode in comparison to the fundamental mode. The enhanced strain sensitivity together with the low temperature sensitivity makes our fiber very attractive for application as extremely sensitive temperature independent strain transducers.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Wadsworth, R. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, and P. Russell, “High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser,” Opt. Express11(1), 48–53 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003).
  5. P. Russell, “Photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(12), 4729–4749 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Ju, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Two-mode operation in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2472–2474 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett.25(18), 1325–1327 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(6), 588–590 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt.44(13), 2652–2658 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. R. Folkenberg, M. D. Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, C. Jakobsen, and H. R. Simonsen, “Polarization maintaining large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express12(5), 956–960 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(8), 1071–1089 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. J. Bock and W. Urbanczyk, “Measurements of sensitivity of birefringent holey fiber to temperature, elongation, and hydrostatic pressure,” Proc. of the 21st IEEE-Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference2, 1228–1232 (2004).
  15. D. H. Kim and J. U. Kang, “Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity,” Opt. Express12(19), 4490–4495 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. H. L. Zhao, X. Yang, Ch. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2535–2537 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. Jewart, K. P. Chen, B. McMillen, M. M. Bails, S. P. Levitan, J. Canning, and I. V. Avdeev, “Sensitivity enhancement of fiber Bragg gratings to transverse stress by using microstructural fibers,” Opt. Lett.31(15), 2260–2262 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. Martelli, J. Canning, N. Groothoff, and K. Lyytikainen, “Bragg gratings in photonic crystal fibres: strain and temperature characterization,” Proc. SPIE5855, 302–305 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  22. T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. T. Nasilowski, K. Skorupski, M. Makara, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, P. Mergo, P. Marc, and L. Jaroszewicz, “Very high polarimetric sensitivity to strain of second order mode of highly birefringent microstructured fibre,” Proc. SPIE7753, 77533O, 77533O-4 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  24. F. Zhang and J. W. Y. Lit, “Temperature and strain sensitivity measurements of high-birefringent polarization-maintaining fibers,” Appl. Opt.32(13), 2213–2218 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  26. T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

T. Nasilowski, K. Skorupski, M. Makara, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, P. Mergo, P. Marc, and L. Jaroszewicz, “Very high polarimetric sensitivity to strain of second order mode of highly birefringent microstructured fibre,” Proc. SPIE7753, 77533O, 77533O-4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (3)

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt.44(13), 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Martelli, J. Canning, N. Groothoff, and K. Lyytikainen, “Bragg gratings in photonic crystal fibres: strain and temperature characterization,” Proc. SPIE5855, 302–305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

J. Ju, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Two-mode operation in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2472–2474 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. L. Zhao, X. Yang, Ch. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2535–2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Folkenberg, M. D. Nielsen, N. A. Mortensen, C. Jakobsen, and H. R. Simonsen, “Polarization maintaining large mode area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express12(5), 956–960 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim and J. U. Kang, “Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity,” Opt. Express12(19), 4490–4495 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

2001 (1)

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(6), 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1993 (1)

1986 (1)

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(8), 1071–1089 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Anuszkiewicz, A.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arriaga, J.

Avdeev, I. V.

Bails, M. M.

Bartelt, H.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Becker, M.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berghmans, F.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt.44(13), 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(6), 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

Broeng, J.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(6), 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

C. Jewart, K. P. Chen, B. McMillen, M. M. Bails, S. P. Levitan, J. Canning, and I. V. Avdeev, “Sensitivity enhancement of fiber Bragg gratings to transverse stress by using microstructural fibers,” Opt. Lett.31(15), 2260–2262 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Martelli, J. Canning, N. Groothoff, and K. Lyytikainen, “Bragg gratings in photonic crystal fibres: strain and temperature characterization,” Proc. SPIE5855, 302–305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chah, K.

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. P.

Coen, S.

L. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Waele, W.

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Degrieck, J.

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M. S.

J. Ju, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Two-mode operation in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2472–2474 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. L. Zhao, X. Yang, Ch. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2535–2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, L. M.

L. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Folkenberg, J. R.

Geernaert, T.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

L. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Golojuch, G.

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Groothoff, N.

C. Martelli, J. Canning, N. Groothoff, and K. Lyytikainen, “Bragg gratings in photonic crystal fibres: strain and temperature characterization,” Proc. SPIE5855, 302–305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, T. P.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(6), 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jakobsen, C.

Jaroszewicz, L.

T. Nasilowski, K. Skorupski, M. Makara, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, P. Mergo, P. Marc, and L. Jaroszewicz, “Very high polarimetric sensitivity to strain of second order mode of highly birefringent microstructured fibre,” Proc. SPIE7753, 77533O, 77533O-4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jaroszewicz, L. R.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. R.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(6), 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jewart, C.

Jin, W.

C. H. L. Zhao, X. Yang, Ch. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2535–2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Ju, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Two-mode operation in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2472–2474 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ju, J.

J. Ju, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Two-mode operation in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2472–2474 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. U.

Kim, D. H.

Klimek, J.

Knight, J.

Knight, J. C.

Knudsen, E.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(6), 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Levitan, S. P.

Libori, S. E. B.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(6), 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lit, J. W. Y.

Lu, Ch.

C. H. L. Zhao, X. Yang, Ch. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2535–2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luyckx, G.

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lyytikainen, K.

C. Martelli, J. Canning, N. Groothoff, and K. Lyytikainen, “Bragg gratings in photonic crystal fibres: strain and temperature characterization,” Proc. SPIE5855, 302–305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Makara, M.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, K. Skorupski, M. Makara, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, P. Mergo, P. Marc, and L. Jaroszewicz, “Very high polarimetric sensitivity to strain of second order mode of highly birefringent microstructured fibre,” Proc. SPIE7753, 77533O, 77533O-4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt.44(13), 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mangan, B. J.

Marc, P.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, K. Skorupski, M. Makara, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, P. Mergo, P. Marc, and L. Jaroszewicz, “Very high polarimetric sensitivity to strain of second order mode of highly birefringent microstructured fibre,” Proc. SPIE7753, 77533O, 77533O-4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Martelli, C.

C. Martelli, J. Canning, N. Groothoff, and K. Lyytikainen, “Bragg gratings in photonic crystal fibres: strain and temperature characterization,” Proc. SPIE5855, 302–305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martynkien, T.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt.44(13), 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McMillen, B.

Mergo, P.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, K. Skorupski, M. Makara, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, P. Mergo, P. Marc, and L. Jaroszewicz, “Very high polarimetric sensitivity to strain of second order mode of highly birefringent microstructured fibre,” Proc. SPIE7753, 77533O, 77533O-4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, N. A.

Murawski, M.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nasilowski, T.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, K. Skorupski, M. Makara, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, P. Mergo, P. Marc, and L. Jaroszewicz, “Very high polarimetric sensitivity to strain of second order mode of highly birefringent microstructured fibre,” Proc. SPIE7753, 77533O, 77533O-4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt.44(13), 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nielsen, M. D.

Noda, J.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(8), 1071–1089 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(8), 1071–1089 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Olszewski, J.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt.44(13), 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Percival, R.

Poturaj, K.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rothhardt, M.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sasaki, Y.

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(8), 1071–1089 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Simonsen, H.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(6), 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Simonsen, H. R.

Skorupski, K.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, K. Skorupski, M. Makara, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, P. Mergo, P. Marc, and L. Jaroszewicz, “Very high polarimetric sensitivity to strain of second order mode of highly birefringent microstructured fibre,” Proc. SPIE7753, 77533O, 77533O-4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sonnenfeld, C.

Statkiewicz, G.

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt.44(13), 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Statkiewicz-Barabach, G.

T. Nasilowski, K. Skorupski, M. Makara, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, P. Mergo, P. Marc, and L. Jaroszewicz, “Very high polarimetric sensitivity to strain of second order mode of highly birefringent microstructured fibre,” Proc. SPIE7753, 77533O, 77533O-4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Szczurowski, M.

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Szczurowski, M. K.

Szpulak, M.

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt.44(13), 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szymanski, M.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tarnowski, K.

Tenderenda, T.

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Terryn, H.

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt.44(13), 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Urbanczyk, W.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt.44(13), 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Paepegem, W.

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Voet, E.

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wojcik, J.

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wójcik, J.

Yang, X.

C. H. L. Zhao, X. Yang, Ch. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2535–2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

Zhao, C. H. L.

C. H. L. Zhao, X. Yang, Ch. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2535–2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Martynkien, A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, M. Szczurowski, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Birefringent photonic crystal fibers with zero polarimetric sensitivity to temperature,” Appl. Phys. B94(4), 635–640 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

J. Ju, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Two-mode operation in highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2472–2474 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, “Highly birefringent index guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(6), 588–590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. H. L. Zhao, X. Yang, Ch. Lu, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, “Temperature-insensitive interferometer using a highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(11), 2535–2537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, W. De Waele, J. Degrieck, H. Terryn, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Transversal load sensing with fiber Bragg gratings in microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(1), 6–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Luyckx, E. Voet, T. Geernaert, K. Chah, T. Nasilowski, W. De Waele, W. Van Paepegem, M. Becker, H. Bartelt, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, J. Degrieck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Response of FBGs in microstructured and bow tie fibers embedded in laminated composite,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(18), 1290–1292 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Geernaert, T. Nasilowski, K. Chah, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Statkiewicz, J. Wojcik, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Fiber Bragg gratings in germanium-doped highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(8), 554–556 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” J. Appl. Phys. B81(2-3), 325–331 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization-maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(8), 1071–1089 (1986).
[CrossRef]

P. Russell, “Photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(12), 4729–4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Measurements of polarimetric sensitivity to temperature in birefringent holey fibres,” Meas. Sci. Technol.18(10), 3055–3060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (3)

T. Tenderenda, M. Murawski, M. Szymanski, M. Becker, M. Rothhardt, H. Bartelt, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, P. Marc, L. R. Jaroszewicz, and T. Nasilowski, “Fibre Bragg gratings written in highly birefringent microstructured fiber as very sensitive strain sensors,” Proc. SPIE8426, 84260D, 84260D-8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Nasilowski, K. Skorupski, M. Makara, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, P. Mergo, P. Marc, and L. Jaroszewicz, “Very high polarimetric sensitivity to strain of second order mode of highly birefringent microstructured fibre,” Proc. SPIE7753, 77533O, 77533O-4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Martelli, J. Canning, N. Groothoff, and K. Lyytikainen, “Bragg gratings in photonic crystal fibres: strain and temperature characterization,” Proc. SPIE5855, 302–305 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

L. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003).

W. J. Bock and W. Urbanczyk, “Measurements of sensitivity of birefringent holey fiber to temperature, elongation, and hydrostatic pressure,” Proc. of the 21st IEEE-Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference2, 1228–1232 (2004).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM image of the investigated HB MSF cross-section.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental near field distribution of: E11 fundamental mode (a), E21 second order mode (b) and electric field distribution according to simulations of the E11 (c) and E21 mode (d) of the investigated HB MSF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagram of the lateral force method set-up for measuring the phase modal birefringence [23].

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured and simulated phase modal birefringence of fundamental and second order mode of examined HB MSF.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic diagram of the set-up for polarimetric strain and temperature sensitivity measurements.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Simulated and measured values of the effective refractive index (neff), confinement losses and modal birefringence of the first four propagated modes.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Polarimetric sensitivity to strain (Kε) and temperature (KT) of the fundamental (E11) and second order (E21) modes measured at λ = 1.55 µm.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

K ξ = dΔϕ dξ L
K T = 2πΔM L T ΔT
K ε = 2πΔM L ε ΔL

Metrics