Abstract

We experimentally demonstrated the seamless integration of 57.2-Gb/s signal wireline transmission and 100-GHz wireless delivery adopting polarization-division-multiplexing quadrature-phase-shift-keying (PDM-QPSK) modulation with 400-km single-mode fiber-28 (SMF-28) transmission and 1-m wireless delivery. The X- and Y-polarization components of optical PDM-QPSK baseband signal are simultaneously up-converted to 100 GHz by optical polarization-diversity heterodyne beating, and then independently transmitted and received by two pairs of transmitter and receiver antennas, which make up a 2x2 multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless link based on microwave polarization multiplexing. At the wireless receiver, a two-stage down conversion is firstly done in analog domain based on balanced mixer and sinusoidal radio frequency (RF) signal, and then in digital domain based on digital signal processing (DSP). Polarization de-multiplexing is realized by constant modulus algorithm (CMA) based on DSP in heterodyne coherent detection. Our experimental results show that more taps are required for CMA when the X- and Y-polarization antennas have different wireless distance.

© 2012 OSA

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  9. D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. C. Jambrina, J. Herrera, and I. T. Monroy, “Carrier recovery and equalization for photonic-wireless links with capacities up to 40 Gb/s in 75-110 GHz Band,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC 2011), Los Angeles, USA, OThJ4, Mar. 2011.
  10. T. Kuri, Y. Omiya, T. Kawanishi, S. Hara, and K. Kitayama, “Optical transmitter and receiver of 24-GHz ultra-wideband signal by direct photonic conversion techniques,” IEEE Intl. Topic. Meeting Microw. Photon. (MWP2006), Grenoble, France, W3–3, Oct. 2006.
  11. A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
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2012 (1)

2011 (3)

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

J. Wells, “Faster than fiber: the future of multi-Gb/s wireless,” IEEE Microw. Mag.10(3), 104–112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arlunno, V.

Borkowski, R.

Caballero, A.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

Chi, N.

Chien, H. C.

Chow, C. W.

Chowdhury, A.

Deng, L.

Dogadaev, A.

Dong, Z.

Herrera, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hosako, I.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hsueh, Y. T.

Huang, M. F.

Inagaki, K.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. B.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

Jian, W.

Kanno, A.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Karinou, F.

Kawanishi, T.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ki-tayama, K.-I.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, F. M.

Kuri, T.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Li, Y. T.

Liu, C.

Marti, J.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Monroy, I. T.

Morohashi, I.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C. L.

Pang, X.

Pedersen, J. S.

Roubeau, F.

Sakamoto, T.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sambaraju, R.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Y.

Shi, J. W.

Tafur Monroy, I.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tao, L.

Walber, A.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. H.

Wells, J.

J. Wells, “Faster than fiber: the future of multi-Gb/s wireless,” IEEE Microw. Mag.10(3), 104–112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Westergren, U.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y. F.

Yeh, C. H.

Yoshida, Y.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Yu, X.

Zhang, J.

Zibar, D.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, V. Arlunno, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pedersen, L. Deng, F. Karinou, F. Roubeau, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75-110 GHz),” Opt. Express19(25), 24944–24949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microw. Mag. (1)

J. Wells, “Faster than fiber: the future of multi-Gb/s wireless,” IEEE Microw. Mag.10(3), 104–112 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. Tafur Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Electron. Express (1)

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “20-Gb/s QPSK W-band (75-110GHz) wireless link in free space using radio-over-fiber technique,” IEICE Electron. Express8(8), 612–617 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

T. Nagatsuma, T. Takada, H.-J. Song, K. Ajito, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Millimeter- and THz-wave photonics towards 100-Gbit/s wireless transmission,” IEEE Photonic Society’s 23rd Annu. Meeting, Denver, CO, Paper WE4, Nov. 7–11, 2010.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K.-I. Ki-tayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHZ) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” ECOC 2011, Geneva, We.10.P1.112, Sept. 2011.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, and T. Kawanishi, “Frequency-stabilized W-band two tone optical signal generation for high-speed RoF and radio transmission,” Proc. IEEE Photon. Conf. (IPC11), Arlington, USA, TuJ4, Oct. 2011.

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. C. Jambrina, J. Herrera, and I. T. Monroy, “Carrier recovery and equalization for photonic-wireless links with capacities up to 40 Gb/s in 75-110 GHz Band,” Opt. Fiber Conf. (OFC 2011), Los Angeles, USA, OThJ4, Mar. 2011.

T. Kuri, Y. Omiya, T. Kawanishi, S. Hara, and K. Kitayama, “Optical transmitter and receiver of 24-GHz ultra-wideband signal by direct photonic conversion techniques,” IEEE Intl. Topic. Meeting Microw. Photon. (MWP2006), Grenoble, France, W3–3, Oct. 2006.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The architecture for the seamless integration of PDM signal wireline transmission and W-band wireless delivery over 2x2 MIMO wireless links. Opt. Mod.: optical modulator, Pol. Mux: polarization multiplexer, SMF: single-mode fiber, OC: optical coupler, LO: local oscillator, PBS: polarization beam splitter, BPD: balanced photo detector, HA: horn antenna, Pow. Div.: power divider, CO: central office, RAU: remote antenna unit.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the seamless integration of 57.2-Gb/s signal wireline transmission and 100-GHz wireless delivery. Inset (a) shows the X-polarization optical spectrum (0.01-nm resolution) after polarization-diversity splitting. EDFA: Erbium-doped fiber amplifier, SMF: single-mode fiber.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Electrical spectrum after first-stage down conversion; (b) DSP.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER versus OSNR after 1-m wireless delivery. Inset (a) and (b) show the X- and Y-polarization constellations after CPE over 400-km SMF-28 transmission, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

X-polarization constellations. (a) 13 tap, after CMA; (b) 13 tap, after CPE; (c) 23 tap, after CMA; (d) 23 tap, after CPE.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Y-polarization constellations after CPE for 13-, 23- and 33-tap CMA length.

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