Abstract

We report on the first observation of optical signal amplification in the visible range into praseodymium doped ZBLA glass channel waveguides obtained by ion exchange. Up to 30% signal amplification was obtained at 639 nm. This result shows the potential of rare earth doped fluoride glasses in the form of channel waveguides for integrated solid state visible laser sources.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. P. Goldner, O. Guillot-Noël, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, “Orange avalanche upconversion for high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.37(2), 161–168 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. M. Baldwin, R. M. Almeida, and J. D. Mackenzie, “Halide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids43(3), 309–344 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Aasland, M. A. Einarsrud, T. Grande, A. Grzechnik, and P. F. McMillan, “The structure of ternary fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids213–214, 341–344 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Orange and red upconversion laser pumped by an avalanche mechanism in Pr3+, Yb3+:BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(22), 3832–3834 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Okamoto, K. Kasuga, and Y. Kubota, “Efficient 521 nm all-fiber laser: splicing Pr3+-doped ZBLAN fiber to end-coated silica fiber,” Opt. Lett.36(8), 1470–1472 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Okamoto, K. Kasuga, I. Hara, and Y. Kubota, “Visible-NIR tunable Pr3+-doped fiber laser pumped by a GaN laser diode,” Opt. Express17(22), 20227–20232 (2009).
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    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, J. Bengoechea, and U. Weichmann, “Diode-pumped Pr3+:KY3F10 red laser,” Opt. Lett.32(11), 1462–1464 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. Xu, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, Z. Cai, and R. Moncorgé, “Visible laser operation of Pr3+-doped fluoride crystals pumped by a 469 nm blue laser,” Opt. Express19(2), 1191–1197 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, J.-L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Pr3+-doped ZBLA fluoride glasses for visible laser emission,” Opt. Mater.33(7), 980–984 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Pirasteh, J. Charrier, Y. Dumeige, S. Haesaert, and P. Joubert, “Optical loss study of porous silicon and oxidized porous silicon planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.101(8), 083110–083116 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

B. Xu, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, Z. Cai, and R. Moncorgé, “Visible laser operation of Pr3+-doped fluoride crystals pumped by a 469 nm blue laser,” Opt. Express19(2), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, J.-L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Pr3+-doped ZBLA fluoride glasses for visible laser emission,” Opt. Mater.33(7), 980–984 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Okamoto, K. Kasuga, and Y. Kubota, “Efficient 521 nm all-fiber laser: splicing Pr3+-doped ZBLAN fiber to end-coated silica fiber,” Opt. Lett.36(8), 1470–1472 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pena, P. Camy, A. Benayad, J.-L. Doualan, C. Maurel, M. Olivier, V. Nazabal, and R. Moncorge, “Yb:CaF2 grown by liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Mater.33(11), 1616–1620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2007 (3)

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, J. Bengoechea, and U. Weichmann, “Diode-pumped Pr3+:KY3F10 red laser,” Opt. Lett.32(11), 1462–1464 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Goldner, O. Guillot-Noël, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, “Orange avalanche upconversion for high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.37(2), 161–168 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Pirasteh, J. Charrier, Y. Dumeige, S. Haesaert, and P. Joubert, “Optical loss study of porous silicon and oxidized porous silicon planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.101(8), 083110–083116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. Saboundji, N. Coulon, A. Gorin, H. Lhermite, T. Mohammed-Brahim, M. Fonrodona, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Top-gate microcrystalline silicon TFTs processed at low temperature (<200 °C),” Thin Solid Films487(1-2), 227–231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Orange and red upconversion laser pumped by an avalanche mechanism in Pr3+, Yb3+:BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(22), 3832–3834 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Aasland, M. A. Einarsrud, T. Grande, A. Grzechnik, and P. F. McMillan, “The structure of ternary fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids213–214, 341–344 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

C. Charron, E. Fogret, G. Fonteneau, R. Rimet, and J. Lucas, “Fluoride glass planar optical waveguides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids184, 222–224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

C. M. Baldwin, R. M. Almeida, and J. D. Mackenzie, “Halide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids43(3), 309–344 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Aasland, S.

S. Aasland, M. A. Einarsrud, T. Grande, A. Grzechnik, and P. F. McMillan, “The structure of ternary fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids213–214, 341–344 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J. L.

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J.-L.

M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, J.-L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Pr3+-doped ZBLA fluoride glasses for visible laser emission,” Opt. Mater.33(7), 980–984 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, R. M.

C. M. Baldwin, R. M. Almeida, and J. D. Mackenzie, “Halide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids43(3), 309–344 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Andreu, J.

A. Saboundji, N. Coulon, A. Gorin, H. Lhermite, T. Mohammed-Brahim, M. Fonrodona, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Top-gate microcrystalline silicon TFTs processed at low temperature (<200 °C),” Thin Solid Films487(1-2), 227–231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baldwin, C. M.

C. M. Baldwin, R. M. Almeida, and J. D. Mackenzie, “Halide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids43(3), 309–344 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Benayad, A.

A. Pena, P. Camy, A. Benayad, J.-L. Doualan, C. Maurel, M. Olivier, V. Nazabal, and R. Moncorge, “Yb:CaF2 grown by liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Mater.33(11), 1616–1620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bengoechea, J.

Bertomeu, J.

A. Saboundji, N. Coulon, A. Gorin, H. Lhermite, T. Mohammed-Brahim, M. Fonrodona, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Top-gate microcrystalline silicon TFTs processed at low temperature (<200 °C),” Thin Solid Films487(1-2), 227–231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boutarfaia, A.

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bretenaker, F.

P. Goldner, O. Guillot-Noël, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, “Orange avalanche upconversion for high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.37(2), 161–168 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Z.

Camy, P.

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, Z. Cai, and R. Moncorgé, “Visible laser operation of Pr3+-doped fluoride crystals pumped by a 469 nm blue laser,” Opt. Express19(2), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, J.-L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Pr3+-doped ZBLA fluoride glasses for visible laser emission,” Opt. Mater.33(7), 980–984 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Pena, P. Camy, A. Benayad, J.-L. Doualan, C. Maurel, M. Olivier, V. Nazabal, and R. Moncorge, “Yb:CaF2 grown by liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Mater.33(11), 1616–1620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, J. Bengoechea, and U. Weichmann, “Diode-pumped Pr3+:KY3F10 red laser,” Opt. Lett.32(11), 1462–1464 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Charrier, J.

P. Pirasteh, J. Charrier, Y. Dumeige, S. Haesaert, and P. Joubert, “Optical loss study of porous silicon and oxidized porous silicon planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.101(8), 083110–083116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Charron, C.

C. Charron, E. Fogret, G. Fonteneau, R. Rimet, and J. Lucas, “Fluoride glass planar optical waveguides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids184, 222–224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Coulon, N.

A. Saboundji, N. Coulon, A. Gorin, H. Lhermite, T. Mohammed-Brahim, M. Fonrodona, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Top-gate microcrystalline silicon TFTs processed at low temperature (<200 °C),” Thin Solid Films487(1-2), 227–231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dantelle, G.

P. Goldner, O. Guillot-Noël, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, “Orange avalanche upconversion for high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.37(2), 161–168 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Djouama, T.

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, J. Bengoechea, and U. Weichmann, “Diode-pumped Pr3+:KY3F10 red laser,” Opt. Lett.32(11), 1462–1464 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doualan, J.-L.

A. Pena, P. Camy, A. Benayad, J.-L. Doualan, C. Maurel, M. Olivier, V. Nazabal, and R. Moncorge, “Yb:CaF2 grown by liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Mater.33(11), 1616–1620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Xu, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, Z. Cai, and R. Moncorgé, “Visible laser operation of Pr3+-doped fluoride crystals pumped by a 469 nm blue laser,” Opt. Express19(2), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, J.-L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Pr3+-doped ZBLA fluoride glasses for visible laser emission,” Opt. Mater.33(7), 980–984 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dumeige, Y.

P. Pirasteh, J. Charrier, Y. Dumeige, S. Haesaert, and P. Joubert, “Optical loss study of porous silicon and oxidized porous silicon planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.101(8), 083110–083116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Einarsrud, M. A.

S. Aasland, M. A. Einarsrud, T. Grande, A. Grzechnik, and P. F. McMillan, “The structure of ternary fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids213–214, 341–344 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fogret, E.

C. Charron, E. Fogret, G. Fonteneau, R. Rimet, and J. Lucas, “Fluoride glass planar optical waveguides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids184, 222–224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fonrodona, M.

A. Saboundji, N. Coulon, A. Gorin, H. Lhermite, T. Mohammed-Brahim, M. Fonrodona, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Top-gate microcrystalline silicon TFTs processed at low temperature (<200 °C),” Thin Solid Films487(1-2), 227–231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fonteneau, G.

C. Charron, E. Fogret, G. Fonteneau, R. Rimet, and J. Lucas, “Fluoride glass planar optical waveguides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids184, 222–224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Goldner, P.

P. Goldner, O. Guillot-Noël, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, “Orange avalanche upconversion for high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.37(2), 161–168 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gorin, A.

A. Saboundji, N. Coulon, A. Gorin, H. Lhermite, T. Mohammed-Brahim, M. Fonrodona, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Top-gate microcrystalline silicon TFTs processed at low temperature (<200 °C),” Thin Solid Films487(1-2), 227–231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grande, T.

S. Aasland, M. A. Einarsrud, T. Grande, A. Grzechnik, and P. F. McMillan, “The structure of ternary fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids213–214, 341–344 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Grzechnik, A.

S. Aasland, M. A. Einarsrud, T. Grande, A. Grzechnik, and P. F. McMillan, “The structure of ternary fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids213–214, 341–344 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guillot-Noël, O.

P. Goldner, O. Guillot-Noël, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, “Orange avalanche upconversion for high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.37(2), 161–168 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guy, S.

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Haesaert, S.

P. Pirasteh, J. Charrier, Y. Dumeige, S. Haesaert, and P. Joubert, “Optical loss study of porous silicon and oxidized porous silicon planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.101(8), 083110–083116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hara, I.

Heumann, E.

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Orange and red upconversion laser pumped by an avalanche mechanism in Pr3+, Yb3+:BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(22), 3832–3834 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Orange and red upconversion laser pumped by an avalanche mechanism in Pr3+, Yb3+:BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(22), 3832–3834 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Joubert, P.

P. Pirasteh, J. Charrier, Y. Dumeige, S. Haesaert, and P. Joubert, “Optical loss study of porous silicon and oxidized porous silicon planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.101(8), 083110–083116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kasuga, K.

Kubota, Y.

Kuck, S.

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Orange and red upconversion laser pumped by an avalanche mechanism in Pr3+, Yb3+:BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(22), 3832–3834 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lhermite, H.

M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, J.-L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Pr3+-doped ZBLA fluoride glasses for visible laser emission,” Opt. Mater.33(7), 980–984 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Saboundji, N. Coulon, A. Gorin, H. Lhermite, T. Mohammed-Brahim, M. Fonrodona, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Top-gate microcrystalline silicon TFTs processed at low temperature (<200 °C),” Thin Solid Films487(1-2), 227–231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, J.

C. Charron, E. Fogret, G. Fonteneau, R. Rimet, and J. Lucas, “Fluoride glass planar optical waveguides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids184, 222–224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mackenzie, J. D.

C. M. Baldwin, R. M. Almeida, and J. D. Mackenzie, “Halide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids43(3), 309–344 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Maurel, C.

A. Pena, P. Camy, A. Benayad, J.-L. Doualan, C. Maurel, M. Olivier, V. Nazabal, and R. Moncorge, “Yb:CaF2 grown by liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Mater.33(11), 1616–1620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McMillan, P. F.

S. Aasland, M. A. Einarsrud, T. Grande, A. Grzechnik, and P. F. McMillan, “The structure of ternary fluorozirconate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids213–214, 341–344 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mohammed-Brahim, T.

A. Saboundji, N. Coulon, A. Gorin, H. Lhermite, T. Mohammed-Brahim, M. Fonrodona, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Top-gate microcrystalline silicon TFTs processed at low temperature (<200 °C),” Thin Solid Films487(1-2), 227–231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moncorge, R.

A. Pena, P. Camy, A. Benayad, J.-L. Doualan, C. Maurel, M. Olivier, V. Nazabal, and R. Moncorge, “Yb:CaF2 grown by liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Mater.33(11), 1616–1620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

Mortier, M.

P. Goldner, O. Guillot-Noël, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, “Orange avalanche upconversion for high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.37(2), 161–168 (2007).
[CrossRef]

My, T. H.

P. Goldner, O. Guillot-Noël, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, “Orange avalanche upconversion for high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.37(2), 161–168 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nazabal, V.

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, J.-L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Pr3+-doped ZBLA fluoride glasses for visible laser emission,” Opt. Mater.33(7), 980–984 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Pena, P. Camy, A. Benayad, J.-L. Doualan, C. Maurel, M. Olivier, V. Nazabal, and R. Moncorge, “Yb:CaF2 grown by liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Mater.33(11), 1616–1620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, H.

Olivier, M.

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, J.-L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Pr3+-doped ZBLA fluoride glasses for visible laser emission,” Opt. Mater.33(7), 980–984 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Pena, P. Camy, A. Benayad, J.-L. Doualan, C. Maurel, M. Olivier, V. Nazabal, and R. Moncorge, “Yb:CaF2 grown by liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Mater.33(11), 1616–1620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Osiac, E.

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Orange and red upconversion laser pumped by an avalanche mechanism in Pr3+, Yb3+:BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(22), 3832–3834 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pena, A.

A. Pena, P. Camy, A. Benayad, J.-L. Doualan, C. Maurel, M. Olivier, V. Nazabal, and R. Moncorge, “Yb:CaF2 grown by liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Mater.33(11), 1616–1620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pirasteh, P.

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, J.-L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Pr3+-doped ZBLA fluoride glasses for visible laser emission,” Opt. Mater.33(7), 980–984 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Pirasteh, J. Charrier, Y. Dumeige, S. Haesaert, and P. Joubert, “Optical loss study of porous silicon and oxidized porous silicon planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.101(8), 083110–083116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poulain, M.

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rimet, R.

C. Charron, E. Fogret, G. Fonteneau, R. Rimet, and J. Lucas, “Fluoride glass planar optical waveguides,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids184, 222–224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Saboundji, A.

A. Saboundji, N. Coulon, A. Gorin, H. Lhermite, T. Mohammed-Brahim, M. Fonrodona, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Top-gate microcrystalline silicon TFTs processed at low temperature (<200 °C),” Thin Solid Films487(1-2), 227–231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sani, E.

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Orange and red upconversion laser pumped by an avalanche mechanism in Pr3+, Yb3+:BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(22), 3832–3834 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Toncelli, A.

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Orange and red upconversion laser pumped by an avalanche mechanism in Pr3+, Yb3+:BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(22), 3832–3834 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Orange and red upconversion laser pumped by an avalanche mechanism in Pr3+, Yb3+:BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(22), 3832–3834 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weichmann, U.

Xu, B.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Osiac, E. Heumann, G. Huber, S. Kuck, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Orange and red upconversion laser pumped by an avalanche mechanism in Pr3+, Yb3+:BaY2F8,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(22), 3832–3834 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Goldner, O. Guillot-Noël, G. Dantelle, M. Mortier, T. H. My, and F. Bretenaker, “Orange avalanche upconversion for high-resolution laser spectroscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.37(2), 161–168 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Pirasteh, J. Charrier, Y. Dumeige, S. Haesaert, and P. Joubert, “Optical loss study of porous silicon and oxidized porous silicon planar waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.101(8), 083110–083116 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Fluor. Chem. (1)

V. Nazabal, M. Poulain, M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, S. Guy, T. Djouama, A. Boutarfaia, and J. L. Adam, “Fluoride and oxyfluoride glasses for optical applications,” J. Fluor. Chem.134, 18–23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

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[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (2)

A. Pena, P. Camy, A. Benayad, J.-L. Doualan, C. Maurel, M. Olivier, V. Nazabal, and R. Moncorge, “Yb:CaF2 grown by liquid phase epitaxy,” Opt. Mater.33(11), 1616–1620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Olivier, P. Pirasteh, J.-L. Doualan, P. Camy, H. Lhermite, J.-L. Adam, and V. Nazabal, “Pr3+-doped ZBLA fluoride glasses for visible laser emission,” Opt. Mater.33(7), 980–984 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

A. Saboundji, N. Coulon, A. Gorin, H. Lhermite, T. Mohammed-Brahim, M. Fonrodona, J. Bertomeu, and J. Andreu, “Top-gate microcrystalline silicon TFTs processed at low temperature (<200 °C),” Thin Solid Films487(1-2), 227–231 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

W. J. Tropf, M. E. Thomas, and T. J. Harris, Handbook of Optics (Volume IV): Optical Properties of Materials, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics (McGraw- Hill Professional, 2009)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM images of RIE etched SiO2 mask on ZBLA substrate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental set-up for gain measurements.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a) Variation of layer thickness and refractive index with temperature of exchanged ZBLA: Pr3 + planar waveguide, b) Refractive index profile of an exchanged ZBLA: Pr3+ planar waveguides.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a) Cl- concentration versus depth for an exchange of 7h at 270°C. b) Cl- concentration versus depth for an exchange of 7h at 270°C followed by an annealing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

a) Absorption cross section of bulk glass, b) Emission of a channel waveguide of ZBLA: Pr3+.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

a) Signal amplification versus injected pump power at 639 nm in th chlorine anionic exchange waveguide of 1 cm long. b) Gain simulation including propagation losses versus waveguide length.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Physicochemical and optical properties of ZBLA glasses

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