## Abstract

Slow-servo single-point diamond turning as well as advances in computer controlled small lap polishing enables the fabrication of freeform optics, or more specifically, optical surfaces for imaging applications that are not rotationally symmetric. Various forms of polynomials for describing freeform optical surfaces exist in optical design and to support fabrication. A popular method is to add orthogonal polynomials onto a conic section. In this paper, recently introduced gradient-orthogonal polynomials are investigated in a comparative manner with the widely known Zernike polynomials. In order to achieve numerical robustness when higher-order polynomials are required to describe freeform surfaces, recurrence relations are a key enabler. Results in this paper establish the equivalence of both polynomial sets in accurately describing freeform surfaces under stringent conditions. Quantifying the accuracy of these two freeform surface descriptions is a critical step in the future application of these tools in both advanced optical system design and optical fabrication.

©2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article | PDF Article**OSA Recommended Articles**

Ilhan Kaya, Kevin P. Thompson, and Jannick P. Rolland

Opt. Express **19**(27) 26962-26974 (2011)

Eduard Muslimov, Emmanuel Hugot, Wilfried Jahn, Sebastien Vives, Marc Ferrari, Bertrand Chambion, David Henry, and Christophe Gaschet

Opt. Express **25**(13) 14598-14610 (2017)

G. W. Forbes

Opt. Express **20**(3) 2483-2499 (2012)