Abstract

The paper discusses a physical model, obtained with the aid of statistical analyses, of the relationships between the sun-induced chlorophyll a fluorescence quantum yield and marine environmental factors. The relationships are based on a large set of empirical data from various ocean regions with basins of different trophicity, at different depths and in different seasons. Underwater spectral radiance and irradiance in the PAR spectral range were used to determine the quantum yield of sun-induced chlorophyll a fluorescence. From a statistical analysis a preliminary mathematical expression was derived to describe the fluorescence quantum yield as a function of the scalar irradiance, basin trophicity and the water temperature in situ. These relationships may be useful for analysing the budget of the light energy absorbed by phytoplankton pigments utilized in chemical and non-chemical quenching.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods3, 108–130 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient and sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res.112(C6), C06013 (2007), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Determination of the fluorescence quantum yield by oceanic phytoplankton in their natural habitat,” Appl. Opt.39(36), 6725–6737 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. R. Morrison, “In situ determination of quantum yield of phytoplankton chlorophyll a fluorescence: A simple algorithm, observations, and a model,” Limnol. Oceanogr.48(2), 618–631 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Ostrowska, M. Darecki, and B. Woźniak, “An attempt to use measurements of sun-inducted chlorophyll fluorescence to estimate chlorophyll a concentration in the Baltic Sea,” Proc. SPIE3222, 528–537 (1997).
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  10. S. Tassan and G. M. Ferrari, “A sensitivity analysis of the ‘Transmittance-Reflectance’ method for measuring light absorption by aquatic particles,” J. Plankton Res.24(8), 757–774 (2002).
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  11. S. Tassan and G. M. Ferrari, “An alternative approach to absorption measurements of aquatic particles retained on filters,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(8), 1358–1368 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Ficek, S. Kaczmarek, J. Stoń-Egiert, B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Spectra of light absorption by phytoplankton pigments in the Baltic; conclusions to be drawn from a gaussian analysis of empirical data,” Oceanologia46(4), 533–555 (2004).
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  14. B. Woźniak and K. Montwiłł, “The methods and techniques of the optical measurements in the sea,” Stud. Mater. Oceanol.7, 73–108 (1973).
  15. B. Woźniak, R. Hapter, and B. Maj, “The inflow of solar energy and the irradiance of the euphotic zone in the region of Ezcurra Inlet during the Antarctic summer of 1977/78,” Oceanologia15, 141–174 (1983).
  16. J. L. Mueller and R. W. Austin, “Ocean optics protocols for Sea-WiFS validation, revision l,” SeaWiFS technical report series. NASA Tech Memo25, 7–12 (1995).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. F. E. Hoge, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, M. R. Abbott, R. M. Letelier, and W. E. Esaias, “Validation of Terra-MODIS phytoplankton chlorophyll fluorescence line height. I. Initial airborne lidar results,” Appl. Opt.42(15), 2767–2771 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. T. K. Westberry and D. A. Siegel, “Phytoplankton natural fluorescence variability in theSargasso Sea,” Deep Sea Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap.50(3), 417–434 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Dera, L. Gohs, R. Hapter, W. Kaiser, H. Prandke, W. Rüting, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 13 (1974).
  23. L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).
  24. D. A. Kiefer, W. S. Chamberlin, and C. R. Booth, “Natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a: relationship to photosynthesis and chlorophyll concentration in the western South Pacific gyre,” Limnol. Oceanogr.34(5), 868–881 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  25. B. Woźniak and J. Dera, Light absorption in sea water (Springer, New York, 2007).
  26. M. Babin, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Remote sensing of sea surface sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence,” J. Rem. Sens.17(12), 2417–2448 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  27. P. G. Falkowski and D. A. Kiefer, “Chlorophyll a fluorescence in phytoplankton: relationship to photosynthesis and biomass,” J. Plankton Res.7(5), 715–731 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  28. C. Schallenberg, M. R. Lewis, D. E. Kelley, and J. Cullen, “Inferred influence of nutrient availability on the relationship between sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and incident irradiance in the Bering Sea,” J. of Geophys. Res. 113, C07046, doi: , 1–21 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  29. S. R. Laney, R. M. Letelier, and M. R. Abbot, “Parameterizing the natural fluorescence kinetics of Thalassiosira weissflogii,” Limnol. Oceanogr.50(5), 1499–1510 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  31. A. Morel, “Light and marine photosynthesis: a spectral model with geochemical and climatological implications,” Prog. Oceanogr.26(3), 263–306 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  32. A. Morel, D. Antoine, M. Babin, and Y. Dandonneau, “Measured and modeled primary production in the northeast Atlantic (Eumeli JGOFS program): the impact of natural variations in photosynthetic parameters on model predictive skill,” Deep-Sea Res.43(8), 1273–1304 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  33. D. Antoine, J. M. Andre, and A. Morel, “Oceanic primary production: 2, estimation at global scale from satellite (Coastal Zone Color Scanner) chlorophyll,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles10(1), 57–69 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  34. J. Dera, Underwater Irradiance as a Factor Affecting Primary Production (Diss. and Mon. IO PAN, Sopot 7, 1995).
  35. B. Woźniak, J. Dera, and O. I. Koblentz-Mishke, “Bio-optical relationships for estimating primary production in the ocean,” Oceanologia33, 5–38 (1992).
  36. B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, and S. Kaczmarek, “Modelling light and photosynthesis in the marine environment,” Oceanologia45(2), 171–245 (2003).
  37. B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, S. Kaczmarek, and M. Kuzio, “The current bio-optical study of marine phytoplankton,” Opt. Appl.32(4), 731–747 (2002).
  38. B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, and R. Majchrowski, “Dependence of the photosynthesis quantum yield in oceans on environmental factors,” Oceanologia44(4), 439–459 (2002).
  39. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, D. Ficek, J. Kunicka, and J. Dera, “Remote sensing of vertical phytoplankton pigment distributions in the Baltic: new mathematical expressions. Part 3: nonphotosynthetic pigment absorption factor,” Oceanologia49(4), 513–526 (2007).
  40. B. Woźniak, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Quantum yield of photosynthesis in the Baltic: a new mathematical expression for remote sensing applications,” Oceanologia49(4), 527–542 (2007).
  41. B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).
  42. Z. Kolber and P. G. Falkowski, “Use of active fluorescence to estimate phytoplankton photosynthesis ‘in situ’,” Limnol. Oceanogr.38(8), 1646–1665 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  43. D. N. Matorin, P. S. Venediktov, Yu. N. Konev, Yu. V. Kazemirko, and A. B. Rubin, “Application of a double-flash, impulse, submersible fluorimeter in the determination of photosynthetic activity of natural phytoplankton,” Transactions Russian Acad. Sci. - Earth Sci. Sec.350(7), 1159–1161 (1996).
  44. M. Ostrowska, The application of fluorescence methods to the study of marine photosynthesis (Diss. and Monogr. IO PAN, Sopot, 15 (in Polish), 2001).
  45. M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, D. N. Matorin, and B. Woźniak, “Variability of the specific fluorescence of chlorophyll in the ocean. Part 1: theory of classical 'in situ' chlorophyll fluorometry,” Oceanologia42(2), 203–219 (2000).
  46. D. Ficek, Modelling the quantum yield of photosynthesis in various marine systems (Diss. and Monogr, IO PAN, Sopot, 14 in Polish, 2001).
  47. B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  48. B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

C. Schallenberg, M. R. Lewis, D. E. Kelley, and J. Cullen, “Inferred influence of nutrient availability on the relationship between sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and incident irradiance in the Bering Sea,” J. of Geophys. Res. 113, C07046, doi: , 1–21 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

2007 (3)

B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, D. Ficek, J. Kunicka, and J. Dera, “Remote sensing of vertical phytoplankton pigment distributions in the Baltic: new mathematical expressions. Part 3: nonphotosynthetic pigment absorption factor,” Oceanologia49(4), 513–526 (2007).

B. Woźniak, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Quantum yield of photosynthesis in the Baltic: a new mathematical expression for remote sensing applications,” Oceanologia49(4), 527–542 (2007).

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient and sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res.112(C6), C06013 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods3, 108–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Laney, R. M. Letelier, and M. R. Abbot, “Parameterizing the natural fluorescence kinetics of Thalassiosira weissflogii,” Limnol. Oceanogr.50(5), 1499–1510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

D. Ficek, S. Kaczmarek, J. Stoń-Egiert, B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Spectra of light absorption by phytoplankton pigments in the Baltic; conclusions to be drawn from a gaussian analysis of empirical data,” Oceanologia46(4), 533–555 (2004).

M. Darecki and D. Stramski, “An evaluation of MODIS and SeaWiFS bio-optical algorithms in the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ.89(3), 326–350 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

F. E. Hoge, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, M. R. Abbott, R. M. Letelier, and W. E. Esaias, “Validation of Terra-MODIS phytoplankton chlorophyll fluorescence line height. I. Initial airborne lidar results,” Appl. Opt.42(15), 2767–2771 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Morrison, “In situ determination of quantum yield of phytoplankton chlorophyll a fluorescence: A simple algorithm, observations, and a model,” Limnol. Oceanogr.48(2), 618–631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. K. Westberry and D. A. Siegel, “Phytoplankton natural fluorescence variability in theSargasso Sea,” Deep Sea Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap.50(3), 417–434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, and S. Kaczmarek, “Modelling light and photosynthesis in the marine environment,” Oceanologia45(2), 171–245 (2003).

2002 (3)

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, S. Kaczmarek, and M. Kuzio, “The current bio-optical study of marine phytoplankton,” Opt. Appl.32(4), 731–747 (2002).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, and R. Majchrowski, “Dependence of the photosynthesis quantum yield in oceans on environmental factors,” Oceanologia44(4), 439–459 (2002).

S. Tassan and G. M. Ferrari, “A sensitivity analysis of the ‘Transmittance-Reflectance’ method for measuring light absorption by aquatic particles,” J. Plankton Res.24(8), 757–774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, D. N. Matorin, and B. Woźniak, “Variability of the specific fluorescence of chlorophyll in the ocean. Part 1: theory of classical 'in situ' chlorophyll fluorometry,” Oceanologia42(2), 203–219 (2000).

S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Determination of the fluorescence quantum yield by oceanic phytoplankton in their natural habitat,” Appl. Opt.39(36), 6725–6737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

J. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, “Interpretation of the 685nm peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS,” Int. J. Remote Sens.20(9), 1771–1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Ferrari and S. Tassan, “A method using chemical oxidation to remove light absorption by phytoplankton pigments,” J. Phycol.35(5), 1090–1098 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Ostrowska, M. Darecki, and B. Woźniak, “An attempt to use measurements of sun-inducted chlorophyll fluorescence to estimate chlorophyll a concentration in the Baltic Sea,” Proc. SPIE3222, 528–537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (5)

D. N. Matorin, P. S. Venediktov, Yu. N. Konev, Yu. V. Kazemirko, and A. B. Rubin, “Application of a double-flash, impulse, submersible fluorimeter in the determination of photosynthetic activity of natural phytoplankton,” Transactions Russian Acad. Sci. - Earth Sci. Sec.350(7), 1159–1161 (1996).

A. Morel, D. Antoine, M. Babin, and Y. Dandonneau, “Measured and modeled primary production in the northeast Atlantic (Eumeli JGOFS program): the impact of natural variations in photosynthetic parameters on model predictive skill,” Deep-Sea Res.43(8), 1273–1304 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Antoine, J. M. Andre, and A. Morel, “Oceanic primary production: 2, estimation at global scale from satellite (Coastal Zone Color Scanner) chlorophyll,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles10(1), 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Remote sensing of sea surface sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence,” J. Rem. Sens.17(12), 2417–2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Letelier and M. R. Abbott, “An analysis of chlorophyll fluorescence algorithms for the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS),” Remote Sens. Environ.58(2), 215–223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

M. Babin, J. C. Therriault, L. Legendre, B. Nieke, R. Reuter, and A. Condal, “Relationship between the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation and the minimum quantum yield of chlorophyll a in vivo fluorescence in the Gulf of St. Lawrence,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(5), 956–968 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Mueller and R. W. Austin, “Ocean optics protocols for Sea-WiFS validation, revision l,” SeaWiFS technical report series. NASA Tech Memo25, 7–12 (1995).

S. Tassan and G. M. Ferrari, “An alternative approach to absorption measurements of aquatic particles retained on filters,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(8), 1358–1368 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Z. Kolber and P. G. Falkowski, “Use of active fluorescence to estimate phytoplankton photosynthesis ‘in situ’,” Limnol. Oceanogr.38(8), 1646–1665 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, and O. I. Koblentz-Mishke, “Bio-optical relationships for estimating primary production in the ocean,” Oceanologia33, 5–38 (1992).

1991 (1)

A. Morel, “Light and marine photosynthesis: a spectral model with geochemical and climatological implications,” Prog. Oceanogr.26(3), 263–306 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

D. A. Kiefer, W. S. Chamberlin, and C. R. Booth, “Natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a: relationship to photosynthesis and chlorophyll concentration in the western South Pacific gyre,” Limnol. Oceanogr.34(5), 868–881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

P. G. Falkowski and D. A. Kiefer, “Chlorophyll a fluorescence in phytoplankton: relationship to photosynthesis and biomass,” J. Plankton Res.7(5), 715–731 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

B. Woźniak, R. Hapter, and B. Maj, “The inflow of solar energy and the irradiance of the euphotic zone in the region of Ezcurra Inlet during the Antarctic summer of 1977/78,” Oceanologia15, 141–174 (1983).

1978 (1)

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

1974 (1)

J. Dera, L. Gohs, R. Hapter, W. Kaiser, H. Prandke, W. Rüting, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 13 (1974).

1973 (1)

B. Woźniak and K. Montwiłł, “The methods and techniques of the optical measurements in the sea,” Stud. Mater. Oceanol.7, 73–108 (1973).

1971 (1)

J. Dera, “The characteristics of the euphotic zone irradiance in the sea,” Oceanologia 1, 9–98 (in Polish) (1971).

Abbot, M. R.

S. R. Laney, R. M. Letelier, and M. R. Abbot, “Parameterizing the natural fluorescence kinetics of Thalassiosira weissflogii,” Limnol. Oceanogr.50(5), 1499–1510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Abbott, M. R.

F. E. Hoge, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, M. R. Abbott, R. M. Letelier, and W. E. Esaias, “Validation of Terra-MODIS phytoplankton chlorophyll fluorescence line height. I. Initial airborne lidar results,” Appl. Opt.42(15), 2767–2771 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Letelier and M. R. Abbott, “An analysis of chlorophyll fluorescence algorithms for the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS),” Remote Sens. Environ.58(2), 215–223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Andre, J. M.

D. Antoine, J. M. Andre, and A. Morel, “Oceanic primary production: 2, estimation at global scale from satellite (Coastal Zone Color Scanner) chlorophyll,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles10(1), 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Antoine, D.

D. Antoine, J. M. Andre, and A. Morel, “Oceanic primary production: 2, estimation at global scale from satellite (Coastal Zone Color Scanner) chlorophyll,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles10(1), 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, D. Antoine, M. Babin, and Y. Dandonneau, “Measured and modeled primary production in the northeast Atlantic (Eumeli JGOFS program): the impact of natural variations in photosynthetic parameters on model predictive skill,” Deep-Sea Res.43(8), 1273–1304 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Austin, R. W.

J. L. Mueller and R. W. Austin, “Ocean optics protocols for Sea-WiFS validation, revision l,” SeaWiFS technical report series. NASA Tech Memo25, 7–12 (1995).

Babin, M.

A. Morel, D. Antoine, M. Babin, and Y. Dandonneau, “Measured and modeled primary production in the northeast Atlantic (Eumeli JGOFS program): the impact of natural variations in photosynthetic parameters on model predictive skill,” Deep-Sea Res.43(8), 1273–1304 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Remote sensing of sea surface sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence,” J. Rem. Sens.17(12), 2417–2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, J. C. Therriault, L. Legendre, B. Nieke, R. Reuter, and A. Condal, “Relationship between the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation and the minimum quantum yield of chlorophyll a in vivo fluorescence in the Gulf of St. Lawrence,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(5), 956–968 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Behrenfeld, M. J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Booth, C. R.

D. A. Kiefer, W. S. Chamberlin, and C. R. Booth, “Natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a: relationship to photosynthesis and chlorophyll concentration in the western South Pacific gyre,” Limnol. Oceanogr.34(5), 868–881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Borstad, G. A.

J. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, “Interpretation of the 685nm peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS,” Int. J. Remote Sens.20(9), 1771–1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boss, E. S.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bradtke, K.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. A.

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient and sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res.112(C6), C06013 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods3, 108–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chamberlin, W. S.

D. A. Kiefer, W. S. Chamberlin, and C. R. Booth, “Natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a: relationship to photosynthesis and chlorophyll concentration in the western South Pacific gyre,” Limnol. Oceanogr.34(5), 868–881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Condal, A.

M. Babin, J. C. Therriault, L. Legendre, B. Nieke, R. Reuter, and A. Condal, “Relationship between the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation and the minimum quantum yield of chlorophyll a in vivo fluorescence in the Gulf of St. Lawrence,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(5), 956–968 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cullen, J.

C. Schallenberg, M. R. Lewis, D. E. Kelley, and J. Cullen, “Inferred influence of nutrient availability on the relationship between sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and incident irradiance in the Bering Sea,” J. of Geophys. Res. 113, C07046, doi: , 1–21 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cullen, J. J.

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient and sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res.112(C6), C06013 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods3, 108–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dall’Olmo, G.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dandonneau, Y.

A. Morel, D. Antoine, M. Babin, and Y. Dandonneau, “Measured and modeled primary production in the northeast Atlantic (Eumeli JGOFS program): the impact of natural variations in photosynthetic parameters on model predictive skill,” Deep-Sea Res.43(8), 1273–1304 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Darecki, M.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

M. Darecki and D. Stramski, “An evaluation of MODIS and SeaWiFS bio-optical algorithms in the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ.89(3), 326–350 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ostrowska, M. Darecki, and B. Woźniak, “An attempt to use measurements of sun-inducted chlorophyll fluorescence to estimate chlorophyll a concentration in the Baltic Sea,” Proc. SPIE3222, 528–537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dera, J.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, D. Ficek, J. Kunicka, and J. Dera, “Remote sensing of vertical phytoplankton pigment distributions in the Baltic: new mathematical expressions. Part 3: nonphotosynthetic pigment absorption factor,” Oceanologia49(4), 513–526 (2007).

B. Woźniak, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Quantum yield of photosynthesis in the Baltic: a new mathematical expression for remote sensing applications,” Oceanologia49(4), 527–542 (2007).

D. Ficek, S. Kaczmarek, J. Stoń-Egiert, B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Spectra of light absorption by phytoplankton pigments in the Baltic; conclusions to be drawn from a gaussian analysis of empirical data,” Oceanologia46(4), 533–555 (2004).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, and S. Kaczmarek, “Modelling light and photosynthesis in the marine environment,” Oceanologia45(2), 171–245 (2003).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, S. Kaczmarek, and M. Kuzio, “The current bio-optical study of marine phytoplankton,” Opt. Appl.32(4), 731–747 (2002).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, and R. Majchrowski, “Dependence of the photosynthesis quantum yield in oceans on environmental factors,” Oceanologia44(4), 439–459 (2002).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, and O. I. Koblentz-Mishke, “Bio-optical relationships for estimating primary production in the ocean,” Oceanologia33, 5–38 (1992).

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

J. Dera, L. Gohs, R. Hapter, W. Kaiser, H. Prandke, W. Rüting, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 13 (1974).

J. Dera, “The characteristics of the euphotic zone irradiance in the sea,” Oceanologia 1, 9–98 (in Polish) (1971).

Doerffer, R.

J. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, “Interpretation of the 685nm peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS,” Int. J. Remote Sens.20(9), 1771–1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Doney, S. C.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dudzinska-Nowak, J.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dzierzbicka-Glowacka, L.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Esaias, W. E.

Falkowski, P. G.

Z. Kolber and P. G. Falkowski, “Use of active fluorescence to estimate phytoplankton photosynthesis ‘in situ’,” Limnol. Oceanogr.38(8), 1646–1665 (1993).
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P. G. Falkowski and D. A. Kiefer, “Chlorophyll a fluorescence in phytoplankton: relationship to photosynthesis and biomass,” J. Plankton Res.7(5), 715–731 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, G. C.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, G. M.

S. Tassan and G. M. Ferrari, “A sensitivity analysis of the ‘Transmittance-Reflectance’ method for measuring light absorption by aquatic particles,” J. Plankton Res.24(8), 757–774 (2002).
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G. M. Ferrari and S. Tassan, “A method using chemical oxidation to remove light absorption by phytoplankton pigments,” J. Phycol.35(5), 1090–1098 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Tassan and G. M. Ferrari, “An alternative approach to absorption measurements of aquatic particles retained on filters,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(8), 1358–1368 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ficek, D.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, D. Ficek, J. Kunicka, and J. Dera, “Remote sensing of vertical phytoplankton pigment distributions in the Baltic: new mathematical expressions. Part 3: nonphotosynthetic pigment absorption factor,” Oceanologia49(4), 513–526 (2007).

B. Woźniak, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Quantum yield of photosynthesis in the Baltic: a new mathematical expression for remote sensing applications,” Oceanologia49(4), 527–542 (2007).

D. Ficek, S. Kaczmarek, J. Stoń-Egiert, B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Spectra of light absorption by phytoplankton pigments in the Baltic; conclusions to be drawn from a gaussian analysis of empirical data,” Oceanologia46(4), 533–555 (2004).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, and S. Kaczmarek, “Modelling light and photosynthesis in the marine environment,” Oceanologia45(2), 171–245 (2003).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, S. Kaczmarek, and M. Kuzio, “The current bio-optical study of marine phytoplankton,” Opt. Appl.32(4), 731–747 (2002).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, and R. Majchrowski, “Dependence of the photosynthesis quantum yield in oceans on environmental factors,” Oceanologia44(4), 439–459 (2002).

Franz, B. A.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Furmanczyk, K.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gedziorowska, D.

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

Gentili, B.

S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Determination of the fluorescence quantum yield by oceanic phytoplankton in their natural habitat,” Appl. Opt.39(36), 6725–6737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Babin, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Remote sensing of sea surface sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence,” J. Rem. Sens.17(12), 2417–2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gohs, L.

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

J. Dera, L. Gohs, R. Hapter, W. Kaiser, H. Prandke, W. Rüting, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 13 (1974).

Gower, J.

J. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, “Interpretation of the 685nm peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS,” Int. J. Remote Sens.20(9), 1771–1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hapter, R.

B. Woźniak, R. Hapter, and B. Maj, “The inflow of solar energy and the irradiance of the euphotic zone in the region of Ezcurra Inlet during the Antarctic summer of 1977/78,” Oceanologia15, 141–174 (1983).

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

J. Dera, L. Gohs, R. Hapter, W. Kaiser, H. Prandke, W. Rüting, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 13 (1974).

Hoge, F. E.

Huot, Y.

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient and sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res.112(C6), C06013 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods3, 108–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jonasz, M.

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

Kaczmarek, S.

D. Ficek, S. Kaczmarek, J. Stoń-Egiert, B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Spectra of light absorption by phytoplankton pigments in the Baltic; conclusions to be drawn from a gaussian analysis of empirical data,” Oceanologia46(4), 533–555 (2004).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, and S. Kaczmarek, “Modelling light and photosynthesis in the marine environment,” Oceanologia45(2), 171–245 (2003).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, S. Kaczmarek, and M. Kuzio, “The current bio-optical study of marine phytoplankton,” Opt. Appl.32(4), 731–747 (2002).

Kaiser, W.

J. Dera, L. Gohs, R. Hapter, W. Kaiser, H. Prandke, W. Rüting, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 13 (1974).

Kazemirko, Yu. V.

D. N. Matorin, P. S. Venediktov, Yu. N. Konev, Yu. V. Kazemirko, and A. B. Rubin, “Application of a double-flash, impulse, submersible fluorimeter in the determination of photosynthetic activity of natural phytoplankton,” Transactions Russian Acad. Sci. - Earth Sci. Sec.350(7), 1159–1161 (1996).

Kelley, D. E.

C. Schallenberg, M. R. Lewis, D. E. Kelley, and J. Cullen, “Inferred influence of nutrient availability on the relationship between sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and incident irradiance in the Bering Sea,” J. of Geophys. Res. 113, C07046, doi: , 1–21 (2008).
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Kiefer, D. A.

D. A. Kiefer, W. S. Chamberlin, and C. R. Booth, “Natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a: relationship to photosynthesis and chlorophyll concentration in the western South Pacific gyre,” Limnol. Oceanogr.34(5), 868–881 (1989).
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P. G. Falkowski and D. A. Kiefer, “Chlorophyll a fluorescence in phytoplankton: relationship to photosynthesis and biomass,” J. Plankton Res.7(5), 715–731 (1985).
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Koblentz-Mishke, O. I.

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, and O. I. Koblentz-Mishke, “Bio-optical relationships for estimating primary production in the ocean,” Oceanologia33, 5–38 (1992).

Kolber, Z.

Z. Kolber and P. G. Falkowski, “Use of active fluorescence to estimate phytoplankton photosynthesis ‘in situ’,” Limnol. Oceanogr.38(8), 1646–1665 (1993).
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Konev, Yu. N.

D. N. Matorin, P. S. Venediktov, Yu. N. Konev, Yu. V. Kazemirko, and A. B. Rubin, “Application of a double-flash, impulse, submersible fluorimeter in the determination of photosynthetic activity of natural phytoplankton,” Transactions Russian Acad. Sci. - Earth Sci. Sec.350(7), 1159–1161 (1996).

Kowalewski, M.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kozlowski, L.

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

Krezel, A.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

Kunicka, J.

B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, D. Ficek, J. Kunicka, and J. Dera, “Remote sensing of vertical phytoplankton pigment distributions in the Baltic: new mathematical expressions. Part 3: nonphotosynthetic pigment absorption factor,” Oceanologia49(4), 513–526 (2007).

Kuzio, M.

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, S. Kaczmarek, and M. Kuzio, “The current bio-optical study of marine phytoplankton,” Opt. Appl.32(4), 731–747 (2002).

Laney, S. R.

S. R. Laney, R. M. Letelier, and M. R. Abbot, “Parameterizing the natural fluorescence kinetics of Thalassiosira weissflogii,” Limnol. Oceanogr.50(5), 1499–1510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Legendre, L.

M. Babin, J. C. Therriault, L. Legendre, B. Nieke, R. Reuter, and A. Condal, “Relationship between the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation and the minimum quantum yield of chlorophyll a in vivo fluorescence in the Gulf of St. Lawrence,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(5), 956–968 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Letelier, R. M.

S. R. Laney, R. M. Letelier, and M. R. Abbot, “Parameterizing the natural fluorescence kinetics of Thalassiosira weissflogii,” Limnol. Oceanogr.50(5), 1499–1510 (2005).
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F. E. Hoge, P. E. Lyon, R. N. Swift, J. K. Yungel, M. R. Abbott, R. M. Letelier, and W. E. Esaias, “Validation of Terra-MODIS phytoplankton chlorophyll fluorescence line height. I. Initial airborne lidar results,” Appl. Opt.42(15), 2767–2771 (2003).
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R. M. Letelier and M. R. Abbott, “An analysis of chlorophyll fluorescence algorithms for the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS),” Remote Sens. Environ.58(2), 215–223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, M. R.

C. Schallenberg, M. R. Lewis, D. E. Kelley, and J. Cullen, “Inferred influence of nutrient availability on the relationship between sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and incident irradiance in the Bering Sea,” J. of Geophys. Res. 113, C07046, doi: , 1–21 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lima, I.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lyon, P. E.

Mahowald, N.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maj, B.

B. Woźniak, R. Hapter, and B. Maj, “The inflow of solar energy and the irradiance of the euphotic zone in the region of Ezcurra Inlet during the Antarctic summer of 1977/78,” Oceanologia15, 141–174 (1983).

Majchrowski, R.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, D. Ficek, J. Kunicka, and J. Dera, “Remote sensing of vertical phytoplankton pigment distributions in the Baltic: new mathematical expressions. Part 3: nonphotosynthetic pigment absorption factor,” Oceanologia49(4), 513–526 (2007).

B. Woźniak, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Quantum yield of photosynthesis in the Baltic: a new mathematical expression for remote sensing applications,” Oceanologia49(4), 527–542 (2007).

D. Ficek, S. Kaczmarek, J. Stoń-Egiert, B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Spectra of light absorption by phytoplankton pigments in the Baltic; conclusions to be drawn from a gaussian analysis of empirical data,” Oceanologia46(4), 533–555 (2004).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, and S. Kaczmarek, “Modelling light and photosynthesis in the marine environment,” Oceanologia45(2), 171–245 (2003).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, S. Kaczmarek, and M. Kuzio, “The current bio-optical study of marine phytoplankton,” Opt. Appl.32(4), 731–747 (2002).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, and R. Majchrowski, “Dependence of the photosynthesis quantum yield in oceans on environmental factors,” Oceanologia44(4), 439–459 (2002).

M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, D. N. Matorin, and B. Woźniak, “Variability of the specific fluorescence of chlorophyll in the ocean. Part 1: theory of classical 'in situ' chlorophyll fluorometry,” Oceanologia42(2), 203–219 (2000).

Maritorena, S.

Matorin, D. N.

M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, D. N. Matorin, and B. Woźniak, “Variability of the specific fluorescence of chlorophyll in the ocean. Part 1: theory of classical 'in situ' chlorophyll fluorometry,” Oceanologia42(2), 203–219 (2000).

D. N. Matorin, P. S. Venediktov, Yu. N. Konev, Yu. V. Kazemirko, and A. B. Rubin, “Application of a double-flash, impulse, submersible fluorimeter in the determination of photosynthetic activity of natural phytoplankton,” Transactions Russian Acad. Sci. - Earth Sci. Sec.350(7), 1159–1161 (1996).

McClain, C. R.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Milligan, A. J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Montwill, K.

B. Woźniak and K. Montwiłł, “The methods and techniques of the optical measurements in the sea,” Stud. Mater. Oceanol.7, 73–108 (1973).

Moore, J. K.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morel, A.

S. Maritorena, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Determination of the fluorescence quantum yield by oceanic phytoplankton in their natural habitat,” Appl. Opt.39(36), 6725–6737 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Antoine, J. M. Andre, and A. Morel, “Oceanic primary production: 2, estimation at global scale from satellite (Coastal Zone Color Scanner) chlorophyll,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles10(1), 57–69 (1996).
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A. Morel, D. Antoine, M. Babin, and Y. Dandonneau, “Measured and modeled primary production in the northeast Atlantic (Eumeli JGOFS program): the impact of natural variations in photosynthetic parameters on model predictive skill,” Deep-Sea Res.43(8), 1273–1304 (1996).
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M. Babin, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Remote sensing of sea surface sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence,” J. Rem. Sens.17(12), 2417–2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, “Light and marine photosynthesis: a spectral model with geochemical and climatological implications,” Prog. Oceanogr.26(3), 263–306 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Morrison, J. R.

J. R. Morrison, “In situ determination of quantum yield of phytoplankton chlorophyll a fluorescence: A simple algorithm, observations, and a model,” Limnol. Oceanogr.48(2), 618–631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mueller, J. L.

J. L. Mueller and R. W. Austin, “Ocean optics protocols for Sea-WiFS validation, revision l,” SeaWiFS technical report series. NASA Tech Memo25, 7–12 (1995).

Nieke, B.

M. Babin, J. C. Therriault, L. Legendre, B. Nieke, R. Reuter, and A. Condal, “Relationship between the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation and the minimum quantum yield of chlorophyll a in vivo fluorescence in the Gulf of St. Lawrence,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(5), 956–968 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O’Malley, R. T.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Olszewski, J.

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

Ostrowska, M.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, D. Ficek, J. Kunicka, and J. Dera, “Remote sensing of vertical phytoplankton pigment distributions in the Baltic: new mathematical expressions. Part 3: nonphotosynthetic pigment absorption factor,” Oceanologia49(4), 513–526 (2007).

B. Woźniak, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Quantum yield of photosynthesis in the Baltic: a new mathematical expression for remote sensing applications,” Oceanologia49(4), 527–542 (2007).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, and S. Kaczmarek, “Modelling light and photosynthesis in the marine environment,” Oceanologia45(2), 171–245 (2003).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, S. Kaczmarek, and M. Kuzio, “The current bio-optical study of marine phytoplankton,” Opt. Appl.32(4), 731–747 (2002).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, and R. Majchrowski, “Dependence of the photosynthesis quantum yield in oceans on environmental factors,” Oceanologia44(4), 439–459 (2002).

M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, D. N. Matorin, and B. Woźniak, “Variability of the specific fluorescence of chlorophyll in the ocean. Part 1: theory of classical 'in situ' chlorophyll fluorometry,” Oceanologia42(2), 203–219 (2000).

M. Ostrowska, M. Darecki, and B. Woźniak, “An attempt to use measurements of sun-inducted chlorophyll fluorescence to estimate chlorophyll a concentration in the Baltic Sea,” Proc. SPIE3222, 528–537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Paszkuta, M.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Prandke, H.

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

J. Dera, L. Gohs, R. Hapter, W. Kaiser, H. Prandke, W. Rüting, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 13 (1974).

Reuter, R.

M. Babin, J. C. Therriault, L. Legendre, B. Nieke, R. Reuter, and A. Condal, “Relationship between the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation and the minimum quantum yield of chlorophyll a in vivo fluorescence in the Gulf of St. Lawrence,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(5), 956–968 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rubin, A. B.

D. N. Matorin, P. S. Venediktov, Yu. N. Konev, Yu. V. Kazemirko, and A. B. Rubin, “Application of a double-flash, impulse, submersible fluorimeter in the determination of photosynthetic activity of natural phytoplankton,” Transactions Russian Acad. Sci. - Earth Sci. Sec.350(7), 1159–1161 (1996).

Rüting, W.

J. Dera, L. Gohs, R. Hapter, W. Kaiser, H. Prandke, W. Rüting, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 13 (1974).

Schallenberg, C.

C. Schallenberg, M. R. Lewis, D. E. Kelley, and J. Cullen, “Inferred influence of nutrient availability on the relationship between sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and incident irradiance in the Bering Sea,” J. of Geophys. Res. 113, C07046, doi: , 1–21 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schenkel, G.

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

Siegel, D. A.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. K. Westberry and D. A. Siegel, “Phytoplankton natural fluorescence variability in theSargasso Sea,” Deep Sea Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap.50(3), 417–434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, H.

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

Ston-Egiert, J.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

D. Ficek, S. Kaczmarek, J. Stoń-Egiert, B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Spectra of light absorption by phytoplankton pigments in the Baltic; conclusions to be drawn from a gaussian analysis of empirical data,” Oceanologia46(4), 533–555 (2004).

Stramska, M.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Stramski, D.

M. Darecki and D. Stramski, “An evaluation of MODIS and SeaWiFS bio-optical algorithms in the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ.89(3), 326–350 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Swift, R. N.

Tassan, S.

S. Tassan and G. M. Ferrari, “A sensitivity analysis of the ‘Transmittance-Reflectance’ method for measuring light absorption by aquatic particles,” J. Plankton Res.24(8), 757–774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Ferrari and S. Tassan, “A method using chemical oxidation to remove light absorption by phytoplankton pigments,” J. Phycol.35(5), 1090–1098 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Tassan and G. M. Ferrari, “An alternative approach to absorption measurements of aquatic particles retained on filters,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(8), 1358–1368 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Therriault, J. C.

M. Babin, J. C. Therriault, L. Legendre, B. Nieke, R. Reuter, and A. Condal, “Relationship between the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation and the minimum quantum yield of chlorophyll a in vivo fluorescence in the Gulf of St. Lawrence,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(5), 956–968 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Venediktov, P. S.

D. N. Matorin, P. S. Venediktov, Yu. N. Konev, Yu. V. Kazemirko, and A. B. Rubin, “Application of a double-flash, impulse, submersible fluorimeter in the determination of photosynthetic activity of natural phytoplankton,” Transactions Russian Acad. Sci. - Earth Sci. Sec.350(7), 1159–1161 (1996).

Westberry, T. K.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. K. Westberry and D. A. Siegel, “Phytoplankton natural fluorescence variability in theSargasso Sea,” Deep Sea Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap.50(3), 417–434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wiggert, J. D.

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wozniak, B.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, D. Ficek, J. Kunicka, and J. Dera, “Remote sensing of vertical phytoplankton pigment distributions in the Baltic: new mathematical expressions. Part 3: nonphotosynthetic pigment absorption factor,” Oceanologia49(4), 513–526 (2007).

B. Woźniak, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Quantum yield of photosynthesis in the Baltic: a new mathematical expression for remote sensing applications,” Oceanologia49(4), 527–542 (2007).

D. Ficek, S. Kaczmarek, J. Stoń-Egiert, B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Spectra of light absorption by phytoplankton pigments in the Baltic; conclusions to be drawn from a gaussian analysis of empirical data,” Oceanologia46(4), 533–555 (2004).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, and S. Kaczmarek, “Modelling light and photosynthesis in the marine environment,” Oceanologia45(2), 171–245 (2003).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, S. Kaczmarek, and M. Kuzio, “The current bio-optical study of marine phytoplankton,” Opt. Appl.32(4), 731–747 (2002).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, and R. Majchrowski, “Dependence of the photosynthesis quantum yield in oceans on environmental factors,” Oceanologia44(4), 439–459 (2002).

M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, D. N. Matorin, and B. Woźniak, “Variability of the specific fluorescence of chlorophyll in the ocean. Part 1: theory of classical 'in situ' chlorophyll fluorometry,” Oceanologia42(2), 203–219 (2000).

M. Ostrowska, M. Darecki, and B. Woźniak, “An attempt to use measurements of sun-inducted chlorophyll fluorescence to estimate chlorophyll a concentration in the Baltic Sea,” Proc. SPIE3222, 528–537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, and O. I. Koblentz-Mishke, “Bio-optical relationships for estimating primary production in the ocean,” Oceanologia33, 5–38 (1992).

B. Woźniak, R. Hapter, and B. Maj, “The inflow of solar energy and the irradiance of the euphotic zone in the region of Ezcurra Inlet during the Antarctic summer of 1977/78,” Oceanologia15, 141–174 (1983).

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

J. Dera, L. Gohs, R. Hapter, W. Kaiser, H. Prandke, W. Rüting, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 13 (1974).

B. Woźniak and K. Montwiłł, “The methods and techniques of the optical measurements in the sea,” Stud. Mater. Oceanol.7, 73–108 (1973).

Wozniak, S. B.

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

Yungel, J. K.

Zalewski, S. M.

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

J. Dera, L. Gohs, R. Hapter, W. Kaiser, H. Prandke, W. Rüting, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 13 (1974).

Zapadka, T.

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Biogeosc. (1)

M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, E. S. Boss, R. T. O’Malley, D. A. Siegel, J. D. Wiggert, B. A. Franz, C. R. McClain, G. C. Feldman, S. C. Doney, J. K. Moore, G. Dall’Olmo, A. J. Milligan, I. Lima, and N. Mahowald, “Satellite-detected fluorescence reveals global physiology of ocean phytoplankton,” Biogeosc.6(5), 779–794 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Deep Sea Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap. (1)

T. K. Westberry and D. A. Siegel, “Phytoplankton natural fluorescence variability in theSargasso Sea,” Deep Sea Res. Part I Oceanogr. Res. Pap.50(3), 417–434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Deep-Sea Res. (1)

A. Morel, D. Antoine, M. Babin, and Y. Dandonneau, “Measured and modeled primary production in the northeast Atlantic (Eumeli JGOFS program): the impact of natural variations in photosynthetic parameters on model predictive skill,” Deep-Sea Res.43(8), 1273–1304 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Global Biogeochem. Cycles (1)

D. Antoine, J. M. Andre, and A. Morel, “Oceanic primary production: 2, estimation at global scale from satellite (Coastal Zone Color Scanner) chlorophyll,” Global Biogeochem. Cycles10(1), 57–69 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Remote Sens. (1)

J. Gower, R. Doerffer, and G. A. Borstad, “Interpretation of the 685nm peak in water-leaving radiance spectra in terms of fluorescence, absorption and scattering, and its observation by MERIS,” Int. J. Remote Sens.20(9), 1771–1786 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “Retrieval of phytoplankton biomass from simultaneous inversion of reflectance, the diffuse attenuation coefficient and sun-induced fluorescence in coastal waters,” J. Geophys. Res.112(C6), C06013 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Phycol. (1)

G. M. Ferrari and S. Tassan, “A method using chemical oxidation to remove light absorption by phytoplankton pigments,” J. Phycol.35(5), 1090–1098 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Plankton Res. (2)

S. Tassan and G. M. Ferrari, “A sensitivity analysis of the ‘Transmittance-Reflectance’ method for measuring light absorption by aquatic particles,” J. Plankton Res.24(8), 757–774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Falkowski and D. A. Kiefer, “Chlorophyll a fluorescence in phytoplankton: relationship to photosynthesis and biomass,” J. Plankton Res.7(5), 715–731 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Rem. Sens. (1)

M. Babin, A. Morel, and B. Gentili, “Remote sensing of sea surface sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence: consequences of natural variations in the optical characteristics of phytoplankton and the quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence,” J. Rem. Sens.17(12), 2417–2448 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Limnol. Oceanogr. (6)

S. R. Laney, R. M. Letelier, and M. R. Abbot, “Parameterizing the natural fluorescence kinetics of Thalassiosira weissflogii,” Limnol. Oceanogr.50(5), 1499–1510 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Kiefer, W. S. Chamberlin, and C. R. Booth, “Natural fluorescence of chlorophyll a: relationship to photosynthesis and chlorophyll concentration in the western South Pacific gyre,” Limnol. Oceanogr.34(5), 868–881 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Tassan and G. M. Ferrari, “An alternative approach to absorption measurements of aquatic particles retained on filters,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(8), 1358–1368 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Morrison, “In situ determination of quantum yield of phytoplankton chlorophyll a fluorescence: A simple algorithm, observations, and a model,” Limnol. Oceanogr.48(2), 618–631 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Kolber and P. G. Falkowski, “Use of active fluorescence to estimate phytoplankton photosynthesis ‘in situ’,” Limnol. Oceanogr.38(8), 1646–1665 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Babin, J. C. Therriault, L. Legendre, B. Nieke, R. Reuter, and A. Condal, “Relationship between the maximum quantum yield of carbon fixation and the minimum quantum yield of chlorophyll a in vivo fluorescence in the Gulf of St. Lawrence,” Limnol. Oceanogr.40(5), 956–968 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods (1)

Y. Huot, C. A. Brown, and J. J. Cullen, “New algorithms for MODIS sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and a comparison with present data products,” Limnol. Oceanogr. Methods3, 108–130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oceanologia (10)

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 1: assumptions, scope and operating range,” Oceanologia53(4), 897–924 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, D. N. Matorin, and B. Woźniak, “Variability of the specific fluorescence of chlorophyll in the ocean. Part 1: theory of classical 'in situ' chlorophyll fluorometry,” Oceanologia42(2), 203–219 (2000).

D. Ficek, S. Kaczmarek, J. Stoń-Egiert, B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Spectra of light absorption by phytoplankton pigments in the Baltic; conclusions to be drawn from a gaussian analysis of empirical data,” Oceanologia46(4), 533–555 (2004).

B. Woźniak, R. Hapter, and B. Maj, “The inflow of solar energy and the irradiance of the euphotic zone in the region of Ezcurra Inlet during the Antarctic summer of 1977/78,” Oceanologia15, 141–174 (1983).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, and O. I. Koblentz-Mishke, “Bio-optical relationships for estimating primary production in the ocean,” Oceanologia33, 5–38 (1992).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, and S. Kaczmarek, “Modelling light and photosynthesis in the marine environment,” Oceanologia45(2), 171–245 (2003).

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, and R. Majchrowski, “Dependence of the photosynthesis quantum yield in oceans on environmental factors,” Oceanologia44(4), 439–459 (2002).

B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, D. Ficek, J. Kunicka, and J. Dera, “Remote sensing of vertical phytoplankton pigment distributions in the Baltic: new mathematical expressions. Part 3: nonphotosynthetic pigment absorption factor,” Oceanologia49(4), 513–526 (2007).

B. Woźniak, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, and J. Dera, “Quantum yield of photosynthesis in the Baltic: a new mathematical expression for remote sensing applications,” Oceanologia49(4), 527–542 (2007).

B. Woźniak, A. Krężel, M. Darecki, S. B. Woźniak, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, Ł. Kozłowski, D. Ficek, J. Olszewski, and J. Dera, “Algorithm for the remote sensing of the Baltic ecosystem (DESAMBEM). Part 1: Mathematical apparatus,” Oceanologia50(4), 451–508 (2008).

Opt. Appl. (1)

B. Woźniak, J. Dera, D. Ficek, M. Ostrowska, R. Majchrowski, S. Kaczmarek, and M. Kuzio, “The current bio-optical study of marine phytoplankton,” Opt. Appl.32(4), 731–747 (2002).

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Ostrowska, M. Darecki, and B. Woźniak, “An attempt to use measurements of sun-inducted chlorophyll fluorescence to estimate chlorophyll a concentration in the Baltic Sea,” Proc. SPIE3222, 528–537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Oceanogr. (1)

A. Morel, “Light and marine photosynthesis: a spectral model with geochemical and climatological implications,” Prog. Oceanogr.26(3), 263–306 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ. (2)

M. Darecki and D. Stramski, “An evaluation of MODIS and SeaWiFS bio-optical algorithms in the Baltic Sea,” Remote Sens. Environ.89(3), 326–350 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Letelier and M. R. Abbott, “An analysis of chlorophyll fluorescence algorithms for the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS),” Remote Sens. Environ.58(2), 215–223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

SeaWiFS technical report series. NASA Tech Memo (1)

J. L. Mueller and R. W. Austin, “Ocean optics protocols for Sea-WiFS validation, revision l,” SeaWiFS technical report series. NASA Tech Memo25, 7–12 (1995).

Stud. Mater. Oceanol. (1)

B. Woźniak and K. Montwiłł, “The methods and techniques of the optical measurements in the sea,” Stud. Mater. Oceanol.7, 73–108 (1973).

Transactions Russian Acad. Sci. - Earth Sci. Sec. (1)

D. N. Matorin, P. S. Venediktov, Yu. N. Konev, Yu. V. Kazemirko, and A. B. Rubin, “Application of a double-flash, impulse, submersible fluorimeter in the determination of photosynthetic activity of natural phytoplankton,” Transactions Russian Acad. Sci. - Earth Sci. Sec.350(7), 1159–1161 (1996).

Veröff. (2)

J. Dera, L. Gohs, R. Hapter, W. Kaiser, H. Prandke, W. Rüting, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 13 (1974).

L. Gohs, J. Dera, D. Gedziorowska, R. Hapter, M. Jonasz, H. Prandke, H. Siegel, G. Schenkel, J. Olszewski, B. Woźniak, and S. M. Zalewski, “Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung zwischen den optischen, physikalischen, biologischen und chemischen Umweltfaktoren in der Ostsee aus den Jahren 1974, 1975 und 1976 Geod. Geophys,” Veröff.IV, 25 (1978).

Other (9)

M. Ostrowska, “Dependence of quantum yield of chlorophyll a fluorescence in the sea on environmental factors - the preliminary results,” in Proceedings of Ocean Optics XX conference, (Anchorage, Alaska 2010).

J. D. H. Strickland and T. R. Parsons, “A practical handbook of seawater analysis. Pigment analysis,” Bull. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. 167, 1–311 (1968).

J. Dera, “The characteristics of the euphotic zone irradiance in the sea,” Oceanologia 1, 9–98 (in Polish) (1971).

B. Woźniak and J. Dera, Light absorption in sea water (Springer, New York, 2007).

C. Schallenberg, M. R. Lewis, D. E. Kelley, and J. Cullen, “Inferred influence of nutrient availability on the relationship between sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence and incident irradiance in the Bering Sea,” J. of Geophys. Res. 113, C07046, doi: , 1–21 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Dera, Underwater Irradiance as a Factor Affecting Primary Production (Diss. and Mon. IO PAN, Sopot 7, 1995).

M. Ostrowska, The application of fluorescence methods to the study of marine photosynthesis (Diss. and Monogr. IO PAN, Sopot, 15 (in Polish), 2001).

D. Ficek, Modelling the quantum yield of photosynthesis in various marine systems (Diss. and Monogr, IO PAN, Sopot, 14 in Polish, 2001).

B. Woźniak, K. Bradtke, M. Darecki, J. Dera, J. Dudzińska-Nowak, L. Dzierzbicka-Głowacka, D. Ficek, K. Furmańczyk, M. Kowalewski, A. Krężel, R. Majchrowski, M. Ostrowska, M. Paszkuta, J. Stoń-Egiert, M. Stramska, and T. Zapadka, “SatBałtyk - a Baltic environmental satellite remote sensing system - an ongoing project in Poland. Part 2: practical applicability and preliminary results,” Oceanologia 53(4), doi:. 925, 925–958 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Empirical dependence of the sun-induced chlorophyll a fluorescence quantum yield Φ fl on the underwater irradiance PAR, recorded at all measurement points at different depths in different regions of the Baltic Sea and Atlantic Ocean (a); relations averaged for oligotrophic and mesotrophic waters with relatively low chlorophyll a concentrations and for eutrophic waters with relatively high chlorophyll a concentrations. The vertical intervals on the profiles correspond to the standard deviations of Φ fl (b).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Empirical dependence of the sun-induced chlorophyll a fluorescence quantum yield Φ fl on the chlorophyll a concentration C a ( 0 ) in the surface water layer, i.e. the trophic index of the basin, recorded at all measurement points at different depths in different regions of the Baltic Sea and Atlantic Ocean (a); relation averaged for relatively high levels of underwater PAR(z) irradiance [PAR(z) >20 μEin m−2s−1] and relatively low levels of underwater PAR(z) irradiance [PAR(z) <20 μEin m−2s−1]. The vertical intervals on the profiles correspond to the standard deviations of Φ fl (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Empirical dependence of the quantum yield of fluorescence Φ fl on temperature in the sea temp [°C] recorded at all measurement points at different depths in different regions of the Baltic Sea and Atlantic Ocean (a); averaged plot of interrelationship (dashed line). The respective vertical and horizontal sections depict the changes of standard deviations of recorded values of quantum yield of fluorescence Φ fl and the temperature temp (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The dependence between the quantum yield of fluorescence Φ fl,0 associated with the fluorescence component F0 and the surface concentration of chlorophyll a C a ( 0 ) in a basin. The positions of the empirical points (a), and the means and standard deviations (b). Continuous curve - the corresponding hyperbolic relationships (see Eq. (20)).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of the model yield Φ fl (calculated on the basis of Eqs. (12)-(18),(20) on the underwater irradiance PAR in different trophic types of basins with surface chlorophyll concentrations C a ( 0 ) varying from 0.035 to 7 mg m−3: for a surface irradiance PAR = 1500 [ μEin m 2 s 1 ] and temp = 15 C (a); for a surface irradiance PAR varying from 300 to 1500 (every 300) [ μEin m 2 s 1 ] and temp = 15 C (b); for different temperatures in the sea varying from 5 to 30 (every 5) C and a surface irradiance PAR = 1500 [ μEin m 2 s 1 ] (c).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of quantum yields of fluorescence: determined empirically ( Φ fl,meas ) in different water basins and at different depths and calculated with the aid of the present model ( Φ fl,calc ) (a); histogram of the ratio Φ fl,calc / Φ meas (b).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 List of the abbreviations and symbols used in the text

Tables Icon

Table 2 Errors of estimation of the fluorescence quantum yield Φ fl

Equations (20)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d L int,fl ( z' ) dz' = 1 4π Φ fl ( z' ) a ˜ pl ( z' )PA R 0 ( z' )
d L int,fl,z ( z' ) dz' = d L int,fl (z') dz' e z z' K L,u,683nm ( z' )dz' d L int,fl (z') dz' e z z' a 683nm ( z' )dz'
d L int,fl,z ( z' ) dz' = 1 4π Φ fl ( z' ) a ˜ pl ( z' )PA R 0 ( z' ) e z z' K L,u,683nm ( z' )dz'
L int,fl,z = PA R 0,z a ˜ pl,z 4π z Φ fl ( z' ) e ( K 0,z + K L,u,683nm,z )( z'z ) dz'
Φ fl,z app = [ z e ( ( K 0,z + K L,u683nm,z )( z'z ) ) dz' ] 1 z Φ fl ( z' ) e ( ( K 0,z + K L,u,683nm,z )( z'z ) ) dz'= =( K 0,z + K L,u,683nm,z ) z Φ fl ( z' ) e ( ( K 0,z + K L,u,683nm,z )( z'z ) ) dz'
L int,fl,z = PA R 0,z a ˜ pl,z 4π Φ fl,z app 1 K 0,z + K L,u,683nm,z
Φ fl,z app =4π L int,fl,z [ K 0,z + K L,u,683nm,z ] a ˜ pl,z PA R 0,z 4π L int,fl,z [ K 0,z + a 683nm,z ] a ˜ pl,z PA R 0,z
Φ fl,z Φ fl,z app = K 0,z ( Φ fl,z app ) 1 d Φ fl,z app dz + K L,u,683nm,z K 0,z + K L,u,683nm,z
Φ fl,z =4π L int,fl,z [ K 0,z ( Φ fl,z app ) 1 d Φ fl,z app dz + K L,u,683nm,z ] a ˜ pl,z PA R 0,z 4π L int,fl,z [ K 0,z ( Φ fl,z app ) 1 d Φ fl,z app dz + a 683nm,z ] a ˜ pl,z PA R 0,z
1 Φ fl,z app d Φ fl,z app dz 1 z u z d ln Φ fl, z u app Φ fl, z d app
Φ= Φ MAX f a f Δ f c( C a ( 0 )) f c(PARinh) f E,t
Φ fl = Φ fl,0 + Φ fl,v
Φ fl,v = Φ fl,v,MAX f fl,a f fl,Δ f fl,c( Ca(0) ) f fl,c( PARinh ) f fl,E,t
f fl,a = a ˜ pl,PSP * a ˜ pl *
f fl,Δ 0.408±0.105
f fl,c( PA R inh ,temp ) =exp( 4860746PA R 2 2.23 temp / 10 )
f fl,E,t =1[ 1exp( PU R PSP * 5.237 10 7 2.03 temp 10 ) ] 5.237 10 7 2.03 temp 10 PU R PSP *
f fl,c( C a ( 0 )) = 0.44 0.44+ C a ( 0 ) 0.66
Φ fl,0 = Φ fl,meas Φ fl,v,calc
Φ fl,0 =0.00712 C a ( 0 ) 0.402

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