Abstract

Coherent optical single-carrier frequency-division-multiplexing (CO-SCFDM) is a promising candidate for future high-speed long-haul optical fiber transmission system. Being a modified form of coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (CO-OFDM), the CO-SCFDM can inherit the advantages such as low computation complexity and high flexibility, while suffers less nonlinear impairment due to much lower peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). In this paper, we experimentally demonstrate 1.08 Tb/s polarization-division multiplexing (PDM) CO-SCFDM transmission over 3170 km standard single-mode fiber (SSMF) with Erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) only. The back-to-back and nonlinear transmission performances for CO-OFDM and CO-SCFDM are also compared.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Coherent demodulation of optical multilevel phase-shift-keying signals using homodyne detection and digital signal processing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1131–1133 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Sun, K. T. Wu, and K. Roberts, “Real-time measurements of a 40 Gb/s coherent system,” Opt. Express 16(2), 873–879 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Dischler and F. Buchali, “Transmission of 1.2 Tb/s continuous waveband PDM-OFDM-FDM signal with spectral efficiency of 3.3 bit/s/Hz over 400 km of SSMF,” in Proc. OFC, 2009, Paper PDPC2.
  4. X. Yi, N. Fontaine, R. Scott, and S. Yoo, “Tb/s coherent optical OFDM systems enabled by optical frequency combs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2054–2061 (2010).
  5. Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 308–315 (2010).
  6. S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. Peckham, “Transmission of a 1.2-Tb/s 24-carrier no-guard-interval coherent OFDM superchannel over 7200 km of ultra-large-area fiber,” in Proc. ECOC-2009, Supplement.
  7. J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and B. Zhu, “Transmission of a 448-Gb/s reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM signal with a 60-GHz optical bandwidth over 2000 km of ULAF and five 80-GHz-grid ROADMs,” in Proc. OFC, 2010, Paper PDPC2.
  9. M. Nazarathy, J. Khurgin, R. Weidenfeld, Y. Meiman, P. Cho, R. Noe, I. Shpantzer, and V. Karagodsky, “Phased-array cancellation of nonlinear FWM in coherent OFDM dispersive multi-span links,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15777–15810 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. Tkach, “Improving the nonlinear tolerance of polarization-division-multiplexed CO-OFDM in long-haul fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 3632–3640 (2009).
  11. A. J. Lowery, “Fiber nonlinearity pre- and post-compensation for long-haul optical links using OFDM,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12965–12970 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Tang, W. Shieh, and B. Krongold, “Fiber nonlinearity mitigation in 428-Gb/s multiband coherent optical OFDM systems,” in Proc. OFC, 2010, Paper JThA6.
  13. J. Li, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “A novel coherent optical single-carrier frequency-division-multiplexing (CO-SCFDM) scheme for optical fiber transmission systems,” Photonics in Switching (PS 2010), Paper JTuB41.
  14. 3rd Generation Partnership Project, “Physical Layer Aspects for Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (UTRA),” (2006), http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/25814.htm .
  15. J. Li, C. Zhao, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 120-Gb/s PDM CO-SCFDE transmission over 317 km SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1814–1816 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. Djordjevic, “LDPC-coded OFDM transmission over graded-index plastic optical fiber links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 871–873 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Jansen, I. Morita, T. Schenk, and H. Tanaka, “121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1000 km of SSMF,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 177–188 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

X. Yi, N. Fontaine, R. Scott, and S. Yoo, “Tb/s coherent optical OFDM systems enabled by optical frequency combs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2054–2061 (2010).

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 308–315 (2010).

J. Li, C. Zhao, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 120-Gb/s PDM CO-SCFDE transmission over 317 km SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1814–1816 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. Tkach, “Improving the nonlinear tolerance of polarization-division-multiplexed CO-OFDM in long-haul fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 3632–3640 (2009).

S. Jansen, I. Morita, T. Schenk, and H. Tanaka, “121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1000 km of SSMF,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 177–188 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

I. Djordjevic, “LDPC-coded OFDM transmission over graded-index plastic optical fiber links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 871–873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lowery, “Fiber nonlinearity pre- and post-compensation for long-haul optical links using OFDM,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12965–12970 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Coherent demodulation of optical multilevel phase-shift-keying signals using homodyne detection and digital signal processing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1131–1133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Buchali, F.

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. Tkach, “Improving the nonlinear tolerance of polarization-division-multiplexed CO-OFDM in long-haul fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 3632–3640 (2009).

Chen, S.

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 308–315 (2010).

Chen, Z.

J. Li, C. Zhao, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 120-Gb/s PDM CO-SCFDE transmission over 317 km SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1814–1816 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chi, N.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cho, P.

Djordjevic, I.

I. Djordjevic, “LDPC-coded OFDM transmission over graded-index plastic optical fiber links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 871–873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, N.

X. Yi, N. Fontaine, R. Scott, and S. Yoo, “Tb/s coherent optical OFDM systems enabled by optical frequency combs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2054–2061 (2010).

Jansen, S.

Karagodsky, V.

Katoh, K.

S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Coherent demodulation of optical multilevel phase-shift-keying signals using homodyne detection and digital signal processing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1131–1133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J.

Kikuchi, K.

S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Coherent demodulation of optical multilevel phase-shift-keying signals using homodyne detection and digital signal processing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1131–1133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li, C. Zhao, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 120-Gb/s PDM CO-SCFDE transmission over 317 km SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1814–1816 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. Tkach, “Improving the nonlinear tolerance of polarization-division-multiplexed CO-OFDM in long-haul fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 3632–3640 (2009).

Lowery, A. J.

Ma, Y.

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 308–315 (2010).

Meiman, Y.

Morita, I.

Nazarathy, M.

Noe, R.

Roberts, K.

Schenk, T.

Scott, R.

X. Yi, N. Fontaine, R. Scott, and S. Yoo, “Tb/s coherent optical OFDM systems enabled by optical frequency combs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2054–2061 (2010).

Shieh, W.

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 308–315 (2010).

Shpantzer, I.

Sun, H.

Tanaka, H.

Tang, Y.

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 308–315 (2010).

Tkach, R.

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. Tkach, “Improving the nonlinear tolerance of polarization-division-multiplexed CO-OFDM in long-haul fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 3632–3640 (2009).

Tsukamoto, S.

S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Coherent demodulation of optical multilevel phase-shift-keying signals using homodyne detection and digital signal processing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1131–1133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weidenfeld, R.

Wu, K. T.

Yang, Q.

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 308–315 (2010).

Yi, X.

X. Yi, N. Fontaine, R. Scott, and S. Yoo, “Tb/s coherent optical OFDM systems enabled by optical frequency combs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2054–2061 (2010).

Yoo, S.

X. Yi, N. Fontaine, R. Scott, and S. Yoo, “Tb/s coherent optical OFDM systems enabled by optical frequency combs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2054–2061 (2010).

Yu, J.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

J. Li, C. Zhao, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 120-Gb/s PDM CO-SCFDE transmission over 317 km SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1814–1816 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

J. Li, C. Zhao, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 120-Gb/s PDM CO-SCFDE transmission over 317 km SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1814–1816 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.

J. Li, C. Zhao, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 120-Gb/s PDM CO-SCFDE transmission over 317 km SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1814–1816 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, “1.96 Tb/s (21×100 Gb/s) OFDM optical signal generation and transmission over 3200 km Fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(15), 1061–1063 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Coherent demodulation of optical multilevel phase-shift-keying signals using homodyne detection and digital signal processing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(10), 1131–1133 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, C. Zhao, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 120-Gb/s PDM CO-SCFDE transmission over 317 km SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1814–1816 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Djordjevic, “LDPC-coded OFDM transmission over graded-index plastic optical fiber links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(12), 871–873 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

S. Jansen, I. Morita, T. Schenk, and H. Tanaka, “121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1000 km of SSMF,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 177–188 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, F. Buchali, and R. Tkach, “Improving the nonlinear tolerance of polarization-division-multiplexed CO-OFDM in long-haul fiber transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 3632–3640 (2009).

X. Yi, N. Fontaine, R. Scott, and S. Yoo, “Tb/s coherent optical OFDM systems enabled by optical frequency combs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2054–2061 (2010).

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission with orthogonal-band multiplexing and subwavelength bandwidth access,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 308–315 (2010).

Opt. Express (3)

Other (6)

R. Dischler and F. Buchali, “Transmission of 1.2 Tb/s continuous waveband PDM-OFDM-FDM signal with spectral efficiency of 3.3 bit/s/Hz over 400 km of SSMF,” in Proc. OFC, 2009, Paper PDPC2.

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Zhu, and D. Peckham, “Transmission of a 1.2-Tb/s 24-carrier no-guard-interval coherent OFDM superchannel over 7200 km of ultra-large-area fiber,” in Proc. ECOC-2009, Supplement.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and B. Zhu, “Transmission of a 448-Gb/s reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM signal with a 60-GHz optical bandwidth over 2000 km of ULAF and five 80-GHz-grid ROADMs,” in Proc. OFC, 2010, Paper PDPC2.

Y. Tang, W. Shieh, and B. Krongold, “Fiber nonlinearity mitigation in 428-Gb/s multiband coherent optical OFDM systems,” in Proc. OFC, 2010, Paper JThA6.

J. Li, S. Zhang, F. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “A novel coherent optical single-carrier frequency-division-multiplexing (CO-SCFDM) scheme for optical fiber transmission systems,” Photonics in Switching (PS 2010), Paper JTuB41.

3rd Generation Partnership Project, “Physical Layer Aspects for Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (UTRA),” (2006), http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/25814.htm .

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the PDM CO-SCFDM/CO-OFDM experiment setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Block diagrams for the baseband SCFDM DSP method (a) at the transmitter (b) at the receiver.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BER curves of the 30th subband for back-to-back transmission. The BER curves of single channel signals are also shown for comparison.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectra for (a) all the 4 optical carriers after PMC3 (b) the combination of even and odd subbands after PMC5 (c) 1.08 Tb/s CO-SCFDM/CO-OFDM signal of back-to-back and after 317 km SSMF transmission.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured BER of 30th subband vs. launched power per subband over 2536 km SSMF transmission.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured BERs for (a) the CO-SCFDM superchannel after 3170 km SSMF transmission and (b) the CO-OFDM superchannel after 2536 km SSMF transmission.

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