Abstract

Metallic nanowires are of great research interest due to their applications in surface plasmon polariton coupling of light. The efficiency is much dependent on the polarization of the light due to the phase matching requirement in the light-surface plasmon polariton coupling. By scanning confocal microscope, the photoluminescence from a single Ag nanowire was demonstrated strongly dependent on the excitation laser polarization, showing good consistency with the theoretical simulation. Meanwhile strong avalanche photoluminescence from a single Ag nanowire was observed when the excitation laser was polarized along the long axis of the Ag nanowire. The photoluminescence emission exhibited a polarization-sensitive spatial distribution. This may stimulate promising applications in designing polarization-controllable nanoscale plasmonic devices.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  33. T. D. Lazzara, G. R. Bourret, R. B. Lennox, and T. G. M. van de Ven, “Polymer templated synthesis of AgCN and Ag nanowires,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2020–2026 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  34. R. L. Zong, J. Zhou, Q. Li, B. Du, B. Li, M. Fu, X. W. Qi, L. T. Li, and S. Buddhudu, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanowire arrays embedded in anodic alumina membrane,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(43), 16713–16716 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  35. Y. G. Sun, B. Mayers, T. Herricks, and Y. N. Xia, “Polyol synthesis of uniform silver nanowires: a plausible growth mechanism and the supporting evidence,” Nano Lett. 3(7), 955–960 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  36. K. E. Korte, S. E. Skrabalak, and Y. N. Xia, “Rapid synthesis of silver nanowires through a CuCl- or CuCl2-mediated polyol process,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(4), 437–441 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  37. C. Wang, Y. J. Hu, C. M. Lieber, and S. H. Sun, “Ultrathin Au nanowires and their transport properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(28), 8902–8903 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. F. Kim, K. Sohn, J. S. Wu, and J. X. Huang, “Chemical synthesis of gold nanowires in acidic solutions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(44), 14442–14443 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. X. X. Li, L. Wang, and G. Q. Yan, “Review: recent research progress on preparation of silver nanowires by soft solution methods and their applications,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 46(5), 427–438 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  40. L. A. Peyser, A. E. Vinson, A. P. Bartko, and R. M. Dickson, “Photoactivated fluorescence from individual silver nanoclusters,” Science 291(5501), 103–106 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. K. Ueno, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, K. Sasaki, and H. Misawa, “Clusters of closely spaced gold nanoparticles as a source of two-photon photoluminescence at visible wavelengths,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(1), 26–30 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  46. J. J. Mock, S. J. Oldenburg, D. S. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, “Composite plasmon resonant nanowires,” Nano Lett. 2(5), 465–469 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  47. G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, “Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 68(15), 155427 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  48. Q. Q. Wang, J. B. Han, D. L. Guo, S. Xiao, Y. B. Han, H. M. Gong, and X. W. Zou, “Highly efficient avalanche multiphoton luminescence from coupled Au nanowires in the visible region,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 723–728 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. G. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano 6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kusar, C. Gruber, A. Hohenau, and J. R. Krenn, “Measurement and reduction of damping in plasmonic nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 661–665 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

W. H. Wang, Q. Yang, F. G. Fan, H. X. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Light propagation in curved silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1603–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Du, Y. M. You, T. Chen, Y. Zhu, H. L. Hu, D. N. Shi, H. Y. Chen, and Z. X. Shen, “Individual Ag nanowire dimer for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Plasmonics 6(4), 761–766 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. X. Li, L. Wang, and G. Q. Yan, “Review: recent research progress on preparation of silver nanowires by soft solution methods and their applications,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 46(5), 427–438 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Wu, Y. Z. Chi, B. T. Wu, K. W. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. P. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructure,” J. Lumin. 131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Li and R. Yu, “Single-plasmon scattering grating using nanowire surface plasmon coupled to nanodiamond nitrogen-vacancy center,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20991–21002 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

Y. G. Ma, X. Y. Li, H. K. Yu, L. M. Tong, Y. Gu, and Q. H. Gong, “Direct measurement of propagation losses in silver nanowires,” Opt. Lett. 35(8), 1160–1162 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Sarkar, P. Kumbhakar, A. K. Mitra, and R. A. Ganeev, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of silver nanowires,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 10(3), 853–857 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Clayton, D. M. Benoist, Y. Zhu, and S. L. Pan, “Photoluminescence and spectroelectrochemistry of single ag nanowires,” ACS Nano 4(4), 2363–2373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Solis, W. S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3482–3485 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between Incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. R. Fang, Z. P. Li, Y. Z. Huang, S. P. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. X. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (9)

Y. R. Fang, H. Wei, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Remote-excitation surface-enhanced Raman scattering using propagating Ag nanowire plasmons,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2049–2053 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Manjavacas and F. J. García de Abajo, “Robust plasmon waveguides in strongly interacting nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1285–1289 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Li, F. Hao, Y. Z. Huang, Y. R. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Directional light emission from propagating surface plasmons of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. D. Lazzara, G. R. Bourret, R. B. Lennox, and T. G. M. van de Ven, “Polymer templated synthesis of AgCN and Ag nanowires,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2020–2026 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. E. Li, H. Xu, and C. K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 470–474 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Neutens, P. Van Dorpe, I. De Vlaminck, L. Lagae, and G. Borghs, “Electrical detection of confined gap plasmons in metal–insulator–metal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 283–286 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

K. E. Korte, S. E. Skrabalak, and Y. N. Xia, “Rapid synthesis of silver nanowires through a CuCl- or CuCl2-mediated polyol process,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(4), 437–441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Wang, Y. J. Hu, C. M. Lieber, and S. H. Sun, “Ultrathin Au nanowires and their transport properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(28), 8902–8903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kim, K. Sohn, J. S. Wu, and J. X. Huang, “Chemical synthesis of gold nanowires in acidic solutions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(44), 14442–14443 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Gong, Z. K. Zhou, S. Xiao, X. R. Su, and Q. Q. Wang, “Strong near-infrared avalanche photoluminescence from Ag nanowire arrays,” Plasmonics 3(2–3), 59–64 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long-range propagation,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Ueno, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, K. Sasaki, and H. Misawa, “Clusters of closely spaced gold nanoparticles as a source of two-photon photoluminescence at visible wavelengths,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(1), 26–30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

Q. Q. Wang, J. B. Han, D. L. Guo, S. Xiao, Y. B. Han, H. M. Gong, and X. W. Zou, “Highly efficient avalanche multiphoton luminescence from coupled Au nanowires in the visible region,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 723–728 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett. 7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, “40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

Y. Li, F. Qian, J. Xiang, and C. M. Lieber, “Naowires electronic and optoelectronic devices,” Mater. Today 9(10), 18–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Leosson, T. Nikolajsen, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Long-range surface plasmon polariton nanowire waveguides for device applications,” Opt. Express 14(1), 314–319 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

R. L. Zong, J. Zhou, Q. Li, B. Du, B. Li, M. Fu, X. W. Qi, L. T. Li, and S. Buddhudu, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanowire arrays embedded in anodic alumina membrane,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(43), 16713–16716 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

Y. G. Sun, B. Mayers, T. Herricks, and Y. N. Xia, “Polyol synthesis of uniform silver nanowires: a plausible growth mechanism and the supporting evidence,” Nano Lett. 3(7), 955–960 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, “Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 68(15), 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. J. Mock, S. J. Oldenburg, D. S. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, “Composite plasmon resonant nanowires,” Nano Lett. 2(5), 465–469 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

L. A. Peyser, A. E. Vinson, A. P. Bartko, and R. M. Dickson, “Photoactivated fluorescence from individual silver nanoclusters,” Science 291(5501), 103–106 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

R. M. Dickson and L. A. Lyon, “Unidirectional plasmon propagation in metallic nanowires,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(26), 6095–6098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

E. Braun, Y. Eichen, U. Sivan, and G. Ben-Yoseph, “DNA-templated assembly and electrode attachment of a conducting silver wire,” Nature 391(6669), 775–778 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

D. Ugarte, A. Chatelain, and W. A. de Heer,“Nanocapillarity and chemistry in carbon nanotubes,” Science 274(5294), 1897–1899 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akimov, A. V.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, “Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 68(15), 155427 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Balasubramanian, G.

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 470–474 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bao, J. M.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, K.

D. Solis, W. S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3482–3485 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wrachtrup, J.

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 470–474 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B. T.

E. Wu, Y. Z. Chi, B. T. Wu, K. W. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. P. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructure,” J. Lumin. 131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, E.

E. Wu, Y. Z. Chi, B. T. Wu, K. W. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. P. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructure,” J. Lumin. 131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J. S.

F. Kim, K. Sohn, J. S. Wu, and J. X. Huang, “Chemical synthesis of gold nanowires in acidic solutions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(44), 14442–14443 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, K. W.

E. Wu, Y. Z. Chi, B. T. Wu, K. W. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. P. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructure,” J. Lumin. 131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y. N.

K. E. Korte, S. E. Skrabalak, and Y. N. Xia, “Rapid synthesis of silver nanowires through a CuCl- or CuCl2-mediated polyol process,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(4), 437–441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. G. Sun, B. Mayers, T. Herricks, and Y. N. Xia, “Polyol synthesis of uniform silver nanowires: a plausible growth mechanism and the supporting evidence,” Nano Lett. 3(7), 955–960 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, J.

Y. Li, F. Qian, J. Xiang, and C. M. Lieber, “Naowires electronic and optoelectronic devices,” Mater. Today 9(10), 18–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, S.

H. M. Gong, Z. K. Zhou, S. Xiao, X. R. Su, and Q. Q. Wang, “Strong near-infrared avalanche photoluminescence from Ag nanowire arrays,” Plasmonics 3(2–3), 59–64 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Q. Wang, J. B. Han, D. L. Guo, S. Xiao, Y. B. Han, H. M. Gong, and X. W. Zou, “Highly efficient avalanche multiphoton luminescence from coupled Au nanowires in the visible region,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 723–728 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. E. Li, H. Xu, and C. K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H. X.

W. H. Wang, Q. Yang, F. G. Fan, H. X. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Light propagation in curved silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1603–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between Incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. R. Fang, Z. P. Li, Y. Z. Huang, S. P. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. X. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Li, F. Hao, Y. Z. Huang, Y. R. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Directional light emission from propagating surface plasmons of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. R. Fang, H. Wei, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Remote-excitation surface-enhanced Raman scattering using propagating Ag nanowire plasmons,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2049–2053 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, G. Q.

X. X. Li, L. Wang, and G. Q. Yan, “Review: recent research progress on preparation of silver nanowires by soft solution methods and their applications,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 46(5), 427–438 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yan, R. X.

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, P. D.

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Q.

W. H. Wang, Q. Yang, F. G. Fan, H. X. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Light propagation in curved silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1603–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yokota, Y.

E. Wu, Y. Z. Chi, B. T. Wu, K. W. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. P. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructure,” J. Lumin. 131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

You, Y. M.

C. L. Du, Y. M. You, T. Chen, Y. Zhu, H. L. Hu, D. N. Shi, H. Y. Chen, and Z. X. Shen, “Individual Ag nanowire dimer for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Plasmonics 6(4), 761–766 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C. L.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, H. K.

Y. G. Ma, X. Y. Li, H. K. Yu, L. M. Tong, Y. Gu, and Q. H. Gong, “Direct measurement of propagation losses in silver nanowires,” Opt. Lett. 35(8), 1160–1162 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, R.

Zeng, H. P.

E. Wu, Y. Z. Chi, B. T. Wu, K. W. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. P. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructure,” J. Lumin. 131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. P.

Y. R. Fang, Z. P. Li, Y. Z. Huang, S. P. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. X. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long-range propagation,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. N.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

R. L. Zong, J. Zhou, Q. Li, B. Du, B. Li, M. Fu, X. W. Qi, L. T. Li, and S. Buddhudu, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanowire arrays embedded in anodic alumina membrane,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(43), 16713–16716 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z. K.

H. M. Gong, Z. K. Zhou, S. Xiao, X. R. Su, and Q. Q. Wang, “Strong near-infrared avalanche photoluminescence from Ag nanowire arrays,” Plasmonics 3(2–3), 59–64 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

C. L. Du, Y. M. You, T. Chen, Y. Zhu, H. L. Hu, D. N. Shi, H. Y. Chen, and Z. X. Shen, “Individual Ag nanowire dimer for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Plasmonics 6(4), 761–766 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Clayton, D. M. Benoist, Y. Zhu, and S. L. Pan, “Photoluminescence and spectroelectrochemistry of single ag nanowires,” ACS Nano 4(4), 2363–2373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zong, R. L.

R. L. Zong, J. Zhou, Q. Li, B. Du, B. Li, M. Fu, X. W. Qi, L. T. Li, and S. Buddhudu, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanowire arrays embedded in anodic alumina membrane,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(43), 16713–16716 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zou, X. W.

Q. Q. Wang, J. B. Han, D. L. Guo, S. Xiao, Y. B. Han, H. M. Gong, and X. W. Zou, “Highly efficient avalanche multiphoton luminescence from coupled Au nanowires in the visible region,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 723–728 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zubarev, E. R.

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. G. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano 6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Solis, W. S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3482–3485 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (2)

B. Wild, L. Cao, Y. G. Sun, B. P. Khanal, E. R. Zubarev, S. K. Gray, N. F. Scherer, and M. Pelton, “Propagation lengths and group velocities of plasmons in chemically synthesized gold and silver nanowires,” ACS Nano 6(1), 472–482 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Clayton, D. M. Benoist, Y. Zhu, and S. L. Pan, “Photoluminescence and spectroelectrochemistry of single ag nanowires,” ACS Nano 4(4), 2363–2373 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

K. Ueno, S. Juodkazis, V. Mizeikis, K. Sasaki, and H. Misawa, “Clusters of closely spaced gold nanoparticles as a source of two-photon photoluminescence at visible wavelengths,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(1), 26–30 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M. H. Lee, “40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (1)

T. D. Lazzara, G. R. Bourret, R. B. Lennox, and T. G. M. van de Ven, “Polymer templated synthesis of AgCN and Ag nanowires,” Chem. Mater. 21(10), 2020–2026 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

X. X. Li, L. Wang, and G. Q. Yan, “Review: recent research progress on preparation of silver nanowires by soft solution methods and their applications,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 46(5), 427–438 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Sarkar, P. Kumbhakar, A. K. Mitra, and R. A. Ganeev, “Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of silver nanowires,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 10(3), 853–857 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

C. Wang, Y. J. Hu, C. M. Lieber, and S. H. Sun, “Ultrathin Au nanowires and their transport properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(28), 8902–8903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kim, K. Sohn, J. S. Wu, and J. X. Huang, “Chemical synthesis of gold nanowires in acidic solutions,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(44), 14442–14443 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lumin. (1)

E. Wu, Y. Z. Chi, B. T. Wu, K. W. Xia, Y. Yokota, K. Ueno, H. Misawa, and H. P. Zeng, “Spatial polarization sensitivity of single Au bowtie nanostructure,” J. Lumin. 131(9), 1971–1974 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

K. E. Korte, S. E. Skrabalak, and Y. N. Xia, “Rapid synthesis of silver nanowires through a CuCl- or CuCl2-mediated polyol process,” J. Mater. Chem. 18(4), 437–441 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

R. L. Zong, J. Zhou, Q. Li, B. Du, B. Li, M. Fu, X. W. Qi, L. T. Li, and S. Buddhudu, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanowire arrays embedded in anodic alumina membrane,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(43), 16713–16716 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Dickson and L. A. Lyon, “Unidirectional plasmon propagation in metallic nanowires,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(26), 6095–6098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Today (1)

Y. Li, F. Qian, J. Xiang, and C. M. Lieber, “Naowires electronic and optoelectronic devices,” Mater. Today 9(10), 18–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (15)

H. Wei, D. Ratchford, X. E. Li, H. Xu, and C. K. Shih, “Propagating surface plasmon induced photon emission from quantum dots,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4168–4171 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. G. Sun, B. Mayers, T. Herricks, and Y. N. Xia, “Polyol synthesis of uniform silver nanowires: a plausible growth mechanism and the supporting evidence,” Nano Lett. 3(7), 955–960 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Li, F. Hao, Y. Z. Huang, Y. R. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Directional light emission from propagating surface plasmons of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Solis, W. S. Chang, B. P. Khanal, K. Bao, P. Nordlander, E. R. Zubarev, and S. Link, “Bleach-imaged plasmon propagation (BlIPP) in single gold nanowires,” Nano Lett. 10(9), 3482–3485 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Wang, Q. Yang, F. G. Fan, H. X. Xu, and Z. L. Wang, “Light propagation in curved silver nanowire plasmonic waveguides,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1603–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kusar, C. Gruber, A. Hohenau, and J. R. Krenn, “Measurement and reduction of damping in plasmonic nanowires,” Nano Lett. 12(2), 661–665 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight, N. K. Grady, R. Bardhan, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoparticle-mediated coupling of light into a nanowire,” Nano Lett. 7(8), 2346–2350 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. P. Li, K. Bao, Y. R. Fang, Y. Z. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Correlation between Incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Manjavacas and F. J. García de Abajo, “Robust plasmon waveguides in strongly interacting nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 9(4), 1285–1289 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. R. Fang, Z. P. Li, Y. Z. Huang, S. P. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. X. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. R. Fang, H. Wei, F. Hao, P. Nordlander, and H. X. Xu, “Remote-excitation surface-enhanced Raman scattering using propagating Ag nanowire plasmons,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2049–2053 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Mock, S. J. Oldenburg, D. S. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, “Composite plasmon resonant nanowires,” Nano Lett. 2(5), 465–469 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Q. Q. Wang, J. B. Han, D. L. Guo, S. Xiao, Y. B. Han, H. M. Gong, and X. W. Zou, “Highly efficient avalanche multiphoton luminescence from coupled Au nanowires in the visible region,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 723–728 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, D. A. Genov, D. F. P. Pile, and X. Zhang, “A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long-range propagation,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 496–500 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Neutens, P. Van Dorpe, I. De Vlaminck, L. Lagae, and G. Borghs, “Electrical detection of confined gap plasmons in metal–insulator–metal waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 283–286 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

R. Kolesov, B. Grotz, G. Balasubramanian, R. J. Stöhr, A. A. L. Nicolet, P. R. Hemmer, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Wave-particle duality of single surface plasmon polaritons,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 470–474 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nature 450(7168), 402–406 (2007).
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Opt. Express (2)

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Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. Schider, J. R. Krenn, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. Leitner, F. R. Aussenegg, W. L. Schaich, I. Puscasu, B. Monacelli, and G. Boreman, “Plasmon dispersion relation of Au and Ag nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 68(15), 155427 (2003).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
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Plasmonics (2)

C. L. Du, Y. M. You, T. Chen, Y. Zhu, H. L. Hu, D. N. Shi, H. Y. Chen, and Z. X. Shen, “Individual Ag nanowire dimer for surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Plasmonics 6(4), 761–766 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Gong, Z. K. Zhou, S. Xiao, X. R. Su, and Q. Q. Wang, “Strong near-infrared avalanche photoluminescence from Ag nanowire arrays,” Plasmonics 3(2–3), 59–64 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) SEM image of Ag NW assembles synthesized by polyol reduction of AgNO3. (b) SEM image of single Ag NW, revealing the very smooth surface. Inset: an SEM image of one end of Ag NW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Extinction spectrum of Ag NWs in ethanol solution.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) PL scan image of a single Ag NW dependent on the polarization angle of the excitation laser. (b) Normalized PL intensity from a single Ag NW as a function of the excitation laser polarization angle. The solid dots represent the experimental data and the solid line represents a fit based on sinusoid. (c) A typical PL spectrum of a single Ag NW.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Polarization dependence of the average electric field intensity enhancement. (a) Electric field intensity contours obtained from the FDTD calculations on a single Ag NW under the parallel and perpendicular excitation polarization relative to the long axis of the Ag NW. The field intensity is at the logarithmic scale. (b) Field intensity enhancement factor (solid circles) as a function of the excitation polarization direction relative to the long axis of the Ag NW. The red line is a sinusoid fit.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

PL intensity dependence on the excitation laser power in parallel and perpendicular polarization excitation directions.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The PL emission polarization from a single Ag NW under different excitation laser polarization directions: (a) parallel and (b) perpendicular. The red solid curves are a fit.

Equations (1)

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P= I I I + I

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