Abstract

All-optically controlled nanoparticle manipulating units based on optical waveguide intersections are designed and their performance on nanoparticle trapping, redirecting, sorting and binding force measurement are theoretically analyzed. Our calculation shows that these simple units have trapping abilities comparable with most near field trapping tools and are capable of realizing multiple sorting and analyzing functions.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

D. Erickson, X. Serey, Y.-F. Chen, and S. Mandal, “Nanomanipulation using near field photonics,” Lab Chip11(6), 995–1009 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Yang, Y. Liu, R. F. Oulton, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Optical forces in hybrid plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(2), 321–328 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P.-T. Lin and P.-T. Lee, “All-optical controllable trapping and transport of subwavelength particles on a tapered photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett.36(3), 424–426 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ahluwalia, P. Løvhaugen, and O. G. Hellesø, “Waveguide trapping of hollow glass spheres,” Opt. Lett.36(17), 3347–3349 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

A. Nitkowski, A. Gondarenko, and M. Lipson, “On-chip supercontinuum optical trapping and resonance excitation of microspheres,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1626–1628 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ahluwalia, P. McCourt, T. Huser, and O. G. Hellesø, “Optical trapping and propulsion of red blood cells on waveguide surfaces,” Opt. Express18(20), 21053–21061 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Yang and D. Erickson, “Optofluidic ring resonator switch for optical particle transport,” Lab Chip10(6), 769–774 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Serey, S. Mandal, and D. Erickson, “Comparison of silicon photonic crystal resonator designs for optical trapping of nanomaterials,” Nanotechnology21(30), 305202 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

A. H. J. Yang, T. Lerdsuchatawanich, and D. Erickson, “Forces and transport velocities for a particle in a slot waveguide,” Nano Lett.9(3), 1182–1188 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, “Optical manipulation of nanoparticles and biomolecules in sub-wavelength slot waveguides,” Nature457(7225), 71–75 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Neel, S. Getin, P. Ferret, M. Rosina, J. M. Fedeli, and O. G. Helleso, “Optical transport of semiconductor nanowires on silicon nitride waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(25), 253115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

A. H. J. Yang and D. Erickson, “Stability analysis of optofluidic transport on solid-core waveguiding structures,” Nanotechnology19(4), 045704 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2005

2004

K. Grujic, O. G. Helleso, J. S. Wilkinson, and J. P. Hole, “Optical propulsion of microspheres along a channel waveguide produced by Cs+ ion-exchange in glass,” Opt. Commun.239(4-6), 227–235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

L. N. Ng, M. N. Zervas, J. S. Wilkinson, and B. J. Luff, “Manipulation of colloidal gold nanoparticles in the evanescent field of a channel waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(15), 1993–1995 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996

Y. Harada and T. Asakura, “Radiation forces on a dielectric sphere in the Rayleigh scattering regime,” Opt. Commun.124(5-6), 529–541 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Kawata and T. Tani, “Optically driven Mie particles in an evanescent field along a channeled waveguide,” Opt. Lett.21(21), 1768–1770 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

Ahluwalia, B. S.

Albrecht, H.

T. A. Sulchek, R. W. Friddle, K. Langry, E. Y. Lau, H. Albrecht, T. V. Ratto, S. J. DeNardo, M. E. Colvin, and A. Noy, “Dynamic force spectroscopy of parallel individual Mucin1-antibody bonds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.102(46), 16638–16643 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Almaas, E.

Asakura, T.

Y. Harada and T. Asakura, “Radiation forces on a dielectric sphere in the Rayleigh scattering regime,” Opt. Commun.124(5-6), 529–541 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brevik, I.

Chatelain, F.

Chen, Y.-F.

D. Erickson, X. Serey, Y.-F. Chen, and S. Mandal, “Nanomanipulation using near field photonics,” Lab Chip11(6), 995–1009 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colas, G.

Colvin, M. E.

T. A. Sulchek, R. W. Friddle, K. Langry, E. Y. Lau, H. Albrecht, T. V. Ratto, S. J. DeNardo, M. E. Colvin, and A. Noy, “Dynamic force spectroscopy of parallel individual Mucin1-antibody bonds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.102(46), 16638–16643 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, T. J.

DeNardo, S. J.

T. A. Sulchek, R. W. Friddle, K. Langry, E. Y. Lau, H. Albrecht, T. V. Ratto, S. J. DeNardo, M. E. Colvin, and A. Noy, “Dynamic force spectroscopy of parallel individual Mucin1-antibody bonds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.102(46), 16638–16643 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dérouard, J.

Erickson, D.

D. Erickson, X. Serey, Y.-F. Chen, and S. Mandal, “Nanomanipulation using near field photonics,” Lab Chip11(6), 995–1009 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Serey, S. Mandal, and D. Erickson, “Comparison of silicon photonic crystal resonator designs for optical trapping of nanomaterials,” Nanotechnology21(30), 305202 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Yang and D. Erickson, “Optofluidic ring resonator switch for optical particle transport,” Lab Chip10(6), 769–774 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, “Optical manipulation of nanoparticles and biomolecules in sub-wavelength slot waveguides,” Nature457(7225), 71–75 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Yang, T. Lerdsuchatawanich, and D. Erickson, “Forces and transport velocities for a particle in a slot waveguide,” Nano Lett.9(3), 1182–1188 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Yang and D. Erickson, “Stability analysis of optofluidic transport on solid-core waveguiding structures,” Nanotechnology19(4), 045704 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Schmidt, A. H. J. Yang, D. Erickson, and M. Lipson, “Optofluidic trapping and transport on solid core waveguides within a microfluidic device,” Opt. Express15(22), 14322–14334 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedeli, J. M.

D. Neel, S. Getin, P. Ferret, M. Rosina, J. M. Fedeli, and O. G. Helleso, “Optical transport of semiconductor nanowires on silicon nitride waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(25), 253115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Gaugiran, S. Gétin, J. M. Fedeli, G. Colas, A. Fuchs, F. Chatelain, and J. Dérouard, “Optical manipulation of microparticles and cells on silicon nitride waveguides,” Opt. Express13(18), 6956–6963 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferret, P.

D. Neel, S. Getin, P. Ferret, M. Rosina, J. M. Fedeli, and O. G. Helleso, “Optical transport of semiconductor nanowires on silicon nitride waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(25), 253115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Friddle, R. W.

T. A. Sulchek, R. W. Friddle, K. Langry, E. Y. Lau, H. Albrecht, T. V. Ratto, S. J. DeNardo, M. E. Colvin, and A. Noy, “Dynamic force spectroscopy of parallel individual Mucin1-antibody bonds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.102(46), 16638–16643 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuchs, A.

Galan, J. V.

P. Sanchis, J. V. Galan, A. Griol, J. Marti, M. A. Piqueras, and J. M. Perdigues, “Low-crosstalk in silicon-on-insulator waveguide crossings with optimized-angle,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(20), 1583–1585 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gaugiran, S.

Getin, S.

D. Neel, S. Getin, P. Ferret, M. Rosina, J. M. Fedeli, and O. G. Helleso, “Optical transport of semiconductor nanowires on silicon nitride waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(25), 253115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gétin, S.

Gondarenko, A.

Griol, A.

P. Sanchis, J. V. Galan, A. Griol, J. Marti, M. A. Piqueras, and J. M. Perdigues, “Low-crosstalk in silicon-on-insulator waveguide crossings with optimized-angle,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(20), 1583–1585 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grujic, K.

Harada, Y.

Y. Harada and T. Asakura, “Radiation forces on a dielectric sphere in the Rayleigh scattering regime,” Opt. Commun.124(5-6), 529–541 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Helleso, O. G.

D. Neel, S. Getin, P. Ferret, M. Rosina, J. M. Fedeli, and O. G. Helleso, “Optical transport of semiconductor nanowires on silicon nitride waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(25), 253115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Jaising and O. G. Helleso, “Radiation forces on a Mie particle in the evanescent field of an optical waveguide,” Opt. Commun.246(4-6), 373–383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Grujic, O. G. Helleso, J. S. Wilkinson, and J. P. Hole, “Optical propulsion of microspheres along a channel waveguide produced by Cs+ ion-exchange in glass,” Opt. Commun.239(4-6), 227–235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hellesø, O. G.

Hole, J. P.

Huser, T.

Jaising, H. Y.

H. Y. Jaising and O. G. Helleso, “Radiation forces on a Mie particle in the evanescent field of an optical waveguide,” Opt. Commun.246(4-6), 373–383 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

Klug, M.

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, “Optical manipulation of nanoparticles and biomolecules in sub-wavelength slot waveguides,” Nature457(7225), 71–75 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langry, K.

T. A. Sulchek, R. W. Friddle, K. Langry, E. Y. Lau, H. Albrecht, T. V. Ratto, S. J. DeNardo, M. E. Colvin, and A. Noy, “Dynamic force spectroscopy of parallel individual Mucin1-antibody bonds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.102(46), 16638–16643 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lau, E. Y.

T. A. Sulchek, R. W. Friddle, K. Langry, E. Y. Lau, H. Albrecht, T. V. Ratto, S. J. DeNardo, M. E. Colvin, and A. Noy, “Dynamic force spectroscopy of parallel individual Mucin1-antibody bonds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.102(46), 16638–16643 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, P.-T.

Lerdsuchatawanich, T.

A. H. J. Yang, T. Lerdsuchatawanich, and D. Erickson, “Forces and transport velocities for a particle in a slot waveguide,” Nano Lett.9(3), 1182–1188 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, P.-T.

Lipson, M.

Liu, Y.

X. Yang, Y. Liu, R. F. Oulton, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Optical forces in hybrid plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(2), 321–328 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Løvhaugen, P.

Luff, B. J.

L. N. Ng, M. N. Zervas, J. S. Wilkinson, and B. J. Luff, “Manipulation of colloidal gold nanoparticles in the evanescent field of a channel waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(15), 1993–1995 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mandal, S.

D. Erickson, X. Serey, Y.-F. Chen, and S. Mandal, “Nanomanipulation using near field photonics,” Lab Chip11(6), 995–1009 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Serey, S. Mandal, and D. Erickson, “Comparison of silicon photonic crystal resonator designs for optical trapping of nanomaterials,” Nanotechnology21(30), 305202 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marti, J.

P. Sanchis, J. V. Galan, A. Griol, J. Marti, M. A. Piqueras, and J. M. Perdigues, “Low-crosstalk in silicon-on-insulator waveguide crossings with optimized-angle,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(20), 1583–1585 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McCourt, P.

Moore, S. D.

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, “Optical manipulation of nanoparticles and biomolecules in sub-wavelength slot waveguides,” Nature457(7225), 71–75 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neel, D.

D. Neel, S. Getin, P. Ferret, M. Rosina, J. M. Fedeli, and O. G. Helleso, “Optical transport of semiconductor nanowires on silicon nitride waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(25), 253115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ng, L. N.

L. N. Ng, M. N. Zervas, J. S. Wilkinson, and B. J. Luff, “Manipulation of colloidal gold nanoparticles in the evanescent field of a channel waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(15), 1993–1995 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nitkowski, A.

Noy, A.

T. A. Sulchek, R. W. Friddle, K. Langry, E. Y. Lau, H. Albrecht, T. V. Ratto, S. J. DeNardo, M. E. Colvin, and A. Noy, “Dynamic force spectroscopy of parallel individual Mucin1-antibody bonds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.102(46), 16638–16643 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oulton, R. F.

X. Yang, Y. Liu, R. F. Oulton, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Optical forces in hybrid plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(2), 321–328 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perdigues, J. M.

P. Sanchis, J. V. Galan, A. Griol, J. Marti, M. A. Piqueras, and J. M. Perdigues, “Low-crosstalk in silicon-on-insulator waveguide crossings with optimized-angle,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(20), 1583–1585 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Piqueras, M. A.

P. Sanchis, J. V. Galan, A. Griol, J. Marti, M. A. Piqueras, and J. M. Perdigues, “Low-crosstalk in silicon-on-insulator waveguide crossings with optimized-angle,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(20), 1583–1585 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ratto, T. V.

T. A. Sulchek, R. W. Friddle, K. Langry, E. Y. Lau, H. Albrecht, T. V. Ratto, S. J. DeNardo, M. E. Colvin, and A. Noy, “Dynamic force spectroscopy of parallel individual Mucin1-antibody bonds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.102(46), 16638–16643 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosina, M.

D. Neel, S. Getin, P. Ferret, M. Rosina, J. M. Fedeli, and O. G. Helleso, “Optical transport of semiconductor nanowires on silicon nitride waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(25), 253115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sanchis, P.

P. Sanchis, J. V. Galan, A. Griol, J. Marti, M. A. Piqueras, and J. M. Perdigues, “Low-crosstalk in silicon-on-insulator waveguide crossings with optimized-angle,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(20), 1583–1585 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. S.

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, “Optical manipulation of nanoparticles and biomolecules in sub-wavelength slot waveguides,” Nature457(7225), 71–75 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Schmidt, A. H. J. Yang, D. Erickson, and M. Lipson, “Optofluidic trapping and transport on solid core waveguides within a microfluidic device,” Opt. Express15(22), 14322–14334 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serey, X.

D. Erickson, X. Serey, Y.-F. Chen, and S. Mandal, “Nanomanipulation using near field photonics,” Lab Chip11(6), 995–1009 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Serey, S. Mandal, and D. Erickson, “Comparison of silicon photonic crystal resonator designs for optical trapping of nanomaterials,” Nanotechnology21(30), 305202 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sulchek, T. A.

T. A. Sulchek, R. W. Friddle, K. Langry, E. Y. Lau, H. Albrecht, T. V. Ratto, S. J. DeNardo, M. E. Colvin, and A. Noy, “Dynamic force spectroscopy of parallel individual Mucin1-antibody bonds,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.102(46), 16638–16643 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tani, T.

Wilkinson, J. S.

K. Grujic, O. G. Hellesø, J. P. Hole, and J. S. Wilkinson, “Sorting of polystyrene microspheres using a Y-branched optical waveguide,” Opt. Express13(1), 1–7 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Hole, J. S. Wilkinson, K. Grujic, and O. G. Hellesø, “Velocity distribution of gold nanoparticles trapped on an optical waveguide,” Opt. Express13(10), 3896–3901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Grujic, O. G. Helleso, J. S. Wilkinson, and J. P. Hole, “Optical propulsion of microspheres along a channel waveguide produced by Cs+ ion-exchange in glass,” Opt. Commun.239(4-6), 227–235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Ng, M. N. Zervas, J. S. Wilkinson, and B. J. Luff, “Manipulation of colloidal gold nanoparticles in the evanescent field of a channel waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(15), 1993–1995 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yang, A. H. J.

A. H. J. Yang and D. Erickson, “Optofluidic ring resonator switch for optical particle transport,” Lab Chip10(6), 769–774 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Yang, S. D. Moore, B. S. Schmidt, M. Klug, M. Lipson, and D. Erickson, “Optical manipulation of nanoparticles and biomolecules in sub-wavelength slot waveguides,” Nature457(7225), 71–75 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Yang, T. Lerdsuchatawanich, and D. Erickson, “Forces and transport velocities for a particle in a slot waveguide,” Nano Lett.9(3), 1182–1188 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. H. J. Yang and D. Erickson, “Stability analysis of optofluidic transport on solid-core waveguiding structures,” Nanotechnology19(4), 045704 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Schmidt, A. H. J. Yang, D. Erickson, and M. Lipson, “Optofluidic trapping and transport on solid core waveguides within a microfluidic device,” Opt. Express15(22), 14322–14334 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, Y. Liu, R. F. Oulton, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Optical forces in hybrid plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(2), 321–328 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, X.

X. Yang, Y. Liu, R. F. Oulton, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Optical forces in hybrid plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(2), 321–328 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zervas, M. N.

L. N. Ng, M. N. Zervas, J. S. Wilkinson, and B. J. Luff, “Manipulation of colloidal gold nanoparticles in the evanescent field of a channel waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(15), 1993–1995 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. Yang, Y. Liu, R. F. Oulton, X. Yin, and X. Zhang, “Optical forces in hybrid plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett.11(2), 321–328 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

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Nanotechnology

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the three intersections and their electric field distributions. (a) and (b) Solid core waveguide intersection. (c) and (d) 2D PC waveguide intersection. (e) and (f) Slot waveguide intersection. The x = 0 and y = 0 planes are at the center of the intersections. The y = 0 plane is at the top surface of the waveguide for (a) and (c) and is in the middle of the slot for (e)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The force analysis at the solid core, PC and slot waveguide intersections. (a) The transverse trapping force. The particle radius is 50 nm and the light in propagating towards z direction. (b) The vertical force profiles in x axis. The inset is the profile in y axis. (c) The stability number as a function of the particle diameter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Redirection of solid core waveguide intersection associated with a 3 dB coupler. (a) The structure schematic. (b) Light transmissions of the two waveguides as a function of wavelength with the corresponding particle movements. The light comes from waveguide 1. (c) The width of release window as a function of particle radius.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Particle sorting at solid core waveguide intersection. (a) Illustration of sorting principle. (b) The pushing force with 1 W light and the maximum control force with 1, 10 and 100 mW light as a function of particle radius. (c) The critical radius as a function of control light power. The particles will be stopped by control light in the shadow area and will pass in white area.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The design of the binding force measurement scheme. (a) The illustration of the forces. (b) The pushing force with 1 W light input and the control force with 8 mW light input as a function of particle radius. (c) The map of the tensile force in the DNA chains with different positions of two particles in z axis.

Equations (3)

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F = S d A < T >
S= W trap k B T
k i = ( F i X i ) equilibrium

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