Abstract

We demonstrate propagation of plasmons in single crystalline silver nanostructures fabricated using a combination of a bottom-up and a top-down approach. Silver nanoplates of thickness around 65 nm and a surface area of about 100 μm2 are made using a wet chemical method. Silver nanotips and nanowires are then sculptured by focused ion beam milling. The plasmons are excited by using the fluorescence from the redeposited silver clusters during the milling process. Propagation of plasmons in the nanowires is observed in the visible spectral region. We also observe a cavity effect by measuring the emission spectrum from the distal wire end.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater.9, 193–204 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97 (5), 053002 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, E. A. Demler, and M. D. Lukin, “A single-photon transistor using nanoscale surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys.3, 807–812 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 257403 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brüning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun.1, 350–357 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Kim, K. Sohn, J. Wu, and J. Huang, “Chemical synthesis of gold nanowires in acidic solutions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(44), 14442–14443 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. E. Korte, S. E. Skrabalak, and Y. Xia, “Rapid synthesis of silver nanowires through a cucl- or cucl2-mediated polyol process,” J. Mater. Chem.18, 437–441 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450 (06230), 402–406 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys.5, 470–474 (2009).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Z. Guo, Y. Zhang, Y. D. Mu, L. Xu, S. Xie, and N. Gu, “Facile synthesis of micrometer-sized gold nanoplates through an aniline-assisted route in ethylene glycol solution,” Colloid Surf. A-Physicochem. Eng. Asp.278(1–3), 33–38 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Xionghui and Z. Aixia, “Preparation of microsized silver crystals with different morphologies by a wet-chemical method,” Rare Metals29, 407–412 (2010).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Q. Lu, K.-J. Lee, S.-J. Hong, N. V. Myung, H.-T. Kim, and Y.-H. Choa, “Growth factors for silver nanoplates formed in a simple solvothermal process,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.10(5), 3393–3396 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. L. A. Giannuzzi and F. A. Stevie, Introduction to Focused Ion Beams: Instrumentation, Theory, Techniques and Practice (Springer, USA, 2005).
    [CrossRef]
  22. L. A. Peyser, A. E. Vinson, A. P. Bartko, and R. M. Dickson, “Photoactivated fluorescence from individual silver nanoclusters,” Science291 (5501), 103–106 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. Li, H. Xu, and C.-K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  26. R. Gordon, “Reflection of cylindrical surface waves,” Opt. Express17(21), 18621–18629 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2012

C. Gruber, P. Kusar, A. Hohenau, and J. R. Krenn, “Controlled addressing of quantum dots by nanowire plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 231102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

A. Huck, S. Kumar, A. Shakoor, and U. L. Andersen, “Controlled coupling of a single nitrogen-vacancy center to a silver nanowire,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106 (8), 096801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

C. Xionghui and Z. Aixia, “Preparation of microsized silver crystals with different morphologies by a wet-chemical method,” Rare Metals29, 407–412 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M.-S. Jin, Q. Kuang, X.-G. Han, S.-F. Xie, Z.-X. Xie, and L.-S. Zheng, “Liquidliquid interface assisted synthesis of size- and thickness-controlled ag nanoplates,” J. Solid State Chem.183(6), 1354–1358 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photon.4, 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater.9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brüning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun.1, 350–357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lu, K.-J. Lee, S.-J. Hong, N. V. Myung, H.-T. Kim, and Y.-H. Choa, “Growth factors for silver nanoplates formed in a simple solvothermal process,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.10(5), 3393–3396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. Li, H. Xu, and C.-K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Gordon, “Reflection of cylindrical surface waves,” Opt. Express17(21), 18621–18629 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Deckert-Gaudig, F. Erver, and V. Deckert, “Transparent silver microcrystals: Synthesis and application for nanoscale analysis,” Langmuir, 25(11), 6032–6034 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys.5, 470–474 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

F. Kim, K. Sohn, J. Wu, and J. Huang, “Chemical synthesis of gold nanowires in acidic solutions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(44), 14442–14443 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. E. Korte, S. E. Skrabalak, and Y. Xia, “Rapid synthesis of silver nanowires through a cucl- or cucl2-mediated polyol process,” J. Mater. Chem.18, 437–441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450 (06230), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, E. A. Demler, and M. D. Lukin, “A single-photon transistor using nanoscale surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys.3, 807–812 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97 (5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Guo, Y. Zhang, Y. D. Mu, L. Xu, S. Xie, and N. Gu, “Facile synthesis of micrometer-sized gold nanoplates through an aniline-assisted route in ethylene glycol solution,” Colloid Surf. A-Physicochem. Eng. Asp.278(1–3), 33–38 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

C. S. Ah, Y. J. Yun, H. J. Park, W.-J. Kim, D. H. Ha, and W. S. Yun, “Size-controlled synthesis of machinable single crystalline gold nanoplates,” Chem. Mat.17(22), 5558–5561 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

L. A. Peyser, A. E. Vinson, A. P. Bartko, and R. M. Dickson, “Photoactivated fluorescence from individual silver nanoclusters,” Science291 (5501), 103–106 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

S. Laux, N. Kaiser, A. Zöller, R. Götzelmann, H. Lauth, and H. Bernitzki, “Room-temperature deposition of indium tin oxide thin films with plasma ion-assisted evaporation,” Thin Solid Films335(12), 1–5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ah, C. S.

C. S. Ah, Y. J. Yun, H. J. Park, W.-J. Kim, D. H. Ha, and W. S. Yun, “Size-controlled synthesis of machinable single crystalline gold nanoplates,” Chem. Mat.17(22), 5558–5561 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Aixia, Z.

C. Xionghui and Z. Aixia, “Preparation of microsized silver crystals with different morphologies by a wet-chemical method,” Rare Metals29, 407–412 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Akimov, A. V.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450 (06230), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andersen, U. L.

A. Huck, S. Kumar, A. Shakoor, and U. L. Andersen, “Controlled coupling of a single nitrogen-vacancy center to a silver nanowire,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106 (8), 096801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balasubramanian, G.

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys.5, 470–474 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barnard, E. S.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater.9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartko, A. P.

L. A. Peyser, A. E. Vinson, A. P. Bartko, and R. M. Dickson, “Photoactivated fluorescence from individual silver nanoclusters,” Science291 (5501), 103–106 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernitzki, H.

S. Laux, N. Kaiser, A. Zöller, R. Götzelmann, H. Lauth, and H. Bernitzki, “Room-temperature deposition of indium tin oxide thin films with plasma ion-assisted evaporation,” Thin Solid Films335(12), 1–5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Biagioni, P.

J. S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brüning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun.1, 350–357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boltasseva, A.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photon.4, 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater.9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brüning, C.

J. S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brüning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun.1, 350–357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cai, W.

J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater.9, 193–204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Callegari, V.

J. S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brüning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun.1, 350–357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang, D. E.

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, E. A. Demler, and M. D. Lukin, “A single-photon transistor using nanoscale surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys.3, 807–812 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450 (06230), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97 (5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choa, Y.-H.

Q. Lu, K.-J. Lee, S.-J. Hong, N. V. Myung, H.-T. Kim, and Y.-H. Choa, “Growth factors for silver nanoplates formed in a simple solvothermal process,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.10(5), 3393–3396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Deckert, V.

T. Deckert-Gaudig, F. Erver, and V. Deckert, “Transparent silver microcrystals: Synthesis and application for nanoscale analysis,” Langmuir, 25(11), 6032–6034 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deckert-Gaudig, T.

T. Deckert-Gaudig, F. Erver, and V. Deckert, “Transparent silver microcrystals: Synthesis and application for nanoscale analysis,” Langmuir, 25(11), 6032–6034 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demler, E. A.

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, E. A. Demler, and M. D. Lukin, “A single-photon transistor using nanoscale surface plasmons,” Nat. Phys.3, 807–812 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dickson, R. M.

L. A. Peyser, A. E. Vinson, A. P. Bartko, and R. M. Dickson, “Photoactivated fluorescence from individual silver nanoclusters,” Science291 (5501), 103–106 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emani, N. K.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Erver, F.

T. Deckert-Gaudig, F. Erver, and V. Deckert, “Transparent silver microcrystals: Synthesis and application for nanoscale analysis,” Langmuir, 25(11), 6032–6034 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feichtner, T.

J. S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brüning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun.1, 350–357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

J. S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brüning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun.1, 350–357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geisler, P.

J. S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brüning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun.1, 350–357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Giannuzzi, L. A.

L. A. Giannuzzi and F. A. Stevie, Introduction to Focused Ion Beams: Instrumentation, Theory, Techniques and Practice (Springer, USA, 2005).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

Götzelmann, R.

S. Laux, N. Kaiser, A. Zöller, R. Götzelmann, H. Lauth, and H. Bernitzki, “Room-temperature deposition of indium tin oxide thin films with plasma ion-assisted evaporation,” Thin Solid Films335(12), 1–5 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gramotnev, D. K.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photon.4, 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grotz, B.

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys.5, 470–474 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gruber, C.

C. Gruber, P. Kusar, A. Hohenau, and J. R. Krenn, “Controlled addressing of quantum dots by nanowire plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 231102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gu, N.

Z. Guo, Y. Zhang, Y. D. Mu, L. Xu, S. Xie, and N. Gu, “Facile synthesis of micrometer-sized gold nanoplates through an aniline-assisted route in ethylene glycol solution,” Colloid Surf. A-Physicochem. Eng. Asp.278(1–3), 33–38 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Z.

Z. Guo, Y. Zhang, Y. D. Mu, L. Xu, S. Xie, and N. Gu, “Facile synthesis of micrometer-sized gold nanoplates through an aniline-assisted route in ethylene glycol solution,” Colloid Surf. A-Physicochem. Eng. Asp.278(1–3), 33–38 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ha, D. H.

C. S. Ah, Y. J. Yun, H. J. Park, W.-J. Kim, D. H. Ha, and W. S. Yun, “Size-controlled synthesis of machinable single crystalline gold nanoplates,” Chem. Mat.17(22), 5558–5561 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Han, X.-G.

M.-S. Jin, Q. Kuang, X.-G. Han, S.-F. Xie, Z.-X. Xie, and L.-S. Zheng, “Liquidliquid interface assisted synthesis of size- and thickness-controlled ag nanoplates,” J. Solid State Chem.183(6), 1354–1358 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

J. S. Huang, V. Callegari, P. Geisler, C. Brüning, J. Kern, J. C. Prangsma, X. Wu, T. Feichtner, J. Ziegler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, U. Sennhauser, and B. Hecht, “Atomically flat single-crystalline gold nanostructures for plasmonic nanocircuitry,” Nat. Commun.1, 350–357 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P. R.

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys.5, 470–474 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature450 (06230), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, and M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97 (5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofer, F.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohenau, A.

C. Gruber, P. Kusar, A. Hohenau, and J. R. Krenn, “Controlled addressing of quantum dots by nanowire plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 231102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, S.-J.

Q. Lu, K.-J. Lee, S.-J. Hong, N. V. Myung, H.-T. Kim, and Y.-H. Choa, “Growth factors for silver nanoplates formed in a simple solvothermal process,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol.10(5), 3393–3396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, J.

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Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. B

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rare Metals

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[CrossRef]

Science

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Structural characterization of SNPs (a),(d) and (e) AFM images of SNPs obtained with process 1. (b) Height profile of the SNP shown in (a) along the horizontal line indicated in (a). (c) X-ray diffraction pattern for the SNPs along with standard pattern for silver (PDF#04 – 0783), showing dominance of the (111) crystalline plane for SNPs. (f) TEM image showing the edge of an SNP. (g) High resolution TEM image of the SNP from which the lattice spacing is clearly visible. The inset shows a selected area electron diffraction pattern, which proves the single crystallinity of our SNPs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SEM images of structures made with FIB milling of an SNP. (a) Some tips and nanowires of different tip angles and wire widths made using FIB milling of an SNP. (b) Magnified image of tip shown in left rectangle in (a). (c) Magnified image of wire shown in right rectangle in (a).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical Characterization. (a) Fluorescence image of the SNP shown in Fig. 1(e). Color scale for all the fluorescence images is exponential. (b) SEM image of a wire made by FIB milling of an SNP. (c) Confocal microscope fluorescence image of the area shown in (b). (d) and (e) Galvanometric fluorescence images taken when the laser is focused onto ends ‘A’ and ‘B’ of the wire shown in (c), respectively. (f) Spectrum taken at end ‘A’ and end ‘B’ of the wire in (d). A model based on the spectrum of end ‘A’ as input and silver wire as a Fabry-Perot cavity is also plotted.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

FEM simulations. (a) The z-component of Poynting vectors for the fundamental plasmonic mode at a vacuum wavelength of 700 nm is plotted for a silver wire of cross-section 100 nm by 100 nm situated on ITO coated fused silica substrate. (b) Plasmon wavelength and propagation losses as a function of vacuum wavelength.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Properties of SNPs obtained using different chemical processes.

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