Abstract

Barium titanate (BaTiO3) is a technologically important material because of its nonlinear properties, such as its strong second harmonic generation and high third order susceptibility. While many nonlinear effects have been extensively studied on the bulk scale, there are still questions regarding the strength of nonlinear effects in nanoparticles. The nonlinear properties of BaTiO3 nanoparticles and nanorods have been studied using the closed aperture z-scan technique. Silver was then grown photochemically on the surface of the BaTiO3 nanoparticles, and it was found that the third order susceptibility increases dramatically.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Ju, P. R. Watekar, S. Jeong, Y. Kim, and W. T. Han, “Nonlinear optical properties of zinc doped germano-silicate glass optical fiber,” J. Nonlinear Optic. Phys Mat.19, 791–799 (2010).
  2. P. R. Watekar, S. Moon, A. Lin, S. Ju, and W. T. Han, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Si nanoparticles / Er-ions doped optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(5), 568–575 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. L. Gu, J. L. Shi, G. J. You, L. M. Xiong, S. X. Qian, Z. L. Hua, and H. R. Chen, “Incorporation of highly dispersed gold nanoparticles into the pore channels of mesoporous silica thin films and their ultrafast nonlinear optical response,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(5), 557–560 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. P. Li, B. Liu, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, W. X. Que, L. M. Gan, C. H. Chew, and G. Q. Xu, “Femtosecond z-scan investigation of nonlinear refraction in surface modified PbS nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater.14(4), 321–327 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Wang, C. Y. Lin, A. Nikolaenko, V. Raghunathan, and E. O. Potma, “Four-wave mixing microscopy of nanostructures,” Adv. Opt. Phot.3(1), 1–52 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Takeda, O. A. Plaksin, K. Kono, and N. Kishimoto, “Nonlinear optical properties of Cu nanoparticles in various insulators fabricated by negative ion implantation,” Surf. Coat. Tech.196(1-3), 30–33 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. C. Ray, “Size and shape dependent second order nonlinear optical properties of nanomaterials and their application in biological and chemical sensing,” Chem. Rev.110(9), 5332–5365 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. L. Hsieh, Y. Pu, R. Grange, and D. Psaltis, “Digital phase conjugation of second harmonic radiation emitted by nanoparticles in turbid media,” Opt. Express18(12), 12283–12290 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. Tong and J. X. Cheng, “Label-free imaging through nonlinear optical signals,” Mater. Today14(6), 264–273 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. G. Papadopoulos, A. J. Sadlej, and J. Leszczynski, Non-linear Optical Properties of Matter: From molecules to condensed phases (Springer, 2006).
  13. P. Ren, H. Fan, and X. Wang, “Electrospun nanofibers of ZnO/BaTiO3 heterostructures with enhanced photocatalytic activity,” Catal. Commun.25, 32–35 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. H. Chen and Y. D. Chen, “Kinetic study of Cu(II) adsorption on nanosized BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 photocatalysts,” J. Hazard. Mater.185(1), 168–173 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. Venkatram, D. N. Rao, and M. A. Akundi, “Nonlinear absorption, scattering and optical limiting studies of CdS nanoparticles,” Opt. Express13(3), 867–872 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Mohapatra, Y. K. Mishra, A. M. Warrier, R. Phillip, S. Sahoo, A. K. Arora, and D. K. Avasthi, “Plasmonic, low-frequency raman, and nonlinear optical-limiting studies in copper-silica nanocomposites,” Plasmonics7(1), 25–31 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  17. B. Palpant, M. Rashidi-Huyeh, B. Gallas, S. Chenot, and S. Fisson, “Highly dispersive thermo-optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(22), 223105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in various liquids,” Opt. Commun.240(4-6), 437–448 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. de Nalda, R. del Coso, J. Requejo-Isidro, J. Olivares, A. Suarez-Garcia, J. Solis, and C. N. Afonso, “Limits to the determination of the nonlinear refractive index by the z-scan method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(2), 289–296 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Gnoli, L. Razzari, and M. Righini, “Z-scan measurements using high repetition rate lasers: how to manage thermal effects,” Opt. Express13(20), 7976–7981 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 325–333 (2008).
  22. P. K. Dutta and J. R. Gregg, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate (BaTiO3),” Chem. Mater.4(4), 843–846 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Wu, J. Long, G. Wang, A. Huang, Y. Luo, S. Feng, and R. Xu, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate from barium hydroxide and titanium dioxide under moderate conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.82, 3254–3256 (1999).
  24. S. G. Kwon, K. Choi, and B. Kim, “Solvothermal synthesis of nano-sized tetragonal barium titanate powders,” Mater. Lett.60(7), 979–982 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. J. Giocondi and G. Rohrer, “Spatially selective photochemical reduction of silver on the surface of ferroelectric barium titanate,” Chem. Mater.13(2), 241–242 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. Ganeev, G. Boltaev, R. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical absorption and refraction in Ru, Pd, and Au nanoparticle suspensions,” Appl. Phys. B100(3), 571–576 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. Shik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron.26(4), 760–769 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. H. Majiles Ara, Z. Dehghani, R. Sahraei, and G. Nabiyouni, “Non-linear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by hydrogen reduction method,” Opt. Commun.283(8), 1650–1653 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  29. G. Yang, Y. Zhou, H. Long, Y. Li, and Y. Yang, “Optical nonlinearities in Ag/BaTiO3 multi-layer nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films515(20-21), 7926–7929 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  30. R. Karimzadeh and N. Mansour, “The effect of concentration on the thermo-optical properties of colloidal silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Laser Technol.42(5), 783–789 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  31. J. P. Gordon, R. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long-transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys.36(1), 3–8 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  32. F. L. S. Cuppo, A. M. F. Neto, and S. L. Gomez, “Thermal-lens model compared with the Sheik-Bahae formalism in interpreting z-scan experiments on lyotropic liquid crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(6), 1342–1348 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  33. M. Falconieri, “Thermo-optical effects in z-scan measurements using high-repetition-rate lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.1(6), 662–667 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  34. G. Yang, W. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Lu, G. Yang, and Z. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(21), 3969–3971 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  35. Y. Pu, R. Grange, C. L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(20), 207402 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Ren, H. Fan, and X. Wang, “Electrospun nanofibers of ZnO/BaTiO3 heterostructures with enhanced photocatalytic activity,” Catal. Commun.25, 32–35 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Mohapatra, Y. K. Mishra, A. M. Warrier, R. Phillip, S. Sahoo, A. K. Arora, and D. K. Avasthi, “Plasmonic, low-frequency raman, and nonlinear optical-limiting studies in copper-silica nanocomposites,” Plasmonics7(1), 25–31 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

Y. H. Chen and Y. D. Chen, “Kinetic study of Cu(II) adsorption on nanosized BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 photocatalysts,” J. Hazard. Mater.185(1), 168–173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, C. Y. Lin, A. Nikolaenko, V. Raghunathan, and E. O. Potma, “Four-wave mixing microscopy of nanostructures,” Adv. Opt. Phot.3(1), 1–52 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Tong and J. X. Cheng, “Label-free imaging through nonlinear optical signals,” Mater. Today14(6), 264–273 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (8)

R. Ganeev, G. Boltaev, R. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical absorption and refraction in Ru, Pd, and Au nanoparticle suspensions,” Appl. Phys. B100(3), 571–576 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Majiles Ara, Z. Dehghani, R. Sahraei, and G. Nabiyouni, “Non-linear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by hydrogen reduction method,” Opt. Commun.283(8), 1650–1653 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Karimzadeh and N. Mansour, “The effect of concentration on the thermo-optical properties of colloidal silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Laser Technol.42(5), 783–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. C. Ray, “Size and shape dependent second order nonlinear optical properties of nanomaterials and their application in biological and chemical sensing,” Chem. Rev.110(9), 5332–5365 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ju, P. R. Watekar, S. Jeong, Y. Kim, and W. T. Han, “Nonlinear optical properties of zinc doped germano-silicate glass optical fiber,” J. Nonlinear Optic. Phys Mat.19, 791–799 (2010).

C. L. Hsieh, Y. Pu, R. Grange, and D. Psaltis, “Digital phase conjugation of second harmonic radiation emitted by nanoparticles in turbid media,” Opt. Express18(12), 12283–12290 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C. L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(20), 207402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

G. Yang, Y. Zhou, H. Long, Y. Li, and Y. Yang, “Optical nonlinearities in Ag/BaTiO3 multi-layer nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films515(20-21), 7926–7929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Palpant, M. Rashidi-Huyeh, B. Gallas, S. Chenot, and S. Fisson, “Highly dispersive thermo-optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(22), 223105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. G. Kwon, K. Choi, and B. Kim, “Solvothermal synthesis of nano-sized tetragonal barium titanate powders,” Mater. Lett.60(7), 979–982 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

A. Gnoli, L. Razzari, and M. Righini, “Z-scan measurements using high repetition rate lasers: how to manage thermal effects,” Opt. Express13(20), 7976–7981 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Venkatram, D. N. Rao, and M. A. Akundi, “Nonlinear absorption, scattering and optical limiting studies of CdS nanoparticles,” Opt. Express13(3), 867–872 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Gu, J. L. Shi, G. J. You, L. M. Xiong, S. X. Qian, Z. L. Hua, and H. R. Chen, “Incorporation of highly dispersed gold nanoparticles into the pore channels of mesoporous silica thin films and their ultrafast nonlinear optical response,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(5), 557–560 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takeda, O. A. Plaksin, K. Kono, and N. Kishimoto, “Nonlinear optical properties of Cu nanoparticles in various insulators fabricated by negative ion implantation,” Surf. Coat. Tech.196(1-3), 30–33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in various liquids,” Opt. Commun.240(4-6), 437–448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

2001 (1)

J. Giocondi and G. Rohrer, “Spatially selective photochemical reduction of silver on the surface of ferroelectric barium titanate,” Chem. Mater.13(2), 241–242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. P. Li, B. Liu, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, W. X. Que, L. M. Gan, C. H. Chew, and G. Q. Xu, “Femtosecond z-scan investigation of nonlinear refraction in surface modified PbS nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater.14(4), 321–327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

M. Wu, J. Long, G. Wang, A. Huang, Y. Luo, S. Feng, and R. Xu, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate from barium hydroxide and titanium dioxide under moderate conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.82, 3254–3256 (1999).

M. Falconieri, “Thermo-optical effects in z-scan measurements using high-repetition-rate lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.1(6), 662–667 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

P. K. Dutta and J. R. Gregg, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate (BaTiO3),” Chem. Mater.4(4), 843–846 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. Shik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron.26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

J. P. Gordon, R. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long-transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys.36(1), 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Afonso, C. N.

Akundi, M. A.

Arora, A. K.

S. Mohapatra, Y. K. Mishra, A. M. Warrier, R. Phillip, S. Sahoo, A. K. Arora, and D. K. Avasthi, “Plasmonic, low-frequency raman, and nonlinear optical-limiting studies in copper-silica nanocomposites,” Plasmonics7(1), 25–31 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Avasthi, D. K.

S. Mohapatra, Y. K. Mishra, A. M. Warrier, R. Phillip, S. Sahoo, A. K. Arora, and D. K. Avasthi, “Plasmonic, low-frequency raman, and nonlinear optical-limiting studies in copper-silica nanocomposites,” Plasmonics7(1), 25–31 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baba, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 325–333 (2008).

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in various liquids,” Opt. Commun.240(4-6), 437–448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bachelier, G.

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benichou, E.

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boltaev, G.

R. Ganeev, G. Boltaev, R. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical absorption and refraction in Ru, Pd, and Au nanoparticle suspensions,” Appl. Phys. B100(3), 571–576 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brevet, P. F.

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Butet, J.

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. R.

J. L. Gu, J. L. Shi, G. J. You, L. M. Xiong, S. X. Qian, Z. L. Hua, and H. R. Chen, “Incorporation of highly dispersed gold nanoparticles into the pore channels of mesoporous silica thin films and their ultrafast nonlinear optical response,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(5), 557–560 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. D.

Y. H. Chen and Y. D. Chen, “Kinetic study of Cu(II) adsorption on nanosized BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 photocatalysts,” J. Hazard. Mater.185(1), 168–173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. H.

Y. H. Chen and Y. D. Chen, “Kinetic study of Cu(II) adsorption on nanosized BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 photocatalysts,” J. Hazard. Mater.185(1), 168–173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

G. Yang, W. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Lu, G. Yang, and Z. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(21), 3969–3971 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, J. X.

L. Tong and J. X. Cheng, “Label-free imaging through nonlinear optical signals,” Mater. Today14(6), 264–273 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chenot, S.

B. Palpant, M. Rashidi-Huyeh, B. Gallas, S. Chenot, and S. Fisson, “Highly dispersive thermo-optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(22), 223105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chew, C. H.

H. P. Li, B. Liu, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, W. X. Que, L. M. Gan, C. H. Chew, and G. Q. Xu, “Femtosecond z-scan investigation of nonlinear refraction in surface modified PbS nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater.14(4), 321–327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K.

S. G. Kwon, K. Choi, and B. Kim, “Solvothermal synthesis of nano-sized tetragonal barium titanate powders,” Mater. Lett.60(7), 979–982 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cuppo, F. L. S.

de Nalda, R.

Dehghani, Z.

M. H. Majiles Ara, Z. Dehghani, R. Sahraei, and G. Nabiyouni, “Non-linear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by hydrogen reduction method,” Opt. Commun.283(8), 1650–1653 (2010).
[CrossRef]

del Coso, R.

Duboisset, J.

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dutta, P. K.

P. K. Dutta and J. R. Gregg, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate (BaTiO3),” Chem. Mater.4(4), 843–846 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Falconieri, M.

M. Falconieri, “Thermo-optical effects in z-scan measurements using high-repetition-rate lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.1(6), 662–667 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fan, H.

P. Ren, H. Fan, and X. Wang, “Electrospun nanofibers of ZnO/BaTiO3 heterostructures with enhanced photocatalytic activity,” Catal. Commun.25, 32–35 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Feng, S.

M. Wu, J. Long, G. Wang, A. Huang, Y. Luo, S. Feng, and R. Xu, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate from barium hydroxide and titanium dioxide under moderate conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.82, 3254–3256 (1999).

Fisson, S.

B. Palpant, M. Rashidi-Huyeh, B. Gallas, S. Chenot, and S. Fisson, “Highly dispersive thermo-optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(22), 223105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gallas, B.

B. Palpant, M. Rashidi-Huyeh, B. Gallas, S. Chenot, and S. Fisson, “Highly dispersive thermo-optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(22), 223105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gan, L. M.

H. P. Li, B. Liu, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, W. X. Que, L. M. Gan, C. H. Chew, and G. Q. Xu, “Femtosecond z-scan investigation of nonlinear refraction in surface modified PbS nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater.14(4), 321–327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ganeev, R.

R. Ganeev, G. Boltaev, R. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical absorption and refraction in Ru, Pd, and Au nanoparticle suspensions,” Appl. Phys. B100(3), 571–576 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 325–333 (2008).

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in various liquids,” Opt. Commun.240(4-6), 437–448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Giocondi, J.

J. Giocondi and G. Rohrer, “Spatially selective photochemical reduction of silver on the surface of ferroelectric barium titanate,” Chem. Mater.13(2), 241–242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gnoli, A.

Gomez, S. L.

Gordon, J. P.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long-transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys.36(1), 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Grange, R.

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C. L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(20), 207402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Hsieh, Y. Pu, R. Grange, and D. Psaltis, “Digital phase conjugation of second harmonic radiation emitted by nanoparticles in turbid media,” Opt. Express18(12), 12283–12290 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gregg, J. R.

P. K. Dutta and J. R. Gregg, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate (BaTiO3),” Chem. Mater.4(4), 843–846 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gu, J. L.

J. L. Gu, J. L. Shi, G. J. You, L. M. Xiong, S. X. Qian, Z. L. Hua, and H. R. Chen, “Incorporation of highly dispersed gold nanoparticles into the pore channels of mesoporous silica thin films and their ultrafast nonlinear optical response,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(5), 557–560 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

M. Shik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron.26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Han, W. T.

S. Ju, P. R. Watekar, S. Jeong, Y. Kim, and W. T. Han, “Nonlinear optical properties of zinc doped germano-silicate glass optical fiber,” J. Nonlinear Optic. Phys Mat.19, 791–799 (2010).

P. R. Watekar, S. Moon, A. Lin, S. Ju, and W. T. Han, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Si nanoparticles / Er-ions doped optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(5), 568–575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, C. L.

C. L. Hsieh, Y. Pu, R. Grange, and D. Psaltis, “Digital phase conjugation of second harmonic radiation emitted by nanoparticles in turbid media,” Opt. Express18(12), 12283–12290 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C. L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(20), 207402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hua, Z. L.

J. L. Gu, J. L. Shi, G. J. You, L. M. Xiong, S. X. Qian, Z. L. Hua, and H. R. Chen, “Incorporation of highly dispersed gold nanoparticles into the pore channels of mesoporous silica thin films and their ultrafast nonlinear optical response,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(5), 557–560 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, A.

M. Wu, J. Long, G. Wang, A. Huang, Y. Luo, S. Feng, and R. Xu, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate from barium hydroxide and titanium dioxide under moderate conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.82, 3254–3256 (1999).

Ichihara, M.

Jeong, S.

S. Ju, P. R. Watekar, S. Jeong, Y. Kim, and W. T. Han, “Nonlinear optical properties of zinc doped germano-silicate glass optical fiber,” J. Nonlinear Optic. Phys Mat.19, 791–799 (2010).

Jonin, C.

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ju, S.

S. Ju, P. R. Watekar, S. Jeong, Y. Kim, and W. T. Han, “Nonlinear optical properties of zinc doped germano-silicate glass optical fiber,” J. Nonlinear Optic. Phys Mat.19, 791–799 (2010).

P. R. Watekar, S. Moon, A. Lin, S. Ju, and W. T. Han, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Si nanoparticles / Er-ions doped optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(5), 568–575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kam, C. H.

H. P. Li, B. Liu, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, W. X. Que, L. M. Gan, C. H. Chew, and G. Q. Xu, “Femtosecond z-scan investigation of nonlinear refraction in surface modified PbS nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater.14(4), 321–327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Karimzadeh, R.

R. Karimzadeh and N. Mansour, “The effect of concentration on the thermo-optical properties of colloidal silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Laser Technol.42(5), 783–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.

S. G. Kwon, K. Choi, and B. Kim, “Solvothermal synthesis of nano-sized tetragonal barium titanate powders,” Mater. Lett.60(7), 979–982 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

S. Ju, P. R. Watekar, S. Jeong, Y. Kim, and W. T. Han, “Nonlinear optical properties of zinc doped germano-silicate glass optical fiber,” J. Nonlinear Optic. Phys Mat.19, 791–799 (2010).

Kishimoto, N.

Y. Takeda, O. A. Plaksin, K. Kono, and N. Kishimoto, “Nonlinear optical properties of Cu nanoparticles in various insulators fabricated by negative ion implantation,” Surf. Coat. Tech.196(1-3), 30–33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kono, K.

Y. Takeda, O. A. Plaksin, K. Kono, and N. Kishimoto, “Nonlinear optical properties of Cu nanoparticles in various insulators fabricated by negative ion implantation,” Surf. Coat. Tech.196(1-3), 30–33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuroda, H.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 325–333 (2008).

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in various liquids,” Opt. Commun.240(4-6), 437–448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, S. G.

S. G. Kwon, K. Choi, and B. Kim, “Solvothermal synthesis of nano-sized tetragonal barium titanate powders,” Mater. Lett.60(7), 979–982 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lam, Y. L.

H. P. Li, B. Liu, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, W. X. Que, L. M. Gan, C. H. Chew, and G. Q. Xu, “Femtosecond z-scan investigation of nonlinear refraction in surface modified PbS nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater.14(4), 321–327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lascoux, N.

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leite, R. C.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long-transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys.36(1), 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. P.

H. P. Li, B. Liu, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, W. X. Que, L. M. Gan, C. H. Chew, and G. Q. Xu, “Femtosecond z-scan investigation of nonlinear refraction in surface modified PbS nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater.14(4), 321–327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

G. Yang, Y. Zhou, H. Long, Y. Li, and Y. Yang, “Optical nonlinearities in Ag/BaTiO3 multi-layer nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films515(20-21), 7926–7929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, A.

Lin, C. Y.

Y. Wang, C. Y. Lin, A. Nikolaenko, V. Raghunathan, and E. O. Potma, “Four-wave mixing microscopy of nanostructures,” Adv. Opt. Phot.3(1), 1–52 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

H. P. Li, B. Liu, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, W. X. Que, L. M. Gan, C. H. Chew, and G. Q. Xu, “Femtosecond z-scan investigation of nonlinear refraction in surface modified PbS nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater.14(4), 321–327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Long, H.

G. Yang, Y. Zhou, H. Long, Y. Li, and Y. Yang, “Optical nonlinearities in Ag/BaTiO3 multi-layer nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films515(20-21), 7926–7929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Long, J.

M. Wu, J. Long, G. Wang, A. Huang, Y. Luo, S. Feng, and R. Xu, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate from barium hydroxide and titanium dioxide under moderate conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.82, 3254–3256 (1999).

Lu, H.

G. Yang, W. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Lu, G. Yang, and Z. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(21), 3969–3971 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

M. Wu, J. Long, G. Wang, A. Huang, Y. Luo, S. Feng, and R. Xu, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate from barium hydroxide and titanium dioxide under moderate conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.82, 3254–3256 (1999).

Majiles Ara, M. H.

M. H. Majiles Ara, Z. Dehghani, R. Sahraei, and G. Nabiyouni, “Non-linear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by hydrogen reduction method,” Opt. Commun.283(8), 1650–1653 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mansour, N.

R. Karimzadeh and N. Mansour, “The effect of concentration on the thermo-optical properties of colloidal silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Laser Technol.42(5), 783–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mishra, Y. K.

S. Mohapatra, Y. K. Mishra, A. M. Warrier, R. Phillip, S. Sahoo, A. K. Arora, and D. K. Avasthi, “Plasmonic, low-frequency raman, and nonlinear optical-limiting studies in copper-silica nanocomposites,” Plasmonics7(1), 25–31 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mohapatra, S.

S. Mohapatra, Y. K. Mishra, A. M. Warrier, R. Phillip, S. Sahoo, A. K. Arora, and D. K. Avasthi, “Plasmonic, low-frequency raman, and nonlinear optical-limiting studies in copper-silica nanocomposites,” Plasmonics7(1), 25–31 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Moon, S.

Moore, R. S.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long-transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys.36(1), 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Nabiyouni, G.

M. H. Majiles Ara, Z. Dehghani, R. Sahraei, and G. Nabiyouni, “Non-linear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by hydrogen reduction method,” Opt. Commun.283(8), 1650–1653 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Neto, A. M. F.

Nikolaenko, A.

Y. Wang, C. Y. Lin, A. Nikolaenko, V. Raghunathan, and E. O. Potma, “Four-wave mixing microscopy of nanostructures,” Adv. Opt. Phot.3(1), 1–52 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Olivares, J.

Palpant, B.

B. Palpant, M. Rashidi-Huyeh, B. Gallas, S. Chenot, and S. Fisson, “Highly dispersive thermo-optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(22), 223105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phillip, R.

S. Mohapatra, Y. K. Mishra, A. M. Warrier, R. Phillip, S. Sahoo, A. K. Arora, and D. K. Avasthi, “Plasmonic, low-frequency raman, and nonlinear optical-limiting studies in copper-silica nanocomposites,” Plasmonics7(1), 25–31 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Plaksin, O. A.

Y. Takeda, O. A. Plaksin, K. Kono, and N. Kishimoto, “Nonlinear optical properties of Cu nanoparticles in various insulators fabricated by negative ion implantation,” Surf. Coat. Tech.196(1-3), 30–33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Porto, S. P.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long-transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys.36(1), 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Potma, E. O.

Y. Wang, C. Y. Lin, A. Nikolaenko, V. Raghunathan, and E. O. Potma, “Four-wave mixing microscopy of nanostructures,” Adv. Opt. Phot.3(1), 1–52 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C. L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(20), 207402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Hsieh, Y. Pu, R. Grange, and D. Psaltis, “Digital phase conjugation of second harmonic radiation emitted by nanoparticles in turbid media,” Opt. Express18(12), 12283–12290 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pu, Y.

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C. L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(20), 207402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Hsieh, Y. Pu, R. Grange, and D. Psaltis, “Digital phase conjugation of second harmonic radiation emitted by nanoparticles in turbid media,” Opt. Express18(12), 12283–12290 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qian, S. X.

J. L. Gu, J. L. Shi, G. J. You, L. M. Xiong, S. X. Qian, Z. L. Hua, and H. R. Chen, “Incorporation of highly dispersed gold nanoparticles into the pore channels of mesoporous silica thin films and their ultrafast nonlinear optical response,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(5), 557–560 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Que, W. X.

H. P. Li, B. Liu, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, W. X. Que, L. M. Gan, C. H. Chew, and G. Q. Xu, “Femtosecond z-scan investigation of nonlinear refraction in surface modified PbS nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater.14(4), 321–327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Raghunathan, V.

Y. Wang, C. Y. Lin, A. Nikolaenko, V. Raghunathan, and E. O. Potma, “Four-wave mixing microscopy of nanostructures,” Adv. Opt. Phot.3(1), 1–52 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rao, D. N.

Rashidi-Huyeh, M.

B. Palpant, M. Rashidi-Huyeh, B. Gallas, S. Chenot, and S. Fisson, “Highly dispersive thermo-optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(22), 223105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ray, P. C.

P. C. Ray, “Size and shape dependent second order nonlinear optical properties of nanomaterials and their application in biological and chemical sensing,” Chem. Rev.110(9), 5332–5365 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Razzari, L.

Ren, P.

P. Ren, H. Fan, and X. Wang, “Electrospun nanofibers of ZnO/BaTiO3 heterostructures with enhanced photocatalytic activity,” Catal. Commun.25, 32–35 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Requejo-Isidro, J.

Righini, M.

Rohrer, G.

J. Giocondi and G. Rohrer, “Spatially selective photochemical reduction of silver on the surface of ferroelectric barium titanate,” Chem. Mater.13(2), 241–242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Russier-Antoine, I.

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryasnyansky, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in various liquids,” Opt. Commun.240(4-6), 437–448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sahoo, S.

S. Mohapatra, Y. K. Mishra, A. M. Warrier, R. Phillip, S. Sahoo, A. K. Arora, and D. K. Avasthi, “Plasmonic, low-frequency raman, and nonlinear optical-limiting studies in copper-silica nanocomposites,” Plasmonics7(1), 25–31 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sahraei, R.

M. H. Majiles Ara, Z. Dehghani, R. Sahraei, and G. Nabiyouni, “Non-linear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by hydrogen reduction method,” Opt. Commun.283(8), 1650–1653 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

M. Shik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron.26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J. L.

J. L. Gu, J. L. Shi, G. J. You, L. M. Xiong, S. X. Qian, Z. L. Hua, and H. R. Chen, “Incorporation of highly dispersed gold nanoparticles into the pore channels of mesoporous silica thin films and their ultrafast nonlinear optical response,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(5), 557–560 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shik-Bahae, M.

M. Shik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron.26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Solis, J.

Suarez-Garcia, A.

Suzuki, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, M. Ichihara, and H. Kuroda, “Low- and high-order nonlinear optical properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 nanparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 325–333 (2008).

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in various liquids,” Opt. Commun.240(4-6), 437–448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, Y.

Y. Takeda, O. A. Plaksin, K. Kono, and N. Kishimoto, “Nonlinear optical properties of Cu nanoparticles in various insulators fabricated by negative ion implantation,” Surf. Coat. Tech.196(1-3), 30–33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L.

L. Tong and J. X. Cheng, “Label-free imaging through nonlinear optical signals,” Mater. Today14(6), 264–273 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tugushev, R.

R. Ganeev, G. Boltaev, R. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical absorption and refraction in Ru, Pd, and Au nanoparticle suspensions,” Appl. Phys. B100(3), 571–576 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Usmanov, T.

R. Ganeev, G. Boltaev, R. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical absorption and refraction in Ru, Pd, and Au nanoparticle suspensions,” Appl. Phys. B100(3), 571–576 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Shik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron.26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Venkatram, N.

Wang, G.

M. Wu, J. Long, G. Wang, A. Huang, Y. Luo, S. Feng, and R. Xu, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate from barium hydroxide and titanium dioxide under moderate conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.82, 3254–3256 (1999).

Wang, W.

G. Yang, W. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Lu, G. Yang, and Z. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(21), 3969–3971 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

P. Ren, H. Fan, and X. Wang, “Electrospun nanofibers of ZnO/BaTiO3 heterostructures with enhanced photocatalytic activity,” Catal. Commun.25, 32–35 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, C. Y. Lin, A. Nikolaenko, V. Raghunathan, and E. O. Potma, “Four-wave mixing microscopy of nanostructures,” Adv. Opt. Phot.3(1), 1–52 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Warrier, A. M.

S. Mohapatra, Y. K. Mishra, A. M. Warrier, R. Phillip, S. Sahoo, A. K. Arora, and D. K. Avasthi, “Plasmonic, low-frequency raman, and nonlinear optical-limiting studies in copper-silica nanocomposites,” Plasmonics7(1), 25–31 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Watekar, P. R.

S. Ju, P. R. Watekar, S. Jeong, Y. Kim, and W. T. Han, “Nonlinear optical properties of zinc doped germano-silicate glass optical fiber,” J. Nonlinear Optic. Phys Mat.19, 791–799 (2010).

P. R. Watekar, S. Moon, A. Lin, S. Ju, and W. T. Han, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Si nanoparticles / Er-ions doped optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(5), 568–575 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T.-H.

M. Shik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron.26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Whinnery, J. R.

J. P. Gordon, R. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long-transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys.36(1), 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M.

M. Wu, J. Long, G. Wang, A. Huang, Y. Luo, S. Feng, and R. Xu, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate from barium hydroxide and titanium dioxide under moderate conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.82, 3254–3256 (1999).

Xiong, L. M.

J. L. Gu, J. L. Shi, G. J. You, L. M. Xiong, S. X. Qian, Z. L. Hua, and H. R. Chen, “Incorporation of highly dispersed gold nanoparticles into the pore channels of mesoporous silica thin films and their ultrafast nonlinear optical response,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(5), 557–560 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, G. Q.

H. P. Li, B. Liu, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, W. X. Que, L. M. Gan, C. H. Chew, and G. Q. Xu, “Femtosecond z-scan investigation of nonlinear refraction in surface modified PbS nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater.14(4), 321–327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, R.

M. Wu, J. Long, G. Wang, A. Huang, Y. Luo, S. Feng, and R. Xu, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate from barium hydroxide and titanium dioxide under moderate conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.82, 3254–3256 (1999).

Yang, G.

G. Yang, Y. Zhou, H. Long, Y. Li, and Y. Yang, “Optical nonlinearities in Ag/BaTiO3 multi-layer nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films515(20-21), 7926–7929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Yang, W. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Lu, G. Yang, and Z. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(21), 3969–3971 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Yang, W. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Lu, G. Yang, and Z. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(21), 3969–3971 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

G. Yang, Y. Zhou, H. Long, Y. Li, and Y. Yang, “Optical nonlinearities in Ag/BaTiO3 multi-layer nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films515(20-21), 7926–7929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

You, G. J.

J. L. Gu, J. L. Shi, G. J. You, L. M. Xiong, S. X. Qian, Z. L. Hua, and H. R. Chen, “Incorporation of highly dispersed gold nanoparticles into the pore channels of mesoporous silica thin films and their ultrafast nonlinear optical response,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(5), 557–560 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

G. Yang, Y. Zhou, H. Long, Y. Li, and Y. Yang, “Optical nonlinearities in Ag/BaTiO3 multi-layer nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films515(20-21), 7926–7929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Yang, W. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Lu, G. Yang, and Z. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(21), 3969–3971 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

J. L. Gu, J. L. Shi, G. J. You, L. M. Xiong, S. X. Qian, Z. L. Hua, and H. R. Chen, “Incorporation of highly dispersed gold nanoparticles into the pore channels of mesoporous silica thin films and their ultrafast nonlinear optical response,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(5), 557–560 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Phot. (1)

Y. Wang, C. Y. Lin, A. Nikolaenko, V. Raghunathan, and E. O. Potma, “Four-wave mixing microscopy of nanostructures,” Adv. Opt. Phot.3(1), 1–52 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Ganeev, G. Boltaev, R. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Nonlinear optical absorption and refraction in Ru, Pd, and Au nanoparticle suspensions,” Appl. Phys. B100(3), 571–576 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. Yang, W. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Lu, G. Yang, and Z. Chen, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of Ag nanocluster/BaTiO3 composite films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(21), 3969–3971 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Palpant, M. Rashidi-Huyeh, B. Gallas, S. Chenot, and S. Fisson, “Highly dispersive thermo-optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(22), 223105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Catal. Commun. (1)

P. Ren, H. Fan, and X. Wang, “Electrospun nanofibers of ZnO/BaTiO3 heterostructures with enhanced photocatalytic activity,” Catal. Commun.25, 32–35 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (2)

P. K. Dutta and J. R. Gregg, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate (BaTiO3),” Chem. Mater.4(4), 843–846 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Giocondi and G. Rohrer, “Spatially selective photochemical reduction of silver on the surface of ferroelectric barium titanate,” Chem. Mater.13(2), 241–242 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (1)

P. C. Ray, “Size and shape dependent second order nonlinear optical properties of nanomaterials and their application in biological and chemical sensing,” Chem. Rev.110(9), 5332–5365 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

M. Wu, J. Long, G. Wang, A. Huang, Y. Luo, S. Feng, and R. Xu, “Hydrothermal synthesis of tetragonal barium titanate from barium hydroxide and titanium dioxide under moderate conditions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.82, 3254–3256 (1999).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. P. Gordon, R. C. Leite, R. S. Moore, S. P. Porto, and J. R. Whinnery, “Long-transient effects in lasers with inserted liquid samples,” J. Appl. Phys.36(1), 3–8 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Hazard. Mater. (1)

Y. H. Chen and Y. D. Chen, “Kinetic study of Cu(II) adsorption on nanosized BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 photocatalysts,” J. Hazard. Mater.185(1), 168–173 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Nonlinear Optic. Phys Mat. (1)

S. Ju, P. R. Watekar, S. Jeong, Y. Kim, and W. T. Han, “Nonlinear optical properties of zinc doped germano-silicate glass optical fiber,” J. Nonlinear Optic. Phys Mat.19, 791–799 (2010).

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

M. Falconieri, “Thermo-optical effects in z-scan measurements using high-repetition-rate lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.1(6), 662–667 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Shik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron.26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

S. G. Kwon, K. Choi, and B. Kim, “Solvothermal synthesis of nano-sized tetragonal barium titanate powders,” Mater. Lett.60(7), 979–982 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Today (1)

L. Tong and J. X. Cheng, “Label-free imaging through nonlinear optical signals,” Mater. Today14(6), 264–273 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (2)

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with multipolar second harmonic generation from spherical metallic nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P. F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. H. Majiles Ara, Z. Dehghani, R. Sahraei, and G. Nabiyouni, “Non-linear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by hydrogen reduction method,” Opt. Commun.283(8), 1650–1653 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, “Characterization of optical and nonlinear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared by laser ablation in various liquids,” Opt. Commun.240(4-6), 437–448 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

R. Karimzadeh and N. Mansour, “The effect of concentration on the thermo-optical properties of colloidal silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Laser Technol.42(5), 783–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

H. P. Li, B. Liu, C. H. Kam, Y. L. Lam, W. X. Que, L. M. Gan, C. H. Chew, and G. Q. Xu, “Femtosecond z-scan investigation of nonlinear refraction in surface modified PbS nanoparticles,” Opt. Mater.14(4), 321–327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C. L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(20), 207402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plasmonics (1)

S. Mohapatra, Y. K. Mishra, A. M. Warrier, R. Phillip, S. Sahoo, A. K. Arora, and D. K. Avasthi, “Plasmonic, low-frequency raman, and nonlinear optical-limiting studies in copper-silica nanocomposites,” Plasmonics7(1), 25–31 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Surf. Coat. Tech. (1)

Y. Takeda, O. A. Plaksin, K. Kono, and N. Kishimoto, “Nonlinear optical properties of Cu nanoparticles in various insulators fabricated by negative ion implantation,” Surf. Coat. Tech.196(1-3), 30–33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

G. Yang, Y. Zhou, H. Long, Y. Li, and Y. Yang, “Optical nonlinearities in Ag/BaTiO3 multi-layer nanocomposite films,” Thin Solid Films515(20-21), 7926–7929 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. G. Papadopoulos, A. J. Sadlej, and J. Leszczynski, Non-linear Optical Properties of Matter: From molecules to condensed phases (Springer, 2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM image of 200 nm BaTiO3 nanoparticles.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SEM image of BaTiO3 nanorods.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SEM image of Ba2YbF7 nanoparticles.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SEM image of Ag@BaTiO3 200 nm particle.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SEM image of Ag@BaTiO3 500 nm particle.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup for closed aperture Z-scan.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Z-scan of 200 nm BaTiO3 nanoparticles in solution.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Z-scan of 500 nm BaTiO3 nanoparticles in solution.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Z-scan of 200 nm Ag@BaTiO3 nanoparticles in solution.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Z-scan of 500 nm Ag@BaTiO3 nanoparticles in solution.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Nonlinear refractive indices, absorptions, and third order susceptibilities of prepared sample solutions calculated by the Sheik-Bahae fitting (SB), peak-to-valley (PV), thermal lens (TL), and aberrant thermal lens (ATL) formalisms.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T(z)=1+ 4x ( x 2 +9)( x 2 +1) Δ Φ 0 2( x 2 +3) ( x 2 +9)( x 2 +1) Δ Ψ 0
Δ T PV =0.406 (1S) 0.25 | Δ Φ 0 |
Re[ χ 3 ](esu)= c n 0 2 γ( m 2 /W) 120 π 2
Im[ χ 3 ](esu)= cλ n 0 2 β(m/W) 480π
T(z)= [ 1+ 2x (1+ x 2 ) Δ Φ 0 + 1 (1+ x 2 ) Δ Φ 0 2 ] 1
T(z)= [ 1+ Δ Φ 0 2 tan 1 ( 2x 1+ x 2 ) ] 2

Metrics