Abstract

A scheme is proposed to enhance the cascaded four-wave mixing (CFWM) generation, by introducing an optical feedback to the input port. Experimental and numerical results show that more efficient CFWM generation can be obtained by the scheme. The number of CFWM products is increased, as well as the powers of most CFWM products are improved.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Cerqueira Sodre, J. M. Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, and J. C. Knight, “Highly efficient generation of broadband cascaded four-wave mixing products,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2816–2828 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. J. McKinstrie and M. G. Raymer, “Four-wave-mixing cascades near the zero-dispersion frequency,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9600–9610 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Gao and X. Xiao, “All-optical wavelength multicasting based on cascaded four-wave mixing with a single pump in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 784–789 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. M. Macfarlane, A. S. Bell, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, “Optical comb generator as an efficient short-pulse source,” Opt. Lett. 21(7), 534–536 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. C. Cruz, “Optical frequency combs generated by four-wave mixing in optical fibers for astrophysical spectrometer calibration and metrology,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13267–13275 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Boggio, S. Moro, N. Alic, M. Karlsson, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. Radic, “Nearly octave-spanning cascaded four-wave-mixing generation in low dispersion highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2009), paper 9.1.2.
  7. E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3331–3344 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Arismar, J. D. Marconi, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, and H. L. Fragnito, “Broadband cascaded four-wave mixing by using a three-pump technique in optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 282(22), 4436–4439 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. E. Marhic, K. K.-Y. Wong, L. G. Kazovsky, and T. E. Tsai, “Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 27(16), 1439–1441 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

S. Gao and X. Xiao, “All-optical wavelength multicasting based on cascaded four-wave mixing with a single pump in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 784–789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3331–3344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

C. Arismar, J. D. Marconi, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, and H. L. Fragnito, “Broadband cascaded four-wave mixing by using a three-pump technique in optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 282(22), 4436–4439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2006

2002

1996

Alic, N.

Arismar, C.

C. Arismar, J. D. Marconi, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, and H. L. Fragnito, “Broadband cascaded four-wave mixing by using a three-pump technique in optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 282(22), 4436–4439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bell, A. S.

Boggio, J. M.

Cerqueira Sodre, A.

Cruz, F. C.

Ferguson, A. I.

Fragnito, H. L.

C. Arismar, J. D. Marconi, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, and H. L. Fragnito, “Broadband cascaded four-wave mixing by using a three-pump technique in optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 282(22), 4436–4439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Cerqueira Sodre, J. M. Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, and J. C. Knight, “Highly efficient generation of broadband cascaded four-wave mixing products,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2816–2828 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, S.

S. Gao and X. Xiao, “All-optical wavelength multicasting based on cascaded four-wave mixing with a single pump in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 784–789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez-Figueroa, H. E.

C. Arismar, J. D. Marconi, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, and H. L. Fragnito, “Broadband cascaded four-wave mixing by using a three-pump technique in optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 282(22), 4436–4439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Cerqueira Sodre, J. M. Boggio, A. A. Rieznik, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, H. L. Fragnito, and J. C. Knight, “Highly efficient generation of broadband cascaded four-wave mixing products,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2816–2828 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazovsky, L. G.

Knight, J. C.

Kuo, B. P.

Macfarlane, G. M.

Marconi, J. D.

C. Arismar, J. D. Marconi, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, and H. L. Fragnito, “Broadband cascaded four-wave mixing by using a three-pump technique in optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 282(22), 4436–4439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

McKinstrie, C. J.

Myslivets, E.

Radic, S.

Raymer, M. G.

Rieznik, A. A.

Riis, E.

Tsai, T. E.

Wong, K. K.-Y.

Xiao, X.

S. Gao and X. Xiao, “All-optical wavelength multicasting based on cascaded four-wave mixing with a single pump in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 784–789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

S. Gao and X. Xiao, “All-optical wavelength multicasting based on cascaded four-wave mixing with a single pump in highly nonlinear fibers,” Opt. Commun. 285(5), 784–789 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Arismar, J. D. Marconi, H. E. Hernandez-Figueroa, and H. L. Fragnito, “Broadband cascaded four-wave mixing by using a three-pump technique in optical fibers,” Opt. Commun. 282(22), 4436–4439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

J. Boggio, S. Moro, N. Alic, M. Karlsson, J. Bland-Hawthorn, and S. Radic, “Nearly octave-spanning cascaded four-wave-mixing generation in low dispersion highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2009), paper 9.1.2.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Illustration of the scheme to improve the cascaded four-wave mixing via optical feedback. (b) Experimental setup. HNLF: high nonlinear fiber, CW: continues wave, EDFA: Erbium doped fiber amplifier, PC: polarization controller, OSA: optical spectrum analyzer, PM: phase modulation, ISO: isolator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A typical output with and without feedback observed by OSA. Lower curve (black): without feedback, upper curve (green): with feedback.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The power enhancement of −2nd and 3rd order CFWM products via optical feedback versus (a) wavelength of pump 2, (b) feedback ratio, and (c) EDFA output power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Numerical results of output CFWM products for the cases with and without feedback in a short and dispersion flattened HNLF.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Numerical results of output CFWM products for the cases with feedback and without feedback but with larger incident pump power. The simulation parameters are the same as Fig. 4.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Number of CFWM products with a power enhancement more than 2 dB induced by the optical feedback (n2dB) in different conditions.

Metrics