Abstract

A compact and versatile femtosecond mid-IR source is presented, based on an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) synchronously pumped by a commercial 250-MHz Er:fiber laser. The mid-IR spectrum can be tuned in the range 2.25–2.6 μm (signal) and 4.1–4.9 μm (idler), with average power from 20 to 60 mW. At 2.5 μm a minimum pulse duration of 110 fs and a power of 40 mW have been obtained. Active stabilization of the OPO cavity length has been achieved in the whole tuning range.

© 2012 OSA

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2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2004

Adler, F.

Arisholm, G.

Bartels, A.

Bernhardt, B.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bethge, J.

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, M. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “Fully Stabilized, Self-Referenced Thulium Fiber Frequency Comb,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2011), paper PDB 1.

Byer, R. L.

Cankaya, H.

Cizmeciyan, M. N.

Coddington, I.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cossel, K. C.

Dekorsy, T.

Diddams, S. A.

Eikema, K. S. E.

Fermann, M.

N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Jiang, I. Hartl, M. Fermann, and P. G. Schunemann, “Octave-spanning ultrafast OPO with 2.6–6.1μm instantaneous bandwidth pumped by femtosecond Tm-fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 7046–7053 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, M. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “Fully Stabilized, Self-Referenced Thulium Fiber Frequency Comb,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2011), paper PDB 1.

Fermann, M. E.

Ferreiro, T. I.

Fonnum, H.

Gambetta, A.

Gebs, R.

Gohle, C.

Guelachvili, G.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haakestad, M. W.

Hänsch, T. W.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Holzwarth, R.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Keilmann, C. Gohle, and R. Holzwarth, “Time-domain mid-infrared frequency-comb spectrometer,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1542–1544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacquet, P.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jacquey, M.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Jiang, I. Hartl, M. Fermann, and P. G. Schunemann, “Octave-spanning ultrafast OPO with 2.6–6.1μm instantaneous bandwidth pumped by femtosecond Tm-fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 7046–7053 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, M. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “Fully Stabilized, Self-Referenced Thulium Fiber Frequency Comb,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2011), paper PDB 1.

Johnson, T. A.

Jrgensen, C. G.

Keilmann, F.

Kobayashi, Y.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, B. H.

Kurt, A.

Leindecker, N.

Lippert, E.

Marandi, A.

Marangoni, M.

Mohr, C.

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, M. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “Fully Stabilized, Self-Referenced Thulium Fiber Frequency Comb,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2011), paper PDB 1.

Mulder, T. D.

Neely, T. W.

Newbury, N. R.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jrgensen, “Phase-locked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 29, 250–252 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicholson, J. W.

Ozawa, A.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Picque, N.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

Ruehl, A.

Schunemann, P. G.

Scott, R. P.

Sennaroglu, A.

Stenersen, K.

Sun, J.

Swann, W. C.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thorpe, M. J.

Udem, T.

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Washburn, B. R.

Yan, M. F.

Ye, J.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Photonics

B. Bernhardt, A. Ozawa, P. Jacquet, M. Jacquey, Y. Kobayashi, T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, G. Guelachvili, T. W. Hänsch, and N. Picque, “Cavity-enhanced dual-comb spectroscopy,” Nat. Photonics 4, 55–57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

I. Coddington, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “Coherent multiheterodyne spectroscopy using stabilized optical frequency combs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 013902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, M. Fermann, and I. Hartl, “Fully Stabilized, Self-Referenced Thulium Fiber Frequency Comb,” in CLEO/Europe and EQEC 2011 Conference Digest, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (OSA, 2011), paper PDB 1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the OPO cavity and setup for offset frequency locking.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spectra of the OPO signal and idler as acquired with poling period of 29.5 μm (violet), 30.5 μm (red), 31.5 μm (green), 32.5 μm (blue). (b) Pulse duration (filled circles) and power level (open circles) of the OPO signal and idler. (c) Autocorrelation of the 110-fs OPO signal pulses for a poling period of 32.5 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Nonlinear tones simultaneously generated by the OPO in the visible (a) and near-infrared (b) spectral region. The labels have been assigned according to the nonlinear phenomena corresponding to each tone.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

RF spectrum of the beatnote between the 3s and 2p tones extracted from the OPO cavity, locked to a 15-MHz reference. Inset: detail of the locked beatnote.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) RIN (left) and cumulative standard deviation (right) of the locked OPO and Er-fiber pump laser. (b) Signal intensity versus observation time for unlocked (0–30 min) and locked OPO (30–60 min).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 OPO performance at room-temperature.

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