Abstract

A large aperture fused silica tapered fiber phase conjugate mirror is presented with a maximum 70% stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) reflectivity, which is obtained with 1 kHz repetition rate, 15 ns pulse width and 38 mJ input pulse energy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest SBS reflectivity ever reported by using optical fiber as a phase conjugate mirror for such high pulse repetition rate (1 kHz) and several tens of millijoule (mJ) input pulse energy. The influences of fiber end surface quality and pump pulse widths on SBS reflectivity are investigated experimentally. The results show that finer fiber end surface quality and longer input pulse widths are preferred for obtaining higher SBS reflectivity with higher input pulse energy. Double passing amplification experiments are also performed. 52 mJ pulse energy is achieved at 1 kHz repetition rate, with a reflected SBS pulse width of 1.5 ns and a M2 factor of 2.3. The corresponding peak power reaches 34.6 MW. Obvious beam quality improvement is observed.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Ojima, K. Nawata, and T. Omatsu, “Over 10-watt pico-second diffraction-limited output from a Nd:YVO4 slab amplifier with a phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Express 13(22), 8993–8998 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (1)

C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Chen, L. Tong, L. Cui, Q. Gao, and C. Tang, “Large aperture tapered fiber phase conjugate mirror in MOPA laser systems with high repetition rate and high pulse energy,” Opt. Commun. 284(4), 1029–1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

C. Liu, J. Chen, T. Zhou, and J. Ge, “Analysis of transient stimulated Brillouin scattering in a combined fiber with different core diameter,” Laser Phys. 15, 1576–1580 (2005).

Y. Ojima, K. Nawata, and T. Omatsu, “Over 10-watt pico-second diffraction-limited output from a Nd:YVO4 slab amplifier with a phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Express 13(22), 8993–8998 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

H. Yoshidaa, H. Fujitaa, M. Nakatsukaa, A. Fujinokib, and K. Yoshida, “Fused quartz glass with low optical quality as a high damage-resistant stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugation mirror,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-6), 257–267 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Kiriyama, K. Yamakawa, T. Nagai, N. Kageyama, H. Miyajima, H. Kan, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, “360-W average power operation with a single-stage diode-pumped Nd:YAG amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 28(18), 1671–1673 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. J. Eichler, A. Mocofanescu, T. Riesbeck, E. Risse, and D. Bedau, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in multimode fibers for optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Commun. 208(4-6), 427–431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

T. S. Uhlig, P. Karlitschek, G. Marowsky, and Y. Sano, “New simplified coupling scheme for the delivery of 20 MW Nd:YAG laser pulses by large core optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 183–186 (2001).

1998 (2)

1997 (3)

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser induced damage,” Opt. Eng. 36(9), 2557–2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, “Quartz fibre phase conjugators with high fidelity and reflectivity,” Opt. Commun. 139(4-6), 327–334 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. Richou, I. Schertz, I. Gobin, and J. Richou, “Delivery of 10-MW Nd:YAG laser pulses by large-core optical fibers: dependence of the laser-intensity profile on beam propagation,” Appl. Opt. 36(7), 1610–1614 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1124–1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bedau, D.

H. J. Eichler, A. Mocofanescu, T. Riesbeck, E. Risse, and D. Bedau, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in multimode fibers for optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Commun. 208(4-6), 427–431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Chen, L. Tong, L. Cui, Q. Gao, and C. Tang, “Large aperture tapered fiber phase conjugate mirror in MOPA laser systems with high repetition rate and high pulse energy,” Opt. Commun. 284(4), 1029–1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, J. Chen, T. Zhou, and J. Ge, “Tapered-fiber phase conjugator with high stability and high reflectivity used for master oscillator power amplifier systems,” Opt. Eng. 46(1), 014201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, J. Chen, L. Tong, Q. Gao, C. Liu, and C. Tang, “Phase conjugating mirror combining a fused silica rod and a fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(18), 2686–2688 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, Q. Gao, X. Chen, J. Chen, C. Tang, and F. Liu, “Experimental study on high repetition rate quartz glass rod stimulated brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Chin. J. Lasers 33, 144–146 (2006).

C. Liu, J. Chen, T. Zhou, and J. Ge, “Analysis of transient stimulated Brillouin scattering in a combined fiber with different core diameter,” Laser Phys. 15, 1576–1580 (2005).

Chen, X.

L. Tong, Q. Gao, X. Chen, J. Chen, C. Tang, and F. Liu, “Experimental study on high repetition rate quartz glass rod stimulated brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Chin. J. Lasers 33, 144–146 (2006).

Cui, L.

C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Chen, L. Tong, L. Cui, Q. Gao, and C. Tang, “Large aperture tapered fiber phase conjugate mirror in MOPA laser systems with high repetition rate and high pulse energy,” Opt. Commun. 284(4), 1029–1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Do, B. T.

Eichler, H. J.

H. J. Eichler, A. Mocofanescu, T. Riesbeck, E. Risse, and D. Bedau, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in multimode fibers for optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Commun. 208(4-6), 427–431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, “Quartz fibre phase conjugators with high fidelity and reflectivity,” Opt. Commun. 139(4-6), 327–334 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujinokib, A.

H. Yoshidaa, H. Fujitaa, M. Nakatsukaa, A. Fujinokib, and K. Yoshida, “Fused quartz glass with low optical quality as a high damage-resistant stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugation mirror,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-6), 257–267 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, H.

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser induced damage,” Opt. Eng. 36(9), 2557–2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujitaa, H.

H. Yoshidaa, H. Fujitaa, M. Nakatsukaa, A. Fujinokib, and K. Yoshida, “Fused quartz glass with low optical quality as a high damage-resistant stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugation mirror,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-6), 257–267 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Furuki, K.

Gao, Q.

C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Chen, L. Tong, L. Cui, Q. Gao, and C. Tang, “Large aperture tapered fiber phase conjugate mirror in MOPA laser systems with high repetition rate and high pulse energy,” Opt. Commun. 284(4), 1029–1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, J. Chen, L. Tong, Q. Gao, C. Liu, and C. Tang, “Phase conjugating mirror combining a fused silica rod and a fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(18), 2686–2688 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, Q. Gao, X. Chen, J. Chen, C. Tang, and F. Liu, “Experimental study on high repetition rate quartz glass rod stimulated brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Chin. J. Lasers 33, 144–146 (2006).

Ge, J.

C. Liu, J. Chen, T. Zhou, and J. Ge, “Tapered-fiber phase conjugator with high stability and high reflectivity used for master oscillator power amplifier systems,” Opt. Eng. 46(1), 014201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, J. Chen, T. Zhou, and J. Ge, “Analysis of transient stimulated Brillouin scattering in a combined fiber with different core diameter,” Laser Phys. 15, 1576–1580 (2005).

Gobin, I.

Hanamoto, K.

Heuer, A.

Kageyama, N.

Kan, H.

Karlitschek, P.

T. S. Uhlig, P. Karlitschek, G. Marowsky, and Y. Sano, “New simplified coupling scheme for the delivery of 20 MW Nd:YAG laser pulses by large core optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 183–186 (2001).

Kiriyama, H.

Kunde, J.

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, “Quartz fibre phase conjugators with high fidelity and reflectivity,” Opt. Commun. 139(4-6), 327–334 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, “Quartz fibre phase conjugators with high fidelity and reflectivity,” Opt. Commun. 139(4-6), 327–334 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Chen, L. Tong, L. Cui, Q. Gao, and C. Tang, “Large aperture tapered fiber phase conjugate mirror in MOPA laser systems with high repetition rate and high pulse energy,” Opt. Commun. 284(4), 1029–1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, J. Chen, T. Zhou, and J. Ge, “Tapered-fiber phase conjugator with high stability and high reflectivity used for master oscillator power amplifier systems,” Opt. Eng. 46(1), 014201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, J. Chen, L. Tong, Q. Gao, C. Liu, and C. Tang, “Phase conjugating mirror combining a fused silica rod and a fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(18), 2686–2688 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liu, J. Chen, T. Zhou, and J. Ge, “Analysis of transient stimulated Brillouin scattering in a combined fiber with different core diameter,” Laser Phys. 15, 1576–1580 (2005).

Liu, F.

L. Tong, Q. Gao, X. Chen, J. Chen, C. Tang, and F. Liu, “Experimental study on high repetition rate quartz glass rod stimulated brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Chin. J. Lasers 33, 144–146 (2006).

Marowsky, G.

T. S. Uhlig, P. Karlitschek, G. Marowsky, and Y. Sano, “New simplified coupling scheme for the delivery of 20 MW Nd:YAG laser pulses by large core optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 183–186 (2001).

Matsuura, Y.

Menzel, R.

Miyagi, M.

Miyajima, H.

Miyamoto, K.

Mocofanescu, A.

H. J. Eichler, A. Mocofanescu, T. Riesbeck, E. Risse, and D. Bedau, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in multimode fibers for optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Commun. 208(4-6), 427–431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morimoto, Y.

Nagai, T.

Nakatsuka, M.

H. Kiriyama, K. Yamakawa, T. Nagai, N. Kageyama, H. Miyajima, H. Kan, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, “360-W average power operation with a single-stage diode-pumped Nd:YAG amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 28(18), 1671–1673 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser induced damage,” Opt. Eng. 36(9), 2557–2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsukaa, M.

H. Yoshidaa, H. Fujitaa, M. Nakatsukaa, A. Fujinokib, and K. Yoshida, “Fused quartz glass with low optical quality as a high damage-resistant stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugation mirror,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-6), 257–267 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nawata, K.

Ogawa, T.

Ojima, Y.

Okida, M.

Omatsu, T.

Richou, B.

Richou, J.

Riesbeck, T.

H. J. Eichler, A. Mocofanescu, T. Riesbeck, E. Risse, and D. Bedau, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in multimode fibers for optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Commun. 208(4-6), 427–431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Risse, E.

H. J. Eichler, A. Mocofanescu, T. Riesbeck, E. Risse, and D. Bedau, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in multimode fibers for optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Commun. 208(4-6), 427–431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rockwell, D. A.

D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1124–1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sano, Y.

T. S. Uhlig, P. Karlitschek, G. Marowsky, and Y. Sano, “New simplified coupling scheme for the delivery of 20 MW Nd:YAG laser pulses by large core optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 183–186 (2001).

Sato, S.

Schertz, I.

Shiba, N.

Smith, A. V.

Tanaka, Y.

Tang, C.

C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Chen, L. Tong, L. Cui, Q. Gao, and C. Tang, “Large aperture tapered fiber phase conjugate mirror in MOPA laser systems with high repetition rate and high pulse energy,” Opt. Commun. 284(4), 1029–1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, J. Chen, L. Tong, Q. Gao, C. Liu, and C. Tang, “Phase conjugating mirror combining a fused silica rod and a fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(18), 2686–2688 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, Q. Gao, X. Chen, J. Chen, C. Tang, and F. Liu, “Experimental study on high repetition rate quartz glass rod stimulated brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Chin. J. Lasers 33, 144–146 (2006).

Tong, L.

C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Chen, L. Tong, L. Cui, Q. Gao, and C. Tang, “Large aperture tapered fiber phase conjugate mirror in MOPA laser systems with high repetition rate and high pulse energy,” Opt. Commun. 284(4), 1029–1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Wang, J. Chen, L. Tong, Q. Gao, C. Liu, and C. Tang, “Phase conjugating mirror combining a fused silica rod and a fiber,” Opt. Lett. 32(18), 2686–2688 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, Q. Gao, X. Chen, J. Chen, C. Tang, and F. Liu, “Experimental study on high repetition rate quartz glass rod stimulated brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Chin. J. Lasers 33, 144–146 (2006).

Uhlig, T. S.

T. S. Uhlig, P. Karlitschek, G. Marowsky, and Y. Sano, “New simplified coupling scheme for the delivery of 20 MW Nd:YAG laser pulses by large core optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 183–186 (2001).

Wang, S.

Yamakawa, K.

Yilmaz, O.

Yoshida, H.

H. Kiriyama, K. Yamakawa, T. Nagai, N. Kageyama, H. Miyajima, H. Kan, H. Yoshida, and M. Nakatsuka, “360-W average power operation with a single-stage diode-pumped Nd:YAG amplifier at a 1-kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 28(18), 1671–1673 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser induced damage,” Opt. Eng. 36(9), 2557–2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

H. Yoshidaa, H. Fujitaa, M. Nakatsukaa, A. Fujinokib, and K. Yoshida, “Fused quartz glass with low optical quality as a high damage-resistant stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugation mirror,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-6), 257–267 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser induced damage,” Opt. Eng. 36(9), 2557–2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoshidaa, H.

H. Yoshidaa, H. Fujitaa, M. Nakatsukaa, A. Fujinokib, and K. Yoshida, “Fused quartz glass with low optical quality as a high damage-resistant stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugation mirror,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-6), 257–267 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Chen, L. Tong, L. Cui, Q. Gao, and C. Tang, “Large aperture tapered fiber phase conjugate mirror in MOPA laser systems with high repetition rate and high pulse energy,” Opt. Commun. 284(4), 1029–1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, T.

C. Liu, J. Chen, T. Zhou, and J. Ge, “Tapered-fiber phase conjugator with high stability and high reflectivity used for master oscillator power amplifier systems,” Opt. Eng. 46(1), 014201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, J. Chen, T. Zhou, and J. Ge, “Analysis of transient stimulated Brillouin scattering in a combined fiber with different core diameter,” Laser Phys. 15, 1576–1580 (2005).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. S. Uhlig, P. Karlitschek, G. Marowsky, and Y. Sano, “New simplified coupling scheme for the delivery of 20 MW Nd:YAG laser pulses by large core optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 183–186 (2001).

Chin. J. Lasers (1)

L. Tong, Q. Gao, X. Chen, J. Chen, C. Tang, and F. Liu, “Experimental study on high repetition rate quartz glass rod stimulated brillouin scattering phase conjugation,” Chin. J. Lasers 33, 144–146 (2006).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. A. Rockwell, “A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1124–1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

C. Liu, J. Chen, T. Zhou, and J. Ge, “Analysis of transient stimulated Brillouin scattering in a combined fiber with different core diameter,” Laser Phys. 15, 1576–1580 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (4)

C. Liu, Z. Zhao, J. Chen, L. Tong, L. Cui, Q. Gao, and C. Tang, “Large aperture tapered fiber phase conjugate mirror in MOPA laser systems with high repetition rate and high pulse energy,” Opt. Commun. 284(4), 1029–1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Eichler, J. Kunde, and B. Liu, “Quartz fibre phase conjugators with high fidelity and reflectivity,” Opt. Commun. 139(4-6), 327–334 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Eichler, A. Mocofanescu, T. Riesbeck, E. Risse, and D. Bedau, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in multimode fibers for optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Commun. 208(4-6), 427–431 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshidaa, H. Fujitaa, M. Nakatsukaa, A. Fujinokib, and K. Yoshida, “Fused quartz glass with low optical quality as a high damage-resistant stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugation mirror,” Opt. Commun. 202(1-6), 257–267 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and K. Yoshida, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering phase-conjugated wave reflection from fused-silica glass without laser induced damage,” Opt. Eng. 36(9), 2557–2562 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, J. Chen, T. Zhou, and J. Ge, “Tapered-fiber phase conjugator with high stability and high reflectivity used for master oscillator power amplifier systems,” Opt. Eng. 46(1), 014201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

A. Brignon and J. P. Huignard, Phase Conjugate Laser Optics (John Wiley & Sons 2003), Chap. 2.

A. Brignon and J. P. Huignard, Phase Conjugate Laser Optics (John Wiley & Sons 2003), Chap. 2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. SLM Laser, single-longitudinal-mode laser; PD, photodiode; HWP, half-wave plate; TFP, thin film polarizer; Rot., 90° quartz rotator; QWP, quarter-wave plate; L, lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflected SBS pulse energy and SBS reflectivity versus input pulse energy for two different fiber end surface quality, with a pump pulse width of 24 ns.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Damaged fiber end surface cleaved by ruby cutter, (b) fiber end surface cleaved by LDC-200, and (c) damaged fiber end surface cleaved by LDC-200.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reflected SBS power and corresponding SBS reflectivity of fiber cleaved by LDC-200, with input pulse width of 24 ns and 15 ns.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reflected SBS pulse energy and double passing amplification pulse energy versus input pulse energy, with input pulse width of 15 ns.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

M2 factor measurement curve of the output laser beam after double-passing amplification.

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