Abstract

We propose a method for enhancing depth-of-field, in which the spot size on a marginal depth plane is reduced. This method is implemented in a projection-type integral imaging system using a negative lens array without a diffuser. Numerical simulation results show that the spot size is merely 5.7% of that in a conventional system. Thus, the depth-of-field in the proposed system is enhanced by 17.5 times over that in a conventional system. Optical experiments confirm good agreement between the results and numerical predictions.

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References

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  1. G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci.146, 446–451 (1908).
  2. S.- Park, B.-S. Song, and S.-W. Min, “Analysis of image visibility in projection-type integral imaging system without diffuser,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor.14(2), 121–126 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Kim, S.-G. Park, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Projection-type integral imaging system using multiple elemental image layers,” Appl. Opt.50(7), B18–B24 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt.48(34), H77–H94 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, and B. Javidi, “Progress in 3-D Multiperspective Display by Integral Imaging,” Proceedings of the IEEE Journal97(6), 1067–1077 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Cho, M. Daneshpanah, I. Moon, and B. Javidi, “Three-Dimensional Optical Sensing and Visualization Using Integral Imaging,” Proceedings of the IEEE Journal99(4), 556–575 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D.-H. Shin, B. Lee, and E.-S. Kim, “Multidirectional curved integral imaging with large depth by additional use of a large-aperture lens,” Appl. Opt.45(28), 7375–7381 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Liao, M. Iwahara, T. Koike, N. Hata, I. Sakuma, and T. Dohi, “Scalable high-resolution integral videography autostereoscopic display with a seamless multiprojection system,” Appl. Opt.44(3), 305–315 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J.-S. Jang, Y.-S. Oh, and B. Javidi, “Spatiotemporally multiplexed integral imaging projector for large-scale high-resolution three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express12(4), 557–563 (2004).
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  13. H. Liao, M. Iwahara, N. Hata, and T. Dohi, “High-quality integral videography using a multiprojector,” Opt. Express12(6), 1067–1076 (2004).
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  14. Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices,” Appl. Opt.45(18), 4334–4343 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Layered-panel integral imaging without the translucent problem,” Opt. Express13(15), 5769–5776 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, Y. Kim, G. Park, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced integral imaging display system with electrically variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal layers,” Appl. Opt.46(18), 3766–3773 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J.-S. Jang, F. Jin, and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional integral imaging with large depth of focus by use of real and virtual image fields,” Opt. Lett.28(16), 1421–1423 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Kim, S. G. Park, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Integral imaging system using a dual-mode technique,” Appl. Opt.48(34), H71–H76 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J.-J. Lee, B.-G. Lee, and H. Yoo, “Image quality enhancement of computational integral imaging reconstruction for partially occluded objects using binary weighting mask on occlusion areas,” Appl. Opt.50(13), 1889–1893 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Hong, J.-H. Park, S. Jung, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced integral imaging by use of optical path control,” Opt. Lett.29(15), 1790–1792 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

2010

S.- Park, B.-S. Song, and S.-W. Min, “Analysis of image visibility in projection-type integral imaging system without diffuser,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor.14(2), 121–126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

1908

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci.146, 446–451 (1908).

Arai, J.

Cho, M.

M. Cho, M. Daneshpanah, I. Moon, and B. Javidi, “Three-Dimensional Optical Sensing and Visualization Using Integral Imaging,” Proceedings of the IEEE Journal99(4), 556–575 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.-W.

Choi, H.

Daneshpanah, M.

M. Cho, M. Daneshpanah, I. Moon, and B. Javidi, “Three-Dimensional Optical Sensing and Visualization Using Integral Imaging,” Proceedings of the IEEE Journal99(4), 556–575 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dohi, T.

Hata, N.

Hong, J.

Hong, K.

Iwahara, M.

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

Jin, F.

Jung, S.

Kim, E.-S.

Kim, J.

Kim, Y.

Koike, T.

Lee, B.

Y. Kim, S.-G. Park, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Projection-type integral imaging system using multiple elemental image layers,” Appl. Opt.50(7), B18–B24 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt.48(34), H77–H94 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, S. G. Park, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Integral imaging system using a dual-mode technique,” Appl. Opt.48(34), H71–H76 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, Y. Kim, G. Park, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced integral imaging display system with electrically variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal layers,” Appl. Opt.46(18), 3766–3773 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices,” Appl. Opt.45(18), 4334–4343 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-H. Shin, B. Lee, and E.-S. Kim, “Multidirectional curved integral imaging with large depth by additional use of a large-aperture lens,” Appl. Opt.45(28), 7375–7381 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Layered-panel integral imaging without the translucent problem,” Opt. Express13(15), 5769–5776 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, S. Jung, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced integral imaging by use of optical path control,” Opt. Lett.29(15), 1790–1792 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, B.-G.

Lee, J.-J.

Liao, H.

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci.146, 446–451 (1908).

Martinez-Corral, M.

R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, and B. Javidi, “Progress in 3-D Multiperspective Display by Integral Imaging,” Proceedings of the IEEE Journal97(6), 1067–1077 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martinez-Cuenca, R.

R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, and B. Javidi, “Progress in 3-D Multiperspective Display by Integral Imaging,” Proceedings of the IEEE Journal97(6), 1067–1077 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Min, S.-W.

Moon, I.

M. Cho, M. Daneshpanah, I. Moon, and B. Javidi, “Three-Dimensional Optical Sensing and Visualization Using Integral Imaging,” Proceedings of the IEEE Journal99(4), 556–575 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nojiri, Y.

Oh, Y.-S.

Okano, F.

Okui, M.

Park, G.

Park, J.-H.

Park, S.-

S.- Park, B.-S. Song, and S.-W. Min, “Analysis of image visibility in projection-type integral imaging system without diffuser,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor.14(2), 121–126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. G.

Park, S.-G.

Saavedra, G.

R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, and B. Javidi, “Progress in 3-D Multiperspective Display by Integral Imaging,” Proceedings of the IEEE Journal97(6), 1067–1077 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sakuma, I.

Shin, D.-H.

Song, B.-S.

S.- Park, B.-S. Song, and S.-W. Min, “Analysis of image visibility in projection-type integral imaging system without diffuser,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor.14(2), 121–126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, H.

Appl. Opt.

Y. Kim, S.-G. Park, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Projection-type integral imaging system using multiple elemental image layers,” Appl. Opt.50(7), B18–B24 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt.48(34), H77–H94 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Okui, J. Arai, Y. Nojiri, and F. Okano, “Optical screen for direct projection of integral imaging,” Appl. Opt.45(36), 9132–9139 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-H. Shin, B. Lee, and E.-S. Kim, “Multidirectional curved integral imaging with large depth by additional use of a large-aperture lens,” Appl. Opt.45(28), 7375–7381 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Liao, M. Iwahara, T. Koike, N. Hata, I. Sakuma, and T. Dohi, “Scalable high-resolution integral videography autostereoscopic display with a seamless multiprojection system,” Appl. Opt.44(3), 305–315 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices,” Appl. Opt.45(18), 4334–4343 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, Y. Kim, G. Park, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced integral imaging display system with electrically variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal layers,” Appl. Opt.46(18), 3766–3773 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, S. G. Park, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Integral imaging system using a dual-mode technique,” Appl. Opt.48(34), H71–H76 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-J. Lee, B.-G. Lee, and H. Yoo, “Image quality enhancement of computational integral imaging reconstruction for partially occluded objects using binary weighting mask on occlusion areas,” Appl. Opt.50(13), 1889–1893 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci.

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci.146, 446–451 (1908).

J. Opt. Soc. Kor.

S.- Park, B.-S. Song, and S.-W. Min, “Analysis of image visibility in projection-type integral imaging system without diffuser,” J. Opt. Soc. Kor.14(2), 121–126 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proceedings of the IEEE Journal

R. Martinez-Cuenca, G. Saavedra, M. Martinez-Corral, and B. Javidi, “Progress in 3-D Multiperspective Display by Integral Imaging,” Proceedings of the IEEE Journal97(6), 1067–1077 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Cho, M. Daneshpanah, I. Moon, and B. Javidi, “Three-Dimensional Optical Sensing and Visualization Using Integral Imaging,” Proceedings of the IEEE Journal99(4), 556–575 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of the II system with a positive lens array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Principle of the II system with a negative lens array.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spot sizes in different II systems.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Sketch of the proposed II system without a diffuser. (a) Optical experiment, (b) color stripes with different pitches.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reconstructed images on the CDP and MDP of the proposed system (red) and the conventional system (blue).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Reconstructed images on different MDPs of the proposed system (red) and the conventional system (blue).

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of the Proposed System

Tables Icon

Table 2 Simulation Parameters

Tables Icon

Table 3 Experimental Parameters

Equations (2)

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S po = l a p,
S Ne = l a ×( g l p P p ).

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