Abstract

We demonstrate wavelength-selective reflectors based on silicon microdisk resonators integrated with compact Y-branch splitters, using a CMOS-photonics technology. A high quality factor (Q) of ∼ 88,000 was measured in the reflection spectrum for a 2.5-μm-radius device with a small footprint of 6 × 17 μm2 and a wide free-spectral range (FSR) of over 41 nm. As the radius is reduced to 1.5 μm, corresponding to a device footprint of 4 × 15 μm2, the spectrum shows an ultra-wide FSR of over 71 nm with the compromise of having a reduced Q of ∼ 4000. The coupling between a microdisk and a waveguide is numerically investigated. We further propose a multichannel sensing system using cascaded microdisk reflectors.

© 2012 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Chung, D.-G. Kim, and N. Dagli, “Reflection properties of coupled-ring reflectors,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1865–1874 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Compact microring-based wavelength-selective inline optical reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 390–392 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Wavelength-selective reflector based on a circular array of coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1331–1333 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Arbabi, Y. M. Kang, C.-Y. Lu, E. Chow, and L. L. Goddard, “Realization of a narrowband single wavelength microring mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 091105–091105–3 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. Chremmos and N. Uzunoglu, “Reflective properties of double-ring resonator system coupled to a waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2110–2112 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Sun, A. Chen, and L. R. Dalton, “A reflective microring notch filter and sensor,” Opt. Express 17, 10731–10737 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. Shi, R. Vafaei, M. Á. G. Torres, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Design and characterization of microring reflectors with a waveguide crossing,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2901–2903 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T. Chu, N. Fujioka, and M. Ishizaka, “Compact, lower-power-consumption wavelength tunable laser fabricated with silicon photonic-wire waveguide micro-ring resonators,” Opt. Express 17, 14063–14068 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, and A. Yariv, “All optically tunable wavelength-selective reflector consisting of coupled polymeric microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251102–251102–3 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Van, “Dual-mode microring reflection filters,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3142–3150 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. V. Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. V. Thourhout, “Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401–412 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Soltani, Q. Li, S. Yegnanarayanan, and A. Adibi, “Toward ultimate miniaturization of high Q silicon traveling-wave microresonators,” Opt. Express 18, 19541–19557 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. G. Yoffe, T. Nguyen, J. Heanue, and B. Pezeshki, “Efficient compact tunable laser for access networks using silicon ring resonators,” OFC/NFOEC, Los Angeles, CA, USA OW1G.4 (2012).
  15. J. E. Cunningham, I. Shubin, X. Zheng, T. Pinguet, A. Mekis, Y. Luo, H. Thacker, G. Li, J. Yao, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Highly-efficient thermally-tuned resonant optical filters,” Opt. Express 18, 19055–19063 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. G. Rabus, Integrated Ring Resonators (Springer, 2007).
  17. A. Yariv, “Critical coupling and its control in optical waveguide-ring resonator systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 483–485 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Soltani, S. Yegnanarayanan, Q. Li, and A. Adibi, “Systematic engineering of waveguide-resonator coupling for silicon microring/microdisk/racetrack resonators: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1158–1169 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

A. Arbabi, Y. M. Kang, C.-Y. Lu, E. Chow, and L. L. Goddard, “Realization of a narrowband single wavelength microring mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 091105–091105–3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

2009 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (4)

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. V. Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. V. Thourhout, “Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401–412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Chremmos and N. Uzunoglu, “Reflective properties of double-ring resonator system coupled to a waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2110–2112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, and A. Yariv, “All optically tunable wavelength-selective reflector consisting of coupled polymeric microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251102–251102–3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Compact microring-based wavelength-selective inline optical reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 390–392 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Wavelength-selective reflector based on a circular array of coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1331–1333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Yariv, “Critical coupling and its control in optical waveguide-ring resonator systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 483–485 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adibi, A.

M. Soltani, Q. Li, S. Yegnanarayanan, and A. Adibi, “Toward ultimate miniaturization of high Q silicon traveling-wave microresonators,” Opt. Express 18, 19541–19557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Soltani, S. Yegnanarayanan, Q. Li, and A. Adibi, “Systematic engineering of waveguide-resonator coupling for silicon microring/microdisk/racetrack resonators: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1158–1169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Arbabi, A.

A. Arbabi, Y. M. Kang, C.-Y. Lu, E. Chow, and L. L. Goddard, “Realization of a narrowband single wavelength microring mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 091105–091105–3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Beckx, S.

Bienstman, P.

Bogaerts, W.

Campenhout, J. V.

Chen, A.

Cheung, K. C.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chow, E.

A. Arbabi, Y. M. Kang, C.-Y. Lu, E. Chow, and L. L. Goddard, “Realization of a narrowband single wavelength microring mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 091105–091105–3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chremmos, I.

I. Chremmos and N. Uzunoglu, “Reflective properties of double-ring resonator system coupled to a waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2110–2112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chrostowski, L.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, R. Vafaei, M. Á. G. Torres, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Design and characterization of microring reflectors with a waveguide crossing,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2901–2903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, T.

Chung, Y.

Cunningham, J. E.

Dagli, N.

Dalton, L. R.

Dumon, P.

Flueckiger, J.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fujioka, N.

Goddard, L. L.

A. Arbabi, Y. M. Kang, C.-Y. Lu, E. Chow, and L. L. Goddard, “Realization of a narrowband single wavelength microring mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 091105–091105–3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grist, S.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Heanue, J.

G. Yoffe, T. Nguyen, J. Heanue, and B. Pezeshki, “Efficient compact tunable laser for access networks using silicon ring resonators,” OFC/NFOEC, Los Angeles, CA, USA OW1G.4 (2012).

Ishizaka, M.

Jaeger, N. A. F.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, R. Vafaei, M. Á. G. Torres, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Design and characterization of microring reflectors with a waveguide crossing,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2901–2903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, Y. M.

A. Arbabi, Y. M. Kang, C.-Y. Lu, E. Chow, and L. L. Goddard, “Realization of a narrowband single wavelength microring mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 091105–091105–3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.-G.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Li, G.

Li, Q.

M. Soltani, S. Yegnanarayanan, Q. Li, and A. Adibi, “Systematic engineering of waveguide-resonator coupling for silicon microring/microdisk/racetrack resonators: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1158–1169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Soltani, Q. Li, S. Yegnanarayanan, and A. Adibi, “Toward ultimate miniaturization of high Q silicon traveling-wave microresonators,” Opt. Express 18, 19541–19557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, Z.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.-Y.

A. Arbabi, Y. M. Kang, C.-Y. Lu, E. Chow, and L. L. Goddard, “Realization of a narrowband single wavelength microring mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 091105–091105–3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

Luyssaert, B.

Mekis, A.

Nguyen, T.

G. Yoffe, T. Nguyen, J. Heanue, and B. Pezeshki, “Efficient compact tunable laser for access networks using silicon ring resonators,” OFC/NFOEC, Los Angeles, CA, USA OW1G.4 (2012).

Nie, B.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ouellet, E.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Paloczi, G. T.

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, and A. Yariv, “All optically tunable wavelength-selective reflector consisting of coupled polymeric microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251102–251102–3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Compact microring-based wavelength-selective inline optical reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 390–392 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pezeshki, B.

G. Yoffe, T. Nguyen, J. Heanue, and B. Pezeshki, “Efficient compact tunable laser for access networks using silicon ring resonators,” OFC/NFOEC, Los Angeles, CA, USA OW1G.4 (2012).

Pinguet, T.

Poon, J. K. S.

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Wavelength-selective reflector based on a circular array of coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1331–1333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rabus, D. G.

D. G. Rabus, Integrated Ring Resonators (Springer, 2007).

Raj, K.

Ratner, D. M.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S, A. S.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, J.

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, and A. Yariv, “All optically tunable wavelength-selective reflector consisting of coupled polymeric microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251102–251102–3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Compact microring-based wavelength-selective inline optical reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 390–392 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Wavelength-selective reflector based on a circular array of coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1331–1333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, R. Vafaei, M. Á. G. Torres, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Design and characterization of microring reflectors with a waveguide crossing,” Opt. Lett. 35, 2901–2903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shubin, I.

Soltani, M.

M. Soltani, S. Yegnanarayanan, Q. Li, and A. Adibi, “Systematic engineering of waveguide-resonator coupling for silicon microring/microdisk/racetrack resonators: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1158–1169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Soltani, Q. Li, S. Yegnanarayanan, and A. Adibi, “Toward ultimate miniaturization of high Q silicon traveling-wave microresonators,” Opt. Express 18, 19541–19557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, H.

Taillaert, D.

Thacker, H.

Thourhout, D. V.

Torres, M. Á. G.

Uzunoglu, N.

I. Chremmos and N. Uzunoglu, “Reflective properties of double-ring resonator system coupled to a waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2110–2112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vafaei, R.

Van, V.

Wang, X.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Webb, M.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wiaux, V.

Yao, J.

Yariv, A.

G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Compact microring-based wavelength-selective inline optical reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 390–392 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, and A. Yariv, “All optically tunable wavelength-selective reflector consisting of coupled polymeric microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251102–251102–3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Wavelength-selective reflector based on a circular array of coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1331–1333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv, “Critical coupling and its control in optical waveguide-ring resonator systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 483–485 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yegnanarayanan, S.

M. Soltani, S. Yegnanarayanan, Q. Li, and A. Adibi, “Systematic engineering of waveguide-resonator coupling for silicon microring/microdisk/racetrack resonators: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1158–1169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Soltani, Q. Li, S. Yegnanarayanan, and A. Adibi, “Toward ultimate miniaturization of high Q silicon traveling-wave microresonators,” Opt. Express 18, 19541–19557 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoffe, G.

G. Yoffe, T. Nguyen, J. Heanue, and B. Pezeshki, “Efficient compact tunable laser for access networks using silicon ring resonators,” OFC/NFOEC, Los Angeles, CA, USA OW1G.4 (2012).

Yun, H.

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Arbabi, Y. M. Kang, C.-Y. Lu, E. Chow, and L. L. Goddard, “Realization of a narrowband single wavelength microring mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 091105–091105–3 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Scheuer, G. T. Paloczi, and A. Yariv, “All optically tunable wavelength-selective reflector consisting of coupled polymeric microring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251102–251102–3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Soltani, S. Yegnanarayanan, Q. Li, and A. Adibi, “Systematic engineering of waveguide-resonator coupling for silicon microring/microdisk/racetrack resonators: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1158–1169 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

A. Yariv, “Critical coupling and its control in optical waveguide-ring resonator systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 483–485 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Chremmos and N. Uzunoglu, “Reflective properties of double-ring resonator system coupled to a waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2110–2112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Paloczi, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Compact microring-based wavelength-selective inline optical reflector,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 390–392 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. K. S. Poon, J. Scheuer, and A. Yariv, “Wavelength-selective reflector based on a circular array of coupled microring resonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1331–1333 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proceedings of SPIE (1)

L. Chrostowski, S. Grist, J. Flueckiger, W. Shi, X. Wang, E. Ouellet, H. Yun, M. Webb, B. Nie, Z. Liang, K. C. Cheung, A. S. S, D. M. Ratner, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Silicon photonic resonator sensors and devices,” Proceedings of SPIE 8236, 823620 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. G. Rabus, Integrated Ring Resonators (Springer, 2007).

G. Yoffe, T. Nguyen, J. Heanue, and B. Pezeshki, “Efficient compact tunable laser for access networks using silicon ring resonators,” OFC/NFOEC, Los Angeles, CA, USA OW1G.4 (2012).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics