Abstract

We demonstrate scaling of the effective area of higher-order mode, Er-doped fiber amplifiers. Two Er-doped higher-order mode fibers, one with 3800 μm2 Aeff in the LP0,11 mode, and one with 6000 μm2 effective area in the LP0,14 mode, are demonstrated. Output beam profiles show clean higher order modes, and S2 imaging measurements show low extraneous higher order mode content. CW and pulsed amplifier experiments are reported. Nanosecond pulses are amplified to 0.5 mJ pulse energy with 0.5 MW peak power.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. P. Steinvurzel, K. Tantiwanichapan, M. Goto, and S. Ramachandran, “Fiber-based Bessel beams with controllable diffraction-resistant distance,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4671–4673 (2011).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (4)

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the Modal Content of Large-Mode-Area Fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 61–70 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

2007 (5)

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alam, S. U.

Andrejco, M. J.

Andrés, M. V.

Birge, J. R.

Blin, S.

Broeng, J.

Chang, G.

Chartier, T.

Chen, H.-W.

Chen, L.-J.

Clarkson, W. A.

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Codemard, C. A.

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. L.

Deguil-Robin, N.

Desantolo, A.

DeSantolo, A. M.

Desmoulins, S.

Di Teodoro, F.

Díez, A.

DiGiovanni, D.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Dimarcello, F.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Dong, L.

Dulashko, Y.

Feder, K.

Fini, J. M.

J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. Desantolo, E. Monberg, F. Dimarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, and R. Ortiz, “Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express20(18), 20494–20505 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, A. M. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, J. Fleming, C. Headley, D. J. DiGiovanni, S. Ghalmi, and S. Ramachandran, “A higher-order-mode Erbium-doped-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express18(17), 17651–17657 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the Modal Content of Large-Mode-Area Fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 61–70 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Fini, “Intuitive modeling of bend distortion in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(12), 1632–1634 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Fini and S. Ramachandran, “Natural bend-distortion immunity of higher-order-mode large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(7), 748–750 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, A. D. Yablon, P. S. Westbrook, K. Feder, and C. Headley, “Demonstration of bend-induced nonlinearities in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(17), 2562–2564 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleming, J.

Galvanauskas, A.

Ghalmi, S.

Goto, M.

Hassan, M.

Headley, C.

Jakobsen, C.

Jang, J.-N.

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jasapara, J. C.

Jiang, Z.

Kärtner, F. X.

Khitrov, V.

Le, S. D.

Leuchs, G.

Liem, A.

Lim, E.-L.

Limpert, J.

Lindlein, N.

Liu, C.-H.

Manek-Hönninger, I.

Marciante, J. R.

McLaughlin, J. M.

Meng, L.

Mermelstein, M.

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mermelstein, M. D.

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the Modal Content of Large-Mode-Area Fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 61–70 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Monberg, E.

Nguyen, D. M.

Nguyen, T. N.

Nicholson, J. W.

J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. Desantolo, E. Monberg, F. Dimarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, and R. Ortiz, “Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express20(18), 20494–20505 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, T. Taunay, C. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Raman fiber laser with 81 W output power at 1480 nm,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3069–3071 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, A. M. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, J. Fleming, C. Headley, D. J. DiGiovanni, S. Ghalmi, and S. Ramachandran, “A higher-order-mode Erbium-doped-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express18(17), 17651–17657 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the Modal Content of Large-Mode-Area Fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 61–70 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Express16(10), 7233–7243 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, J. W. Nicholson, C. Headley, and D. DiGiovanni, “Picosecond pulse amplification in a core-pumped large-mode-area erbium fiber,” Opt. Lett.32(16), 2429–2431 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, A. D. Yablon, P. S. Westbrook, K. Feder, and C. Headley, “Demonstration of bend-induced nonlinearities in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(17), 2562–2564 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Light propagation with ultralarge modal areas in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett.31(12), 1797–1799 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nilsson, J.

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

Ortiz, R.

Pearson, G. N.

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

Petersson, A.

Peyghambarian, N.

Philippov, V. N.

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Provino, L.

Ramachandran, S.

P. Steinvurzel, K. Tantiwanichapan, M. Goto, and S. Ramachandran, “Fiber-based Bessel beams with controllable diffraction-resistant distance,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4671–4673 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, A. M. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, J. Fleming, C. Headley, D. J. DiGiovanni, S. Ghalmi, and S. Ramachandran, “A higher-order-mode Erbium-doped-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express18(17), 17651–17657 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Express16(10), 7233–7243 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Lindlein, G. Leuchs, and S. Ramachandran, “Achieving Gaussian outputs from large-mode-area higher-order-mode fibers,” Appl. Opt.46(22), 5147–5157 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Fini and S. Ramachandran, “Natural bend-distortion immunity of higher-order-mode large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(7), 748–750 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Light propagation with ultralarge modal areas in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett.31(12), 1797–1799 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, “Dispersion-tailored few-mode fibers: a versatile platform for in-fiber photonic devices,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(11), 3426–3443 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Rockwell, D. A.

Röser, F.

Sáez-Rodriguez, D.

Sahu, J. K.

V. N. Philippov, J. K. Sahu, C. A. Codemard, W. A. Clarkson, J.-N. Jang, J. Nilsson, and G. N. Pearson, “All-fiber 1.15-mJ pulsed eye-safe optical source,” Proc. SPIE5335, 1–7 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

Schreiber, T.

Schülzgen, A.

Shkunov, V. V.

Sosnowski, T.

Steinvurzel, P.

Strohkendl, F.

Suzuki, S.

Tantiwanichapan, K.

Taunay, T.

Thual, M.

Tünnermann, A.

Westbrook, P. S.

Windeler, R. S.

Wisk, P.

Wong, W. S.

Yablon, A. D.

Yan, M. F.

Zakharenkov, Y. A.

Zellmer, H.

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, J. M. Fini, and M. D. Mermelstein, “Measuring the Modal Content of Large-Mode-Area Fibers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 61–70 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

S. Ramachandran, J. M. Fini, M. Mermelstein, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, and M. F. Yan, “Ultra-large effective-area, higher-order mode fibers: a new strategy for high-power lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev.2(6), 429–448 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express13(4), 1055–1058 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E.-L. Lim, S. U. Alam, and D. J. Richardson, “High-energy, in-band pumped erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Express20(17), 18803–18818 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, L. Meng, J. M. Fini, R. S. Windeler, A. Desantolo, E. Monberg, F. Dimarcello, Y. Dulashko, M. Hassan, and R. Ortiz, “Measuring higher-order modes in a low-loss, hollow-core, photonic-bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express20(18), 20494–20505 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Desmoulins and F. Di Teodoro, “High-gain Er-doped fiber amplifier generating eye-safe MW peak-power, mJ-energy pulses,” Opt. Express16(4), 2431–2437 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “Spatially and spectrally resolved imaging of modal content in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Express16(10), 7233–7243 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, J. M. Fini, A. M. DeSantolo, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, J. Fleming, C. Headley, D. J. DiGiovanni, S. Ghalmi, and S. Ramachandran, “A higher-order-mode Erbium-doped-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express18(17), 17651–17657 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-W. Chen, T. Sosnowski, C.-H. Liu, L.-J. Chen, J. R. Birge, A. Galvanauskas, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Chang, “Chirally-coupled-core Yb-fiber laser delivering 80-fs pulses with diffraction-limited beam quality warranted by a high-dispersion mirror based compressor,” Opt. Express18(24), 24699–24705 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (11)

D. Sáez-Rodriguez, J. L. Cruz, A. Díez, and M. V. Andrés, “Fiber laser with combined feedback of core and cladding modes assisted by an intracavity long-period grating,” Opt. Lett.36(10), 1839–1841 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Steinvurzel, K. Tantiwanichapan, M. Goto, and S. Ramachandran, “Fiber-based Bessel beams with controllable diffraction-resistant distance,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4671–4673 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, F. DiMarcello, E. Monberg, T. Taunay, C. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Raman fiber laser with 81 W output power at 1480 nm,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3069–3071 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Suzuki, A. Schülzgen, and N. Peyghambarian, “Single-mode fiber laser based on core-cladding mode conversion,” Opt. Lett.33(4), 351–353 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Khitrov, V. V. Shkunov, D. A. Rockwell, Y. A. Zakharenkov, and F. Strohkendl, “Er-doped high-aspect-ratio core rectangular fiber producing 5 mJ, 13 ns pulses at 1572 nm,” Opt. Lett.37(19), 3963–3965 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Wong, X. Peng, J. M. McLaughlin, and L. Dong, “Breaking the limit of maximum effective area for robust single-mode propagation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett.30(21), 2855–2857 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, J. W. Nicholson, S. Ghalmi, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Light propagation with ultralarge modal areas in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett.31(12), 1797–1799 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, J. W. Nicholson, C. Headley, and D. DiGiovanni, “Picosecond pulse amplification in a core-pumped large-mode-area erbium fiber,” Opt. Lett.32(16), 2429–2431 (2007).
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Proc. SPIE (1)

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Other (8)

V. R. Supradeepa, J. W. Nicholson, C. Headley, Y.-W. Lee, B. Palsdottir, and D. Jakobsen, “Cascaded Raman fiber laser at 1480 nm with output power of 104 W,” in Fiber Lasers IX Technology Systems, and Applications, Proc. of SPIE Vol 8237, paper 8237–48.

C. Headley, M. D. Mermelstein, K. Brar, M. J. Andrejco, J. W. Nicholson, A. D. Yablon, M. Fisheyn, and D. J. DiGiovanni “Accurate Measurement of Pulse Power in Low Duty Cycle MOPA,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2005 paper CTuC4.

P. Wysocki, T. Wood, A. Grant, D. Holcomb, K. Chang, M. Santo, L. Braun, and G. Johnson, “High Reliability 49 dB Gain, 13 W PM Fiber Amplifier at 1550 nm with 30 dB PER and Record Efficiency,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper PDP17.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 1974).

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C. Headley, J. Phillips, J. Fini, E. Gonzalas, S. Ghalmi, M. Yan, J. Nicholson, P. Wisk, J. Fleming, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, R.S. Windeler, M. Fishteyn, K. Brar, S. Ramachandran, and D.J. DiGiovanni, “Amplification of a large-mode area single higher order mode in a fiber amplifier,” in Proceedings of Photonics West 2012 paper 8237–60.

J. W. Nicholson, A. M. DeSantolo, S. Ghalmi, J. M. Fini, J. Fleming, E. Monberg, F. DiMarcello, and S. Ramachandran, “Nanosecond Pulse Amplification in a Higher-Order-Mode Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) 2010, paper CPDB5.

E. Lallier and D. Papillon-Ruggeri, “High energy pulsed eye-safe fiber amplifier,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CJ1_5.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Index profile of a rare-earth doped, higher-order mode fiber. The LP0,1 mode is guided in the central core whereas the LP0,N higher-order modes reside in the outer core.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the Er-doped higher-order mode fiber amplifier, and associated diagnostics

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Performance of the Er-doped amplifier based on the LP0,11 with 3800 μm2 effective area. (a) Output power vs. pump power. (b) Output spectrum at maximum power. Launched seed laser spectrum is also shown. (c) Beam profile at maximum output power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

S2 imaging measurement results from an HOM-Er fiber amplifier. Power in the mode relative to the LP0,11 mode is also shown.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

CW performance of an Er-doped HOM amplifier operating in the LP0,14 mode with 6000 μm2 effective area.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Schematic of the pulsed seed source used in the amplifier experiments. (b) Measured pulse extinction ratio at the output of the seed source as a function of pulse repetition frequency.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Pulse extinction ratio measured at the output of the HOM amplifier as a function of pulse repetition frequency and output power at the signal wavelength.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Average signal power as a function of pulse repetition frequency. (b) Energy per pulse as a function of pulse repetition frequency and pump power

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Optical spectra for the pulsed amplifier. (a) Spectra for 0.2 mJ pulses for 10 kHz and 100 kHz pulse trains. (b) Spectra for 10 kHz pulse train for 0.2 mJ and 0.5 mJ pulses.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Amplified nanosecond pulses from the higher-order mode amplifier. The pulse from the seed laser is compared to output pulses at 0.4 mJ and 0.5 mJ per pulse in a 10 kHz pulse train. Pulses have been offset horizontally for clarity.

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