Abstract

An acousto-optically Q-switched Nd:YVO4/KTiOAsO4 (KTA) intracavity optical parametric oscillator (OPO) is efficiently realized in singly resonated scheme. With an end-pumping diode power of 25.9 W, output signal (1535 nm) power of 3.77 W and idler power (3467 nm) of 1.18 W are obtained at a pulse repetition rate of 50 kHz. A rate-equation model is set up to simulate the output power and time characteristics of both signal and idler waves. And both the numerical and experimental results show that the idler pulse width is shorter than the signal one in a singly resonant OPO.

© 2012 OSA

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2011 (2)

Q. B. Sun, H. J. Liu, N. Huang, C. Ruan, S. L. Zhu, and W. Zhao, “High energy and high efficiency 3.4 μm extracavity KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(1), 16–20 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Sun, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, F. Bai, X. B. Wan, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, and Y. X. Sun, “High efficiency KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator within a diode-side-pumped two-rod Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 104(1), 87–91 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

2009 (6)

V. Petrov, P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, and T. M. Pollak, “Noncritical singly resonant optical parametric oscillator operation near 6.2 μm based on a CdSiP2 crystal pumped at 1064 nm,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2399–2401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Marchev, A. Tyazhev, V. Vedenyapin, D. Kolker, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, L. Isaenko, J. J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “Nd:YAG pumped nanosecond optical parametric oscillator based on LiInSe2 with tunability extending from 4.7 to 8.7 μm,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13441–13446 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-16-13441 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhong, J. S. Li, H. X. Cui, Y. Y. W. D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, J. L. Wang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “Low Threshold and High Conversion Efficiency Nanosecond Mid-Infrared KTA OPO,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(12), 124213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Peng, W. M. Wang, X. B. Wei, and D. M. Li, “High-efficiency mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator based on PPMgO:CLN,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2897–2899 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, H. B. Chen, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, Y. M. Duan, Y. D. Huang, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-efficiency intracavity Nd:YVO4\ KTA optical parametric oscillator with 3.6 W output power at 1.53 μm,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20669–20674 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-23-20669 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

2006 (1)

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, “Output optimization of a high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Q-switched intracavity optical parametric oscillator at 1.57 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 77(5), 505–508 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

K. L. Vodopyanov, F. Ganikhanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Ruderman, “ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator with 3.8—12.4-μm tunability,” Opt. Lett. 25(11), 841–843 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Lai, R. F. Wu, and P. B. Phua, “Multiwatt KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillators pumped within randomly and linearly polarized Nd:YAG laser cavities,” Proc. SPIE 3928, 43–51 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of diode pumped actively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1912–1918 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Dubois, S. Victori, T. Lepine, P. Georges, and A. Brue, “High-repetition-rate eyesafe intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 181–183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1971 (1)

J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, and E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(7), 359–369 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

M. K. Oshman and S. E. Harris, “Theory of Optical Parametric Oscillation Internal to the Laser Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4(8), 491–502 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Ammann, E. O.

J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, and E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(7), 359–369 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Arisholm, G.

Bai, F.

W. J. Sun, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, F. Bai, X. B. Wan, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, and Y. X. Sun, “High efficiency KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator within a diode-side-pumped two-rod Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 104(1), 87–91 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brue, A.

A. Dubois, S. Victori, T. Lepine, P. Georges, and A. Brue, “High-repetition-rate eyesafe intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 181–183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J.

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. T.

Chen, H. B.

Chen, S. W.

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, “Output optimization of a high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Q-switched intracavity optical parametric oscillator at 1.57 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 77(5), 505–508 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Cui, H. X.

K. Zhong, J. S. Li, H. X. Cui, Y. Y. W. D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, J. L. Wang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “Low Threshold and High Conversion Efficiency Nanosecond Mid-Infrared KTA OPO,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(12), 124213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Debuisschert, T.

Ding, S. H.

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. L.

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Duan, Y. M.

Dubois, A.

A. Dubois, S. Victori, T. Lepine, P. Georges, and A. Brue, “High-repetition-rate eyesafe intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 181–183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Falk, J.

J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, and E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(7), 359–369 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S. Z.

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fonnum, H.

Ganikhanov, F.

Georges, P.

A. Dubois, S. Victori, T. Lepine, P. Georges, and A. Brue, “High-repetition-rate eyesafe intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 181–183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

M. K. Oshman and S. E. Harris, “Theory of Optical Parametric Oscillation Internal to the Laser Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4(8), 491–502 (1968).
[CrossRef]

He, J. L.

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. H.

Huang, H. T.

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, N.

Q. B. Sun, H. J. Liu, N. Huang, C. Ruan, S. L. Zhu, and W. Zhao, “High energy and high efficiency 3.4 μm extracavity KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(1), 16–20 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. D.

Huang, Y. P.

Isaenko, L.

Jia, P.

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jin, G. F.

W. J. Sun, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, F. Bai, X. B. Wan, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, and Y. X. Sun, “High efficiency KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator within a diode-side-pumped two-rod Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 104(1), 87–91 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kolker, D.

Kong, J.

Lai, K. S.

R. F. Wu, K. S. Lai, H. Wong, W.-J. Xie, Y. Lim, and E. Lau, “Multiwatt mid-IR output from a Nd:YALO laser pumped intracavity KTA OPO,” Opt. Express 8(13), 694–698 (2001), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-8-13-694 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Lai, R. F. Wu, and P. B. Phua, “Multiwatt KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillators pumped within randomly and linearly polarized Nd:YAG laser cavities,” Proc. SPIE 3928, 43–51 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, “Output optimization of a high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Q-switched intracavity optical parametric oscillator at 1.57 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 77(5), 505–508 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Modeling of diode-end-pumped Q-switched solid-state lasers: influence of energy-transfer upconversion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(7), 1558–1563 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lau, E.

Lepine, T.

A. Dubois, S. Victori, T. Lepine, P. Georges, and A. Brue, “High-repetition-rate eyesafe intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 181–183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, D. M.

Li, J. S.

K. Zhong, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, J. L. Wang, J. S. Li, and P. Wang, “High-pulse-energy high-efficiency mid-infrared generation based on KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 749–753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhong, J. S. Li, H. X. Cui, Y. Y. W. D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, J. L. Wang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “Low Threshold and High Conversion Efficiency Nanosecond Mid-Infrared KTA OPO,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(12), 124213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, S. T.

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lim, Y.

Lippert, E.

Liu, H. J.

Q. B. Sun, H. J. Liu, N. Huang, C. Ruan, S. L. Zhu, and W. Zhao, “High energy and high efficiency 3.4 μm extracavity KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(1), 16–20 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. J.

W. J. Sun, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, F. Bai, X. B. Wan, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, and Y. X. Sun, “High efficiency KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator within a diode-side-pumped two-rod Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 104(1), 87–91 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. K.

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lobanov, S.

Maffetone, J. P.

Marchev, G.

Miao, J. G.

Oshman, M. K.

M. K. Oshman and S. E. Harris, “Theory of Optical Parametric Oscillation Internal to the Laser Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4(8), 491–502 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Ozygus, B.

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of diode pumped actively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1912–1918 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Papuchon, M.

Peng, J. Y.

Peng, Y. F.

Petrov, V.

Phua, P. B.

K. S. Lai, R. F. Wu, and P. B. Phua, “Multiwatt KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillators pumped within randomly and linearly polarized Nd:YAG laser cavities,” Proc. SPIE 3928, 43–51 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pocholle, J.-P.

Pollak, T. M.

Qiu, G.

H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, H. B. Chen, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, Y. M. Duan, Y. D. Huang, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-efficiency intracavity Nd:YVO4\ KTA optical parametric oscillator with 3.6 W output power at 1.53 μm,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20669–20674 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-23-20669 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Raffy, J.

Ruan, C.

Q. B. Sun, H. J. Liu, N. Huang, C. Ruan, S. L. Zhu, and W. Zhao, “High energy and high efficiency 3.4 μm extracavity KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(1), 16–20 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ruderman, W.

Schunemann, P. G.

Shen, Y. H.

Stenersen, K.

Su, F. F.

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Sun, Q. B.

Q. B. Sun, H. J. Liu, N. Huang, C. Ruan, S. L. Zhu, and W. Zhao, “High energy and high efficiency 3.4 μm extracavity KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(1), 16–20 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W. J.

W. J. Sun, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, F. Bai, X. B. Wan, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, and Y. X. Sun, “High efficiency KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator within a diode-side-pumped two-rod Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 104(1), 87–91 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y. X.

W. J. Sun, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, F. Bai, X. B. Wan, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, and Y. X. Sun, “High efficiency KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator within a diode-side-pumped two-rod Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 104(1), 87–91 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H. M.

Tao, X. T.

W. J. Sun, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, F. Bai, X. B. Wan, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, and Y. X. Sun, “High efficiency KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator within a diode-side-pumped two-rod Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 104(1), 87–91 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, S. W.

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, “Output optimization of a high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Q-switched intracavity optical parametric oscillator at 1.57 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 77(5), 505–508 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tyazhev, A.

Vedenyapin, V.

Victori, S.

A. Dubois, S. Victori, T. Lepine, P. Georges, and A. Brue, “High-repetition-rate eyesafe intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 181–183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wan, X. B.

W. J. Sun, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, F. Bai, X. B. Wan, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, and Y. X. Sun, “High efficiency KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator within a diode-side-pumped two-rod Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 104(1), 87–91 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, B. S.

Wang, H.

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. Y.

Wang, J. L.

K. Zhong, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, J. L. Wang, J. S. Li, and P. Wang, “High-pulse-energy high-efficiency mid-infrared generation based on KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 749–753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhong, J. S. Li, H. X. Cui, Y. Y. W. D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, J. L. Wang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “Low Threshold and High Conversion Efficiency Nanosecond Mid-Infrared KTA OPO,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(12), 124213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

K. Zhong, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, J. L. Wang, J. S. Li, and P. Wang, “High-pulse-energy high-efficiency mid-infrared generation based on KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 749–753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhong, J. S. Li, H. X. Cui, Y. Y. W. D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, J. L. Wang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “Low Threshold and High Conversion Efficiency Nanosecond Mid-Infrared KTA OPO,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(12), 124213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. P.

W. J. Sun, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, F. Bai, X. B. Wan, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, and Y. X. Sun, “High efficiency KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator within a diode-side-pumped two-rod Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 104(1), 87–91 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of diode pumped actively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1912–1918 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. C.

Wang, W. M.

Weber, H.

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of diode pumped actively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1912–1918 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X. B.

Wei, Y.

Wong, H.

Wu, B.

Wu, R. F.

R. F. Wu, K. S. Lai, H. Wong, W.-J. Xie, Y. Lim, and E. Lau, “Multiwatt mid-IR output from a Nd:YALO laser pumped intracavity KTA OPO,” Opt. Express 8(13), 694–698 (2001), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-8-13-694 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. S. Lai, R. F. Wu, and P. B. Phua, “Multiwatt KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillators pumped within randomly and linearly polarized Nd:YAG laser cavities,” Proc. SPIE 3928, 43–51 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xie, W.-J.

Xu, D. G.

K. Zhong, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, J. L. Wang, J. S. Li, and P. Wang, “High-pulse-energy high-efficiency mid-infrared generation based on KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 749–753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J. L.

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y. Y. W. D. G.

K. Zhong, J. S. Li, H. X. Cui, Y. Y. W. D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, J. L. Wang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “Low Threshold and High Conversion Efficiency Nanosecond Mid-Infrared KTA OPO,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(12), 124213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K. J.

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. Q.

K. Zhong, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, J. L. Wang, J. S. Li, and P. Wang, “High-pulse-energy high-efficiency mid-infrared generation based on KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 749–753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhong, J. S. Li, H. X. Cui, Y. Y. W. D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, J. L. Wang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “Low Threshold and High Conversion Efficiency Nanosecond Mid-Infrared KTA OPO,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(12), 124213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yarborough, J. M.

J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, and E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(7), 359–369 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Yelisseyev, A.

Zawilski, K. T.

Zhang, B. T.

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H. J.

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. J.

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. S.

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. Y.

W. J. Sun, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, F. Bai, X. B. Wan, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, and Y. X. Sun, “High efficiency KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator within a diode-side-pumped two-rod Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 104(1), 87–91 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of diode pumped actively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1912–1918 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S.

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S. Z.

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of diode pumped actively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1912–1918 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

Q. B. Sun, H. J. Liu, N. Huang, C. Ruan, S. L. Zhu, and W. Zhao, “High energy and high efficiency 3.4 μm extracavity KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(1), 16–20 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, K.

K. Zhong, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, J. L. Wang, J. S. Li, and P. Wang, “High-pulse-energy high-efficiency mid-infrared generation based on KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 749–753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Zhong, J. S. Li, H. X. Cui, Y. Y. W. D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, J. L. Wang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “Low Threshold and High Conversion Efficiency Nanosecond Mid-Infrared KTA OPO,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(12), 124213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, R.

K. Zhong, J. S. Li, H. X. Cui, Y. Y. W. D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, J. L. Wang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “Low Threshold and High Conversion Efficiency Nanosecond Mid-Infrared KTA OPO,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(12), 124213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H. Y.

Zhu, S. L.

Q. B. Sun, H. J. Liu, N. Huang, C. Ruan, S. L. Zhu, and W. Zhao, “High energy and high efficiency 3.4 μm extracavity KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(1), 16–20 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zondy, J. J.

Zuo, C. H.

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zwieback, I.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (5)

K. Zhong, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, J. L. Wang, J. S. Li, and P. Wang, “High-pulse-energy high-efficiency mid-infrared generation based on KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 100(4), 749–753 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. J. Liu, Q. P. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, Z. J. Liu, H. Wang, J. Chang, S. Z. Fan, W. J. Sun, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, S. J. Zhang, and H. J. Zhang, “Efficient acousto-optically Q-switched intracavity Nd:YAG/KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 92(1), 37–41 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, S. W. Chen, S. W. Tsai, and Y. P. Lan, “Output optimization of a high-repetition-rate diode-pumped Q-switched intracavity optical parametric oscillator at 1.57 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 77(5), 505–508 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubois, S. Victori, T. Lepine, P. Georges, and A. Brue, “High-repetition-rate eyesafe intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 67(2), 181–183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Sun, Q. P. Wang, Z. J. Liu, X. Y. Zhang, F. Bai, X. B. Wan, G. F. Jin, X. T. Tao, and Y. X. Sun, “High efficiency KTiOAsO4 optical parametric oscillator within a diode-side-pumped two-rod Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 104(1), 87–91 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Zhong, J. S. Li, H. X. Cui, Y. Y. W. D. G. Xu, R. Zhou, J. L. Wang, P. Wang, and J. Q. Yao, “Low Threshold and High Conversion Efficiency Nanosecond Mid-Infrared KTA OPO,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(12), 124213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

S. H. Ding, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, F. F. Su, P. Jia, S. T. Li, S. Z. Fan, J. Chang, S. S. Zhang, and Z. J. Liu, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser With Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42(9), 927–933 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Zhang, S. Z. Zhao, Q. P. Wang, B. Ozygus, and H. Weber, “Modeling of diode pumped actively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(12), 1912–1918 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Oshman and S. E. Harris, “Theory of Optical Parametric Oscillation Internal to the Laser Cavity,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 4(8), 491–502 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, and E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(7), 359–369 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

Q. B. Sun, H. J. Liu, N. Huang, C. Ruan, S. L. Zhu, and W. Zhao, “High energy and high efficiency 3.4 μm extracavity KTA optical parametric oscillator,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(1), 16–20 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

X. L. Dong, B. T. Zhang, J. L. He, H. T. Huang, K. J. Yang, J. L. Xu, C. H. Zuo, S. Zhao, G. Qiu, and Z. K. Liu, “High-power 1.5 and 3.4 μm intracavity KTA OPO driven by a diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 282(8), 1668–1670 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

R. F. Wu, K. S. Lai, H. Wong, W.-J. Xie, Y. Lim, and E. Lau, “Multiwatt mid-IR output from a Nd:YALO laser pumped intracavity KTA OPO,” Opt. Express 8(13), 694–698 (2001), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-8-13-694 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Marchev, A. Tyazhev, V. Vedenyapin, D. Kolker, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, L. Isaenko, J. J. Zondy, and V. Petrov, “Nd:YAG pumped nanosecond optical parametric oscillator based on LiInSe2 with tunability extending from 4.7 to 8.7 μm,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13441–13446 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-16-13441 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lippert, H. Fonnum, G. Arisholm, and K. Stenersen, “A 22-watt mid-infrared optical parametric oscillator with V-shaped 3-mirror ring resonator,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26475–26483 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-25-26475 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, H. B. Chen, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, Y. M. Duan, Y. D. Huang, H. Y. Wang, and G. Qiu, “High-efficiency intracavity Nd:YVO4\ KTA optical parametric oscillator with 3.6 W output power at 1.53 μm,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20669–20674 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-23-20669 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. T. Chang, Y. P. Huang, K. W. Su, and Y. F. Chen, “Comparison of thermal lensing effects between single-end and double-end diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 crystals for 4F3/2→4I11/2 and 4F3/2→4I13/2 transitions,” Opt. Express 16(25), 21155–21160 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-25-21155 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Proc. SPIE (1)

K. S. Lai, R. F. Wu, and P. B. Phua, “Multiwatt KTiOPO4 optical parametric oscillators pumped within randomly and linearly polarized Nd:YAG laser cavities,” Proc. SPIE 3928, 43–51 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. V. Smith, SNLO nonlinear optics code, version 4.0, available from Sandia National Laboratories.

W. Koechner, Solid-state laser engineering (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1999).

J. Q. Yao, Nonlinear Optics Frequency Conversion and Laser Tunable Technology (Science, Beijin, 1995).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the KTA IOPO: LD–laser diode; CL–coupling lens; RM–rear mirror; OC–output coupler (CaF2); DM–dichroic mirror (CaF2); AO– acousto-optical Q-switch; KTA–X-cut KTiOAsO4 crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power versus the incident diode power at different PRRs. (a) Signal. (b) Idler.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of the temporal shapes at the highest output power. (a) Experiment. (b) Theory. The upper ones are for the signal laser and the lower ones for the idler laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of the theoretical and experimental results at 50 kHz. (a) Pulse width. (b) Average output power. The symbols are experimental results and the lines are the theoretical results.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical spectra of the idler wave from the KTA OPO, and three-dimension beam profile of the idler wave (inset).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters for simulation

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dn(t) dt =γcσn(t) ϕ p (t) n(t) τ
d ϕ p (t) dt =σc l lc l f n(t) ϕ p (t)g l kta l f ϕ p (t) ϕ s (t) ϕ p (t) τ l
d ϕ s (t) dt =g l kta l opo ϕ p (t) ϕ s (t) ϕ s (t) τ s
τ j = t r j L j +1n( 1 R j )
g= ω p ω s ω id d eff 2 l kta ε 0 c n p 2 n s 2 n id (1 α id l kta 3 )
n id c A id ± t ± A id ± z + α id A id ± = ω id 2 ε 0 n id c ×( ε 0 d eff A p A s sin(Δ ϕ ± ) )
A id + (z,t)= μ 0 ω id c( ε 0 d eff A p A s ) 2 n id α id (1exp( α id z))
ϕ id (z,t)= μ 0 d eff 2 ω p ω s ω id 4 n p 2 n s 2 ( 1exp( α id z) α id ) 2 ϕ p (t) ϕ s (t)
ϕ id (t)= μ 0 d eff 2 ω p ω s ω id 4 n p 2 n s 2 ( 1exp(2 α id l) α id ) 2 ϕ p (t) ϕ s (t)
ϕ id (t)= μ 0 d eff 2 ω p ω s ω id 4 n p 2 n s 2 (2 l kta ) 2 ϕ p (t) ϕ s (t)
P s = f p ω s cπ w s 2 2 ln( 1 R s ) 0 t ϕ s (t)dt
P id = f p ω id cπ w id 2 2 0 t ϕ id (t)dt

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