Abstract

In this work we present the first realization and characterization of two-dimensional periodic and aperiodic POLICRYPS (Polymer Liquid Crystal Polymer Slices) structures, obtained by means of a single-beam holographic technique exploiting a high resolution spatial light modulator (SLM). A first investigation shows that the gratings, operating in the Raman Nath regime, exhibit a morphology and a electro-optical behavior that are typical of the POLICRYPS gratings realized by two-beam interference holography.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. R. Caputo, L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Development of a new kind of switchable holographic grating made of liquid-crystal films separated by slices of polymeric material,” Opt. Lett.29, 1261–1263 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64, 1074–1076 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. J. White, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, P. F. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and C. A. Guymon, “Monomer functionality effects in the formation of thiol-ene holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Macromolecules40, 1121–1127 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. T. Pogue, R. L. Sutherland, M. G. Schmitt, L. V. Natarajan, S. A. Siwecki, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable Bragg gratings from liquid crystal/polymer composites,” Appl. Spectrosc.54, 12A–28A, (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. d’Alessandro, R. Asquini, C. Gizzi, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and A. V. Sukhov, “Electro-optical properties of switchable gratings made of polymer and nematic liquid-crystal slices,” Opt. Lett.29, 1405–1407 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, S. Chandra, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable orthorhombic F photonic crystals formed by holographic polymerization-induced phase separation of liquid crystal,” Opt. Express10, 1074–1082 (2002).
    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. M. E. De Rosa, V. P. Tondiglia, and L. V. Natarajan, “Mechanical deformation of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in an elastic polymer,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.68, 523–526 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Infusino, A. Ferraro, A. De Luca, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, “Policryps visible curing for spatial light modulator based holography,” submitted J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, (2012).
  21. A. Veltri, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Model for the photoinduced formation of diffraction gratings in liquid-crystalline composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84, 3492–3494 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]
  24. Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, Q. Wang, and D. Luo, “Electrically switchable optical vortex generated by computer-generated hologram recorded in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Express15, 16645–16650 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. A. Kumar, P. Vaity, Y. Krishna, and R. P. Singh, “Engineering the size of dark core of an optical vortex,” Opt. Lasers Eng.48, 276–281 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  26. A. V. Carpentier, H. Michinel, J. R. Salgueiro, and D. Olivieri, “Making optical vortices with computer-generated holograms,” Am. J. Phys.76, 916–921 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012

M. Infusino, A. Ferraro, A. De Luca, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, “Policryps visible curing for spatial light modulator based holography,” submitted J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, (2012).

2010

A. Kumar, P. Vaity, Y. Krishna, and R. P. Singh, “Engineering the size of dark core of an optical vortex,” Opt. Lasers Eng.48, 276–281 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. De Sio and C. Umeton, “Dual-mode control of light by two-dimensional periodic structures realized in liquid-crystalline composite materials,” Opt. Lett.35, 2759–2761 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

2007

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, Q. Wang, and D. Luo, “Electrically switchable optical vortex generated by computer-generated hologram recorded in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Express15, 16645–16650 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Computer-generated holographic gratings in soft matter,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.465, 371–378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. J. White, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, P. F. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and C. A. Guymon, “Monomer functionality effects in the formation of thiol-ene holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Macromolecules40, 1121–1127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

R. Caputo, L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Policryps switchable holographic grating: a promising grating electro-optical pixel for high resolution display application,” J. Disp. Technol.2, 38–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu and X. W. Sun, “Electrically tunable two-dimensional holographic photonic crystal fabricated by a single diffractive element,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 171101–171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal reflection gratings based on thiolene photopolymerization,” Chem. Mater.15, 2477–2484, (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Davis, K. O. Valadéz, and D. M. Cottrell, “Encoding amplitude and phase information onto a binary phase-only spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt.42, 2003–2008 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, S. Chandra, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable orthorhombic F photonic crystals formed by holographic polymerization-induced phase separation of liquid crystal,” Opt. Express10, 1074–1082 (2002).
[PubMed]

V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Holographic formation of electro-optical polymer-liquid crystal photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater.14, 187–191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

1998

M. E. De Rosa, V. P. Tondiglia, and L. V. Natarajan, “Mechanical deformation of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in an elastic polymer,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.68, 523–526 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Gahagan and G. A. Swartzlander, “Trapping of low-index microparticles in an optical vortex,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B15, 524–534 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

1994

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Bragg gratings in an acrylate polymer consisting of periodic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal planes,” Chem. Mater.5, 1533–1538 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989

Abbate, G.

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Two-dimensional photonic quasi-crystals by single beam computer-generated holography,” Opt. Express16, 5164–5170 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Computer-generated holographic gratings in soft matter,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.465, 371–378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adams, W. W.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Asquini, R.

Brandelik, D. M.

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal reflection gratings based on thiolene photopolymerization,” Chem. Mater.15, 2477–2484, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T. J.

T. J. White, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, P. F. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and C. A. Guymon, “Monomer functionality effects in the formation of thiol-ene holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Macromolecules40, 1121–1127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal reflection gratings based on thiolene photopolymerization,” Chem. Mater.15, 2477–2484, (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Holographic formation of electro-optical polymer-liquid crystal photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater.14, 187–191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, S. Chandra, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable orthorhombic F photonic crystals formed by holographic polymerization-induced phase separation of liquid crystal,” Opt. Express10, 1074–1082 (2002).
[PubMed]

R. T. Pogue, R. L. Sutherland, M. G. Schmitt, L. V. Natarajan, S. A. Siwecki, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable Bragg gratings from liquid crystal/polymer composites,” Appl. Spectrosc.54, 12A–28A, (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Bragg gratings in an acrylate polymer consisting of periodic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal planes,” Chem. Mater.5, 1533–1538 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Caputo, R.

M. Infusino, A. Ferraro, A. De Luca, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, “Policryps visible curing for spatial light modulator based holography,” submitted J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, (2012).

R. Caputo, L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Policryps switchable holographic grating: a promising grating electro-optical pixel for high resolution display application,” J. Disp. Technol.2, 38–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Veltri, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Model for the photoinduced formation of diffraction gratings in liquid-crystalline composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84, 3492–3494 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, R. Asquini, C. Gizzi, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and A. V. Sukhov, “Electro-optical properties of switchable gratings made of polymer and nematic liquid-crystal slices,” Opt. Lett.29, 1405–1407 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Caputo, L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Development of a new kind of switchable holographic grating made of liquid-crystal films separated by slices of polymeric material,” Opt. Lett.29, 1261–1263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carpentier, A. V.

A. V. Carpentier, H. Michinel, J. R. Salgueiro, and D. Olivieri, “Making optical vortices with computer-generated holograms,” Am. J. Phys.76, 916–921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chandra, S.

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal reflection gratings based on thiolene photopolymerization,” Chem. Mater.15, 2477–2484, (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, S. Chandra, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable orthorhombic F photonic crystals formed by holographic polymerization-induced phase separation of liquid crystal,” Opt. Express10, 1074–1082 (2002).
[PubMed]

Cottrell, D. M.

d’Alessandro, A.

Davis, J. A.

De Luca, A.

M. Infusino, A. Ferraro, A. De Luca, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, “Policryps visible curing for spatial light modulator based holography,” submitted J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, (2012).

De Rosa, M. E.

M. E. De Rosa, V. P. Tondiglia, and L. V. Natarajan, “Mechanical deformation of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in an elastic polymer,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.68, 523–526 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De Sio, L.

Ferraro, A.

M. Infusino, A. Ferraro, A. De Luca, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, “Policryps visible curing for spatial light modulator based holography,” submitted J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, (2012).

Flowers, S. W.

Gahagan, K. T.

Gizzi, C.

Guymon, C. A.

T. J. White, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, P. F. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and C. A. Guymon, “Monomer functionality effects in the formation of thiol-ene holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Macromolecules40, 1121–1127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hirokari, T.

Infusino, M.

M. Infusino, A. Ferraro, A. De Luca, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, “Policryps visible curing for spatial light modulator based holography,” submitted J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, (2012).

Jacobs, D.

Krishna, Y.

A. Kumar, P. Vaity, Y. Krishna, and R. P. Singh, “Engineering the size of dark core of an optical vortex,” Opt. Lasers Eng.48, 276–281 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, A.

A. Kumar, P. Vaity, Y. Krishna, and R. P. Singh, “Engineering the size of dark core of an optical vortex,” Opt. Lasers Eng.48, 276–281 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kurizki, G.

Li, J.

Liang, B.

Lilly, R. A.

Liu, Y.

Liu, Y. J.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, Q. Wang, and D. Luo, “Electrically switchable optical vortex generated by computer-generated hologram recorded in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Express15, 16645–16650 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Liu and X. W. Sun, “Electrically tunable two-dimensional holographic photonic crystal fabricated by a single diffractive element,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 171101–171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lloyd, P. F.

T. J. White, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, P. F. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and C. A. Guymon, “Monomer functionality effects in the formation of thiol-ene holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Macromolecules40, 1121–1127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luo, D.

Marino, A.

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Two-dimensional photonic quasi-crystals by single beam computer-generated holography,” Opt. Express16, 5164–5170 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Computer-generated holographic gratings in soft matter,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.465, 371–378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Michinel, H.

A. V. Carpentier, H. Michinel, J. R. Salgueiro, and D. Olivieri, “Making optical vortices with computer-generated holograms,” Am. J. Phys.76, 916–921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Natarajan, L. V.

T. J. White, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, P. F. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and C. A. Guymon, “Monomer functionality effects in the formation of thiol-ene holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Macromolecules40, 1121–1127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal reflection gratings based on thiolene photopolymerization,” Chem. Mater.15, 2477–2484, (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Holographic formation of electro-optical polymer-liquid crystal photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater.14, 187–191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, S. Chandra, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable orthorhombic F photonic crystals formed by holographic polymerization-induced phase separation of liquid crystal,” Opt. Express10, 1074–1082 (2002).
[PubMed]

R. T. Pogue, R. L. Sutherland, M. G. Schmitt, L. V. Natarajan, S. A. Siwecki, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable Bragg gratings from liquid crystal/polymer composites,” Appl. Spectrosc.54, 12A–28A, (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. E. De Rosa, V. P. Tondiglia, and L. V. Natarajan, “Mechanical deformation of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in an elastic polymer,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.68, 523–526 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Bragg gratings in an acrylate polymer consisting of periodic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal planes,” Chem. Mater.5, 1533–1538 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ogiwara, A.

Olivieri, D.

A. V. Carpentier, H. Michinel, J. R. Salgueiro, and D. Olivieri, “Making optical vortices with computer-generated holograms,” Am. J. Phys.76, 916–921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Piccirillo, B.

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Two-dimensional photonic quasi-crystals by single beam computer-generated holography,” Opt. Express16, 5164–5170 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Computer-generated holographic gratings in soft matter,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.465, 371–378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pogue, R. T.

Salgueiro, J. R.

A. V. Carpentier, H. Michinel, J. R. Salgueiro, and D. Olivieri, “Making optical vortices with computer-generated holograms,” Am. J. Phys.76, 916–921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Santamato, E.

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Two-dimensional photonic quasi-crystals by single beam computer-generated holography,” Opt. Express16, 5164–5170 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Computer-generated holographic gratings in soft matter,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.465, 371–378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, M. G.

Shepherd, C. K.

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal reflection gratings based on thiolene photopolymerization,” Chem. Mater.15, 2477–2484, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R. P.

A. Kumar, P. Vaity, Y. Krishna, and R. P. Singh, “Engineering the size of dark core of an optical vortex,” Opt. Lasers Eng.48, 276–281 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Siwecki, S. A.

Sukhov, A. V.

R. Caputo, L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Policryps switchable holographic grating: a promising grating electro-optical pixel for high resolution display application,” J. Disp. Technol.2, 38–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Veltri, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Model for the photoinduced formation of diffraction gratings in liquid-crystalline composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84, 3492–3494 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, R. Asquini, C. Gizzi, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and A. V. Sukhov, “Electro-optical properties of switchable gratings made of polymer and nematic liquid-crystal slices,” Opt. Lett.29, 1405–1407 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Caputo, L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Development of a new kind of switchable holographic grating made of liquid-crystal films separated by slices of polymeric material,” Opt. Lett.29, 1261–1263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, X. W.

Y. J. Liu, X. W. Sun, Q. Wang, and D. Luo, “Electrically switchable optical vortex generated by computer-generated hologram recorded in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Express15, 16645–16650 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Liu and X. W. Sun, “Electrically tunable two-dimensional holographic photonic crystal fabricated by a single diffractive element,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 171101–171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, R. L.

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal reflection gratings based on thiolene photopolymerization,” Chem. Mater.15, 2477–2484, (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Holographic formation of electro-optical polymer-liquid crystal photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater.14, 187–191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, S. Chandra, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable orthorhombic F photonic crystals formed by holographic polymerization-induced phase separation of liquid crystal,” Opt. Express10, 1074–1082 (2002).
[PubMed]

R. T. Pogue, R. L. Sutherland, M. G. Schmitt, L. V. Natarajan, S. A. Siwecki, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable Bragg gratings from liquid crystal/polymer composites,” Appl. Spectrosc.54, 12A–28A, (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Bragg gratings in an acrylate polymer consisting of periodic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal planes,” Chem. Mater.5, 1533–1538 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Swartzlander, G. A.

Tkachenko, V.

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Two-dimensional photonic quasi-crystals by single beam computer-generated holography,” Opt. Express16, 5164–5170 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Computer-generated holographic gratings in soft matter,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.465, 371–378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tomlin, D.

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal reflection gratings based on thiolene photopolymerization,” Chem. Mater.15, 2477–2484, (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Holographic formation of electro-optical polymer-liquid crystal photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater.14, 187–191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, S. Chandra, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable orthorhombic F photonic crystals formed by holographic polymerization-induced phase separation of liquid crystal,” Opt. Express10, 1074–1082 (2002).
[PubMed]

Tondiglia, V. P.

T. J. White, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, P. F. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and C. A. Guymon, “Monomer functionality effects in the formation of thiol-ene holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Macromolecules40, 1121–1127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal reflection gratings based on thiolene photopolymerization,” Chem. Mater.15, 2477–2484, (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Holographic formation of electro-optical polymer-liquid crystal photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater.14, 187–191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, S. Chandra, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable orthorhombic F photonic crystals formed by holographic polymerization-induced phase separation of liquid crystal,” Opt. Express10, 1074–1082 (2002).
[PubMed]

R. T. Pogue, R. L. Sutherland, M. G. Schmitt, L. V. Natarajan, S. A. Siwecki, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable Bragg gratings from liquid crystal/polymer composites,” Appl. Spectrosc.54, 12A–28A, (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. E. De Rosa, V. P. Tondiglia, and L. V. Natarajan, “Mechanical deformation of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in an elastic polymer,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.68, 523–526 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Bragg gratings in an acrylate polymer consisting of periodic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal planes,” Chem. Mater.5, 1533–1538 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Umeton, C.

M. Infusino, A. Ferraro, A. De Luca, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, “Policryps visible curing for spatial light modulator based holography,” submitted J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, (2012).

L. De Sio and C. Umeton, “Dual-mode control of light by two-dimensional periodic structures realized in liquid-crystalline composite materials,” Opt. Lett.35, 2759–2761 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Caputo, L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Policryps switchable holographic grating: a promising grating electro-optical pixel for high resolution display application,” J. Disp. Technol.2, 38–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Veltri, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Model for the photoinduced formation of diffraction gratings in liquid-crystalline composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84, 3492–3494 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, R. Asquini, C. Gizzi, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and A. V. Sukhov, “Electro-optical properties of switchable gratings made of polymer and nematic liquid-crystal slices,” Opt. Lett.29, 1405–1407 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Caputo, L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Development of a new kind of switchable holographic grating made of liquid-crystal films separated by slices of polymeric material,” Opt. Lett.29, 1261–1263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vaity, P.

A. Kumar, P. Vaity, Y. Krishna, and R. P. Singh, “Engineering the size of dark core of an optical vortex,” Opt. Lasers Eng.48, 276–281 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Valadéz, K. O.

Veltri, A.

R. Caputo, L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Policryps switchable holographic grating: a promising grating electro-optical pixel for high resolution display application,” J. Disp. Technol.2, 38–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Veltri, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Model for the photoinduced formation of diffraction gratings in liquid-crystalline composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84, 3492–3494 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. d’Alessandro, R. Asquini, C. Gizzi, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, A. Veltri, and A. V. Sukhov, “Electro-optical properties of switchable gratings made of polymer and nematic liquid-crystal slices,” Opt. Lett.29, 1405–1407 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Caputo, L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Development of a new kind of switchable holographic grating made of liquid-crystal films separated by slices of polymeric material,” Opt. Lett.29, 1261–1263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

White, T. J.

T. J. White, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, P. F. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and C. A. Guymon, “Monomer functionality effects in the formation of thiol-ene holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Macromolecules40, 1121–1127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. S.

Xie, X.

Yan, L.

Zhang, P.

Zhong, Y.

Zhou, J.

Zito, G.

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Two-dimensional photonic quasi-crystals by single beam computer-generated holography,” Opt. Express16, 5164–5170 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Computer-generated holographic gratings in soft matter,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.465, 371–378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, R. L. Sutherland, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Holographic formation of electro-optical polymer-liquid crystal photonic crystals,” Adv. Mater.14, 187–191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Phys.

A. V. Carpentier, H. Michinel, J. R. Salgueiro, and D. Olivieri, “Making optical vortices with computer-generated holograms,” Am. J. Phys.76, 916–921 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Veltri, R. Caputo, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Model for the photoinduced formation of diffraction gratings in liquid-crystalline composite materials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84, 3492–3494 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Liu and X. W. Sun, “Electrically tunable two-dimensional holographic photonic crystal fabricated by a single diffractive element,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89, 171101–171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan, T. J. Bunning, and W. W. Adams, “Electrically switchable volume gratings in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64, 1074–1076 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

Chem. Mater.

R. L. Sutherland, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Bragg gratings in an acrylate polymer consisting of periodic polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal planes,” Chem. Mater.5, 1533–1538 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. V. Natarajan, C. K. Shepherd, D. M. Brandelik, R. L. Sutherland, S. Chandra, V. P. Tondiglia, D. Tomlin, and T. J. Bunning, “Switchable holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystal reflection gratings based on thiolene photopolymerization,” Chem. Mater.15, 2477–2484, (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci.

M. E. De Rosa, V. P. Tondiglia, and L. V. Natarajan, “Mechanical deformation of a liquid crystal diffraction grating in an elastic polymer,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci.68, 523–526 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol.

R. Caputo, L. De Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, and A. V. Sukhov, “Policryps switchable holographic grating: a promising grating electro-optical pixel for high resolution display application,” J. Disp. Technol.2, 38–51 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Macromolecules

T. J. White, L. V. Natarajan, V. P. Tondiglia, P. F. Lloyd, T. J. Bunning, and C. A. Guymon, “Monomer functionality effects in the formation of thiol-ene holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystals,” Macromolecules40, 1121–1127 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.

G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, A. Marino, V. Tkachenko, and G. Abbate, “Computer-generated holographic gratings in soft matter,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.465, 371–378 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lasers Eng.

A. Kumar, P. Vaity, Y. Krishna, and R. P. Singh, “Engineering the size of dark core of an optical vortex,” Opt. Lasers Eng.48, 276–281 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

M. Infusino, A. Ferraro, A. De Luca, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, “Policryps visible curing for spatial light modulator based holography,” submitted J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, (2012).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

4f Fourier set-up for image reconstruction

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical microscopy image of a 2D POLICRYPS grid with a pitch of 38 μm. The inset shows the presence of disclinations in the region of intersection between vertical and horizontal stripes; (b) Far-field diffraction pattern for red and green light probes. (c) Polar graphs of the (1,0) and (0,1) orders; (d) Optical response of the sample to an applied (ON-OFF) electric stimulus.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical microscopy image of a fork grating with a pitch of 13μm. (b) Switching curves for s- (red squares) and p-polarized (green squares) incoming light. (c) Far-field diffraction pattern for a red probe. (d) Beam-profiler acquisition of the first diffracted order and (e) the related cut along a radius (θ = π/2)

Equations (1)

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I fork = | ψ 1 + ψ 2 | 2 = | exp ( i q θ ) + exp ( i k z ) | 2 = 2 [ 1 cos ( k z q θ ) ]

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