Abstract

We present the characterization of the ultrafast nonlinear dynamics of a CMOS-compatible horizontal-slot waveguide with silicon nanocrystals. Results are compared to strip silicon waveguides, and modeled with nonlinear split-step calculations. The extracted parameters show that the slot waveguide has weaker carrier effects and better nonlinear figure-of-merit than the strip waveguides.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (2)

S. Mas, J. Matres, J. Marti, and C. J. Oton, “Accurate chromatic dispersion characterization of photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. J.4, 825–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Rukhlenko, M. Premaratne, and G. P. Agrawal, “Effective mode area and its optimization in silicon-nanocrystal waveguides.” Opt. Lett.37, 2295–7 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J.-P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J.-M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 191105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of 2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Driscoll, W. Astar, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-optical wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK data in a silicon nanowire via cross-phase modulation: Experiment and theoretical investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 1448–1459 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, J. Wang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Flat and low dispersion in highly nonlinear slot waveguides.” Opt. Express18, 13187–13193 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I.-W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Engineering nonlinearities in nanoscale optical systems: physics and applications in dispersion-engineered silicon nanophotonic wires,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1, 162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm.” Opt. Express17, 3941–3950 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries.” Opt. Express17, 17357–17368 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3, 1–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21, 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Daldosso and L. Pavesi, “Nanosilicon photonics”. Laser Photon. Rev.3, 508–534 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

2004 (3)

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, “Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure.” Opt. Lett.29, 1209–1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip.” Nature431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Garcia, B. Garrido, P. Pellegrino, J. R. Morante, M. Melchiorri, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, E. Scheid, and G. Sarrabayrouse, “Low loss Silica waveguides containing Si nanocrystals,” in “New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings,” (2004),817, L4.1–L4.6.

1998 (1)

T. van Buuren, L. Dinh, L. Chase, W. Siekhaus, and L. Terminello, “Changes in the Electronic Properties of Si Nanocrystals as a Function of Particle Size”. Phys. Rev. Lett., 80, 3803–3806 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

Alloatti, L.

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip.” Nature431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, “Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure.” Opt. Lett.29, 1209–1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andrejco, M. J.

Astar, W.

J. B. Driscoll, W. Astar, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-optical wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK data in a silicon nanowire via cross-phase modulation: Experiment and theoretical investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 1448–1459 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of 2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries.” Opt. Express17, 17357–17368 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3, 1–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barrios, C. A.

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, “Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure.” Opt. Lett.29, 1209–1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip.” Nature431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beausoleil, R. G.

Bergman, K.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21, 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biaggio, I.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3, 1–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries.” Opt. Express17, 17357–17368 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biberman, A.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21, 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bimberg, D.

Blasco, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, “Design of Silicon-Based Slot Waveguide Configurations for Optimum Nonlinear Performance,” J. Lightwave Technol.25, 1298–1305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Bogaerts, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3, 1–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bogatscher, S.

Bonk, R.

Carter, G. M.

J. B. Driscoll, W. Astar, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-optical wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK data in a silicon nanowire via cross-phase modulation: Experiment and theoretical investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 1448–1459 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of 2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cazzanelli, M.

Chase, L.

T. van Buuren, L. Dinh, L. Chase, W. Siekhaus, and L. Terminello, “Changes in the Electronic Properties of Si Nanocrystals as a Function of Particle Size”. Phys. Rev. Lett., 80, 3803–3806 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Colonna, J. P.

C. J. Oton, J. Matres, A. Martinez, P. Sanchis, J. P. Colonna, C. Ratin, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Marti, “Ultrafast all-optical logic gates with silicon nanocrystal-based slot waveguides,” in Proc. of 7th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 171–173 (IEEE, 2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Colonna, J.-P.

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J.-P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J.-M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 191105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cristiani, I.

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J.-P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J.-M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 191105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cuesta-Soto, F.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Dadap, J. I.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of 2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Driscoll, W. Astar, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-optical wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK data in a silicon nanowire via cross-phase modulation: Experiment and theoretical investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 1448–1459 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I.-W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Engineering nonlinearities in nanoscale optical systems: physics and applications in dispersion-engineered silicon nanophotonic wires,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1, 162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Daldosso, N.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm.” Opt. Express17, 3941–3950 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Daldosso and L. Pavesi, “Nanosilicon photonics”. Laser Photon. Rev.3, 508–534 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Garcia, B. Garrido, P. Pellegrino, J. R. Morante, M. Melchiorri, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, E. Scheid, and G. Sarrabayrouse, “Low loss Silica waveguides containing Si nanocrystals,” in “New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings,” (2004),817, L4.1–L4.6.

Z. Gaburro, N. Daldosso, and L. Pavesi, Porous Silicon Encyclopedia of Condensed Matter Physics, F. Bassani, J. Liedl, and P. Wyder, eds. (Elsevier Academic Press, 2005)

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Degiorgio, V.

Delong, K. W.

Diederich, F.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3, 1–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries.” Opt. Express17, 17357–17368 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dinh, L.

T. van Buuren, L. Dinh, L. Chase, W. Siekhaus, and L. Terminello, “Changes in the Electronic Properties of Si Nanocrystals as a Function of Particle Size”. Phys. Rev. Lett., 80, 3803–3806 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Driscoll, J. B.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of 2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Driscoll, W. Astar, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-optical wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK data in a silicon nanowire via cross-phase modulation: Experiment and theoretical investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 1448–1459 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dulkeith, E.

Dumon, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3, 1–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries.” Opt. Express17, 17357–17368 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3, 1–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J. M.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm.” Opt. Express17, 3941–3950 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Oton, J. Matres, A. Martinez, P. Sanchis, J. P. Colonna, C. Ratin, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Marti, “Ultrafast all-optical logic gates with silicon nanocrystal-based slot waveguides,” in Proc. of 7th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 171–173 (IEEE, 2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J.-M.

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J.-P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J.-M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 191105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Ferraioli, L.

Foster, M. A.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21, 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires.” Opt. Express16, 1300–1320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freude, W.

Gaburro, Z.

Z. Gaburro, N. Daldosso, and L. Pavesi, Porous Silicon Encyclopedia of Condensed Matter Physics, F. Bassani, J. Liedl, and P. Wyder, eds. (Elsevier Academic Press, 2005)

Gaeta, A. L.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21, 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires.” Opt. Express16, 1300–1320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galán, J. V.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia, C.

C. Garcia, B. Garrido, P. Pellegrino, J. R. Morante, M. Melchiorri, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, E. Scheid, and G. Sarrabayrouse, “Low loss Silica waveguides containing Si nanocrystals,” in “New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings,” (2004),817, L4.1–L4.6.

García-Rupérez, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garrido, B.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Garcia, B. Garrido, P. Pellegrino, J. R. Morante, M. Melchiorri, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, E. Scheid, and G. Sarrabayrouse, “Low loss Silica waveguides containing Si nanocrystals,” in “New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings,” (2004),817, L4.1–L4.6.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Gautier, P.

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J.-P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J.-M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 191105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gautier, P. E.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Giordana, E.

Green, W. M.

Green, W. M. J.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of 2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Driscoll, W. Astar, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-optical wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK data in a silicon nanowire via cross-phase modulation: Experiment and theoretical investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 1448–1459 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guider, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernández, S.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsieh, I.-W.

Jacome, L.

Jordana, E.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Koos, C.

Lacava, C.

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J.-P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J.-M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 191105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Laemmlin, M.

Lebour, Y.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21, 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

Lin, Q.

Lipson, M.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21, 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires.” Opt. Express16, 1300–1320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip.” Nature431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, Q. Xu, C. A. Barrios, and M. Lipson, “Guiding and confining light in void nanostructure.” Opt. Lett.29, 1209–1211 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Liu, X. L. X.

J. B. Driscoll, W. Astar, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-optical wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK data in a silicon nanowire via cross-phase modulation: Experiment and theoretical investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 1448–1459 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of 2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lyan, P.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Marti, J.

S. Mas, J. Matres, J. Marti, and C. J. Oton, “Accurate chromatic dispersion characterization of photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. J.4, 825–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, “Design of Silicon-Based Slot Waveguide Configurations for Optimum Nonlinear Performance,” J. Lightwave Technol.25, 1298–1305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Oton, J. Matres, A. Martinez, P. Sanchis, J. P. Colonna, C. Ratin, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Marti, “Ultrafast all-optical logic gates with silicon nanocrystal-based slot waveguides,” in Proc. of 7th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 171–173 (IEEE, 2010).
[CrossRef]

Martí, J.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martinez, A.

P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, “Design of Silicon-Based Slot Waveguide Configurations for Optimum Nonlinear Performance,” J. Lightwave Technol.25, 1298–1305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Oton, J. Matres, A. Martinez, P. Sanchis, J. P. Colonna, C. Ratin, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Marti, “Ultrafast all-optical logic gates with silicon nanocrystal-based slot waveguides,” in Proc. of 7th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 171–173 (IEEE, 2010).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, A.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mas, S.

S. Mas, J. Matres, J. Marti, and C. J. Oton, “Accurate chromatic dispersion characterization of photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. J.4, 825–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Matres, J.

S. Mas, J. Matres, J. Marti, and C. J. Oton, “Accurate chromatic dispersion characterization of photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. J.4, 825–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Oton, J. Matres, A. Martinez, P. Sanchis, J. P. Colonna, C. Ratin, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Marti, “Ultrafast all-optical logic gates with silicon nanocrystal-based slot waveguides,” in Proc. of 7th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 171–173 (IEEE, 2010).
[CrossRef]

Melchiorri, M.

C. Garcia, B. Garrido, P. Pellegrino, J. R. Morante, M. Melchiorri, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, E. Scheid, and G. Sarrabayrouse, “Low loss Silica waveguides containing Si nanocrystals,” in “New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings,” (2004),817, L4.1–L4.6.

Meuer, C.

Michinobu, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3, 1–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Minzioni, P.

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J.-P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J.-M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 191105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, V.

Morante, J. R.

C. Garcia, B. Garrido, P. Pellegrino, J. R. Morante, M. Melchiorri, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, E. Scheid, and G. Sarrabayrouse, “Low loss Silica waveguides containing Si nanocrystals,” in “New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings,” (2004),817, L4.1–L4.6.

Osgood, R. M.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of 2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Driscoll, W. Astar, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-optical wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK data in a silicon nanowire via cross-phase modulation: Experiment and theoretical investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 1448–1459 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I.-W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Engineering nonlinearities in nanoscale optical systems: physics and applications in dispersion-engineered silicon nanophotonic wires,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1, 162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Oton, C. J.

S. Mas, J. Matres, J. Marti, and C. J. Oton, “Accurate chromatic dispersion characterization of photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. J.4, 825–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Oton, J. Matres, A. Martinez, P. Sanchis, J. P. Colonna, C. Ratin, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Marti, “Ultrafast all-optical logic gates with silicon nanocrystal-based slot waveguides,” in Proc. of 7th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 171–173 (IEEE, 2010).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O. J.

Panepucci, R. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip.” Nature431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panoiu, N. C.

Pavesi, L.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm.” Opt. Express17, 3941–3950 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Daldosso and L. Pavesi, “Nanosilicon photonics”. Laser Photon. Rev.3, 508–534 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Garcia, B. Garrido, P. Pellegrino, J. R. Morante, M. Melchiorri, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, E. Scheid, and G. Sarrabayrouse, “Low loss Silica waveguides containing Si nanocrystals,” in “New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings,” (2004),817, L4.1–L4.6.

Z. Gaburro, N. Daldosso, and L. Pavesi, Porous Silicon Encyclopedia of Condensed Matter Physics, F. Bassani, J. Liedl, and P. Wyder, eds. (Elsevier Academic Press, 2005)

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Pellegrino, P.

C. Garcia, B. Garrido, P. Pellegrino, J. R. Morante, M. Melchiorri, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, E. Scheid, and G. Sarrabayrouse, “Low loss Silica waveguides containing Si nanocrystals,” in “New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings,” (2004),817, L4.1–L4.6.

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

Poulton, C.

Premaratne, M.

Ratin, C.

C. J. Oton, J. Matres, A. Martinez, P. Sanchis, J. P. Colonna, C. Ratin, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Marti, “Ultrafast all-optical logic gates with silicon nanocrystal-based slot waveguides,” in Proc. of 7th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 171–173 (IEEE, 2010).
[CrossRef]

Rukhlenko, I. D.

Saifi, M. A.

Sanchis, P.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sanchis, J. Blasco, A. Martinez, and J. Marti, “Design of Silicon-Based Slot Waveguide Configurations for Optimum Nonlinear Performance,” J. Lightwave Technol.25, 1298–1305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

C. J. Oton, J. Matres, A. Martinez, P. Sanchis, J. P. Colonna, C. Ratin, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Marti, “Ultrafast all-optical logic gates with silicon nanocrystal-based slot waveguides,” in Proc. of 7th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 171–173 (IEEE, 2010).
[CrossRef]

Sarrabayrouse, G.

C. Garcia, B. Garrido, P. Pellegrino, J. R. Morante, M. Melchiorri, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, E. Scheid, and G. Sarrabayrouse, “Low loss Silica waveguides containing Si nanocrystals,” in “New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings,” (2004),817, L4.1–L4.6.

Scheid, E.

C. Garcia, B. Garrido, P. Pellegrino, J. R. Morante, M. Melchiorri, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, E. Scheid, and G. Sarrabayrouse, “Low loss Silica waveguides containing Si nanocrystals,” in “New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings,” (2004),817, L4.1–L4.6.

Scimeca, M. L.

Siekhaus, W.

T. van Buuren, L. Dinh, L. Chase, W. Siekhaus, and L. Terminello, “Changes in the Electronic Properties of Si Nanocrystals as a Function of Particle Size”. Phys. Rev. Lett., 80, 3803–3806 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spano, R.

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm.” Opt. Express17, 3941–3950 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stegeman, G. I.

Tartara, L.

Terminello, L.

T. van Buuren, L. Dinh, L. Chase, W. Siekhaus, and L. Terminello, “Changes in the Electronic Properties of Si Nanocrystals as a Function of Particle Size”. Phys. Rev. Lett., 80, 3803–3806 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Trita, A.

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J.-P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J.-M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 191105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A. C.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21, 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vallaitis, T.

van Buuren, T.

T. van Buuren, L. Dinh, L. Chase, W. Siekhaus, and L. Terminello, “Changes in the Electronic Properties of Si Nanocrystals as a Function of Particle Size”. Phys. Rev. Lett., 80, 3803–3806 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of 2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Driscoll, W. Astar, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-optical wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK data in a silicon nanowire via cross-phase modulation: Experiment and theoretical investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 1448–1459 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Osgood, N. C. Panoiu, J. I. Dadap, X. Liu, X. Chen, I.-W. Hsieh, E. Dulkeith, W. M. Green, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Engineering nonlinearities in nanoscale optical systems: physics and applications in dispersion-engineered silicon nanophotonic wires,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1, 162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vorreau, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3, 1–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Willner, A. E.

Xiao-Li, Y.

Xu, Q.

Yu, J.

Yue, Y.

Zhang, L.

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Trita, C. Lacava, P. Minzioni, J.-P. Colonna, P. Gautier, J.-M. Fedeli, and I. Cristiani, “Ultra-high four wave mixing efficiency in slot waveguides with silicon nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 191105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron (2)

W. Astar, J. B. Driscoll, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-Optical Format Conversion of NRZ-OOK to RZ-OOK in a Silicon Nanowire Utilizing Either XPM or FWM and Resulting in a Receiver Sensitivity Gain of 2.5 dB,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 234–249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Driscoll, W. Astar, X. L. X. Liu, J. I. Dadap, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov, G. M. Carter, and R. M. Osgood, “All-optical wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s RZ-OOK data in a silicon nanowire via cross-phase modulation: Experiment and theoretical investigation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron16, 1448–1459 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

S. Mas, J. Matres, J. Marti, and C. J. Oton, “Accurate chromatic dispersion characterization of photonic integrated circuits,” IEEE Photon. J.4, 825–831 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Demonstration of broadband wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s in silicon waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21, 182–184 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

N. Daldosso and L. Pavesi, “Nanosilicon photonics”. Laser Photon. Rev.3, 508–534 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

A. Martínez, J. Blasco, P. Sanchis, J. V. Galán, J. García-Rupérez, E. Jordana, P. Gautier, Y. Lebour, S. Hernández, R. Guider, N. Daldosso, B. Garrido, J. M. Fedeli, L. Pavesi, J. Martí, and R. Spano, “Ultrafast all-optical switching in a silicon-nanocrystal-based silicon slot waveguide at telecom wavelengths.” Nano Lett.10, 1506–1511 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics3, 1–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “All-optical control of light on a silicon chip.” Nature431, 1081–1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings (1)

C. Garcia, B. Garrido, P. Pellegrino, J. R. Morante, M. Melchiorri, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, E. Scheid, and G. Sarrabayrouse, “Low loss Silica waveguides containing Si nanocrystals,” in “New Materials for Microphotonics, Ed. J. H. Shin, M. Brongersma, C. Buchal, F. Priolo, MRS Proceedings,” (2004),817, L4.1–L4.6.

Opt. Express (7)

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: modeling and applications.” Opt. Express15, 16604–16644 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Vallaitis, C. Koos, R. Bonk, W. Freude, M. Laemmlin, C. Meuer, D. Bimberg, and J. Leuthold, “Slow and fast dynamics of gain and phase in a quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier.” Opt. Express16, 170–178 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Nonlinear optics in photonic nanowires.” Opt. Express16, 1300–1320 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Koos, L. Jacome, C. Poulton, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon-on-insulator waveguides for all-optical signal processing.” Opt. Express15, 5976–5990 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Spano, N. Daldosso, M. Cazzanelli, L. Ferraioli, L. Tartara, J. Yu, V. Degiorgio, E. Giordana, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Pavesi, “Bound electronic and free carrier nonlinearities in Silicon nanocrystals at 1550nm.” Opt. Express17, 3941–3950 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Vallaitis, S. Bogatscher, L. Alloatti, P. Dumon, R. Baets, M. L. Scimeca, I. Biaggio, F. Diederich, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Optical properties of highly nonlinear silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) waveguide geometries.” Opt. Express17, 17357–17368 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, Y. Yue, Y. Xiao-Li, J. Wang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Flat and low dispersion in highly nonlinear slot waveguides.” Opt. Express18, 13187–13193 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. van Buuren, L. Dinh, L. Chase, W. Siekhaus, and L. Terminello, “Changes in the Electronic Properties of Si Nanocrystals as a Function of Particle Size”. Phys. Rev. Lett., 80, 3803–3806 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

Z. Gaburro, N. Daldosso, and L. Pavesi, Porous Silicon Encyclopedia of Condensed Matter Physics, F. Bassani, J. Liedl, and P. Wyder, eds. (Elsevier Academic Press, 2005)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, (Academic Press, 2001).

E. Jordana, J.-M. Fedeli, P. Lyan, J. P. Colonna, P. E. Gautier, N. Daldosso, L. Pavesi, Y. Lebour, P. Pellegrino, B. Garrido, J. Blasco, F. Cuesta-Soto, and P. Sanchis, “Deep-UV Lithography Fabrication of Slot Waveguides and Sandwiched Waveguides for Nonlinear Applications,” in Proc. of 4th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 1–3 (IEEE, 2007).

C. J. Oton, J. Matres, A. Martinez, P. Sanchis, J. P. Colonna, C. Ratin, J. M. Fedeli, and J. Marti, “Ultrafast all-optical logic gates with silicon nanocrystal-based slot waveguides,” in Proc. of 7th IEEE Int. Conf. on Group IV Photonics, 171–173 (IEEE, 2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Silicon-nanocrystals (Si-nc) slot waveguide schema. Top made of amorphous silicon (a-Si) and bottom of crystalline silicon (c-Si). Refractive index of the Si-nc layer was measured from a thick Si-nc sample using the m-lines technique.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission versus waveguide peak power (note the difference in the y-scale among the three plots). Solid line shows the fit for sech2 pulses using Eq. (7).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time resolved characterization setup. PD: photodiode, PC: polarization controller, AOM: acousto-optic modulator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time resolved measurements (blue dotted curves) and simulations (red continuous curves). Samples (a)TM-slot (0.75 and 1.5 W peak power) (b)TM-strip (1 and 3 W peak power) (c)TE-strip (0.75 and 1.5 W peak power).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Extracted linear and nonlinear parameters from the experiment for the three samples: the horizontal slot, the 485×220 nm TM strip and the 445×220 nm TE strip waveguide. Dispersion values obtained with the technique shown in paper [27].

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d P d z = α P ( z ) 2 | Im ( γ ) | P ( z ) 2
P ( L ) = e α 0 L 1 + 2 | Im ( γ ) | L eff P 0 P 0
L eff = 1 e α 0 L α 0
T N L 1 = T L P T H P = 1 + 2 | Im ( γ ) | L eff P 0
T ˜ N L 1 = T ˜ L P T ˜ H P = P 0 ( t ) d t P 0 ( t ) 1 + 2 | Im ( γ ) | L eff P 0 ( t ) d t
P 0 ( t ) = P 0 peak sech 2 ( t τ )
T ˜ N L 1 = T ˜ L P T ˜ H P | sech 2 shape = δ ( δ + 1 ) ln ( δ + δ + 1 ) where δ = 2 | Im ( γ ) | L eff P 0 peak
| T A | e j ϕ = E ref ( τ ) E probe * ( τ ) d τ | E ref ( τ ) | 2 d τ

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