Abstract

We report on an environmentally stable giant chirp oscillator operating at 1030 nm. Thanks to the use of a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror as the mode-locker, we are able to extract pulse energies in excess of 10 nJ from a robust all-PM cavity with no free-space elements. Extensive numerical simulations reveal that the output oscillator energy and duration can simply be up-scaled through the lengthening of the cavity with suitably positioned single-mode fiber. Experimentally, using different cavity lengths we have achieved environmentally stable mode-locking at 10, 3.7 and 1.7 MHz with corresponding pulse energies of 2.3, 10 and 16 nJ. In all cases external grating-pair compression below 400 fs has been demonstrated.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. C. K. Nielsen, B. Ortaç, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, R. Hohmuth, W. Richter, and A. Tünnermann “Self-starting self-similar all-polarization maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13, 9346–9351 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. K. Nielsen and S. R. Keiding, “All-fiber mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1474–1476 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Environmentally stable all-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1071–1073 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, “Highly-stable monolithic femtosecond Yb-fiber laser system based on photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 15475–15483 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. I. N. Duling, “All-fiber ring soliton laser mode locked with a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Lett. 16, 539–541 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14, 10095–10100 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Buckley, A. Chong, S. Zhou, W. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Stabilization of high-energy femtosecond ytterbium fiber lasers by use of a frequency filter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 24, 1803–1806 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. G. Bale, J. N. Kutz, A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Spectral filtering for mode locking in the normal dispersive regime,” Opt. Lett. 33, 941–943 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. G. Bale, J. N. Kutz, A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Spectral filtering for high-energy mode-locking in normal dispersion fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 25, 1763–1770 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Aguergaray, D. Méchin, V. Kruglov, and J. D. Harvey, “Experimental realization of a mode-locked parabolic Raman fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 18, 8680–8687 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser with pulse energy above 20 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2408–2410 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. O. Prochnow, A. Ruehl, M. Schultz, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber similariton laser at 1 μm without dispersion compensation,” Opt. Express 15, 6889–6893 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. B. Ortaç, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and A. Hideur “High-energy femtosecond Yb-doped dispersion compensation free fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15, 10725–10732 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 021805(R) (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Aguergaray, N. G. R. Broderick, M. Erkintalo, J. S. Y. Chen, and V. Kruglov, “Mode-locked femtosecond all-normal all-PM Yb-doped fiber laser using a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 20, 10545–10551 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Giant-chirp oscillators for short-pulse fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 33, 3025–3027 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. N. B. Chichkov, K. Hausmann, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “High-power dissipative solitons from an all-normal dispersion erbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2807–2809 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. N. B. Chichkov, C. Hapke, K. Hausmann, T. Theeg, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “0.5 μJ pulses from a giant-chirp ytterbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 19, 3647–3650 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, E. P. Ippen, Z. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation and direct measurement of giant chirp in a passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3526–3528 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. X. Tian, M. Tang, P. P. Shum, Y. Gong, C. Lin, S. Fu, and T. Zhang, “High-energy laser pulse with a submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1432–1434 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electon. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (4)

2009 (2)

2008 (4)

2007 (5)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

1994 (1)

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electon. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

Aguergaray, C.

Bale, B. G.

B. G. Bale, J. N. Kutz, A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Spectral filtering for mode locking in the normal dispersive regime,” Opt. Lett. 33, 941–943 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. G. Bale, J. N. Kutz, A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Spectral filtering for high-energy mode-locking in normal dispersion fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 25, 1763–1770 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barnard, C.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electon. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Buckley, J.

J. Buckley, A. Chong, S. Zhou, W. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Stabilization of high-energy femtosecond ytterbium fiber lasers by use of a frequency filter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 24, 1803–1806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14, 10095–10100 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J. S. Y.

Chichkov, N. B.

Chong, A.

Chrostowski, J.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electon. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Duling, I. N.

Erkintalo, M.

Ferrari, A. C.

Fu, S.

Gong, Y.

Hapke, C.

Harvey, J. D.

Haus, H. A.

Hausmann, K.

Hideur, A.

Hohmuth, R.

Ippen, E. P.

Kavehrad, M.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electon. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, S. R.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Kracht, D.

Kruglov, V.

Kutz, J. N.

B. G. Bale, J. N. Kutz, A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Spectral filtering for mode locking in the normal dispersive regime,” Opt. Lett. 33, 941–943 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. G. Bale, J. N. Kutz, A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Spectral filtering for high-energy mode-locking in normal dispersion fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 25, 1763–1770 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lægsgaard, J.

Limpert, J.

Lin, C.

Liu, X.

Méchin, D.

Morgner, U.

Myslinski, P.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electon. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

Neumann, J.

Nielsen, C. K.

Ortaç, B.

Popov, S. V.

Prochnow, O.

Renninger, W.

J. Buckley, A. Chong, S. Zhou, W. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Stabilization of high-energy femtosecond ytterbium fiber lasers by use of a frequency filter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 24, 1803–1806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W. H.

Richter, W.

Ruehl, A.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Schultz, M.

Shum, P. P.

Sun, Z.

Tamura, K.

Tang, M.

Taylor, J. R.

Theeg, T.

Tian, X.

Travers, J. C.

Tünnermann, A.

Turchinovich, D.

Wandt, D.

Wise, F. W.

Zhang, T.

Zhou, S.

J. Buckley, A. Chong, S. Zhou, W. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Stabilization of high-energy femtosecond ytterbium fiber lasers by use of a frequency filter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 24, 1803–1806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electon. (1)

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electon. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (2)

J. Buckley, A. Chong, S. Zhou, W. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Stabilization of high-energy femtosecond ytterbium fiber lasers by use of a frequency filter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 24, 1803–1806 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Bale, J. N. Kutz, A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Spectral filtering for high-energy mode-locking in normal dispersion fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 25, 1763–1770 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (8)

C. K. Nielsen, B. Ortaç, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, R. Hohmuth, W. Richter, and A. Tünnermann “Self-starting self-similar all-polarization maintaining Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13, 9346–9351 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14, 10095–10100 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Prochnow, A. Ruehl, M. Schultz, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber similariton laser at 1 μm without dispersion compensation,” Opt. Express 15, 6889–6893 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ortaç, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and A. Hideur “High-energy femtosecond Yb-doped dispersion compensation free fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15, 10725–10732 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Aguergaray, D. Méchin, V. Kruglov, and J. D. Harvey, “Experimental realization of a mode-locked parabolic Raman fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 18, 8680–8687 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, “Highly-stable monolithic femtosecond Yb-fiber laser system based on photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 15475–15483 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. B. Chichkov, C. Hapke, K. Hausmann, T. Theeg, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “0.5 μJ pulses from a giant-chirp ytterbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 19, 3647–3650 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Aguergaray, N. G. R. Broderick, M. Erkintalo, J. S. Y. Chen, and V. Kruglov, “Mode-locked femtosecond all-normal all-PM Yb-doped fiber laser using a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express 20, 10545–10551 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (10)

N. B. Chichkov, K. Hausmann, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “High-power dissipative solitons from an all-normal dispersion erbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2807–2809 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. G. Bale, J. N. Kutz, A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Spectral filtering for mode locking in the normal dispersive regime,” Opt. Lett. 33, 941–943 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Environmentally stable all-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33, 1071–1073 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Giant-chirp oscillators for short-pulse fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 33, 3025–3027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Tian, M. Tang, P. P. Shum, Y. Gong, C. Lin, S. Fu, and T. Zhang, “High-energy laser pulse with a submegahertz repetition rate from a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1432–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. R. Kelleher, J. C. Travers, E. P. Ippen, Z. Sun, A. C. Ferrari, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Generation and direct measurement of giant chirp in a passively mode-locked laser,” Opt. Lett. 34, 3526–3528 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser with pulse energy above 20 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2408–2410 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. Nielsen and S. R. Keiding, “All-fiber mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1474–1476 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. N. Duling, “All-fiber ring soliton laser mode locked with a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Lett. 16, 539–541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, “77-fs pulse generation from a stretched-pulse mode locked all-fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1080–1082 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 021805(R) (2010).
[CrossRef]

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