Abstract

We investigate a novel WDM-PON system by using self-seeded Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier (RSOA) both in downstream and upstream. The transmission performance is evaluated and reported for the first time and meets carrier level requirements.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premise: what, where, and when?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G.-K. Chang, Z. Jia, J. Yu, and A. Chowdhury, “Super broadband optical wireless access technologies,” in Proc. OFC, paper OThD1, San Diego, USA, 2008.
  3. R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1334–1336 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Y. Cho, S. P. Jung, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Recent progresses in RSOA-based WDM PON,” in International Conference of Transparent Optical Networks, 2009.
  7. Y. C. Chung, “Challenges toward practical WDM PON,” in Proc. OECC 2006, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2006.
  8. H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review,” J. Opt. Netw. 4(11Issue 11), 737–758 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, K. R. Oh, and Y. C. Chung, “Operating wavelength range of 1.25-Gb/s WDM PON implemented by using RSOA’s,” in Proc. OFC, paper OTuH3, San Diego, USA, 2008.
  11. H. S. Shin, D. K. Jung, D. H. Shin, S. B. Park, J. S. Lee, I. K. Yun, S. W. Kim, Y. J. Oh, and C. S. Shin, “16 x 1.25 Gbit/s WDM-PON based on ASE-injected R-SOAs in 60 ° C temperature range,” in Proc. OFC, paper OTuC5, Anaheim, USA, 2006.
  12. S. Y. Kim, S. B. Jun, Y. Takushima, E. S. Son, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced performance of RSOA-based WDM PON by using Manchester coding,” J. Opt. Netw. 6(6), 624–630 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(10), 1286–1295 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. Payox, P. Chanclou, and N. Genay, “WDM-PON with colorless ONUs,” in Proc. OFC, paper OTuG5, Anaheim, USA, 2007.
  15. E. Wong, K. L. Lee, and T. Anderson, “Directly modulated self-seeding reflective SOAs as colorless transmitters for WDM passive optical networks,” in Proc. OFC, paper PDP49, Anaheim, USA, 2006.
  16. M. Presi and E. Ciaramella, “Stable self-seeding of Reflective-SOAs for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. OFC, paper OMP4, Los Angeles, USA, 2011.
  17. L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, G. de Valicourt, and M. Martinelli, “Network-embedded self-tuning cavity for WDM-PON transmitter,” in Proc. ECOC, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011.
  18. Y. Takushima, S. Yamashita, K. Kikuchi, and K. Hotate, “Polarization-stable and single-frequency fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(4), 661–669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1986).
  20. S. Hansmann, H. Walter, H. Hillmer, and H. Burkhard, “Static and dynamic properties of InGaAsP-InP distributed feedback lasers-a detailed comparison between experiment and theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2477–2484 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(10), 1286–1295 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premise: what, where, and when?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1334–1336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takushima, S. Yamashita, K. Kikuchi, and K. Hotate, “Polarization-stable and single-frequency fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(4), 661–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

S. Hansmann, H. Walter, H. Hillmer, and H. Burkhard, “Static and dynamic properties of InGaAsP-InP distributed feedback lasers-a detailed comparison between experiment and theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2477–2484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Agata, A.

Banerjee, A.

Bourgart, F.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burkhard, H.

S. Hansmann, H. Walter, H. Hillmer, and H. Burkhard, “Static and dynamic properties of InGaAsP-InP distributed feedback lasers-a detailed comparison between experiment and theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2477–2484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.-K.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chien, H.-C.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cho, K. Y.

Choi, H. Y.

Chowdhury, A.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

Clarke, F.

Davey, R.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ellinas, G.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hansmann, S.

S. Hansmann, H. Walter, H. Hillmer, and H. Burkhard, “Static and dynamic properties of InGaAsP-InP distributed feedback lasers-a detailed comparison between experiment and theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2477–2484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hillmer, H.

S. Hansmann, H. Walter, H. Hillmer, and H. Burkhard, “Static and dynamic properties of InGaAsP-InP distributed feedback lasers-a detailed comparison between experiment and theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2477–2484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hotate, K.

Huang, M.-F.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jun, S. B.

Jung, D. K.

D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1334–1336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. G.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kani, J.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

Kim, S. Y.

Koonen, T.

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premise: what, where, and when?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kramer, G.

Lee, C. H.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1334–1336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. J.

McCammon, K.

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

Murakami, A.

Park, Y.

Shin, S. K.

D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1334–1336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Son, E. S.

Song, H.

Takushima, Y.

Walter, H.

S. Hansmann, H. Walter, H. Hillmer, and H. Burkhard, “Static and dynamic properties of InGaAsP-InP distributed feedback lasers-a detailed comparison between experiment and theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2477–2484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

Yang, S.

Yu, J.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, and K. McCammon, “Options for future optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 44(10), 50–56 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Hansmann, H. Walter, H. Hillmer, and H. Burkhard, “Static and dynamic properties of InGaAsP-InP distributed feedback lasers-a detailed comparison between experiment and theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(11), 2477–2484 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, “Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(9), 1334–1336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C. H. Lee, “A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12(8), 1067–1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Commun. (1)

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key technologies of WDM-PON for future converged optical broadband access networks,” J. Opt. Commun. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Koonen, “Fiber to the home/fiber to the premise: what, where, and when?” Proc. IEEE 94(5), 911–934 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

G.-K. Chang, Z. Jia, J. Yu, and A. Chowdhury, “Super broadband optical wireless access technologies,” in Proc. OFC, paper OThD1, San Diego, USA, 2008.

G. P. Agrawal and N. K. Dutta, Long-Wavelength Semiconductor Lasers (Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1986).

F. Payox, P. Chanclou, and N. Genay, “WDM-PON with colorless ONUs,” in Proc. OFC, paper OTuG5, Anaheim, USA, 2007.

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, and T. Anderson, “Directly modulated self-seeding reflective SOAs as colorless transmitters for WDM passive optical networks,” in Proc. OFC, paper PDP49, Anaheim, USA, 2006.

M. Presi and E. Ciaramella, “Stable self-seeding of Reflective-SOAs for WDM-PONs,” in Proc. OFC, paper OMP4, Los Angeles, USA, 2011.

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, G. de Valicourt, and M. Martinelli, “Network-embedded self-tuning cavity for WDM-PON transmitter,” in Proc. ECOC, Geneva, Switzerland, 2011.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, K. R. Oh, and Y. C. Chung, “Operating wavelength range of 1.25-Gb/s WDM PON implemented by using RSOA’s,” in Proc. OFC, paper OTuH3, San Diego, USA, 2008.

H. S. Shin, D. K. Jung, D. H. Shin, S. B. Park, J. S. Lee, I. K. Yun, S. W. Kim, Y. J. Oh, and C. S. Shin, “16 x 1.25 Gbit/s WDM-PON based on ASE-injected R-SOAs in 60 ° C temperature range,” in Proc. OFC, paper OTuC5, Anaheim, USA, 2006.

K. Y. Cho, S. P. Jung, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Recent progresses in RSOA-based WDM PON,” in International Conference of Transparent Optical Networks, 2009.

Y. C. Chung, “Challenges toward practical WDM PON,” in Proc. OECC 2006, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 2006.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of self-seeded WDM-PON test bed.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Oscillation process of the light seed between the mirror and gain medium.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulation of the optical spectrum evolution for Self-seeded laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

System devices of the test bed.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Combined B2B spectra for both upstream and downstream (yellow: OLT downstream transmission, green: ONU upstream transmission)

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Combined spectra for both upstream and downstream after 20 km transmission: (a) ONU upstream transmission; (b) OLT downstream transmission

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) RSOA output spectra of Channel 17 before and after self-seeded with 1km cavity (yellow: ASE, pink: after self-seeded); (b) Eye diagram after FRM2

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

OLT output spectra for (a) back-to-back (b) after 80 km transmission

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) ONU output spectra after 80 km transmission, the distances between ONU and mirror are 0 km (1st), 1 km (2nd and 3rd) and 5 km (4th and 5th) ; (b) Eye diagram after FRM2 for the 2nd channel

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

BER power penalty for (a) 32 channel system and (b) 16 channel system

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

BER after 20km versus different cavity length

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameters used in the model

Equations (4)

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dN dt = I qV N τ e i=M M ( Γ e υ g e g i e S i e + Γ m υ g m g i m S i m ) + F N
d S i e dt = Γ e υ g e g i e S i e + βN τ e S i e τ p + α i υ g κ S i m ( tτ )+ F S i e
d S i m dt = Γ m υ g m g i m S i m + βN τ s S i m τ p + α i υ g κ S i e ( tτ )+ F S i m
g i = [ a g ( N N 0 )/V ( λ i λ 0 ) 2 / G 0 2 ] / ( 1+ε i=1 p ( S i e + S i m ) )

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