Abstract

Based on forward distortion information acquisition and post digital signal processing (DSP), we propose and demonstrate a novel scheme to effectively suppress the third-order intermodulation distortion (IMD3) and cross-modulation distortion (XMD) in a channelized RF photonic link. The simultaneous distortion compensation capacity is studied numerically, and suppression of XMD and IMD3 by about 28 dB and 25 dB, respectively, is achieved experimentally. The scheme principle and the digital compensation procedure are discussed, which shows a simple hardware implementation and algorithm.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 868–872 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, “Characterization of a coherent optical RF channelizer based on a diffraction grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49(10), 1996–2001 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. Xie, Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic radio-frequency channelization based on a 39-GHz optical frequency comb,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 661–663 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. Magoon and B. Jalali, “Electronic linearization and bias control for externally modulated fiber optic link,” in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, paper 145–147 (2000).
  7. R. B. Childs and V. A. O’Byrne, “Multichannel AM video transmission using a high-power Nd: YAG laser and linearized external modulator,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.8(7), 1369–1376 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. M. De Ridder and S. K. Korotky, “Feedforward compensation of integrated optic modulator distortion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 1990), paper WH5. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1990-WH5
  9. H. Skeie and R. V. Johnson, “Linearization of electro-optic modulators by a cascade coupling of phase modulating electrodes,” Proc. SPIE1583, 153–164 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. L. Brooks, G. S. Maurer, and R. A. Becker, “Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.11(1), 34–41 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, “Coherent optical phase modulation link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(16), 1206–1208 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(1), 24–26 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Compensation of cross-gain modulation in filtered multi-channel optical signal processing applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWW5. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2010-OWW5
  15. J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, “40-GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communications systems,” Proc. SPIE5577, 133–143 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2012

X. Xie, Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic radio-frequency channelization based on a 39-GHz optical frequency comb,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 661–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(1), 24–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, “Coherent optical phase modulation link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(16), 1206–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, “40-GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communications systems,” Proc. SPIE5577, 133–143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, “Characterization of a coherent optical RF channelizer based on a diffraction grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49(10), 1996–2001 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1993

J. L. Brooks, G. S. Maurer, and R. A. Becker, “Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.11(1), 34–41 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

H. Skeie and R. V. Johnson, “Linearization of electro-optic modulators by a cascade coupling of phase modulating electrodes,” Proc. SPIE1583, 153–164 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

R. B. Childs and V. A. O’Byrne, “Multichannel AM video transmission using a high-power Nd: YAG laser and linearized external modulator,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.8(7), 1369–1376 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Adleman, J. R.

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(1), 24–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Austin, M. W.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Banwell, T.

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(1), 24–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Becker, R. A.

J. L. Brooks, G. S. Maurer, and R. A. Becker, “Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.11(1), 34–41 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brès, C. S.

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brock, J. C.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, “Characterization of a coherent optical RF channelizer based on a diffraction grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49(10), 1996–2001 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brooks, J. L.

J. L. Brooks, G. S. Maurer, and R. A. Becker, “Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.11(1), 34–41 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bull, J. D.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, “40-GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communications systems,” Proc. SPIE5577, 133–143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Childs, R. B.

R. B. Childs and V. A. O’Byrne, “Multichannel AM video transmission using a high-power Nd: YAG laser and linearized external modulator,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.8(7), 1369–1376 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Clark, T. R.

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, “Coherent optical phase modulation link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(16), 1206–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic radio-frequency channelization based on a 39-GHz optical frequency comb,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 661–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, R. L.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, “Characterization of a coherent optical RF channelizer based on a diffraction grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49(10), 1996–2001 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M. L.

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, “Coherent optical phase modulation link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(16), 1206–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fairburn, M.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, “40-GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communications systems,” Proc. SPIE5577, 133–143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ghanipour, P.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, “40-GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communications systems,” Proc. SPIE5577, 133–143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huynh, C. K.

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, E. W.

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jaeger, N. A. F.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, “40-GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communications systems,” Proc. SPIE5577, 133–143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ji, Y.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic radio-frequency channelization based on a 39-GHz optical frequency comb,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 661–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, R. V.

H. Skeie and R. V. Johnson, “Linearization of electro-optic modulators by a cascade coupling of phase modulating electrodes,” Proc. SPIE1583, 153–164 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jung, T. J.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, “Characterization of a coherent optical RF channelizer based on a diffraction grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49(10), 1996–2001 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kato, H.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, “40-GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communications systems,” Proc. SPIE5577, 133–143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kvavle, J. M.

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lembo, L. J.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, “Characterization of a coherent optical RF channelizer based on a diffraction grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49(10), 1996–2001 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic radio-frequency channelization based on a 39-GHz optical frequency comb,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 661–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, J.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic radio-frequency channelization based on a 39-GHz optical frequency comb,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 661–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lindsay, A. C.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lodenkamper, R.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, “Characterization of a coherent optical RF channelizer based on a diffraction grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49(10), 1996–2001 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lv, Q.

Maurer, G. S.

J. L. Brooks, G. S. Maurer, and R. A. Becker, “Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.11(1), 34–41 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, A.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Niu, J.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O’Byrne, V. A.

R. B. Childs and V. A. O’Byrne, “Multichannel AM video transmission using a high-power Nd: YAG laser and linearized external modulator,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.8(7), 1369–1376 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Reid, A.

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, “40-GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communications systems,” Proc. SPIE5577, 133–143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Skeie, H.

H. Skeie and R. V. Johnson, “Linearization of electro-optic modulators by a cascade coupling of phase modulating electrodes,” Proc. SPIE1583, 153–164 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Toliver, P.

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(1), 24–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, R.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, “Characterization of a coherent optical RF channelizer based on a diffraction grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49(10), 1996–2001 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wiberg, A. O. J.

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Winnall, S. T.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Woodward, T. K.

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(1), 24–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic radio-frequency channelization based on a 39-GHz optical frequency comb,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 661–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, M. C.

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, “Characterization of a coherent optical RF channelizer based on a diffraction grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49(10), 1996–2001 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic radio-frequency channelization based on a 39-GHz optical frequency comb,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 661–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, K.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic radio-frequency channelization based on a 39-GHz optical frequency comb,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 661–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lv, K. Xu, Y. Dai, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “I/Q intensity-demodulation analog photonic link based on polarization modulator,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4602–4604 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, L.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zlatanovic, S.

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.

R. B. Childs and V. A. O’Byrne, “Multichannel AM video transmission using a high-power Nd: YAG laser and linearized external modulator,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.8(7), 1369–1376 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

X. Xie, Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Niu, R. Wang, L. Yan, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic RF channelization based on coherent optical frequency combs and I/Q demodulators,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1196–1202 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, C. K. Huynh, E. W. Jacobs, J. M. Kvavle, and S. Radic, “Parametric photonic channelized RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(6), 344–346 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, “Broadband photonic radio-frequency channelization based on a 39-GHz optical frequency comb,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 661–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Clark and M. L. Dennis, “Coherent optical phase modulation link,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(16), 1206–1208 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Agarwal, T. Banwell, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Predistortion compensation of nonlinearities in channelized RF photonic links using a dual-port optical modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(1), 24–26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, “A microwave channelizer and spectroscope based on an integrated optical Bragg-grating Fabry-Perot and integrated hybrid Fresnel lens system,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 868–872 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, R. L. Davis, T. J. Jung, R. Lodenkamper, L. J. Lembo, J. C. Brock, and M. C. Wu, “Characterization of a coherent optical RF channelizer based on a diffraction grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49(10), 1996–2001 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. L. Brooks, G. S. Maurer, and R. A. Becker, “Implementation and evaluation of a dual parallel linearization system for AM-SCM video transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.11(1), 34–41 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

H. Skeie and R. V. Johnson, “Linearization of electro-optic modulators by a cascade coupling of phase modulating electrodes,” Proc. SPIE1583, 153–164 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Bull, N. A. F. Jaeger, H. Kato, M. Fairburn, A. Reid, and P. Ghanipour, “40-GHz electro-optic polarization modulator for fiber optic communications systems,” Proc. SPIE5577, 133–143 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, and T. K. Woodward, “Compensation of cross-gain modulation in filtered multi-channel optical signal processing applications,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWW5. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2010-OWW5

V. Magoon and B. Jalali, “Electronic linearization and bias control for externally modulated fiber optic link,” in IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, paper 145–147 (2000).

R. M. De Ridder and S. K. Korotky, “Feedforward compensation of integrated optic modulator distortion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 1990), paper WH5. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1990-WH5

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical channelization and the proposed simultaneous XMD and IMD3 suppression scheme.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. WS: waveshaper; DL: delay line.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

A numerical example for the proposed digital distortions compensation. (a) The time domain waveform and (b) the spectrum of the coherently-down-converted electrical signal without distortion compensation; (c) the spectrum of the down-converted signal with only XMD compensation and (d) XMD + IMD3 compensation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The XMD and IMD3 suppression related to (a) the ADC resolution, (b) the power of fundamental signal, and (c) the power of interfering signal. (d) The XMD suppression ratio related to the time synchronization error and bandwidth of RF component (the out-of-channel signal)

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The simulated simultaneous XMD and IMD3 compensation for ten-component broadband RF signal. (a) without compensation; (b) with compensation

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The powers of the received fundamental signal, XMD sidebands and IMD3 sidebands with increased power of (a) the input out-of-channel signal and (b) the input fundamental signal, before and after the distortions compensation.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The received spectrum of fundamental signal before (the blue line) and after (the red line) the simultaneous distortions compensation.

Equations (7)

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V(t)= k v k (t) sin[ ω k t+ φ k (t) ].
S k (t) p J 0 [ β v p (t) ]× J 1 [ β v k (t) ] J 0 [ β v k (t) ] ×sin[ ω IF t+ φ k (t) ],
I XMDC (t) { p J 0 [ β v p (t) ] } 2 .
S ˜ k (t)= S k (t) I XMDC J 1 [β v k (t)] J 0 [β v k (t)] sin[ ω IF t+ φ k (t) ] 1 2 { 1+0.125 [ β v k (t) ] 2 }β v k (t)sin[ ω IF t+ φ k (t) ].
I IMDC (t)=1+0.125 ( β v k ) 2 1+κF{ [ S ˜ k (t) ] 2 },
S k L (t)= S ˜ k (t) / I IMDC (t) = S k (t) I IMDC (t) I XMDC .
V(t)= a 1 cos(2π δ 1 t)cos(2π f 1 t)+ a 2 cos(2π δ 2 t)cos(2π f 2 t),

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