Abstract

We report on the sensing characteristics of rocking filters fabricated in two microstructured fibers with enhanced polarimetric sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure. The filter fabricated in the first fiber shows a very high sensitivity to pressure ranging from 16.2 to 43.4 nm/MPa, depending on the resonance order and features an extremely low cross-sensitivity between pressure and temperature 28 ÷ 89 × 103 K/MPa. The filter fabricated in the second fiber has an extreme sensitivity to pressure ranging from −72.6 to −177 nm/MPa, but a less favorable cross-sensitivity between pressure and temperature of 1.05 ÷ 3.50 × 103 K/MPa. These characteristics allow using the rocking filters for pressure measurements with mbar resolution.

© 2012 OSA

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2012

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

2008

2006

Y. J. Rao, “Recent progress in fiber-optic extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol.12(3), 227–237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

1998

N. Fürstenau, M. Schmidt, W. J. Bock, and W. Urbanczyk, “Dynamic pressure sensing with a fiber-optic polarimetric pressure transducer with two-wavelength passive quadrature readout,” Appl. Opt.37(4), 663–671 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Croucher, L. Gomez-Rojas, S. Kanellopoulos, and V. A. Handerek, “Approach to highly sensitive pressure measurements using side-hole fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(2), 208–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995

1993

M. G. Xu, L. Reekie, Y. T. Chow, and J. P. Dakin, “Optical in-fiber grating high-pressure sensor,” Electron. Lett.29(4), 398–399 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

P. St. J. Russel and D. P. Hand, “Rocking filter formation in photosensitive high birefringence optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.26(22), 1846–1848 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

W. J. Bock and A. W. Domanski, “High hydrostatic pressure effects in highly birefringent optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.7(8), 1279–1283 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986

1984

Anuszkiewicz, A.

Ashkin, A.

Berghmans, F.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T. A.

Bock, W. J.

Bohnert, K.

Brändle, H.

Caucheteur, C.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chah, K.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chmielewska, E.

Chow, Y. T.

M. G. Xu, L. Reekie, Y. T. Chow, and J. P. Dakin, “Optical in-fiber grating high-pressure sensor,” Electron. Lett.29(4), 398–399 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Couny, F.

Croucher, J. A.

J. A. Croucher, L. Gomez-Rojas, S. Kanellopoulos, and V. A. Handerek, “Approach to highly sensitive pressure measurements using side-hole fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(2), 208–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dabkiewicz, P. H.

Dakin, J. P.

M. G. Xu, L. Reekie, Y. T. Chow, and J. P. Dakin, “Optical in-fiber grating high-pressure sensor,” Electron. Lett.29(4), 398–399 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Domanski, A. W.

W. J. Bock and A. W. Domanski, “High hydrostatic pressure effects in highly birefringent optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.7(8), 1279–1283 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

Farr, L.

Frank, A.

Fürstenau, N.

Geernaert, T.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gomez-Rojas, L.

J. A. Croucher, L. Gomez-Rojas, S. Kanellopoulos, and V. A. Handerek, “Approach to highly sensitive pressure measurements using side-hole fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(2), 208–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hand, D. P.

P. St. J. Russel and D. P. Hand, “Rocking filter formation in photosensitive high birefringence optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.26(22), 1846–1848 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Handerek, V. A.

J. A. Croucher, L. Gomez-Rojas, S. Kanellopoulos, and V. A. Handerek, “Approach to highly sensitive pressure measurements using side-hole fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(2), 208–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Haroud, K.

Kakarantzas, G.

Kanellopoulos, S.

J. A. Croucher, L. Gomez-Rojas, S. Kanellopoulos, and V. A. Handerek, “Approach to highly sensitive pressure measurements using side-hole fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(2), 208–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kaul, R.

Klimek, J.

Makara, M.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mangan, B. J.

Martynkien, T.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Megret, P.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mergo, P.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nasilowski, T.

Okamoto, K.

Olszewski, J.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Pleibel, W.

Poturaj, K.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rao, Y. J.

Y. J. Rao, “Recent progress in fiber-optic extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometric sensors,” Opt. Fiber Technol.12(3), 227–237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reekie, L.

M. G. Xu, L. Reekie, Y. T. Chow, and J. P. Dakin, “Optical in-fiber grating high-pressure sensor,” Electron. Lett.29(4), 398–399 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rochat, E.

Russel, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russel and D. P. Hand, “Rocking filter formation in photosensitive high birefringence optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.26(22), 1846–1848 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Schmidt, M.

Skorupski, K.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sonnenfeld, C.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Statkiewicz-Barabach, G.

Stolen, R. H.

Sulejmani, S.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Szczurowski, M. K.

Tarnowski, K.

Terryn, H.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ulrich, R.

Urbanczyk, W.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, A. Anuszkiewicz, W. Urbanczyk, and J. Wojcik, “Sensing characteristics of rocking filter fabricated in microstructured birefringent fiber using fusion arc splicer,” Opt. Express16(22), 17249–17257 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Chmielewska, W. Urbańczyk, and W. J. Bock, “Measurement of pressure and temperature sensitivities of a Bragg grating imprinted in a highly birefringent side-hole fiber,” Appl. Opt.42(31), 6284–6291 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Fürstenau, M. Schmidt, W. J. Bock, and W. Urbanczyk, “Dynamic pressure sensing with a fiber-optic polarimetric pressure transducer with two-wavelength passive quadrature readout,” Appl. Opt.37(4), 663–671 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Roosbroeck, J.

S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
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S. Sulejmani, C. Sonnenfeld, T. Geernaert, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, K. Skorupski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, C. Caucheteur, K. Chah, P. Megret, H. Terryn, J. Van Roosbroeck, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Control over the pressure sensitivity of Bragg grating-based sensors in highly birefringent microstructured optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 527–529 (2012).
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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM image of the first fiber used for fabricating the rocking filter (a). The white elliptical shape in the magnified picture shows the germanium doped inclusion located in the core region (b). The calculated amplitude distribution of the fundamental mode at λ = 1550 nm shows that the longer axis of the elliptical core is oriented vertically (c).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SEM image of the second fiber used for fabricating the rocking filter (a). The black elliptical shape in the magnified picture shows the germanium doped inclusion located in the core region (b). The calculated amplitude distribution of the fundamental mode at λ = 1550 nm shows that the longer axis of the elliptical core is oriented horizontally (c).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral dependence of the phase (a) and group (b) modal birefringence measured for both fibers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral dependence of the polarimetric sensitivity to temperature (a) and hydrostatic pressure (b) measured for both fibers.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Setup of the CO2 laser based system for the fabrication of the rocking filters.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transmission characteristics of the rocking filter fabricated in the first (a) and the second fiber (b).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Pressure-induced displacement of the third order resonance registered for the rocking filter fabricated in the first (a) and the second (b) fiber. The opposite directions of the resonance shifts indicated by black arrows stem from the different signs of the polarimetric pressure sensitivity in both fibers.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Sensing characteristics of the rocking filter fabricated in the first fiber: displacement of the resonance wavelength versus applied pressure for resonances of different order (a), temperature-induced displacement of the second (b) and the third order (c) resonance.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Sensing characteristics of the rocking filter fabricated in the second fiber: displacement of the resonance wavelength versus applied pressure for resonances of different order (a), temperature-induced displacement of the second order resonance (b-c).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Characteristics of the rocking filter fabricated in the second fiber: pressure-induced displacement of the fourth order resonance originally positioned at about 2.6 μm, which shifts into the useful spectral range at pressures from 7.5 to 10 MPa (a) and corresponding change of the resonance wavelength (b).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Sensitivity of the rocking filters measured at different resonances and calculated cross-sensitivity coefficients. The pressure sensitivities were determined for low and high pressure ranges.

Equations (4)

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d( λ BG x λ BG y ) dX = λ 2 K X 2πn ,
dλ dX = λ 2 K X 2πG ,
δ λ RF = λ 2 2 L RF G ,
kλ=ΛB( λ ),

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