Abstract

We report a stable highly-integrated high power picosecond thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA system without using conventional chirped pulse amplification technique. The master oscillator was passively mode-locked by a SESAM to generate average power of 15 mW at a fundamental repetition rate of 103 MHz in a short linear cavity, and a uniform narrow bandwidth FBG is employed to stabilize the passively mode-locked laser operation. Two-stage double-clad thulium-doped all-fiber amplifiers were used directly to boost average power to 20.7 W. The laser center wavelength was 1962.8 nm and the pulse width was 18 ps. The single pulse energy and peak-power after the amplication were 200 nJ and 11.2 kW respectively. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest average power ever reported for a picosecond thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA system.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, “Low-phase-noise, single-frequency, single-mode 608 W thulium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1204–1206 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “220 μJ monolithic single-frequency Q-switched fiber laser at 2 μm by using highly Tm-doped germanate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3575–3577 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Hübner, C. Kieleck, S. D. Jackson, and M. Eichhorn, “High-power actively mode-locked sub-nanosecond Tm3+-doped silica fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2483–2485 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, A. P. Heberle, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring oscillator operated at solitary and noiselike modes,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3750–3752 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Ultrafast thulium-doped fiber-oscillator with pulse energy of 4.3 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 690–692 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Haxsen, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “Pulse characteristics of a passively mode-locked thulium fiber laser with positive and negative cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 18(18), 18981–18988 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, “Mode-locked 2 mum laser with highly thulium-doped silicate fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3616–3618 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Gumenyuk, I. Vartiainen, H. Tuovinen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Dissipative dispersion-managed soliton 2 μm thulium/holmium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 609–611 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. Haxsen, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “Monotonically chirped pulse evolution in an ultrashort pulse thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1014–1016 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 microm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, “Soliton Thulium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotube Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 128–130 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Liu, Q. Wang, and P. Wang, “Mode-locked 2 μm thulium-doped fiber laser with graphene oxide saturable absorber,” in CLEO: 2012-Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.76.
  14. S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. Haxsen, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “Pulse energy of 151 nJ from ultrafast thulium-doped chirped-pulse fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2991–2993 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. M. Yang, P. Wan, V. Protopopov, and J. Liu, “2 µm femtosecond fiber laser at low repetition rate and high pulse energy,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5683–5688 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “High Repetition-Rate Narrow Bandwidth SESAM Mode-Locked Yb-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 539–541 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3015–3017 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Z. Zhao, B. M. Dunham, I. Bazarov, and F. W. Wise, “Generation of 110 W infrared and 65 W green power from a 1.3-GHz sub-picosecond fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(5), 4850–4855 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. O. P. Kulkarni, V. V. Alexander, M. Kumar, M. J. Freeman, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. Neelakandan, and A. Chan, “Supercontinuum generation from ~1.9 to 4.5 μm in ZBLAN fiber with high average power generation beyond 3.8 μm using a thulium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(10), 2486–2498 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Eckerle, C. Kieleck, J. Świderski, S. D. Jackson, G. Mazé, and M. Eichhorn, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked Tm3+-doped silicate 2 μm fiber laser for supercontinuum generation in fluoride fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 512–514 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

2011

2010

2009

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, “Low-phase-noise, single-frequency, single-mode 608 W thulium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1204–1206 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, “Mode-locked 2 mum laser with highly thulium-doped silicate fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3616–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, “Soliton Thulium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotube Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

2007

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, V. V.

Bazarov, I.

Book, L. D.

Carter, A. L. G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chan, A.

Chavez-Pirson, A.

Chen, K. P.

Chen, T.

Chernov, A. I.

Dianov, E. M.

Dunham, B. M.

Eckerle, M.

Eichhorn, M.

Engelbrecht, M.

Fermann, M. E.

Freeman, M. J.

Frith, G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

Goodno, G. D.

Guina, M.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gumenyuk, R.

Hakulinen, T.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Haxsen, F.

Heberle, A. P.

Hübner, P.

Islam, M. N.

Jackson, S. D.

Jiang, S.

Kieleck, C.

Kieu, K.

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, “Soliton Thulium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotube Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kivistö, S.

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konov, V. I.

Kracht, D.

Kulkarni, O. P.

Kumar, M.

Liu, J.

L. M. Yang, P. Wan, V. Protopopov, and J. Liu, “2 µm femtosecond fiber laser at low repetition rate and high pulse energy,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5683–5688 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “High Repetition-Rate Narrow Bandwidth SESAM Mode-Locked Yb-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 539–541 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lobach, A. S.

Luo, T.

Marcinkevicius, A.

Mazé, G.

Morgner, U.

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Neelakandan, M.

Neumann, J.

Nguyen, D. T.

Obraztsova, E. D.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

R. Gumenyuk, I. Vartiainen, H. Tuovinen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Dissipative dispersion-managed soliton 2 μm thulium/holmium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 609–611 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, E. B.

Peyghambarian, N.

Protopopov, V.

Rines, G. A.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberg, J. E.

Ruehl, A.

Samson, B.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

Slobodtchikov, E. V.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Solodyankin, M. A.

Swiderski, J.

Tausenev, A. V.

Terry, F. L.

Tuovinen, H.

Vartiainen, I.

Wall, K. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wan, P.

Wandt, D.

Wang, P.

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “High Repetition-Rate Narrow Bandwidth SESAM Mode-Locked Yb-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 539–541 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Wise, F. W.

Z. Zhao, B. M. Dunham, I. Bazarov, and F. W. Wise, “Generation of 110 W infrared and 65 W green power from a 1.3-GHz sub-picosecond fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(5), 4850–4855 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, “Soliton Thulium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotube Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “High Repetition-Rate Narrow Bandwidth SESAM Mode-Locked Yb-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 539–541 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L. M.

Yao, Z.

Yu, J.

Zhang, B.

Zhao, Z.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, and A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Kieu and F. W. Wise, “Soliton Thulium-Doped Fiber Laser With Carbon Nanotube Saturable Absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(3), 128–130 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kivistö, T. Hakulinen, M. Guina, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Tunable Raman Soliton Source Using Mode-Locked Tm-Ho Fiber Laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 934–936 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Xu, and P. Wang, “High Repetition-Rate Narrow Bandwidth SESAM Mode-Locked Yb-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(7), 539–541 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

F. Haxsen, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “Pulse energy of 151 nJ from ultrafast thulium-doped chirped-pulse fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2991–2993 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, A. Marcinkevicius, M. E. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “80 W, 120 fs Yb-fiber frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3015–3017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Gumenyuk, I. Vartiainen, H. Tuovinen, and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Dissipative dispersion-managed soliton 2 μm thulium/holmium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 609–611 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hübner, C. Kieleck, S. D. Jackson, and M. Eichhorn, “High-power actively mode-locked sub-nanosecond Tm3+-doped silica fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(13), 2483–2485 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Yu, “220 μJ monolithic single-frequency Q-switched fiber laser at 2 μm by using highly Tm-doped germanate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3575–3577 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Wang, T. Chen, B. Zhang, A. P. Heberle, and K. P. Chen, “All-fiber passively mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring oscillator operated at solitary and noiselike modes,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3750–3752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Engelbrecht, F. Haxsen, A. Ruehl, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Ultrafast thulium-doped fiber-oscillator with pulse energy of 4.3 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 690–692 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Solodyankin, E. D. Obraztsova, A. S. Lobach, A. I. Chernov, A. V. Tausenev, V. I. Konov, and E. M. Dianov, “Mode-locked 1.93 microm thulium fiber laser with a carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1336–1338 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, and J. E. Rothenberg, “Low-phase-noise, single-frequency, single-mode 608 W thulium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1204–1206 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, “Mode-locked 2 mum laser with highly thulium-doped silicate fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3616–3618 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Haxsen, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “Monotonically chirped pulse evolution in an ultrashort pulse thulium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1014–1016 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Eckerle, C. Kieleck, J. Świderski, S. D. Jackson, G. Mazé, and M. Eichhorn, “Actively Q-switched and mode-locked Tm3+-doped silicate 2 μm fiber laser for supercontinuum generation in fluoride fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 512–514 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

J. Liu, Q. Wang, and P. Wang, “Mode-locked 2 μm thulium-doped fiber laser with graphene oxide saturable absorber,” in CLEO: 2012-Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.76.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of the high power picosecond thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA system. FBG, fiber Bragg grating; WDM, 1550/2000 nm wavelength division multiplexer coupler; SESAM, semiconductor saturable absorber mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectrum of the thulium-doped fiber master oscillator. Insert, stable passively mode-locked pulse train of the fiber oscillator at 103 MHz repetition rate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Average output power and pulse energy of the fiber power amplifier with the increase of incident pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectrum of the fiber power amplifier at maximum average output power. Insert, optical spectrum of the fiber power amplifier over a 120 nm bandwidth scale.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Autocorrelation trace of the fiber power amplifier at maximum average output power.

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