Abstract

We have investigated the stimulated emission properties of Nd3+ doped La2O2S powders at room temperature as a function of pumping energy density, excitation wavelength, and Nd3+ ion concentration. The absolute stimulated emission energy has been measured. Expressions for the slope efficiencies and lasing thresholds as a function of rare earth concentration and pumping wavelengths, which qualitatively agree with experimental observations, are discussed.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  15. R. V. Alves, R. A. Buchanan, K. A. Wickersheim, and E. A. C. Yates, “Neodymium-activated Lanthanum Oxysulfide: A new high-gain laser material,” J. Appl. Phys.42(8), 3043–3048 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. N. Williams, J. A. Adegoke, and M. A. Noginov, “Characterization of light scattering in translucent ceramics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(1), 443–448 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  26. V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.16(2), 281–283 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  27. D. S. Wiersma and A. Lagendijk, “Light diffusion with gain and random lasers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics54(4), 4256–4265 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Fan, C. Chlique, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, X. Zhang, and X. Fan, “Near-Infrared quantum cutting material Er3+/Yb3+ doped La2O2S with an external quantum yield higher than 100%,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(21), 11652–11657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

D. S. Wiersma and M. A. Noginov, “Nano and random lasers,” J. Opt.12(2), 020201–024014 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhu, T. Tumkur, and M. A. Noginov, “Anomalously delayed stimulated emission in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A81(6), 065801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

G. I. Abutalibov, D. I. Guseynov, and A. A. Mamedov, “Nd3+-ion luminescence in La2O2S and Y2O2S single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys.6(5), 1127–1129 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. N. Williams, J. A. Adegoke, and M. A. Noginov, “Characterization of light scattering in translucent ceramics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(1), 443–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent Y2O3 ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 643–650 (2006) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 677–685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media13(3), R1–R39 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, and M. A. Noginov, “Threshold and slope efficiency of Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic random laser: effect of the pumped spot size,” Opt. Commun.201(4-6), 405–411 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, “Interferometric studies of coherence in a powder laser,” Opt. Mater.12(1), 127–134 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

1993 (1)

1990 (1)

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrelyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.16(2), 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

C. W. Struck and W. H. Fonger, “Dissociation of Eu3+ Charge-Transfer in Y2O2S and La2O2S into Eu2+ and a Free Hole,” Phys. Rev. B4(1), 22–34 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. V. Alves, R. A. Buchanan, K. A. Wickersheim, and E. A. C. Yates, “Neodymium-activated Lanthanum Oxysulfide: A new high-gain laser material,” J. Appl. Phys.42(8), 3043–3048 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Abutalibov, G. I.

G. I. Abutalibov, D. I. Guseynov, and A. A. Mamedov, “Nd3+-ion luminescence in La2O2S and Y2O2S single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys.6(5), 1127–1129 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Adegoke, J. A.

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. N. Williams, J. A. Adegoke, and M. A. Noginov, “Characterization of light scattering in translucent ceramics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(1), 443–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Al Saleh, M.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater.34(2), 461–464 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Alimov, O. K.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Alves, R. V.

R. V. Alves, R. A. Buchanan, K. A. Wickersheim, and E. A. C. Yates, “Neodymium-activated Lanthanum Oxysulfide: A new high-gain laser material,” J. Appl. Phys.42(8), 3043–3048 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Andreasen, J.

Aramburu, I.

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. N. Williams, J. A. Adegoke, and M. A. Noginov, “Characterization of light scattering in translucent ceramics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(1), 443–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Asatryan, A. A.

Auzel, F.

Azkargorta, J.

J. Azkargorta, M. Bettinelli, I. Iparraguirre, S. García-Revilla, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Random lasing in Nd:LuVO4 crystal powder,” Opt. Express19(20), 19591–19599 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater.34(2), 461–464 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bahoura, M.

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 677–685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, M. Bahoura, N. Noginova, and V. P. Drachev, “Study of absorption and reflection in solid-state random laser media,” Appl. Opt.43(21), 4237–4243 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, and M. A. Noginov, “Threshold and slope efficiency of Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic random laser: effect of the pumped spot size,” Opt. Commun.201(4-6), 405–411 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Balda, R.

J. Azkargorta, M. Bettinelli, I. Iparraguirre, S. García-Revilla, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Random lasing in Nd:LuVO4 crystal powder,” Opt. Express19(20), 19591–19599 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater.34(2), 461–464 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. N. Williams, J. A. Adegoke, and M. A. Noginov, “Characterization of light scattering in translucent ceramics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(1), 443–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T. T.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Belan, V. R.

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrelyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

Botten, L. C.

Briskina, C. M.

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.16(2), 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Briskina, Ch. M.

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrelyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Buchanan, R. A.

R. V. Alves, R. A. Buchanan, K. A. Wickersheim, and E. A. C. Yates, “Neodymium-activated Lanthanum Oxysulfide: A new high-gain laser material,” J. Appl. Phys.42(8), 3043–3048 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Byrne, M. A.

Cao, H.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Andreasen, A. A. Asatryan, L. C. Botten, M. A. Byrne, H. Cao, L. Ge, L. Labonté, P. Sebbah, A. D. Stone, H. E. Türeci, and C. Vanneste, “Modes of random lasers,” Adv. Opt. Photon.3(1), 88–127 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media13(3), R1–R39 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cascales, C.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater.34(2), 461–464 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

Chlique, C.

B. Fan, C. Chlique, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, X. Zhang, and X. Fan, “Near-Infrared quantum cutting material Er3+/Yb3+ doped La2O2S with an external quantum yield higher than 100%,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(21), 11652–11657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Choma, M. A.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Demidenko, V. A.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Drachev, V. P.

Egarievwe, S. U.

Fan, B.

B. Fan, C. Chlique, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, X. Zhang, and X. Fan, “Near-Infrared quantum cutting material Er3+/Yb3+ doped La2O2S with an external quantum yield higher than 100%,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(21), 11652–11657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

B. Fan, C. Chlique, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, X. Zhang, and X. Fan, “Near-Infrared quantum cutting material Er3+/Yb3+ doped La2O2S with an external quantum yield higher than 100%,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(21), 11652–11657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, P. P.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, J.

J. Azkargorta, M. Bettinelli, I. Iparraguirre, S. García-Revilla, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Random lasing in Nd:LuVO4 crystal powder,” Opt. Express19(20), 19591–19599 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater.34(2), 461–464 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. N. Williams, J. A. Adegoke, and M. A. Noginov, “Characterization of light scattering in translucent ceramics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(1), 443–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fonger, W. H.

C. W. Struck and W. H. Fonger, “Dissociation of Eu3+ Charge-Transfer in Y2O2S and La2O2S into Eu2+ and a Free Hole,” Phys. Rev. B4(1), 22–34 (1971).
[CrossRef]

García-Revilla, S.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater.34(2), 461–464 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Azkargorta, M. Bettinelli, I. Iparraguirre, S. García-Revilla, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Random lasing in Nd:LuVO4 crystal powder,” Opt. Express19(20), 19591–19599 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ge, L.

Gorokhova, E. I.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gouedard, C.

Guseynov, D. I.

G. I. Abutalibov, D. I. Guseynov, and A. A. Mamedov, “Nd3+-ion luminescence in La2O2S and Y2O2S single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys.6(5), 1127–1129 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Husson, D.

Illarramendi, M. A.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater.34(2), 461–464 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. N. Williams, J. A. Adegoke, and M. A. Noginov, “Characterization of light scattering in translucent ceramics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(1), 443–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Iparraguirre, I.

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater.34(2), 461–464 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Azkargorta, M. Bettinelli, I. Iparraguirre, S. García-Revilla, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, “Random lasing in Nd:LuVO4 crystal powder,” Opt. Express19(20), 19591–19599 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaminskii, A. A.

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent Y2O3 ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 643–650 (2006) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

Khristich, O. A.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, G. A.

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent Y2O3 ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 643–650 (2006) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

Labonté, L.

Lagendijk, A.

D. S. Wiersma and A. Lagendijk, “Light diffusion with gain and random lasers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics54(4), 4256–4265 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, J.

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent Y2O3 ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 643–650 (2006) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M.

Mamedov, A. A.

G. I. Abutalibov, D. I. Guseynov, and A. A. Mamedov, “Nd3+-ion luminescence in La2O2S and Y2O2S single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys.6(5), 1127–1129 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Markushev, V. M.

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrelyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.16(2), 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Merdrignac-Conanec, O.

B. Fan, C. Chlique, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, X. Zhang, and X. Fan, “Near-Infrared quantum cutting material Er3+/Yb3+ doped La2O2S with an external quantum yield higher than 100%,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(21), 11652–11657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

Mirov, S. B.

Morris, K. J.

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 677–685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, and M. A. Noginov, “Threshold and slope efficiency of Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic random laser: effect of the pumped spot size,” Opt. Commun.201(4-6), 405–411 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

D. S. Wiersma and M. A. Noginov, “Nano and random lasers,” J. Opt.12(2), 020201–024014 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhu, T. Tumkur, and M. A. Noginov, “Anomalously delayed stimulated emission in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A81(6), 065801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. N. Williams, J. A. Adegoke, and M. A. Noginov, “Characterization of light scattering in translucent ceramics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(1), 443–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 677–685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, M. Bahoura, N. Noginova, and V. P. Drachev, “Study of absorption and reflection in solid-state random laser media,” Appl. Opt.43(21), 4237–4243 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, and M. A. Noginov, “Threshold and slope efficiency of Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic random laser: effect of the pumped spot size,” Opt. Commun.201(4-6), 405–411 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, “Interferometric studies of coherence in a powder laser,” Opt. Mater.12(1), 127–134 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and S. B. Mirov, “Color-center powder laser: The effect of pulverization on color-center characteristics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B14(8), 2153–2160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4 and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B13(9), 2024–2033 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Noginova, N.

M. A. Noginov, M. Bahoura, N. Noginova, and V. P. Drachev, “Study of absorption and reflection in solid-state random laser media,” Appl. Opt.43(21), 4237–4243 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, “Interferometric studies of coherence in a powder laser,” Opt. Mater.12(1), 127–134 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Noginova, N. E.

Orlovskii, Yu. V.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V.

Polyachencova, M. V.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pukhov, K. K.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Redding, B.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sauteret, C.

Sebbah, P.

Stone, A. D.

Struck, C. W.

C. W. Struck and W. H. Fonger, “Dissociation of Eu3+ Charge-Transfer in Y2O2S and La2O2S into Eu2+ and a Free Hole,” Phys. Rev. B4(1), 22–34 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Ter-Gabrelyan, N. E.

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrelyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, T.

Tumkur, T.

G. Zhu, T. Tumkur, and M. A. Noginov, “Anomalously delayed stimulated emission in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A81(6), 065801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Türeci, H. E.

Ueda, K. I.

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent Y2O3 ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 643–650 (2006) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

Vanneste, C.

Venkateswarlu, P.

Wang, J. C.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, “Interferometric studies of coherence in a powder laser,” Opt. Mater.12(1), 127–134 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wickersheim, K. A.

R. V. Alves, R. A. Buchanan, K. A. Wickersheim, and E. A. C. Yates, “Neodymium-activated Lanthanum Oxysulfide: A new high-gain laser material,” J. Appl. Phys.42(8), 3043–3048 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma and M. A. Noginov, “Nano and random lasers,” J. Opt.12(2), 020201–024014 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma and A. Lagendijk, “Light diffusion with gain and random lasers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics54(4), 4256–4265 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, A.

Williams, S. N.

M. A. Illarramendi, I. Aramburu, J. Fernández, R. Balda, S. N. Williams, J. A. Adegoke, and M. A. Noginov, “Characterization of light scattering in translucent ceramics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(1), 443–448 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent Y2O3 ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 643–650 (2006) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent Y2O3 ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 643–650 (2006) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

Yates, E. A. C.

R. V. Alves, R. A. Buchanan, K. A. Wickersheim, and E. A. C. Yates, “Neodymium-activated Lanthanum Oxysulfide: A new high-gain laser material,” J. Appl. Phys.42(8), 3043–3048 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Zakalyukin, R. M.

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

B. Fan, C. Chlique, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, X. Zhang, and X. Fan, “Near-Infrared quantum cutting material Er3+/Yb3+ doped La2O2S with an external quantum yield higher than 100%,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(21), 11652–11657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G.

G. Zhu, T. Tumkur, and M. A. Noginov, “Anomalously delayed stimulated emission in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A81(6), 065801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 677–685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zolin, V. F.

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrelyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.16(2), 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

G. A. Kumar, J. Lu, A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Spectroscopic and stimulated emission characteristics of Nd3+ in transparent Y2O3 ceramics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 643–650 (2006) (and references therein).
[CrossRef]

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, G. Zhu, and M. A. Noginov, “Dependence of the Neodymium random laser threshold on the diameter of the pumped spot,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.41(5), 677–685 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. V. Alves, R. A. Buchanan, K. A. Wickersheim, and E. A. C. Yates, “Neodymium-activated Lanthanum Oxysulfide: A new high-gain laser material,” J. Appl. Phys.42(8), 3043–3048 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

Yu. V. Orlovskii, T. T. Basiev, K. K. Pukhov, M. V. Polyachencova, P. P. Fedorov, O. K. Alimov, E. I. Gorokhova, V. A. Demidenko, O. A. Khristich, and R. M. Zakalyukin, “Oxysulfide optical ceramics doped by Nd3+ for one micron lasing,” J. Lumin.125(1-2), 201–215 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

D. S. Wiersma and M. A. Noginov, “Nano and random lasers,” J. Opt.12(2), 020201–024014 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

B. Fan, C. Chlique, O. Merdrignac-Conanec, X. Zhang, and X. Fan, “Near-Infrared quantum cutting material Er3+/Yb3+ doped La2O2S with an external quantum yield higher than 100%,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(21), 11652–11657 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Bahoura, K. J. Morris, and M. A. Noginov, “Threshold and slope efficiency of Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic random laser: effect of the pumped spot size,” Opt. Commun.201(4-6), 405–411 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (2)

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, “Interferometric studies of coherence in a powder laser,” Opt. Mater.12(1), 127–134 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. García-Revilla, I. Iparraguirre, C. Cascales, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, M. A. Illarramendi, M. Al Saleh, and J. Fernández, “Random laser performance of NdxY1-xAl3(BO3)4 laser crystal powders,” Opt. Mater.34(2), 461–464 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. Zhu, T. Tumkur, and M. A. Noginov, “Anomalously delayed stimulated emission in random lasers,” Phys. Rev. A81(6), 065801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. W. Struck and W. H. Fonger, “Dissociation of Eu3+ Charge-Transfer in Y2O2S and La2O2S into Eu2+ and a Free Hole,” Phys. Rev. B4(1), 22–34 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics (1)

D. S. Wiersma and A. Lagendijk, “Light diffusion with gain and random lasers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics54(4), 4256–4265 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys. (1)

G. I. Abutalibov, D. I. Guseynov, and A. A. Mamedov, “Nd3+-ion luminescence in La2O2S and Y2O2S single crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi., C Curr. Top. Solid State Phys.6(5), 1127–1129 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (2)

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrelyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.20(7), 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and C. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron.16(2), 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Waves Random Media (1)

H. Cao, “Lasing in random media,” Waves Random Media13(3), R1–R39 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

W. M. Yen, S. Shionoya, and H. Yamamoto, Phosphor Handbook, 2nd ed. (CRC Press, 2007).

M. A. Noginov, “Solid-State Random Lasers,” (Springer, Berlin, 2005).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Output energy in arbitrary units as a function of incident pump energy for different Nd3+ concentrations, obtained with a 3.22 mm2 pump beam area. (b) Output energy in arbitrary units as a function of incident pump energy for different pump beam areas, obtained from the 9 mol% of Nd3+-doped sample.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Threshold energy for stimulated emission (black dots in right-side ordinate axis) and threshold energy per area unit (red dots in left-side ordinate axis), as a function of pump beam area, for 9 mol% Nd3+ doped sample. Straight lines are linear fits to experimental points.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Threshold energy for stimulated emission as a function of pump wavelength, for two different pump beam areas, obtained from the 9 mol% doped sample.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output energy in arbitrary units as a function of incident pump energy for two different pumping wavelengths. This measurement was obtained with the Nd3+ 9 mol% doped sample and a 1.36 mm2 pump beam area.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectral diffuse reflectance, R(λ), of Nd3+-doped La2O2S powders for different concentrations.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Absolute emitted energy measurement to calibrate the arbitrary units of Figs. 1(a), 1(b), and 4. The ordinate value was obtained assuming Lambertian emission.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Absorbance values and calculated (by using Eq. (1)) and experimental slope efficiencies in Nd3+-doped oxysulfides. We take as normalized absorbance the difference between the diffuse reflectance in the flat no absorbing zone (780-790 nm) and the one at the corresponding wavelength.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

m=η ν em ν p
l cr =π l t l g 3
l abs = l t l i 3
l i = 1 σ abs ρ , l g = 1 σ em N th
N th = π 2 σ abs ρ σ em
N= E abs h ν p A l abs
E th (incident)= 1 η × π 2 h ν p A 3 × l t σ em × σ abs ρ
E th (incident) σ abs ρ η

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