Abstract

By utilizing the cyclic filtering function of an NxN arrayed waveguide grating (AWG), we propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel multi-function all optical packet switching (OPS) architecture by applying a periodical wavelength arrangement between the AWG in the optical routing/buffering unit and a set of wideband optical filters in the switched output ports to achieve the desired routing and buffering functions. The proposed OPS employs only one tunable wavelength converter at the input port to convert the input wavelength to a designated wavelength which reduces the number of active optical components and thus the complexity of the traffic control is simplified in the OPS. With the proposed OPS architecture, multiple optical packet switching functions, including arbitrary packet switching and buffering, first-in-first-out (FIFO) packet multiplexing, packet demultiplexing and packet add/drop multiplexing, have been successfully demonstrated.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “101.7 Tb/s (370x294 Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3x55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) (2011), PDPB5.
  2. W. Wang, L. G. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, “160 Gb/s variable length packet/10 Gb/s-label all-optical label switching with wavelength conversion and unicast/multicast operation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(1), 211–218 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. N. Singh, A. Kushwaha, and S. K. Bose, “Exact and approximate analytical modeling of an FLBM-based all-optical packet switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(3), 719–726 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. S. Choa, X. Zhao, X. Yu, J. Lin, J. P. Zhang, Y. Gu, G. Ru, G. Zhang, L. Li, H. Xiang, H. Hadimioglu, and H. J. Chao, “An optical packet switch based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 994–1014 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andonovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. L. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupas, A. Franzen, P. B. Hansen, D. K. Hunter, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(12), 2117–2134 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. C. Chia, D. K. Hunter, I. Andonovic, P. Ball, I. Wright, S. P. Ferguson, K. M. Guild, and M. J. O’Mahony, “Packet loss and delay performance of feed back and feed forward array waveguide grating based optical packet switches with WDM inputs/outputs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(9), 1241–1254 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Srivastava, R. K. Singh, and Y. N. Singh, “Fiber-optic switch based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1581–1583 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. S. Tucker, P.-C. Ku, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Slow-light optical buffer: capabilities and fundamental limitations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(12), 4046–4066 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Yang and S. J. B. Yoo, “All-optical variable buffering strategies and switch fabric architectures for future all-optical data router,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(10), 3321–3330 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K.-M. Feng, C.-Y. Wu, D.-H. Hsueh, C.-S. Ku, C.-P. Chang, H.-Y. Lin, J. Cheng, and J. Chen, “Demonstration of an optical FIFO multiplexer,” in Proceeding of Optical Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC) (2008), OMN5.
  12. V. Lal, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Summers, G. Fish, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Monolithic wavelength converters for high-speed packet-switched optical network,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 49–57 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

R. Srivastava, R. K. Singh, and Y. N. Singh, “Fiber-optic switch based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1581–1583 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

V. Lal, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Summers, G. Fish, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Monolithic wavelength converters for high-speed packet-switched optical network,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 49–57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

Andonovic, I.

Ball, P.

Bauknecht, R.

Blumenthal, D. J.

V. Lal, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Summers, G. Fish, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Monolithic wavelength converters for high-speed packet-switched optical network,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 49–57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, L. G. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, “160 Gb/s variable length packet/10 Gb/s-label all-optical label switching with wavelength conversion and unicast/multicast operation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(1), 211–218 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bose, S. K.

Bostica, B.

Burzio, M.

Callegati, F.

Casoni, M.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chao, H. J.

Chen, W.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chia, M. C.

Chiaroni, D.

Choa, F. S.

Chu, S.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Clerot, F.

Danielsen, S. L.

Djordjevic, S. S.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dorgeuille, F.

Dupas, A.

Ferguson, S. P.

Fish, G.

V. Lal, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Summers, G. Fish, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Monolithic wavelength converters for high-speed packet-switched optical network,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 49–57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, N. K.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Franzen, A.

Gambini, P.

Gu, Y.

Guild, K. M.

Guillemot, C.

Hadimioglu, H.

Hansen, P. B.

Hunter, D. K.

Janz, C.

Karalar, A. O.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kloch, A.

Krahenbuhl, R.

Ku, P.-C.

Kushwaha, A.

Lal, V.

V. Lal, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Summers, G. Fish, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Monolithic wavelength converters for high-speed packet-switched optical network,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 49–57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lavigne, B.

Le Corre, A.

Li, L.

Lin, J.

Little, B. E.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Masanovic, M. L.

V. Lal, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Summers, G. Fish, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Monolithic wavelength converters for high-speed packet-switched optical network,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 49–57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O’Mahony, M. J.

Pan, Z.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Raffaelli, C.

Rau, L. G.

Renaud, M.

Ru, G.

Schilling, M.

Simon, J.-C.

Singh, R. K.

R. Srivastava, R. K. Singh, and Y. N. Singh, “Fiber-optic switch based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1581–1583 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Singh, Y. N.

R. Srivastava, R. K. Singh, and Y. N. Singh, “Fiber-optic switch based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1581–1583 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. N. Singh, A. Kushwaha, and S. K. Bose, “Exact and approximate analytical modeling of an FLBM-based all-optical packet switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(3), 719–726 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, R.

R. Srivastava, R. K. Singh, and Y. N. Singh, “Fiber-optic switch based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1581–1583 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Summers, J. A.

V. Lal, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Summers, G. Fish, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Monolithic wavelength converters for high-speed packet-switched optical network,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 49–57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

Wang, W.

Wright, I.

Xiang, H.

Yang, C.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

Yang, J.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang and S. J. B. Yoo, “All-optical variable buffering strategies and switch fabric architectures for future all-optical data router,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(10), 3321–3330 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

Zhang, G.

Zhang, J. P.

Zhao, X.

Zucchelli, L.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Lal, M. L. Masanovic, J. A. Summers, G. Fish, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Monolithic wavelength converters for high-speed packet-switched optical network,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 49–57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

R. Srivastava, R. K. Singh, and Y. N. Singh, “Fiber-optic switch based on fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1581–1583 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, Z. Pan, A. O. Karalar, S. S. Djordjevic, C. Yang, W. Chen, S. Chu, B. E. Little, and S. J. B. Yoo, “Continuously tunable wavelength-selective buffering in optical packet switching network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(12), 1030–1032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (7)

R. S. Tucker, P.-C. Ku, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Slow-light optical buffer: capabilities and fundamental limitations,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(12), 4046–4066 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang and S. J. B. Yoo, “All-optical variable buffering strategies and switch fabric architectures for future all-optical data router,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(10), 3321–3330 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, L. G. Rau, and D. J. Blumenthal, “160 Gb/s variable length packet/10 Gb/s-label all-optical label switching with wavelength conversion and unicast/multicast operation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(1), 211–218 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. N. Singh, A. Kushwaha, and S. K. Bose, “Exact and approximate analytical modeling of an FLBM-based all-optical packet switch,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(3), 719–726 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Choa, X. Zhao, X. Yu, J. Lin, J. P. Zhang, Y. Gu, G. Ru, G. Zhang, L. Li, H. Xiang, H. Hadimioglu, and H. J. Chao, “An optical packet switch based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(3), 994–1014 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Guillemot, M. Renaud, P. Gambini, C. Janz, I. Andonovic, R. Bauknecht, B. Bostica, M. Burzio, F. Callegati, M. Casoni, D. Chiaroni, F. Clerot, S. L. Danielsen, F. Dorgeuille, A. Dupas, A. Franzen, P. B. Hansen, D. K. Hunter, A. Kloch, R. Krahenbuhl, B. Lavigne, A. Le Corre, C. Raffaelli, M. Schilling, J.-C. Simon, and L. Zucchelli, “Transparent optical packet switching: the European ACTS KEOPS project approach,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(12), 2117–2134 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Chia, D. K. Hunter, I. Andonovic, P. Ball, I. Wright, S. P. Ferguson, K. M. Guild, and M. J. O’Mahony, “Packet loss and delay performance of feed back and feed forward array waveguide grating based optical packet switches with WDM inputs/outputs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 19(9), 1241–1254 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

K.-M. Feng, C.-Y. Wu, D.-H. Hsueh, C.-S. Ku, C.-P. Chang, H.-Y. Lin, J. Cheng, and J. Chen, “Demonstration of an optical FIFO multiplexer,” in Proceeding of Optical Fiber Comm. Conf. (OFC) (2008), OMN5.

D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “101.7 Tb/s (370x294 Gb/s) PDM-128QAM-OFDM transmission over 3x55-km SSMF using pilot-based phase noise mitigation,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) (2011), PDPB5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Proposed OPS architecture and related wavelength arrangement at one of the input ports.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the proposed OPS architecture.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Multi-function demonstration of the proposed OPS architecture.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured BER curves for the proposed OPS architecture.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Wavelength Arrangement of Optical Buffers and Output Ports

Tables Icon

Table 2 Tunable components comparison of different OPS architectures

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